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On motion of Mr. MIDDLETON, the same was amended as follows, and adopted :
Resolved, That the Rules of the late House of Representatives be adopted as the Rules of procedure of this Body, and that the members of this House be furnished each with a copy of the pamphlet containing the “ Rules of the House and Acts of the Legislature, relating to the standing orders of the House.”
Mr. DESAUSSURE, from the Committee appointed to wait on His Excellency the Governor, reported that they had performed that duty, and that the Governor would communicate to this House to morrow, at 12 o'clock, M.
On motion of Mr. E. G. PALMER,
Resolved, That the use of this Hall be granted to the State Agricultural Society on Monday, Tuesday and Thursday nights of this week.
Mr. CARN presented the Memorial of sundry citizens of St. Bartholomew's Parish, protesting against the Report of the Managers of election, and pray. ing that Jacob Stevens be permitted to take his seat as one of the Repre. sentatives from said parish.
Also, the Memorial of A. B. Stephens and J. C. Oswald, touching the St. Bartholomew's election, which were ordered to lie on the table.
The following Message was received from the Senate :
IN THE SENATE, November 25, 1844. Mr. Speaker and Gentlemen :
Senate has referred the Report of the Clerk of the Senate, submitting proposals for the public printing, to a Special Committee, consisting of Messrs. H. H. THOMSON, Moses and PERRY, and ask your House to appoint a similar Committee to meet the Committee on the part of the Senate.
By order of the Senate,
ANGUS PATTERSON, President.
In which the House concurred, and returned an answer, informing the Senate that this House had appointed the Committee on Public Printing to meet the Committee on part of the Senate.
The SPEAKER laid before the House, the Report of the Clerk of the House of Representatives, submitting proposals for the public printing; which was referred to the Committee on Public Printing.
Mr. BROYLES, from the Committee appointed to count the votes given for Messenger at the second ballot, reported that no candidate received a majority, and that consequently there is no election.
The House then proceeded to a third ballot for Messenger.
On motion of Mr. HENRY, the House adjourned at 26 minutes past 3 o'clock, P. M.
Tuesday, November 26, 1844. At the hour to which the House was adjourned, the Clerk called the Roll, when the Speaker took the Chair, and a quorum being present, the Journal of yesterday's proceedings was read.
The following additional members attended, were sworn, and took their seats :
From St. Philip's and St. Michael's Messrs. C. G. MEMMINGER and C. B. NORTHROP.
From Richland-Mr. John ENGLISH. From St. Helena-Mr. B. J. JOHNSON. From St. John's, Colleton—Mr. Paul C. GRIMBALL. Mr GABRIEL CANNON, from the Committee appointed to count the votes on the third ballot for Messenger, reported : That G. T. ANDERSON received seventy-four votes, which being a majority, he is therefore elected.
The Constitutional oath of office was then administered to the Messenger and Doorkeeper, by the Chair.
The following Message, No. 1, was then received from His Excellency Governor HAMMOND, and read by BEAUFORT T. WATTS, Esq.:
COLUMBIA, NOVEMBER 26, 1844. Gentlemen of the Senate
and House of Representatives : In my last annual Message to your predecessors, I congratulated them on the apparent dawn of a new era in our prosperity, which I hoped might be permanent. The currency had reached, and I am happy to say, has con. tinued to maintain a sound condition. Commerce, trade, and manufactures, were flourishing, as they yet flourish in most parts of the civilized world; and it was natural to suppose that agriculture must also revive. But we have been disappointed. Against the pressure of laws everywhere adopted to en. courage manufactures, agriculture seems destined to struggle in vain. And as these laws are chiefly directed against the manufacturing supremacy of England, they fall with peculiar weight upon that great agricultural staple on which our prosperity depends. The price of cotton throughout the world is, and must for our time, in all probability, continue to be regulated by the price in Liverpool. Its value in that market depends upon the condition of the cotton mrnufacturers in England; and the tariff laws of other coun. tries, which check the foreign demand for English cotton goods, must neces. sarily lower the price of the raw material in Liverpool, while it rises nowhere else; but on the contrary falls everywhere with the fall in that great mart, through which passes two-thirds of the crop of the whole world. No matter, then, where cotton manufactures flourish, unless they flourish in England cotton cannot bear a fair price; and every attempt to build them up artificially else. where, is at the immediate cost of the cotton grower. Did they naturally spring up under a system of universal free trade, and in wholesome competition with England, they would indicate an actual increase of consumption, and prove highly beneficial to us. But tariff laws, though they may alter the channels of trade, and in doing so produce, as they invariably do, much mischief, have no power to increase consumption. On the contrary, by increasing the manufacturers prices where they are in force, they necessarily diminish it, and thereby depreciate the raw material. Such laws may take from one and be. stow upon another, to the injury of the whole, but they cannot create wealth. How long the present state of things will continue, and in what it will termi. nate, cannot be foreseen ; but the fact appears to be clearly established, for the first time in the history of the world, that by the skill of political jugglery, trade, commerce, and manufactures may be made to flourish, and a sound currency exist, while agriculture, the acknowledged mother of them all, and particularly that branch of agriculture which furnisbes them with their life. blood, is sunk to the lowest point of depression.
The income of the State, from all sources, during the past year, amounts to three hundred and six thousand eight hundred and thirty-one dollars and sixty-three cents ($306,831 63.) The expenditures during the same period have reached the sum of three hundred and forty-seven thousand seven hundred and four dollars and sixty-three cents ($347,704 63; of which, how. ever, fifty-six thousand four hundred and eighty-three dollars and seventy. three cents ($56,483 73) have been applied to the reduction of the principal of the public debt. The current income has therefore exceeded the ordinary expenses of the State, by the sum of fifteen thousand six hundred and ten dollars and twenty-three cents ($15,610 73.) The balance in the Treasury at the close of the year (a portion of it, however, subject to undrawn appropria. tions) amounted to seventy thousand five hundred and six dollars and fifty. nine cents, ($70,506 59,) to which may be added about eight thousand dollars,being the unexpended balance of the contingent funds placed in the hands of the Executive.
The direct taxes levied and collected for the use of the State, amounted this year to two hundred and seventy-seven thousand five hundred and sixty-two dollars and forty cents ($277,562 40.) And during the same period there has been also collected from the people the additional sum of one hundred and one thousand four hundred and twenty-eight dollars and ninety-two cents ($101,428 92 ;) and during the year 1843, one hundred and three thousand seven hundred and twenty-nine dollars and ninety-two cents, ($103,729 92,) or about an average of thirty-seven per cent. of the State taxes annually, which has been assessed by the Commissioners of the Poor, of Public Buildings, and of Roads and Bridges, in the different Districts, I have had accurate ac. counts kept of the taxes thus levied and collected for these years, that I might apprize you of their great amount, and call your attention to the propriety of providing for a more strict accountability for their appropriation than has been hitherto exacted. These Commissioners have been required to report, some of them to the Comptroller General, and some to the Clerks of the Courts, and account with them for the monies received and expended; but I am not aware that it is regularly done. If it was required of the Commis. sioners to publish such reports, and circulate them through their respective Districts, so that the people might be informed of the purposes to which their money was applied, it would be nothing more than is proper, and consistent with the spirit of our institutions. It is the right of every citizen to know for what he is taxed; to judge of the propriety of it; and to be assured that the money has been used with discretion and economy. And it is a right which cannot be too jealously watched over..
I recommended to the last Legislature to take speedy and effective mea. sures for the payment of the public debt, then amounting to three and a half millions of dollars, ($3,500,000,) the interest on which, including charges, exceeded one hundred and ninety thousand dollars per annum ($190,000.) I proposed that the Bank of the State should be directed to redeem it, at the rate of five hundred thousand dollars a year. An act was passed requiring the Bank to provide for the payment of the instalments of the debt falling due on the first of January, 1845 and 6, amounting to five hundred and fifty thousand dollars, ($550,000,) and to deliver to the Comptroller General, to be cancel. led, the evidences of State debt in its possession, to the amount of four hun. dred and fifteen thousand two hundred and seventy dollars ($415,270.). Of the evidences of State debt held by the Bank, one hundred and sixty-three thousand four hundred and sixty-eight dollars ($163,468) fell due in 1845 and 6, so that the whole amonnt of debt, the liquidation of which was provided for by the act of last session, was eight hundred and one thousand eight hun. dred and two dollars, ($801,802,) or about four hundred thousand per annum for two years. I am happy to say, that the Bank surrendered to the Comptroller General, in January last, and that he cancelled, four hundred and seventeen thousand and eight dollars and twenty-nine cents ($417,008 29) of the public debt, being something more than was required of it; and I do not doubt that it will provide for the punctual payment of the instalments of 1845 and 6 as they become due.
I will not repeat to you the reasons which induced me to make to your predecessors the recommendations referred to. They are stated at large in my last annual Message. I feel bound, however, to say, that nothing has oc. curred since to change the opinions then expressed. As far as regards the Bank, the President of that institution, in a report made to the Legislature near the close of the last session, has painted in such strong colors its power, and the evils it might cause, as justly to increase the apprehensions previously felt upon that subject. Objecting to the collection and payment of three and a half millions, with a capital of more than four millions, at regular intervals during seven years, he says that, “ so large a creditor going at once into the courts, would alarm all other banks and individual creditors, compel them in a measure to suspend the usual accommodations, draw in their circulation, contract their business, and also sue in every case where they are distrustful of their debts. Their customers, thus checked and pressed, would in turn sue those indebted to them, and an universal state of alarm would pervade the country. The dockets of the courts would be crowded with cases, and the Sheriffs would transfer vast amounts of property at incalculable sacrifices; the value of all other property would be greatly depreciated, and slaves would be run off, or many of them bought up by the people of other States, and would be transferred to improve their condition, leaving heavy taxation to this State, and less property to bear it. Lands abandoned and houses deserted by a ruined and bankrupted people, would everywhere remain the monuments of an erroneous and precipitate legislation.”
If such disastrous consequences would arise from a liquidation not complete, and protracted through a period of seven years, how much depends on the perfect management of the Bank, and to what calamities would we be subjected by its failure-a fate from which it has no chartered immunity, and which, involved as it is in the vortex of trade, may overtake it suddenly, when the people least expect and are worst prepared for a catastrophe so terrible. Is it wise for us to slumber on such a volcano ? Does not a just regard for the safety and welfare of the community require that efficient measures should be taken to remove from it, at the earliest possible period, an engine so de. structive, which fraud, accident, or oversight, might at any moment put in fatal operation ? It is at least worthy your consideration, whether we are to incur the risk of it forever; and if not, as its charter has but twelve years to run, there is little time to be lost, since it cannot be closed up in seven without desolating the State.
The Bank of South Carolina, and the State Bank, have aceepted the pro. visions of the act of 1840, and the suits against them have been withdrawn.
It affords me great pleasure to inform you that the militia of the State are completely organized, and are, for militia, in excellent training. There are few officers of any grade who are not familiar with, and competent to instruct the men in the different schools of infantry tactics, and in camp duties. The
artillery on the coast is in fine condition, and the cavalry throughout the State numerous, well mounted, and well drilled in the sword exercise, and the maneuvres appropriate to that arm of service. The whole number of the militia amounts to near fifty-five thousand, officers and men.
There are now in the State arsenals, in order for service, ten thousand five hundred muskets, rifles, and carbines; one hundred and two pieces of artil. lery; thirty thousand pounds of powder; and twenty-five thousand pounds of lead, besides a large quantity of balls and cartridges. The other military stores and equipments are in proportion. The number of public arms in the hands of the militia cannot easily be ascertained, but it is not short of five thousand mus. kets and rifles, and twenty-five cannon, mostly brass. The State may therefore be regarded as prepared to arm, at any moment, nearly or quite one-half of her whole militia force, and to furnish them with ammunition for perhaps a cam. paign, without incurring any new expense; while the men she can bring into the field are probably better qualified to render efficient service than any citizen-sol. diery in the world. And it will cost nothing but your firm adherence to the pres. ent military system to maintain her in this position for the future.
In fact, the military expenses of the State might, I think, be materially reduced, and the benefits of one valuable branch of the present system greatly extended, by a change which can be readily effected. There are no good reasons why there should be two Arsenals in the State, or that they should be placed at the two most expensive points in it-Charleston and Columbia. A few hundred stands of arms, given in charge to the City Councils of these places, would be all that could be required, if, indeed, they would be necessary for their protection in an emergency; while in such an event the arsenals containing all our military stores, unprovided as they are with a guard capable of affording the slightest protection to them, must necessarily fall into the hands of any active foe. Prudence, therefore, dictates that the arsenals should be removed from locations where they may be subjected to surprises, and established at some spot in the interior, less accessible, and at the same time cheaper and more healthy. Such a spot might be found on one or the other branch of the rail-road, which now affords such facilities for trans. portation that a position anywhere upon it would be as convenient for military purposes as at Charleston or Columbia. The sale of the arsenal and maga. zine buildings and grounds, at these places, would, I have little doubt, fur. nish ample funds for erecting a brick arsenal and extensive wooden barracks in the country, without requiring a dollar from the Treasury. The consoli. dation of the two schools would enable you to dispense with one set of Profes. sors and other officers, which, with the cheapness of living, and the number of pay students that might be expected if the situation was known to be perfectly healthy, would in all probability reduce the expenditure to one-half the sum now appropriated to their support. That amounts, at present, to about twen. ty-eight thousand dollars. In suggesting this plan, I by no means desire to be understood as recommending any change as regards the school system. It is a great improvement on that of a hired guard, and the cadets are as effi. cient protectors of the arsenals as the guards were; neither being anything more than nominally so. The cadets, united in one body, and increased by an unlimited number of pay students, would afford ample protection; while so fine a school, at a healthy location in the country, would induce a large proportion of the rising generation to prepare themselves for future service, both military and civil, by embracing its advantages. The policy here. tofore pursued, of repairing damaged arms, is questionable. They are,