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of God, ready to receive us. This state or condition. The powers added unto the love which all be- of the whole entire nature acting lievers have unto the Lord Jesus, in soul and body in conjunction, which is inflamed by contempla- are all scattered and lost by death. tions of his glory, and their desires But the powers of one essential to be with him where he is, it will part of the same nature, that is, strengthen and confirm our minds of the soul, are preserved after in the resignation of our departing death in a more perfect acting souls into his hand.
and exercise than before. This is “2. It is required in us unto the peculiar upto buman nature, as a the same ends, that we be "ready man partaking of heaven and carth, and willing to part with the flesh of the perfection of angels above, wherewith we are cloathed,” with and of the imperfection of the all things that are useful and de. beasts below. Only there is this sirable thereunto : The alliance, difference in these things : Our the relation, the friendship, the participation of the heavenly spiritunion that are between the soul and ual perfections of the angelical nathe body, are the greatest, the ture, is for eternity; our participa. Dearest, the firmest that are or can tion of the imperfections of the be among mere created beings. / animate creatures here below,, is There is nothing like it, nothing but for a season: For God hath equal unto it. The union of three designed our bodies unto such a persons in the one single divine glorious refinement at the resurrecnature, and the union of two na- tion, as they shall have no more tures in the one person of Christ, alliance unto that brutish nature, are infinite, ineffable, and exempted which perisheth for ever. For we from all comparison. But among shall be crayyedo. like unto angels, or created beings, the union of these equal to them. Our bodies shall two essential parts of the same na- no more be capable of those acts ture in one person, is most excellent. and operations which are now comNor is any thing equal to it, or like mon to us with other living creait, found in any other creatures, tures here below. Those who among them have most “ This is the pre-eminence of of life, have either no bodies, as the nature of man, as the wise man angels; or no souls, but what declares : For unto that objection perish with them, as all brute crea- of Atheistical Epicureans, “ As tures below.
the one dieth so dieth the other ; "Angels being pure immaterial they have all one breath ; so that a spirits, bave nothing in them, no- man hath no pre-eminence above thing belonging unto their essence, a beast, and all go into one place, that can die. Beasts have nothing all are of the dust, and all turn to in them that can live when their the dust again :" He granteth, bodies die. The soul of a beast that as unto their bodies it is for a cannot be preserved in a separate season, in them we have a present condition, no not by any act of participation of their nature; But, almighty power; for it is not; and saith he, here lieth the difference. that which is not, cannot live. It “Who knoweth the spirit of a man is nothing but the body itself in an that goeth upward, and the spirit act of its material powers of a beast that goeth downward,
" Only the nature of man in all unto the earth ?” Unless we know the works of God, is capable of this, unless we consider the dif. this convulsion. The essential ferent state of the spirit of men and parts of it are separable by death, beasts, we cannot be delivered the one continuing to exist and act from this Atheism; but the thoughts his special powers in a separate bereof will set us at liberty from it. LIRIN .. hade
They die in like manner, and their worketh in me now and then, but bodies go equally to the dust for a constant habitual inclination a season: but the beast hath no working in vehement acts and despirit, no soul, but what dies with sires. And what doth he só de. the body and goes to the dust: If sire? It is avalvoni, to depart, sày they had, their bodies also must be we, out of this body, from this taraised again unto a conjunction bernacle, to leave it for a season. with them; otherwise death would But it is such a departure as conproduce a new set of creatures sists in the dissolution of the preunto eternity. But man hath an sent state of his being, that it immortal soul, (saith he)an heaven- should not be what it is. But how ly spirit, which, when the body is it possible that a man should atgoes into the dust for a season, tain such an inclination unto such ascends to heaven (where the guilt a readiness for such a vehement deof sin, and the curse of the law sire of a dissolution? It is from interpose not) from whence it is a view by faith of Christ and his there to exist, and to act all its na- glory, whence the soul is satisfied, tive powers in a state of blessed that to be with him is incomparaness.
bly better than in its present state " But, as I said, by reason of and condition. this peculiar intimate union and “He therefore that would die relation between the soul and body, comfortably, must be able to say there is in the whole nature a fixed within himself and to himself, Die aversion from a dissolution. The then, thou frail and sinful flesh, soul and body are naturally and“ Dust thou art, unto dust thou pecessarily unwilling to fall into a shalt return :" I yield thee up unto state of separation, wherein the the righteous doom of the holy one shall cease to be what it was, One. Yet therein also I gave thee and the other knows not clearly into the hand of the great Refiner, how it shall subsist. The body who will hide thee in thy grave, claspeth about the soul, and the and by thy consumption purify soul receiveth strange impressions thee from all thy corruption and from its embraces; the entire na- disposition to evil. And otherwise ture existing in the union of them this will not be. After a long sinboth, being unalterably averse unto cere endeavour for the mortificaa dissolution.
tion of all sin, I find it will never “Wherefore unless we can over be absolutely perfect but by this come this inclination, we can never reduction into the dust. Thou die comfortably or chearfully. We shalt no more be a residence for the would indeed rather chuse to be least remainder of sin unto eternity, cloathed upon, that mortality might nor any clog uato my soul in its be swallowed up of life, that the actings on God. Rest therefore cloathing of glory might come on in hope; for God, in his appointed our whole nature, soul, and body, I season, " when he shall have a without dissolution. But if this I desire unto the work of his hands, may not be, yet then do believers will call unto thee, and thou shalt so conquer this inclination by faith answer him out of the dust.” Then and views of the glory of Christ, as shall be, by an act of his almighty to attain a desire of this dissoluti. power, not only restore thee unto on. So the apostle testifies of him. I thy pristine glory, as at the first self; “ I have a desire to depart, I creation, when thou wast the pure and to be with Christ, which is far workmanship of his hands; but enbetter" than to abide here, Phil. i. rich and adorn thee with inconcely. 23. saith be, en ollu jau yw. Not an able privileges and advantages: ordinary desire; not that which Be not then afraid ; away with all
reluctancy'; go into the dust, rest | die, and then they shall be most in hope, for thou shalt stand in willing so to do. But it is the love thy lot at the end of the days of life that lies at the bottom of
“That which will enable us all these desires of men, which of hereto in an eminent manner, is itself will never forsake them. But that view and consideration of the no man can die cheerfully and glory of Christ; for he who is now comfortably, who lives not in a possessed of all that glory, under constant resignation of the time went this dissolution of nature as and season of his death unto the truly and really as ever we shall do. will of God, as well as himself with
"3. There is required hereunto a respect unto death itself. Our readiness to comply with the times times are in his hand, at his soand seasons, wherein God would vereign disposal, and his will in all have us depart and leave this things must be complied withal. world. Many think they shall be Without this resolution, without willing to die when their time is this resignation, no man can enjoy come, but they have many reasons, the least solid peace in this world. as they suppose, to desire that it “4. As the times and seasons, may not yet be, which for the most so the ways and means of the part arise merely from fear, and an approaches of death, have especial aversion of death. Some desire to trials, which, unless we are prelive, that they might see more of pared for them, will keep us under that glorious work of God for his bondage with the fear of death church, which they believe he will itself. Long wasting, wearing conaccomplish. So Moses prayed that sumptions, burning fevers, strong he might not die in the wilderness, pains of the stone, or the like from but go over Jordan and see the within, or sword, fire, tortures, good land, and that goodly moun- with shame and reproach from tain, and Lebanon, the seat of the without, may be in the way of the church and of the worship of God; access of death unto us. Some which yet God thought meet to who have been wholly freed from deny unto him. And this denial all fears of death, as a dissolution of the request of Moses, made on of nature, who have looked on it the highest consideration possible, as amiable and desirable in itself, is instructive unto all in the like have yet had great exercise in their case. Others may judge them- minds about these ways of its apa selves to have some work to do in proach; they have earnestly dethe world, wherein they suppose sired that this peculiar bitterness that the glory of God, and the of the cup might be taken away; good of the church is concerned, to get above all perplexities on the and therefore would be spared for account of these things, is a part a season. Paul knew not clearly of our wisdom in dying daily. whether it were not best for him And we are to have always in a to abide a while longer in the flesh readiness those graces and duties on this account. And David often which are necessary thereunto. deprecates the present season of Such are, a constant resignation of death, because of the work which ourselves in all events, unto the he had to do for God in the world. sovereign will, pleasure, and disOthers rise no higher than their posal of God. May he not do own private interests or concerns what he will with his own ? Is it with respect unto their persons, not right and meet it should be so ? their families, their relations, and is not his will in all things ingoods, in this world ; they would finitely holy, wise, just, and good? see these things in a better and Doth he not know what is best for more settled condition before they us, and what conduceth most unto bis own glory ? --Doth not he alone, ness, and the near approaches of do so? So is it to live in the exer. death, do call me off from any cise of faith: that if God calls us further labour in this kind.” to any of those things which are peculiarly dreadful to our natures, ON THE NATURE, THE PROPER. he will give us supplies of spiritual | TIES, AND THE EFFECTS OF strength and patience, as shall en-| DIVINE TEACHING. able us to undergo them, if not There is probably no subject in with ease and joy, yet with peace all the system of Christian docand quietness beyond our expecta- trine, on which professors have tion. Multitudes have had ex- wandered more astray from the perience, that those things which word of truth, than on what is at a distance have had an aspect | termed the influence of the Holy of overwhelming dread, have been Spirit, or divine teaching. Some far from insupportable in their ap- indeed deny that any supernatural proach, when strength hath been agency is now afforded to the received from above to encounter church of God, or exerted in with them. And moreover, it is in bringing men to the faith, and this case required, that we be fre- sanctifying their depraved natures. quent and steady in comparing They contend that the scripture these things with those which are itself, or the word of revelation, is eternal, both as unto the misery I a divine power, given to men wherewhich we are freed from, and that by to believe, and that to look, blessedness which is prepared for expect, or pray for any superus. But I shall proceed no farther natural influence to go forth with with these particulars.
it, in the way of enlightening the "There is none of all the things understanding and so causing men we have insisted on, neither the to perceive and believe the things resignation of a departing soul into that are reported or testified in the The hand of God, nor a willingness inspired writings is nothing else to lay down this flesh in the dust, than enthusiasm. This sentiment nor a readiness to comply with the destroys the necessity of prayer will of God, as to the times and for a blessing upon the word seasons, or the way and manner of whether read or preached; and is the approach of death, that can demonstrably at variance with the be attained unto, without a pros- doctrine of our Lord and bis spect of that glory that shall give apostles. But others run into an us a new state far more excellent opposite extreme, and attribute to than what we here leave or depart the Holy Spirit the workings of a from. This we cannot have, what-heated imagination, the flights and ever we pretend, unless we have raptures of an unbridledi fancy, some present views of the glory of and have thus exposed to the de. Christ; an apprehension of the rision of scoffers, what ought to future manifestation of it in heaven, strike conviction into their minds, will not relieve us, if here we know and lead them to devout and sober not what it is, and wherein it doth inquiry. Let us, therefore, with a consist; if we have not some pre- view to correct these mistakes, en. vious discovery of it in this life. Ideavour to trace out this important This is that which makes all things doctrine by the light of scripture, easy and pleasant unto us, even and try if we cannot obtain some death itself, as it is a means to discriminating characteristics bebring us unto its full enjoyment, tween divine teaching, and that and direct us unto the spring and which is merely human.. reasons of them. But I shall here; Our Lord Jesus Christ, in the break off, because weakness, weari, days of his public ministry, qualche a passage from the prophet Isaiah, known to one another only by the in these words, “It is written in confession of the truth and con: the prophets, And they shall be formity to it. all taught of God.” John vi. 45. The teaching here promised is And this divine teaching he des divine teaching, for they are to be cribes by its effects, when he adds, taught of the Lord. The same “Every man therefore that hath promise is made to them, Jer. beard and hath learned of the xxxi. 34. where it is distinguished Father, cometh unto me." This from a man teaching his neighbour. coming to him, he himself explains, The accomplishment of which ver.35, as neither more nor less than promise was exemplified in the believing on him, or receiving the first Christians, see Matt. xiv. 17. divine testimony concerning him; 1 John ïi. 27. Not that it supersedes and affirms, “ All that the Father the means appointed of God for giveth me shall come to me, and that purpose; for faith cometh by him that cometh to me, I will in hearing, and hearing by the word no wise cast out,” ver. 36, 87. The of God. Rom. x. 17. but it is prophetic scripture which our Lord above and beyond all human adduces is from Isa. liv. 13. “And teaching, even of that word, and all thy children shall be taught of the only thing that can give sucthe Lord, and great shall be the cess and effect to the outward res peace of thy children.” The chil-velation. The sovereignty of God dren of whom the prophet here is displayed in hiding divine things speaks, are the children of Zion, from the wise and prudent, and or gospel church, which has the revealing them unto babes, Matt. Lord for her husband, ver. 5. ii. 25. the same which the apostle calls! The subject matter of this teach"the Jerusalem which is above, ing is the knowledge of God as which is free, and the mother of manifested in Christ. “They shall all God's children,” Gal. iv. 26,27. all know me,” Jer. xxxi. 34. and for to her he applies what is that this knowledge respects Jesus written in the first verse of this Christ, is evident from John vi. 65. 541h chapter. See Gal. iv. 27. / where our Lord applies this very They are God's children, chosen in promise to the Father's drawing Christ before the foundation of the men by divine teaching to believe world, and so predestinated unto on his Son for eternal life. It is the adoption of children by Jesus therefore the knowledge of the Christ to himself, Eph. i. 5. Re- gospel--the knowledge of the Lord deemed by the blood of Christ, as our God; “I will be their God," Gal.iv.5. Begotten and born again Jer. xxxi. 33. viz. in the new coveby the word and Spirit of God, nant relation. This implies his John i. 13. üi. 5. 1 Pet. i. 23. remembering our sins no more, Jam. i. 13. for they are the chil- ver. 34. or his justifying us, Rom. dren of God by faith in Christ iii. 29, 30, and his giving us eternal Jesas, John i. 12. Gal. ii. 26. life from the dead, Matt. xxii. 32. endued with the Spirit of his Son, Heb. xi. 16. all which the apostle whereby they cry. Abba, father, founds upon the redemption that Rom. viii, 15. Gal. iv. 6. and heirs is in Jesus Christ, and the ratifiof the everlasting heavenly in- cation of the new covenant in his heritance, Rom. viii. 17. 1 Pet. i. 4. blood, Heb. x. 14—18. These are not selected out of any Now divine teaching may be one nation, or particular man's distinguished from all mere human fleshly seed, but are taken out of teaching by the following chaall nations, without exception, Rom. racteristics and effects: X. 12, Gal, iii. 28, 29. and are 1. It is effectual. Men may