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kennel with “Fair Maid of Perth,” which he bought from me at 81 guineas; but not satisfied with that, he took a second place with “Mayflower," bred to Mr Paterson, and left me with the bronze medal for my cow prize. I am indebted to Mr Collie for some of my best animals—viz., " Zara," the second-prize heifer at Battersea, and “Kate of Aberdeen,” out of “ Zara," and many others. He has been a very successful exhibitor of stock, and has distinguished himself at Elgin, Aberdeen, the Highland Society's, shows, and the great International Exhibition at Paris. The ox I gained the Smithfield prize with in 1864 was bred to Mr Collie.
Perhaps the Ballindalloch herd of polled cattle are the oldest in the north ; they have been the talk of the country since my earliest recollection, and were then superior to all other stock. The herd has been kept up to its wonted standard, and even raised higher, by the present proprietor, Sir George Macpherson Grant of Ballindalloch and Invereshie, by selections from the best herds in the kingdom. Coming fast into notice is the Drumin herd; it consists of about twenty cows and their followers. Mr Skinner has improved his stock by drafts from the best herds in the country.
Since the above was written and published, the Ballindalloch and Drumin herds have come very successfully to the front. Sir George's cows carried everything before them at Perth, and his bull “ Juryman,” now in Lord Airlie's herd, was only twice beaten, having been first as a two-year-old and as a threeyear-old at the Highland Society's shows at Dumfries and Perth ; while “ Scotsman,” bred at Tillyfour, was first as a yearling at Kelso in 1872, second as a twoyear-old at Stirling, and third last summer at Inverness. The Drumin herd has had several Highland Society honours since 1867, including first for twoyear-old heifers at Aberdeen in 1868, and first for yearling heifers at Dumfries in 1870. Mr Skinner died in 1873, and a portion of the herd met a splendid
Mr Paterson, Mulben
Mr John Collie, Ardgay, was a 8 and was one of the most dangerous show-yard I have ever encountered. was dispersed nine years ago, and mo very suddenly at Ballater in the sumi gave me a sound drubbing at Edinbud class, and beat me for a first a
sale in the fall of that year. His son, and my young friend, Mr William M. Skinner, succeeded his father in the factorship and the farm ; and I am glad to say that he is also breeding black cattle, having been a prizewinner at the recent National Show at Inverness. He was also the owner of the first-prize cow at Inverness and Forres fat-stock shows in December last. This cow was sold to Mr Reid, Greystone, at £50.
But since the last two editions of Cattle and CattleBreeders' were published, I rejoice to state that several noblemen and gentlemen have most enthusiastically gone into the breeding of polled cattle. The first I shall name is the Marquess of Huntly. At the Castle Fraser sale in 1870 his lordship purchased “Lively,” a two-year-old heifer, which had taken second honours at Dumfries a few months previously. She was the first polled animal at Aboyne; and though still in the herd, breeding well, she has not been so successful in the show-yard as a cow as she was a heifer. Next year his lordship purchased a cow and a heifer at the Tillyfour sale. Since then he has introduced a number of superior animals from Westertown, Portlethen, Drumin, and Tillyfour, and has now a large and very valuable herd at Aboyne Home Farm. Already his lordship has made his mark in the show-yard, his principal honour being the challenge cup for the best polled animal at Aberdeen in July last. It was gained by “ Dora,” the cow purchased at Tillyfour sale in 1871, and bred by me. His lordship got first, second, and fourth in the cow class, leaving only third to me at Aberdeen. From the keen interest Lord Huntly takes in polled cattle, and the great merit of the selections his lordship made, I have no doubt the Aboyne herd will long continue among the foremost of its time.
The Earl of Fife founded a herd of polled cattle at the Castle Fraser sale in 1871 by the purchase of “Fanny ” and her bull-calf. The accuracy of the method I recommend in pages 111-114, as to laying the founda
tion of a polled breeding herd, is exemplified by the success of the Duff House herd. That herd has been raised to its present state of perfection astonishingly quick by selections drafted during the last three years from farmers in different districts, who have kept the polled breed in its purity, and have not forced their cattle, and no fanciful prices have been given. Year by year the inferior animals, and all those that appeared to “ cry back” to inferior animals, were carefully weeded out. In this way there has not only been established a herd for commercial purposes, but one of the best herds in the kingdom, and the most successful in the showyard. Selections have been exclusively made by Mr Hannay, Lord Fife's factor, and Mr Simpson, the farm manager at Duff House. Their skill, energy, and exceptional success, require no panegyric from me. At Aberdeen, last July, the Duff House herd had five first prizes and a cup. At Inverness, the following week, it had two firsts and two seconds—a very great achievement in such a show.
Lord Airlie has a very large and very fine herd of polled cattle at Cortachy Castle Home Farm. His lordship has some of the best blood of the kind in the country; but he wisely sets himself against forcing for the show-yard. At my sale at Alford last autumn, Lord Airlie spiritedly secured four of the best-bred cows and heifers catalogued. Lord Clinton has begun to breed polled cattle at Fettercairn. Sir Thomas Gladstone, Bart., has for several years reared some splendid black cattle at Fasque, His bull “ Adrain," bred at Portlethen, got second honours at Perth in 1871, and first at Kelso in the aged class in 1872.
At Rothiemay, Mr J. W. Taylor of Glenbarry was breeding polled cattle before the last edition was issued. Since 1870 he has been very successful in the national show-yards. His fine three-year-old cow “Kate," bred by himself, headed a very grand class at Inverness in July last. She was first as a two-year-old heifer at