Imagens das páginas

merit of a charter of Kilkenny in the red book of the Mayor of Bristol:—

"Memorandum quod carta domini Henrici octavi, regis Anglie, sub suo magno sigillo cera viridi impresso, per quam ipse dominus rex ratificavit et contirmavit bnrgensibus ville dicte Kilkennie in Hibernia heredibus et successoribus suis diversas libertates usus et consuetudines et clamaciones eis prius concessas fuit ostensa Jobanni Caplo, maiori ville Bristoll, Johanni Williams et Johanni Wilkins, vicecomitibus eiusdem ville, in Guildhalda ibidem per David Savadg de Kilkennia predicta, mercatorem, xvi die Aprilis, anno primo regis predicti. Et eisdem die et anno irrotulata fuit carta predicta in libro rubeo dioti maioris in folio ccix eiusdem libri per Phillipum Ricaut, communem clericum ville Bristoll predict*, prout patet ibidem." Fol. 88 b.

The compiler of the volume before us has with occasional gaps inserted under each year the names of the sovereign and officials of Kilkenny from 1293 to 1544 from the materials to which he had access. He has thus supplied a catalogue of sovereigns of this important town which, as more complete than any yet in print, I have extracted as follows, giving the folios of Bothe's manuscript and his references to the first and second corporation books:—

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1293. Alanus Donnynge.

1295. Idem.

1296. Johannes le White.

1300. Bobertus de Edesor.

1301. Willielmus Outlawe.
1303. Bobertus de Edesor.
1305. Alanus Donyn'.
1307. Johannes Albua, alias White.
1310. WillielmuB Outlawe.
1312. Alanus Donynge.

1314. Phillipus Croker.

1315. Nicolaus Croker.

1316. Johannes Godyn.

1317. Idem.

1318. Johannes Eynowe [li. 1. f. 1 a.]

1319. Johannes Godyne.

1320. Johannes Eynowe [custos].

1321. Thomas de Ley.

1322. Johannes Eynowe.

1323. Willielmus Doninge.

1324. Idem.

1326. Willielmus fil Galfridi. 1327,1328. Idem.

1329. Johannes Ffolyn.

1330. Thomas Shortalls.

1331. Bartholomeus Folyn.

1332. Idem.

1333. Thomas Oweyn.

1334. Walterus fil' Hugonis.

1335. Gilbertus Fforte.

1336. Idem.

1337. Johannes Crosse.

1338. Idem.

1339. Nicolaus Brisbone.

1340. Johannes Alyn.

1341. Johannes Crosse.

1342. Idem.

1343. Idem.

1345. Nicolaus Brusbone.

1346. Johannes Crosse.

1347. Idem.

1348. Thomas Venn.

1349. Johannes Eynowe.

1350. Idem.

1351. Willielmus Folin.

1352. Johannes Eynowe.

1353. Jacobus Owen.

1356. Willielmus Lofe.

1357. Johannes Rennell.

1358. Johannes Eynowe [li. 1. f. 9 b.]
1360. Johannes White de Ely [li. 1.

f. 11 a.]
1364. Johannes Eynowe.

1366. David Archer.

1367. Willielmus Tirrell.

1368. Idem.

1369. Bobertus Dencourt.

1370. Willielmus Bristowe.

1371. Oliverus Knarisburgh.

1372. Bobertus Flod [li. 1. f. 11 b.]

1373. Bobertus Dencourt [li. 1. f. 16b.]

1374. Bobertus Talbot.

1375. Idem.

1376. David Archer.

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1377. Idem [li.l.f. lib.]. .

1379. Oliverus Knarisburgh.

1380. Idem.

1381. Patricius Catormas,

1383. Johannes Cadde [li. 2. f. 11 a.]

1384. Nicolaus Loy [Ji. l..f. 14 a.]

1386. Bobertus Talbot [li. 1. f. 17 a.]

1387. Johannes Lumbard [ib.]

1388. Bichardus Norton [li. 1. f. 17b.]

1389. Bobertus Folyn [li.-l. f. 21 a.]

1390. Johannes Dyer.

1391. Johannes Chamberlainc [li. 1.

f. 21 b.

1392. Thomas Knarisburghe [li. 1.

f. 18 a.]

1393. Thomas Tailour { ^' \ £ gg^j

1394. Johannes Cadde [If. 1. f. 9 b.]

1395. Johannes Daniell [li. 1. f. 18 a.]

1396. Willielmus Stone [11.1. f. 19 a.]

1397. Nicolaus White."

1398. Willielmus Stone."

1399. Bichardus Talbot.

1400. Thomas Knarisburgh [li. 1.

f. 19 a.]

1401. Bobertus Dullard [ib.]

1402. Thomas Talbot fib.]

1403. Thomas Bothe fib.]

1404. Bichardus Talbot Lib.]

1405. Bogerus Bernard [li. 1. f. 23.]

1406. Johannes Marschall [li. 1.

f. 23 a.]

1407. Johannes Croker [li. 1. f. 23 b.]

1408. Nicolaus Stokes [li. 1. f. 24 a.]

1410. Bobertus Taine.

1411. Thomas Mownister, alias En


1412. Johannes Schortals [li. 1. f. 20a.]

1416. Johannes Lumbard.

1417. Thomas Chamberlcyno [li. 1.

f. 32 a.

1418. Johannes Marshall.

1419. Thomas White.

1420. David Girdler, alias Browne.

1421. Bobertus Ffolyn. .

1422. Nicolaus White.

1424. Johannes Coke.

1425. Willielmus Archer.

1427. Johannes Knarisburgh [li. 1.

f. 38 b.]

1428. Mauricius Stafford [li. 1. f.27b.]

1429. Johannes Marshall.

1430. Thomas Moumster, alias En


1431. Nicolaus Sutton.

1432. Johannes Knarisburgh.

1433. Johannes Marshall.

1434. Willielmus Archer [li. 1. f. 28a.]

1435. Willielmus White.

1438. Johannes Archer [li. 1. f. 28 b.] 1440. Johannes Bothe.

1442. Walterus Sherlock.

1443. Johannes Knarisburghe.

1444. Bobertus Savadge.

1445. Johannes Whitside. 1447. Elias Archer.

1449. Johannes Bothe.

1450. Patricius Sentleger.

1451. Johannes Knarisburgh.

1452. Johannes Bagged.

1457. Johannes Gerrott [li. 1. f. 31 b.] 1460. ThomasSherlocke[li.l.f.29a.]

1464. Willielmus Archer.

1465. Johannos Bothe.

1466. Williolmus fil' Elio Archer.

1467. Walterus Archer [li. 1. f. 48 a.]

1468. Idem [li. 1. f.40b.] 1471. Patricius Daniell.

1473. Johannes, fil' Johannis Roths

[li. 1. f. 45 b.] 1475. Thomas Sherlock [li. 1. f.41 a.] 1477. Johannes Whitside. 1482. Johannes Knarisburgh [li. 1.

f. 43 b.]

1486. Johannes Sherlock [li.l.f.31b.]

1487. Bobertus Leonard.

1489. Nicolaus Bagged.

1490. Johannes Mothell [li. 1. f. 41 b."

1491. Dionicius Maldony [ib.]

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1534. 1535. 1536.

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Thomas Langton [li. 2. f. 26 b.
Eichardus Shcc [li. 2. f. 28 b.

1537. Robertus Rothe [li. 2. f. 30 a.]

1538. Johannes Walsh [li. 2. f. 32 b.]

1539. Johannes Eothe [li. 2. f. 36 b.

1540. Nicolaus Cowley fli. 2. f. 37.]

1541. David Rothe [II. 2. f. 45 a.]

1542. AValterus Archer [li. 2. f. 47 a.]

1543. Robertus Sheeth [li. 2. f. 54 b.]

1544. Walterus Archer [If. 2. f. 59 b.] transcribed in the present volume

from the lost portion of Litoi 2. and other sources include enactments and proceedings of the commonalty of Kilkenny between 1500 and 1544 on the following subjects:—

Age of a burgess that may sell his land. Aghaboo Fair. Ale and its measures. Amercements for Wear bridge. For breaking the assize of victuals. For taking of fish coming to the town. Apples and pears, stealing of. Aqua vita?, rules on. Armour and weapons for every man according to his degree. Artificers. Assize of bread, ale and victuals. Assaults in streets. Auditors of accounts. Bakers and the manner of baking bread in loaves after the English fashion. Banquets, and the order thereof. Barons of Whitsuntide fair and their authority. Beasts found in gardens. Bill of money delivered for building St. John's bridge. Bloodshed, punishment for. Breakfasts or banquets. Burial of strangers dead in freemen's houses. Bushes of furze cut without licence. Butter bought for men of Wuterford or Ross. Candles and their prices. Captains appointed in Kilkenny. Cars of corn drawers. Carpenters and orders for them. Change of flesh coming into the market. Cheeses bought for men of Watcrford or Ross. Counsel disclosed by a freeman. Corn to bo sold at the market place, &c. Corpus Christi day and the privileges thereof. Craftsmen. Customs. Devise of lands. Disobedience to sovereign. Distresses. Drinking money allowed to inquests. Ducking stool. Election of officials. Entering gardens or orchards. Enrolment of Charters of Kilkenny at Bristol. Fairs among the Irishry. Farms, fields, or meadows. Fines for not answering, tho alarm

bell or summons; for entering tho house of a burgess; for slander; for bloodshed; for weapon drawn; for forestalling; for beating the wife of a burgess that was sovereign. Fires. Fish, forestalling; sale of. Flesh, sale of in open market; forbid to be sent out of the town; to be cut on Saturday at a certain hour. Foreign merchants. Freedom and freemen. Fruit, furze, fagots and biiBhes. Gate to be stopped in time of war. Girdles to be made only by glovers. Glovers and their apprentices. Grey friars and their gardens. Green for shooting. Hedges broken. Hides and skins. Hogs. Hue and cry. Hundred court. Husbandmen and their sons. Imprisonments. Inquisitions. Irishry forbidden to be lodged in Kilkenny. Jurors. Irish town of Kilkenny. Killing of men in defence of the town rights. Labourers, their sons and fathers. Licences for sale of merchandize. Lodging strangers of the Irishry. Madder. Masons and their work. Measures for wine, ale, and other liquors. Meat to carpenters and labourers the night before they enter to work, or on holy days. Meadows, and trespassers on them. Mills. Misdemeanours. Mowers. Murage. Mutton allowed to be cut on Sundays. Musters and journeys. Night walkers after the hour of nine. Oaths and pledges of the Irishry. Oaths of the sovereign and officials. Orphans'goods, and accounts of them. 06sory men forbidden to be apprentices or servants to townsmen. Pavement of Kilkenny. Pawns or pledges. Penalties. Pestilences. Pillory. Playing for money, or with apprentices having no goods of their own. Pleas. Pledges. Porters of gates. Portrief elected that can speak no English. Prentices. Prices of articles. Privileges. Regrators. Rents. Saint Nicholas' otfering and order for it. Sessions. Servants. Shoemakers and shoes. Shops. Slander. Soldiers. Sovereigns. Springs and wells. Stakes of corn. Strangers, a common house appointed to lodge them. Strangers dead in freemen's houses, and how they shall be buried. Submission. Subsidies. Suits. Sureties. Suspected persons, and goods bought of them. Tailors and prices for their work. Tallages. Trespassers. Trials of ofTenccs. Victuals, prices and sale of. Walls of the town. Wardships of burgesses. Warning to be given by tenant to landlord. Wax. Weights. Wine. Wool.

Of the enactments and entries the following aro specimens:—

1523. Eobert Rothe, Superior:

"Armour and weapon: It is enacted that every man have his jack, sallct, and long bowe, such as shallic assigned therto. Others to have gley[v]es by St. Stevens day, uppon payne of iii. s. iv. d., 1. 2. f. 9 a."

1540. Nicholas Cowley, Superior: "Item, it is ordered, statuted, and agreed by the Soveraigue, Burgesses, and Comons of the said townc in the drenhundred, holden the Friday next after tho Feast of St. Michaell tharchanglc, the year above written, that the best quarter of beoTe be not sold above ii.«., and as the flesh shalbe woorth within tho same parte to be [ap]praised by the [ap]pfaysers appointed. The best quarter of porke at xviij. d. Tho best quarter of mutton at iiii. d. . . A stone of rougho tallowc contayning xiv. li. att xx. d., and every stono of moulten tallowe containing xiiii. li. at the same price, li. 2. fo. 38 a. Item, that no bowtcher ciitt nether kcrve any kinde of ficshe on Souday "except mutton, uppon payne of vi. s., viii. d. Thereof to the spier, viii. d-, and tho other parto to the Sovcraignc and Comons equally to be devidod," li. 2. fo. 28 b.

"For lawfull warning of six wiks by the landlord]: "Item, it is enacted also that every person having any house, orchiard, garden, or land iu •the fields fro yere to yere, be warned by the space of six wicks aforo the terme or last gale by the lorde of the freeholdc. Otherwise the said person or tenant shall keepe the said house, orchiard, land, or garden, till he be lawfully warned as is before said for like rent yerely, as he had the same before. And the said persons or tenants shall likewise warne the lord of any such freehold, as is before rchersed, otherwise that they shall answere yeroly for somuch rent unto him as the said house, land, or orchiard was first lett for unto them till he be lawfully warned as is above written, li. 2. fo. 38 b." "Rate of shoes to lie soldo:

"Item, that every burgesse and honest mens single shoes be solde for vi. d.; for every womans single shoes iiii. d.; every woorkemans shoes v. d.; all prentises and childrens shoes of tho adge of xii. ycres or more iiii (J. and within tho adge of xii yeres for ii. d. the peirc. And that no man (except shoemakers) buy any hulfc, tlirc quarter, or bullock hides or goate skynwes upon p;iync of forfeiture, halfe to the Sovereigns and half to the espier. And yf any Bhoemaker of this toune doe from henceforth sell their shoes to any forriner of the country (without licence of the Soveraigne for the tyme being) whereby the inhabitants of the towne cannot be served, but at an unreasonable highe price farre above the said value, that he or they doing the contrary shall forfecte iii.»., to be divided in thirds, etc., li. 2. fo. 38 b." 1542. Walter Archer, Superior: "For portreif elected that can speak no English: "Item, it is enacted, condescended, and agreed by the said Soveraigne, Burgess, and Commons of the said towne that every person to be hereafter chosen or appointed by the towne or the Chief Lords styward, in the office of portrifshipp, and can not speak Englishe nor order himself after the English sort and fashion for the woorship of the said towne in court, That he or they so elected, choosen, or appoincted, shall wadg or fynd a sufficient and hable person such as the soveraign and his Councell for the tyme being shall thinck meet & convenient to serve the same roome, and the soveraigne and his councell to moderate the said wadge reasonably, li. 2. fol. 47 b." For breakfasts made to women in child bedd: "Item in consideracion that by reason of the resort of divers women to visit their frend or kinswoman, being brought a child bed to comfort the parient and make her cheare wch heretofore p'ceded of love, woorshipp, and honesty, and nowe the same custom is by reason of light shamles, & idle women lacking good maners, & habilitic presuming at snch tymes to kepe company w* the Soveraignes wif, and other her associats misused, & rather converted to dishonesty more than woorshipp to the slander of the said good wives, and hiudraunce of the house where they useth to resort. It is therefore enacted by the same auctoritie that no person nor persons from hensfoorth go to visite any such woman being at child bed to make any jounkery or breakfaste, but her mother, sistere, or gossobbs for that tyme upon paine of xx" to be forfaictcd of the house that shall receive the same, and vi" viijd of him or her that shall make or take any such breakfast otherwise then before is said, of wch painc the so'vaigne for the tyme being shall have the third parte, and the spier and corneas thother part, li. 2. f. 48 a."

"For making of Aqua vite:

"Item in consideracion of the intollerable mischiefs that groweth to the comon wealth for making of Aqua vito as the same is nowe used, whereby wheat, malt, and other cornes & fuell is made very dere, so as poore men can have mony Bcantly to buy the same, It is enacted by the auctoritie aforsaid that no person or persons shall mak any kynd of aqua vitas w"'in the said towne or the franches of the same unles he or she be a free burges in towne upon paine of forfaicture to be made of the crock w,h all mstrumente that apertaineth therunto, and all the licor or aqua vito that in any wise can be had or proved to be made at that tyme wherof the sov'aigne for tho tyme shall have the third part, the espier as much, and the residue to the commons, li. 2. f. 48 a.

"Item that no crock nor instruments bo sent out of towne to make any aqua vite in the cuntrie or given by any fre burges w1'1 in the towne to any forincr or such as is not enhabled to make aqua vite wthin towne upon painc of vi e. viii d.; thereof, to the espier, xx d., and the surplus to the Soveraigne and comons equally, li. 2, f. 48 b.

"Item, that no freinan or burges by collor of his owne frcdom do make or suffer to be made within his house or jurisdiction any aqua vite to any other that is not free burges within the said towne upon paine of xx s. to the owner or hed of the house that conteneth the same whereof the sov'aigne shall have vi«. viiid., and the residue to tho spier .and the comens, li. 2, f. 48 b.

"For the f'airo of Aghwoo [Aghaboe]:

"Item, in consideracion of the great hindraunce that the towne sustained by reason of a certaine fayre or markett which the lord of Upper Ossory have proclaimed to be kept at Aghevoe on Thursday ones every fortnight wlbout aucthoritie but of his owne extort power for his sole and private games, whereby the trade and stirring of the towne is much putt back and the kings custom of muradg greatly decayd. It is therefore enacted by the same assent and aucthoritie that no inhabitaunt of the same towne do go, haunt or in any wise trade or use the said fayre or markett the day named or appoincted for the same, nor by any collor send any ware, money, or victuall there to be sold the very day of the markett, nor have any servaunt or lodgers wlh in the country there to buy or sell any kynd of ware upon paine of xlto the offender of this present act, totiens quotiens. Whereof the soveraigno for the tyme shall have the third part, the spier as much and the comons the other third part. This statute to con

tynue till the next dernhundred, provided that tho inhabitaunts of the Irishtowne conforme them to be lykewise restrained, or otherwise this estatute to be void, li. 2, f. 49,a. "For leasers of corne:

"Item, in consideracion that divers strong and hablo persons by collor of leassing of corne in harvest tyme refuseth to go hyre for wadg, but keping them idle thro quarters of the yere for the commoditue of that one quarter, having no substaunce nor other living but such as they plucketh and stealeth from true men, whereby men can scantily have rippers and other workmen to labour for their mony, to the great detryment of the com'on wealth. It is therefore enacted that no p'son nor p'sons being strong in his body and hable to do woork & service otherwise shall not leasse any maner of corne upon paino to forfaict all such leassed corne togither with as much other corne as then shall be founde with the same, and all the clothes and goods as shall be found then upon his or their boddyes that shall so leasse and themsel es to be stocked or imprisoned for xxiiij houres or more at tho discretion of the hed officer of the towne, of wcl" forfaictures the sov'aigne Bhall have th'one half and the fcpier or taker the other half, li. 2, f. 49 a.

"Erring for halves to inheritTM in the cuntrie or for 3 or 4 sheaf or port:

"Item in consideracion of the great hindrauncs that chanced to div's of the inhabitants and dwellers of the said towne, and of further inconveniencs lyke to growe if due remedy be not the soner provided, by reason that divers inheritoTM of the same who' hath their dwelling and habitacion out in the cuntry have taken upp into their owne hands all such arrable land as they had w* in the franches of the said towne without setting any part thereof for rent to the said inhabitaunts who had none other trade of living but their erring and sowing and setting the said lands to certain© poore and insufficient p'sons whom they bring with them out of strange placs to occupie and err the said lands to them for tho ono half & som for the third and fourth sheaf after the Irish sorte & custom who living most scarcely wjth milk, whey, or bread & such other beggerly faro aro not hable to lodg, victuall, or receave any of tho kings ma'1 armye or subbjects com'ing to & fro, the said towne being a throughfare, and yet the towne in no little danger to be by such outcomes folk one tymo or other burned, betrayed or utterly destroyed; and tho said inhabitaunts for a great part compelled to givo over their housholds for lack of arrable land to be had for rent (as hitherto they were accustomed) to be occupied and manured for the supportacion of their chardgs. Whereby the said towne is lyke to be much depopulated and decayed and a great dcale the lesse hable to sustaino or maintaine their pavadge and muradg' or yet to receave the king's highnes dep'ie councell and armye, or to serve his grace otherwise at tymes of opportunitie. Wherfor & for that such erring for halfs and other Irish customes premised was never ha [«ic] sene here till nowe of late and for the saulf guard of the said towne, be it established and enacted by assent of the Sov'aigne, burgess' and Com'ons of the said towne that no p'son ne p'sons dwelling, being or inhabiting wthin tho said towne or the franches of the same shall manure, occupie ne err for halfs port of corne, the third or fourth sheaf any lands within the said towne or franches, or elsewhere, without the said lib'ties to any landlord or inheritor that is or hereafter shall be dwelling out of the said towne unles such landlord or inheritor do p'sonally com' and inhabit and dwell within the said towne for maintenaunce & defence of the same without any frawde, deceipt, or collusion uppon paine of six pounds thirtene shillings & fowre pence, to bo levyed and forfaited of him or them that shall contenue the same, totiens q°tiens. And tho offendor or offendo" thereof to be utterly exiled out of the same towne and franches, of tho wch forfaicture the Sov'aigne for the tyme shall have xxs., the espie', vis. viijd., and the residue to bo taken upp & conuerted to the comon use of the towne without remisson or grace, li. 2, fol. 49 b."

1543. Kobertus Sheeth, Superior:

"For fleash sent out of towne:

"Item, where great scarcitie and dearth of victuall is lyke to growo within tho towne by reason that div's of the same for their private profit selleth foorth to div's other, whoares the flesh and cates wch would come to the said towne if the same were not disturbed otherwise: It is therefore enacted by the same aucthoritie that no inhabitaunt of the said towne shall sell, bargaine, or send any kynd of booves or other fleash brought or coming by any meano within the said towno the franches of the same, or within iij miles adioyninge to tho said franches or more. Any collusion being p'ved to defrawd this present estatute but in the said towno to serve the same upon paine of iij t. iiij d. for ev'y beof, ij s. for every Bwyne, & xij d. for every sheep wch shalbe solde or Bent to be solde in maner aforesaid, totiens quotient. Of wch paine the Soveraigne for the tyme shall have the third parte, the Comens and the spyer the residue, to bo equally devided betweene them. Provided that the Soveraigne for the tyme being with the advise of his counsell may lycence such as they shall thinck in discress'on to sell or send foorth any neash out of towne to be solde where it shall please the owner, so that the toune be sufficiently furnished then with other like cates and neash, li. 2, 55 a."

1544. Walterus Archer, Superior: "Election of the Soveraigne after Lammas: "MJ that where by Walter Courcy [h]is tyme being Soveraigne of the said towne, in the viijth yere of the raign of o' Sov'aigne lord King Henry the viij"1, by the assent of the said Sov'aigne, the burgess, and com'ons of the said towne it was enacted, ordained, and established that the Soveraigne for the tyme should from thence foorth be chooseu yerly in the Tolsell of the said towne, & not elswhere, the Monday next after the exaltation of the crosse as by the same estatute more pla'nlier it doth appeare; wch statute notwthstanding inconsiderac'on that the whole com'ons by reason of their resort to sundry fayers, whereupon rested a great part of their living, could not be at the said election, being so nigh the day of the fayer: And to the entent that the Sov'aigne for ohe next yere following shall have some convenient respite as well to have his provision as otherwise to prepare himself for the wourshipp of the said towne: It is therefore enacted and established that from hensefoorth the same election of the Soveraign shalbe yerly the Monday next after lammas day, otherwise called the feast of St. Peter the advinr.le, and that every freman of the said towne wch shalbe absent at the said election or choosing of the Sov'aign shalbe utterly discommoned and bereved of his fredom for one twelvemoneth following. And after to made a grevous fyne wth the Sov'aign, burgesses and com'ons before he be receaved to the same liberty or fredom againe, li. 2, fol. 59 b.

"Shomakers, weavers, and teaslers putting upp shopps nere the market cross:

"Item, where by reason of div's shomakers, weav's, and teaslers putting upp shopps toward the markett place of the said towne much deformitie and inconvenyencs daily appeareth whereby the wourshipp of the said towne may one tyme or other be rebuked or slanderd. Therefore it is enacted by tho auctoritie aforsaid, that none of the occupac'ons do from the feast of Easter next ensuing presume, or in any wise sett upp any shopp to occupye any of the said occupac'ons fro'

the Cornell shopp untd the style of our lady churchiard adioyning to St. Peter [h]is priests chamber upon payne of vi s. viij d. totiens quotiens, to be forfaictod by the owner of the shopp and the occupier of the same equally. Of vrhich forfaict the Sov'aign for the tyme being shall have the one half and the commons th'other hall', li. 2, f. 60 a."

"Prices of victuals:

"Item, It is lykewise condiscended and agreed that the assise stynt and price of bread, ale, and neash, and all other victuall shalbe contynued and kept at lyk price and fashion as the same was lymited and written in this present book the xxxv,b year of the raigne of our Soveraigne Lord King Henry tho VIII., Robert Sheth being Soveraigne; that is to say, every penny woorth of good white bread without lovaine, shall containe ii. pound; and white lovaine bread to contayne i. li. and di.; and browne bread of other sort, the penny woorth to containe iiii. li. upon paino lymited by the charter (that is to say) xii. d. for the first default, ii. s. for the second default, and so foorthe, etc., and that overy gallon of good wholsom ale be sold for iii. d. upon like paine, etc., li. 2, fol. 60 a."

The penmanship of this volume is in the various contracted styles of the early part of the 17th century, the most elegant portions boing those from page 86b to 119. The transcription bears evidence of careful revision and oxact references are inserted to authorities from which extracts are given. Although Rothe's Register of the House of Ormonde* was known and referred to from the time of its author, mention is not to be found of this his much larger work on Kilkenny. As yet no similar compilation is known to be extant made at so early a period in connection with the history of any town in Ireland.

Rothe's Manuscript is in excellent condition in its original oaken boards, on which portions of the red leather and brass fastenings still remain. It has been temporarily placed in the library of the Royal Irish Academy by its present owner.

This long hidden book will, apart from local associations, be regarded with interest as a literary monument of the family of Rothe, which, under adverse circumstances at home, contributed a learned and patriotic episcopal writer to Ireland, and, down to the present century, gave eminont officers to France, Austria, and Russia.

J. T. Gilbert.


* Bee notice of it in Report on MSS. of O'Oonor Don, in present appendix.

Circular Of The Secretary Of The Commission.

Historical Manuscripts Commission.

Bolls House, Chancery Lane.

Her Majesty has been pleased to appoint under Her Sign Manual certain Commissioners to ascertain what MSS. calculated to throw light upon subjects connected with the Civil, Ecclesiastical, Literary, or Scientific history of this country are extant in the collections of private persons and in corporate and other institutions. A copy of the Commission is enclosed, which will best explain the object Her Majesty has in view.

The Commissioners think it probable that you may feel an interest in this object, and be willing to assist in the attainment of it, and with that view they desire me to lay before you an outline of the course which they propose to follow.

If any person express his willingness to submit any paper or collection of papers within his possession or power to the examination of tho Commissioners, they will cause an inspection to be made by some competent person, upon the information derived from whom tho Commissioners will make a private report to the owner on the general nature of the papers in his collection, such report will not be made public without the owner's consent , but a copy of it will be deposited and preserved in the Public Eecord Office, to which no person will be allowed to have access without tho consent of the owner of the papers reported on.

Where the papers are not mere insulated documents, but form a collection which appears to be of Literary or Historical value, a chronological list or brief calendar will be drawn up, and a copy thereof presented to the owner, and to no other person without his consent, but the original of such calendar will be deposited for preservation in the Public Record Offico, to which no person will be allowed to have access without the consent of the owner of such collection.

The Commissioners will also, if so requested, give their advice as to the best means of repairing and preserving any papers or MSS. which may be in a state of decay, and are of Historical or Literary value.

To avoid any possible apprehension that the examination of papers by the Commissioners may extend to or include any title deeds or legal documents, I have to call your attention to the fact that nothing of a private character or relating to the titles of existing owners is to be divulged, and to assure you that positive instructions will be given to every person who examines the MSS. that if in the course of his examination any title deeds or other documents of a private character chance to come before him, they are to be instantly put aside, and are not to be reported on or calendered under any pretence whatever.

The object of the Commission is solely the discovery of unknown Historical and Literary materials, and in all their proceedings the Commissioners will direct their attention to that object exclusively.

In no instance will any MS. be removed from the owner's residence without his request or consent, but if for convenience the Commissioners be intrusted with any MSS., they will be deposited in the Public Record Office, and be treated with the same care as if they formed part of the Public Muniments, and will be returned to the owner at any time specified by him.

The costs of inspections, reports, and calendars, and the conveyance of documents, will be defrayed at the public expense without any charge to owners.

The Commissioners will feel much obliged if you will communicate to them the names of any gentlemen who may be able and willing to assist in obtaining the objects for which this Commission has been issued. I have the honour to be,

Your obedient servant,



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