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private character, worthy of commemoration. In her family and neighborhood, she was a faithful and self-sacrificing friend, a pattern of industry and economy-not in order to lay up treasures on earth, but that she might thereby be enabled to devote more time to the exercise of her mind, the improvement of which she always considered vastly paramount in importance to any thing pertaining to this world's treasures, from the love of which
she appeared to be very much redeemed ; regarding them altogether as a means, and not as
Testimonies to the usefulness of her public labors might be multiplied to a great extent, were it thought expedient to swell this volume with the opinions of others; but it is believed that the straightforward truthfulness of her letters will be a sufficient guarantee for her honesty and integrity of purpose, where she was imperfectly known; and where she was well known, such evidence would seem superfluous. We cannot, however, avoid the conviction that it would be best to introduce here an extract or two from a letter received since her death, from a friend in Adams county, in this State, dated York Springs, Third month 26, 1843.
“ After she had been in our place, on her way home from Indiana and Ohio, I felt it was her due to bear testimony to her excellent service in our parts. I was at several meetings with her. When I heard she was no more among us in
body, regret stole across my soul that I had not given her this ' cup of cold water,' in testimony of that power which sent her forth the herald of peace to a fallen world. Her testimony reached the witness in many minds, arousing the indolent, and pointing the way of return to the father's house to those who were spending their time in riotous living. But like the Saviour of men, her testimony was most severe to those who cloaked their unrighteousness with the profession of religion; and many therein saw the evidence of her being guided by that power which alone can support us in wrestling with principalities and powers, with spiritual wickedness in high places,' as well as low; and though like the apostle, she many times found that no one stood with her, she evidently felt that His grace was sufficient for her; and I doubt not but children yet unborn will arise and call her blessed.
"In the Yearly-meeting of Philadelphia, a few years since, I heard her say, she regarded the progress of truth in the world, or the establishment of the church of Christ, to be represented by the building of a temple. Not only were different materials needed, but there were different labors to perform ;-some must fell the timber, some must score it, and some use the smoothing plane. It seemed to be her lot to use the scoring axe; and though the labor was hard, and some saw not the need of its use, she believed, as all looked unto God for help, His glory would be more manifest in the establishment of
His kingdom in the earth. I comprehended the idea, for I had before seen that the adventurous, firm spirit of a Luther, was as necessary for the advancement of the work of reformation, as the mild eloquence of a Melancthon; and the unyielding temper and keen rebuke of a Fox, as the deep persuasive tone of a Pennington or a Penn.
“I have waited in constant expectation to see your Monthly meeting prepare a testimony respecting her; for though the truth she advocated can never die, and her devoted
perseverance and unconquered faith still shine, yet to give them a tongue were wise in man."
Towards the close of her life she was very much enlarged in the ministry, in the exercise of which, the development of her mind was such as frequently to astonish her familiar friends. She was a zealous coadjutor with the laborers in the various moral enterprises for the improvement of the human family, viz: Temperance, AntiSlavery, &c.; frequently advocating the same as occasion seemed to demand, in the meetings of Friends; believing, as she frequently expressed, that man's love to his Creator is best tested by love to the creatures of his power.
She was remarkably free from the shackles of sectarianism, having come into that glorious liberty, wherein she was enabled to see good wherever the Divine hand could be traced, having learned that that which God has cleansed should
not by his children be considered common or unclean, or too uuholy for them to mingle with, for the promotion of any good cause whereby she believed the human family might be benefitted. Her faith rested not on works, but her works on faith.
On her return from a visit to Indiana Yearly meeting, in the winter of 1840, she appeared to be laboring under a pulmonary affection ; but the ardor of her zeal being in no wise abated, she continued active until the following autumn, when the disease had made such ravages on her system that she was mostly confined at home, yet still evincing a lively interest in those subjects that had previously occupied her mind.
About this time she had to pass through an afflictive dispensation, in the loss of her youngest child, a promising daughter of thirteen. Her feelings on this occasion are expressed in a few lines of poetry, written by herself at that time :
Third-day morning, 11th mo. 4, 1840. Another morning dawns in beauty bright,
While yet she lingers in this world of care ; A lovely daughter, for whose early blight,
Sadly, and oft, will fall the dimming tear. Her playful innocence, her child-like glee,
Her genius too, not of inferior mould, Have left their traces on each memory, That, day by day, ils treasures will unfold.
Second-day, 23d. The bourne is past, her sufferings at an end,
Her limbs are shrouded in the peaceful clay;
Her ashes with a sister's ashes blend,
As side by side their precious relics lay.
Is it a blight? a scion taken hence,
Engrafted by the potent hand of love Into the vine that grows in Paradise,
And weaves its branches round the courts above. Nay, nay, my soul, rather rejoice to know,
This bud shall flourish there, and there shall bloom Unnipp'd by frosts that wither here below,
Or blighted by the dampness of the tomb. After this event, her strength continued gradually to decline, though her mind was preserved calm and cheerful, becoming one who has a well grounded hope of a blissful immortality.
A short time previous to her death, a female friend who had travelled with her on several religious visits to distant places, visited her. During the time she was with her, Martha said to her, “ I feel it right to impress on thy mind the very great importance of attending to every duty that is clearly manifested to thee, though it may be greatly in the cross to thy natural will, and there may seem to be mountains of difficulty in the way, yet if we attend simply to the dictates of truth, these duties will become pleasant to us. I think thou hast known something of this in thy own experience; it is the true principle of Friends; but there is so much looking to our friends, and fearing this or the other will not be in accordance with the Discipline, or with the