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and entreats them to listen to it impar- “and will ever hate him. He has emtially, as to his own, and thus decide bittered my whole life, and I will be between us. Through my patron, the revenged." Count de Provence, I received those “Out of my sight, then, villain !" letters from the persons to whom they exclaimed Piccini, with disgust; “ the were written. It was to convince me god of a true man is honor, but your of the injustice of my suspicions. What idols are egotism, vanity, envy and shame do I feel now! I have degraded malice. Away !" myself by association with you. I And muttering with rage, Elias left have been deceived; but you ?-tell Piccini's house. me, man, what could induce you to act so treacherous, so dishonorable a part towards your benefactor ?"

Elias was more and more perplexed. Piccini's opera received much apIn a humble and lachrymose tone, he plause, but that of his rival's obtained a replied" Ah, dear patron, you mis- complete victory. Never was such entake me. Yes, I confess ; I spoke thusiasm witnessed in Paris. Followfalsely; I have acted unworthily, basely. ed by the bravoes of the crowd, Gluck But, for all that, I am not what you left the opera-house after the third reptake ine for- If you knew all! I am a resentation, and drove to his quiet miserable man, and deserve your pity home. He had invited only his favorite rather than your anger.

When a Mehul to celebrate with him the brilchild, my parents and relations assured liant result. me I had an extraordinary talent for As they entered the room where the music; that I should be a great com- supper-table was already awaiting them, poser. In this expectation I devoted they started at the sight of a man in a myself eagerly to the art, although it dark cloak, standing at the window and was hard for me. My first work was looking at the bright stars. Hearing the admired as something extraordinary, in footsteps, he turned round. the town where I lived ; this gave me “ Piccini !" exclaimed Gluck. more confidence in my powers; and I " I pe not unwelcome ?said Picthought in a great city I could gain cini, smiling. directly, fame and wealth.

I went

" By my soul, most welcome !" reto Vienna; but obtained neither one plied Gluck, grasping his hand; nor the other."

noble an adversary is an honor to me." But then Gluck assisted you ; gave “Say no more of adversaries,” said you lessons and corrected your compo- Piccini, gravely. “Our rivalship is endsitions ?"

ed; I acknowledge you for my master, “ He did so—but he told me at the and will call you my friend with joy same time that I had no genius, and and pride. Let the Gluckists and Picwould never be a composer.'

cinists quarrel and dispute as they will, And said he not the truth? Can Gluck and Piccioi understand each you hate him for that, and slander him other." for his candor, and because he advised “ And love each other!" exclaimed you to confine yourself to the lower Gluck, in ecstacy; "Piccini! by the sphere of art, or to be rather an honest soul of Art! so it shall be !" shoemaker or tailor ?".

M. H. “Yes, I hate him," muttered Elias ;

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TRAVELS IN NORTH AMERICA.*

We took up Mr. Lyell's book, ex- things fanıiliar at home. It has often happecting to be both instructed and amus- pened to me in our own island, without ed, and io neither expectation have we

travelling into those parts of Wales, Scotbeen disappointed. Indeed, the well- land, or. Ireland, where they talk 'a perknown and well-earned reputation of fectly distinct language, to encounter pro

vincial dialects which it is difficult to Mr. Lyell, as the very head of the comprehend, that I wonder at finding the geological savans of the world, not only people here so very English. If the me. entitles him to the careful attention of iropolis of New England be a type of a the scientific world whenever he makes large part of the United States, the inhis appearance, but guarantee, even to dustry of Sam Slick, and other writers, in the general reader, reflections and con collecting together so many diverting siderations which the comprehensive- Americanisms, and so much original slang, ness of his observations, and correct. is truly great, or their inventive powers

still greater." ness of his deductions, must render interesting.

To let the American reader underMr. Lyell

, accompanied by his wife, stand what we are sure no American who was the companion of all his wan.

can fail to be inquisitive about, we will derings, left England in July, 1841, particularize some of those striking and returned in August, 1842. Nearly differences of climate, soil, productions, all of the entire inierim was spent in &c., which distinguish even New-Eng. travelling over the United States, six- land from Great Britain. Mr. Lyell teen of which he visited, travelling in has taken pains to point them out. all, in the United States, probably not

Even the weeds of our fields possess a much less than 4,000 miles. His op- distinctiveness of character which surportunities for judging of the character prised the observing Englishman. The of the people whom he saw, were in entire absence of the heath, a plant the highest degree favorable, since his which has even given its name to those scientific investigations led him away wild portions of England which it has from the main travelled roads, and into monopolized, and of the daisy, (the close proximity with every class—the humblest as well as the highest-of reader, the vile pest to our meadows

* day's-eye” of Spenser,) and not, dear American citizens.

which we call by the same name, and the Mr. Lyell came among us, we sus

presence of those other wild flowers, pect, a high English tory; his mind such as the lobelia cardinalis, the wild was tainted with his national prejudices rose, and the golden rod, which here against our institutions, but yet he looked on us and ours in a spirit of to our traveller, which some day we

supply their places, afforded a charm candor, which does him credit; and hope to be able to appreciate in the bethrough his report of which, we shall

holding of English meadows. Our take pleasure in conducting those of elm--the drooping elm of our cities-our readers who may not be fortunate

our maple, our sumach, o'ir oaks, our enough to meet with his book. The reader will smile at the very fire-flies, and our so-called robin, our

grasshoppers, our humming-birds, our first impressions which his mind re

maize, and our squirrels, afford the ceived on landing at Boston.

same species of wonderment and pleas“Recollecting the contrast of every

ure to the English observer even of thing French, when I first crossed the Straits ordinary nature, as would the agavu, of Dover, I am astonished, after having and cacti, and pine-apples, and parrots traversed the wide ocean, at the resein

of Cuba to a son of New-York. Mr. blance of everything I see and hear to Lyell represents himself as being ac

* Travels in North America. By Charles Lyell, Esq., F. R. S. Third Edition. New-York: Wiley

& Putnam.

VOL. XIX-NO. XCVIII.

3

tually surprised, well-informed natu- vantage of his credulity ; but, in the ralist as he is, at the clearness of the second place, we are willing and proud atmosphere, and brightness of the sky, to admit the general truth, which forms and dryness of the climate of the New the moral to his stories, and which we World, so very different is it from that have just quoted. But, Mr. Lyell, let which he bad left. In the same con us assure you that, however much this nection, we cannot help noticing one “confidence and coolness" may amuse flagrant mistake of wbich Mr. L. is you or your countrymen, therein lies guilty. Sometime in September, by the secret of that success which has ihe date of bis journal, he mentions the characterized Anerican efforts in every sugar maple, Acer Americana, and branch of business, to which American says:

" confidence and coolness" have been

directed American farmers turned - The sap, from which sugar is made, law-makers, American carpenters turnwas everywhere trickling down into ed shipwrights, American printers wooden trouglis from gashes made in the turned philosophers, are all familiar bark."

illustrations of The principle in question. Now, Mr. Lyell never saw any such Speaking of our nomenclature of places,

we find a remark, which we beg leave thing in September at all, since at that

to quote.

After ridicul the truly season of the year the sap does not

ridiculous array of classicality of which run, and if it did, it possesses no sac Western New-York boasts, he goes on charine properties.

to say, concerning the multiplication of Soon after Mr. L. landed in America the same names: he made a hurried tour through NewYork, a note or two of which is all we

“An Englishman, it is true, cannot comcan spare room to notice.

plain, for we follow the same system in He had, for the first time, entered our colonies; and it is high time that the an American stage-coach, somewhere postmaster-general brought in a bill for in Tiogn county, and after being rather protribiting new streets in Londou from uncomfortably jolted, complained, upon and repeated fifty times in the same city,

receiving names already appropriated, his arrival at his destination, that his to the infinite confusion of the juhabitants driver seemed to have taken pains to and iheir lerier-carriers." drive fastest over the worst parts of the road, when he was cheered with the But time would fail us to follow Mr. intelligence that bis driver had been, Lyell through several other remarks until that trip, guiltless of any previous of interest. His summing up of the attempts to drive, Mr. L. says, “any matter is as follows: vehicle, whether two or four-wheeled." He thereupon takes occasion to remark “Whatever of good-breeding exists as follows:

here in the middle classes, is certainly not

of foreign importation ; and John Bull in “ The coolness and confidence with particular, when out of humor with the which every one here is ready to try his

manners of the Americans, is often unconhaud at any cruft, is truly amusing." sciously beholding his own image in the

mirror, or comparing one class of society And he enforces his remark with an

in the United States with another at bome, anecdote of another driver, who repre- leisure, to exhibit a higher standard of re

which ouglıt, from superior affluence and sented to our traveller, in answer to finement and intelligence. some inquiry, that he, although not “We bave now seen the two largest twenty years of age, had been editor cities, many towns and villages, besides of the • Tioga Democrat," from which some of the back setilements of New, he had retired, after having purchased York and the New-England states, an ex: from the profits of his office a farm, emplification, I am toll, of five millions of which he pointed out.

souls; we have met with no beggars, wit. Now, in the first place, these two the most unequivocal proofs of prosperity

nessed no signs of want, but everywhere stories speak for themselves, and carry and rapid progress in agriculture, comthe certain conviction to the reader nierce, and great public works. As these that, in both instances, Mr. Lyell was states are some of them entirely free from “humbugged" by rogues, who took ad- debt, and the rest have punctually paid

the interest of government-loans, it would cation—who know how to select the best be unjust to apply to them the disparaying books, and can afford to purchase them, comment, ó that it is easy to go ahead with and if they please may obtain the assistborrowed money.'. In spite of the con ance of private tutors—may doubt the stant influx of uneducated and pennyless utility of public lectures on the fine arts, adventurers from Europe, I believe it history, and ihe physical sciences.” would be impossible to find five millions in any other region of the globe, whose

But, goes on our author to reason, averago moral, social, and intellectual con- the experience of the whole body dition stands so high.''

of the clergy of every sect, and in

every country, and in popular governOne evidence he points out of the ments of the leading politicians, proves, same truth, in the difficulty of obtain that, ing young American men and women in domestic service, although by no "If the leading patrons and cultivators means degrading, and highly paid. of literature and physical science neglect

this ready and efficacious means of inter“Had Spain colonized this region, how esting the multitude in their pursuits, they different would have been her career of are wanting to themselves, and have no civilizatior. ! Had the Puritan fathers right to complain of the aparhy or indiflanded on the banks of Plata, how

ference of the public.”

many hundreds of steamers would, ere this, have been plying the Paraua and Uru We are willing to let this argument guay -- how many railway-trains flying speak for itself. The history of this over the Pampas-how many large schools Lowell Institution is briefly this : In and universities flourishing in Paraguay!" 1833, Mr. James Lowell, a citizen of pp. 59, 60, vol. i.

Boston, left America for a European

and Asiatic tour. In 1835 he had Mr. Lyell had been invited to lecture reached Egypt, where, amid the ruins in Boston, even before he left England; of Thebes, he drew up his last will, and, in accordance with his engage- leaving for the foundation of the instiment, he returns to Boston in the fall tution referred to, about $300,000. of 1811, and delivers a course of lec

One of the provisions of the bequest tures on Geology to a class of from deserves particular notice. Mr. Low3.000 to 4,500, in the Lowell Institu- ell provided that not one cent of his tion.

munificent donation should be applied The occasion affords Mr. L. an

to the purchase of brick and mortar ; opportunity of discussing the system of accordingly his executors at once hired public lecturing in general, and of com a suitable room, and entered upon the paring the system as it exists here, execution of the will. with its condition in England. Let us

How differently have other fortunes, examine his opinions and the facts set devoted by their dying possessors for forth. Says he, page 87, vol. 1: the benefit of their race, suffered !

Somewhere near fifteen years have “ If the selection of teachers be in good elapsed since a Philadelphia merchant, hands, institutions of this kind cannot fail by his last will and testament, created to exert a powertil influence in improving the most munificent endowment for a the taste and jutellectual condition of the people, especially where college is quitted college, that was to bear his name, that, at an early age for the business of active with but few exceptions, the world life, and wliere there is always danger in ever beheld. He even expressly proa commercial community, that the desire vided that but an unimportant portion of money-making should be carried to of the gift should be expended in buildexcess. It is, moreorer, peculiarly desi- ings. Three or four unfinished, and rable in a democratic state, where the illy-adapted marble temples have been pablic mind is apt to be exclusively, ab- erected, the legacy nearly, if not quite sorbed in politics, and in a country where the free competition of sects has a ten- expended, while Girard College apdency to produce, not indifferentism, as

pears farther from real and useful exsome at home may be disposed to think, istence, than at any time since the but loo much excitement in religious mat- death of its founder. It may not be ters.

the fault of Pbil-adelphians; we are ** The rich, who have had a liberal edu. afraid it is the fault of human nature;

but whosoever the fault may be, the Not exactly in connection with this sorrowful and shameful fact stands un- subject, Mr. Lyell discusses the comaffected.

parative merits of the American and But sins like this, we are sorry to English university systems, through say, are by no means confined to this which, although he does not draw any side of the water. Half a million of particular conclusion with regard to their dollars have already been expended comparative excellences, we will enupon the purchase of grounds and deavor to follow him. We are aware erection of the exterior of University that scarcely any subject connected College, London; and one-third of this with English institutions, is less pervast sum was spent upon the portico fectly understood by the American puband dome, portions of the work purely lic than this same one, and hence we ornamental, while the rooms under the approach it the more willingly, from dome have remained for fifteen years the hope that what we say may, at not fitted up, and wholly useless. least, possess the charm of novelty. When the professor of chemistry in We are inclined to believe that eduquired for the chimney to his laboratory, cation, in its widest and highest sense, he was told there was none; and one is about as well attended to in the easthad to be carried up which encroached ern and middle states as in any part of upon a handsome stair-case, and thus Great Britain. We do not, of course, destroyed the harmony of the artist's allude here to that elementary educadesign. Still greater was the dismay tion taught in our common schools, and of Sir Charles Bell, upon discovering so universally diffused among our peothe anatomical room fitted up like a ple-here at least, England cannot offer Greek theatre, adapted to the recitation a parallel. Nor do we mean to be unof plays. The builders were informed derstood as saying, that England and that an anatomical theatre ought, in Scotland cannot afford some better construction and form, to resemble a specimens of scholarship than our well, so that every student could look wealth, and our society, and our politidown and see distinctly the subject cal institutions have as yet been able to under demonstration. The room was produce. . We know that the remark accordingly altered at considerable cost. will startle many of our readers, who

The liberal sums contributed for the have been accustomed to look upon erection of another college, King's Col- those old and time-honored institutions, lege, of London, were more flagrantly which so many of the Newtons and squandered, and that, too, like Girard, Porsons and Addisons of England have long before the academical body came honored with years of their toil. But into existence.

we repeat our assertion, that we believe These remarks cannot be confined to that a larger number of well-educated the high quarters to which they have young men are sent forth into the world been applied. Those of our readers from our own Yales and Harvards and accustomed to travel through the state Unions, than in the same period are of New-York, need not to be told, that graduated at Oxford and Cambridge. in almost every village of the interior, That we have not come to our concluhuge, cold, and ungainly, but expen- sions vnadvisedly we shall be at some sive buildings have been created for the pains to show. Our readers are too accommodation of academies, now, in well acquainted with the American a majority of cases, extinct; while, if collegiate system, to require any particthe money appropriated to their erec ular description of it from us. Our tion, had been placed by its trustees in young men are received into them after a situation to have yielded an income, a preparatory academic course, and are and more moderate buildings erected, then during the four years appropriit is not too much to say, that the pres- ated to each class, instructed in those ent literature fund of the state would branches of classical, mathematical, and have been a less indispensable assist- scientific education which are best deance to the very existence of three signed to lay the broad foundation for fourths of the academies, than it now future learning, or best adapted to seis. We could write a chapter on a cure that discipline of mind, and that subject to which our limits can afford enlarged and comprehensive view of but a paragraph.

human learning, which always distin

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