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Antipholus of Ephesus advances :
Dromio of Ephesus adds :
Adriana has been, in perplexity, scanning the twin Merchants : Adr. Which of you two did 'dine with me to-day?
Antipholus of Syracuse replies :
And are not you my husband?
Antipholus of Ephesus advances :
Antipholus of Syracuse adds :
And this fair gentlewoman, her sister here,
The Abbess says:
with us into the Abbey here,
Dromio of Syracuse advances to his brother of Ephesus: Dro. S. ... There is a fat friend at your master's house,
That kitchened 'me, for 'you, to-day at dinner:
She now shall be my 'sister, not my wife!
I see by you I am a 'sweet-faced youth.
END OF THE COMEDY OF ERRORS.
*0, R, discourséd.
“ Love's Labour 's Lost," supposed to have been written in 1594, is one of the earliest of Shakespeare's comedies : it is the third on Meres' List of 1598, (see page 6,) being preceded by “ The Two Gentlemen of Verona,” and “The Comedy of Errors.” There is no record of its first performance; but it is known to have been presented before Queen Elizabeth, at Christmas, 1597. There must have been an earlier version; for the first known publication" (in 1598) makes a distinct reference to it, but no such copy has hitherto been discovered. The text of the folio edition (of 1623) shows very little alteration from that of the first quarto.
One of the chief objects of the young author (then about twentyfive years of age, and an actor, as well as joint proprietor, in the Black Friars Theatre) was to satirize Euphuism-a kind of courtly and collegiate affectation of speech,-lately introduced by John Lyly, (a pedantic writer of the reign of Elizabeth,) who produced some works, that, becoming fashionable, had great influence over the authors of that period—especially “ Euphues, the Anatomy of Wit," (1580 ;) and “Euphues and his England” (1581). In these books, every variety of affectation in literature and speech, in love and in logic, is presented with scholarly sarcasm and serious drollery. Shakespeare, in the same style, plays and sports with the dainty affectations of the Euphuists; but, in the end, he upholds the doctrine of Roger Ascham, (Queen Elizabeth's noted instructor)—"to speak as the common people do, and to think as wise men do." "In the Comedy "the descent is rapid, from the heights of rhetoric to “plain kersey yea and nay”—from the “firenew words " of the stilted Spanish courtier, to “greasy Joan" and Marian's “roasted crabs.”
The following are the Characters introduced :
Moth, Page to Armado.
HIEMS, or Winter.
PRINCESS OF FRANCE.
Ladies attending on MERCADET,
KATHARINE, Don ADRIANO DE ARMADO, a
JAQUENETTA, a Country Wench. fantastical Spaniard.
VER, 0r Spring. SIR' NATHANIEL, a Curate. HOLOFERNES, a Schoolmaster. Officers and other Attendants of DULL, a Constable.
the King and Princess. Scene-Navarre.b
* The following is a copy of the original title-page:-“A pleasant conceited Comedie, called Loues Labors Lost, as it was presented before her Highness this last Christmas. Newly corrected and augmented by W. Shakespere, 1598 "
ba province of Spain, bounded on the north east by France. In the first quarto, this name is printed Berowne. In Act 4, Sc. 3, Biron is made to rhyme with moon. The old pronunciation, therefore, was probably Be-roon; the modern is Be-rón, with the accent on the second syllable. Throughout this Condensation the name is printed Birón.
a collegiate tịtle given to a clerical B. Ą. in certain Universities,
The Scene displays a beautiful Park containing an elegant Palace. The leaders of the small syndicate of woman-haters are at once introduced. The first in point of rank is the founder himself, Ferdinand King of “ Navarre ”—which must be considered a royal euphuism for “ Nowhere,” as History commemorates no such King and no such Kingdom. He is a handsome young philosopher, who, for the love of study, withdraws from society, to live in retirement,accompanied by a few companions, willing, like himself, to undergo a severe course of seclusion; because, during three years, no woman is to be admitted within the palace; no female society is to be permitted, and all personal gratifications are to be avoided. With the King are three companions-all, for the time being, professed misogamists, but highly educated and refined; desirous to prove themselves, in conduct and speech, superior to the vulgar bucolic or warlike Navarrese :- Lord Longaville, an accomplished soldier; Lord Dumain, a fascinating courtier; and Lord Biron, the wit and humourist of the aristocratic group. The King speaks : King. Let Fame, that all hunt-after in their 'lives,
Live registered upon our brazen 'tombs,
sworn, for three years' term, to live 'with me-
Lord Longaville is the first to sign the paper :
paunches have lean 'pates; and dainty bits Make rich the 'ribs, but bankrupta quite the 'wits.
Lord Dumain is the next : Dum. My loving lord, Dumain is 'mortified: a It was an old custom to embellish graves with figures and inscriptions on plates b the anglicized nam: of the grove (Akademia) in which Plato taught.
esubdued to discipline.
0. R. it.
do, R. bankerout.
Pointing to the King and his companions.
The 'grosser manner of these world's 'delights,
Lord Birón merrily, but rather reluctantly, advances :
That is, To live, and study here, three years.
Not to see ladies,-study,-fast,-not sleep!
'I only swore, To 'study with your grace,
And stay here in your Court, for three years' space. Long. You swore to 'that, Birón, and to the rest. Biron. By yea and nay, sir, then I swore in 'jest.-
What is the 'end of study ? let me know. King. Why, 'that to know, which else we should 'not know. Biron. Things hid and barred, you mean, from common
To 'know the thing I am 'forbid to know:
Swear me to 'this, and I will ne'er say no.
And train our intellects to 'vain delight.
Which, with 'pain purchased, doth 'inherit pain.
That will not be deep-searched with 'saucy loo?
Small have continual plodders ever won,
(Save bare authority,) from others' books.
That give a name to every fixéd star,
Than those that 'walk, and 'wot" not what they are.
And 'every godfather can give a 'name. King. Birón is like an envious nippinga frost,
That bites the first-born infants of the Spring.
'Before the birds have any cause to sing ?
Climb o'er the 'house to unlock the little 'gate."
And, though I have for 'Barbarism spoke more
Than for that angel 'Knowledge 'you can say,
And bide the penance of each three years' day.-
For, well you know, here comes in embassy
A maid of grace and complete majesty,-
To her decrepit, sick, and bed-rid father:
Or 'vainly comes the admiréd Princess hither.
* the old astronomers, who gave names to the stars, planets, and constellations. bknow. oto attain reputation (a high name) only.
10. R. sneaping. °0. R. That were to clymbe ore the house to unlocke the gate (i.e., take great trouble with little advantage).
foutside (i. e., you are not to be included). (0, R. fit.) & ignorance, want of knowledge. h O. R. gentility. i an old province of Gaul
(France), between the river Garonne and the Pyreneau mountains,