Roman Syria and the Near East
Getty Publications, 2003 - 472 páginas
The provinces that the Romans referred to as Syria covered a vast area occupied today by several modern states. These included some of the most spectacular ruins of the ancient world-Palmyra, Baalbek, and Apamea-and fabled cities such as Antioch, Damascus, Sidon, and Tyre. Roman Syria also comprised sites that are virtually unknown, such as the great fortress city of Zenobia on the Euphrates and the remarkably well-preserved villages of the limestone massif of northwestern Syria.
Roman Syria and the Near East offers a broad overview of this major cultural crossroads. Surveying a millennium of Roman and Byzantine rule in the Near East, from Roman annexation to the Arab conquest, the book outlines Syria's crucial role in Roman history. Topics discussed include the Roman army's use of Syria as a buffer against its powerful eastern neighbors and the elaborate road system that Rome developed to connect its far-reaching empire. The book also explores the impact of geography, trade, and religion on the shaping of Syria, as well as the influence of Syrian culture on the classical world.
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Map of the region
List of rulers
ORGANIZING SPACE AND TIME
PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION
THE CONSTRUCTION OF COMMUNITIES
Select Bibliography and Text Notes
amphoras annexation Antioch Antiochene Apamea Arab Arabia archaeological architectural areas Armenia Asia Minor Augustus Berytus Bostra bronze buildings centre century bc Chalcis chapter Christian church coinage colonnaded Commagene communities cult culture Damascus decorated deities Diocletian Dura Europus early empire East eastern elites Emesa emperor Euphrates evidence exported fourth century frontier Ghassanids governor Greek Hatra Hauran Heliopolis Hellenistic Hellenized identity images imperial important inscriptions Jebel Jewish Judaea king kingdom Lakhmid Laodicea late antiquity limestone Mediterranean Mesopotamia metres military Monophysite monumental mosaics Nabataean nomads pagan Palestine Palmyra Palmyrene Parthian perhaps Persian Petra Phoenician political probably production province quarries region reign religious Roman army Roman empire Roman rule Roman Syria Roman world Rome rulers sanctuary sarcophagi Sasanian sculpture second century Seleucid Septimius Severus settlement Severus sixth century social soldiers status steppe stone suggest symbols Syrie temple territory third century tombs trade Tyre urban villages walls