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An Indenture of the 29th May, in the 15th of Henry 7, by way of inspeximus and renewal, to the old Hospital of St. John the Evangelist, under the name of "the House or College," of exemption from the payment of tenths and fifteenths.
In a tin box in the centre stand,—A thin folio paper volume, containing an account, in English, of the meeting of King Henry 7 and the King of Castille, on the 31st January 1505, "a mylle out of Wyndesore." The tract is not a lengthy one, but it is evidently a narrative of considerable interest.
A parchment roll, which in the College Catalogue is set clown as "A Court Roll in Norman French:" I recognized in it, however, a copy of the " Liber Hosebondrise," which has been attributed to Robert Grosteste, Bishop of Lincoln. The date of this copy is probably the'reign of Edward 1 or Edward 2.
Rough draft of an intended ratification of a previous (frant, of the 26th of April, 3rd of Elizabeth, of the office of clerk of the market at Cambridge, to the University. There are interlineations in it by counsel; the 30th of August, 31st of Elizabeth, is agreed "to be" the date, and it is signed by various dignitaries on behalf of the University.
A Register bipartite, on two pages of parchment, of plate (riven to the new College by the Foundress: such being distinguished from that belonging to the old Hospital of St. John the Evangelist, that given by Bishop Fisher, and that bought of Robert Shorten, the first Master, and of the executors of Dr. Robinson.
Statement in a tabular form as to St. John's College, its members, fellows, officers, property, yearly obits, and several foundations, prepared for the University Commission of the 37th of Henry 8. This statement has been printed among the documents given in the Report of the Cambridge University Commission of 1852.
Two thick folio paper volumes of Bursars' Books of the College, beginning in the 30th of Henry 8, and ending in the early part of the reign of Edward 6; evidently, full of matter of varied interest.
A large tin box, filled with papers and documents relative to Shrewsbury School, from the time probably of its foundation, in the reign of Edward 6; with many letters, unassorted, of bishops and other dignitaries relative thereto.
An immense mass of letters in bundles, addressed to former Masters of the College, and belonging chiefly to the early part of the 17th century. One bundle is labelled, "from the Erie of Exeter, the Erie of Salisbury, Mr. Robert "Wynne, Sedbergh Schoole, Pocklington School."
A large bundle of letters addressed to Dr Nicholas Metcalfe, third Master of the College, in the reign of Henry 8.
Letters to Dr. Taylor, also Master in the reign of Henry 8.
Letters to Dr. Owen Gwynne, Master in the early part of the 17th century.
A deed of the 24th of March, 24th Henry 8, between Clare Hall and St. Catherine's Hall, relative to the obit of William Spycer, bachelor in canon law, parson of Clopton, in Cambridgeshire, he having given 100?. towards a new chapel in Clare Hall.
A deed tripartite of the 7th of May, 31st Henry 8, between Christ's College of the first part, Thomas Thomson, D.D., vicar of Enfield, of the second part, and St. John's College of the third part; relative to an obit of the said Dr. Thomson, in return for certain gifts, by the Master and Fellows of Christ's College, on St. Gregory's Day.
A copy of certain muniments in reference to "Pagula "and Kayngeham in Holdernesse," formerly belonging to University College, Oxford.
A deed tripartite, 28th July, 34th Henry 8, between St. John's College, of the first part, Jesus College, Cambridge, by the style of " The College of our Blessed Lady, St. John "the Evangelist, and St. Rhadegund, commonly called "Jesus College," of the second part, and John Reston, Prebendary of St. Pancras in the church of St. Paul's, London, of the third part; and as to the institution of an obit for him on the 3rd of August in each year.
An indenture tripartite, 22nd February 1525, between John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, of the first part, Christ's College, Cambridge, of the second part, and St. John's College, Cambridge, of the third part; as to the institution of an obit for him on the 3rd of February in each year.
A paper book in 8vo. form by way of deed, of the first .'ear of Henry 8, between Edmund Bothe, of the Jewel House, "with my Ladies' grace, on the one partye, and "Master Doctor Tomson, of Cristes College, in Cam"bridge, on the other party," setting forth all the jewels and plate presented by Lady Margaret, Countess of Derby, to hur foundation of Christ's College, Cambridge.
A box full of appeals relative to fellowships of the College.
A box (No. 11) of books and papers containing the private accounts of Lady Margaret, the Foundress, and the books of her household; among them, a paper quarto volume, setting forth the account of Miles Worsley, "Cofferer to the Countess Margaret of Richmond and "Derby," from the Feast of the Purification in the 17th year of Henry 7 to the 14th of January, 20th Henry 7.
A list of certain " stuffe of howseholde " of the Countess in the 24th of Henry 7. This^list is extremely curious, in reference to provisions and the household commodities of the time.
A paper book of accounts, in folio, of expenses of the household. Among the items is one,—" Money paid to "William Jones for standyng of dyvers of my ladyes "gentillmen in Poules Churche to see the marriage "of the Prince, vi". viiid.," alluding to the marriage of Prince Arthur in 1501. Also, in the same, "Tapettes of "ymagery warke, bought for my ladyes litell parlour at "Coldherber, 35s. 4d.;" and the accounts "For my "ladyes litter," and for the " chayre of cloth of gold."
A paper list, in folio, of the plate "longing unto the "seler, spicery, pantre, ewere, and scollere."
A paper list, in folio, of "the wardrobe of robes," with an account of " silkes and napery."
A thin paper list, in folio, of certain jewels, ornaments, and vestments, belonging to the Countess, with marginal notes setting forth into what hands the various articles came after her decease. See page 1 ante.
A paper list, in a tattered condition, containing an " In"ventory of Stuffe" pertaining to Master Henry Hornby, Dean of the Chapel, "with my Ladies grace, the Kynges "moder, made at Colyweston " (in Northamptonshire, near Stamford) in December, 20 Henry 7 (a.d. 1504).
A thin paper folio, setting forth the " stuff of my Ladies "wardrobe and beddys," in the first year of Henry 8. Among the articles we meet with—" Item, 4 pieces of "Nabugodonosor, £24 9 .9; history of Hercules, "4 pieces, .£40 16; 3 pieces of Parys and Helyn, ".£J32 12 6; 4 pieces of Kyng Saul, .£12; 5 pieces of "Sampson and Salamon, .£27 i 3 pieces and a tapet of "Kyng Robert of Sycille, £\H 15."
A valuation, after the decease of the Countess of Richmond, of certain property at her residence at Hatfield, where as we learn from other documents, the above pieces of tapestry were erected.
A paper folio list of arras, tapestry, " chayers," curtains, and cloths of sarsenet, and other material; an inventory of about the same date as the preceding list.
A large paper folio volume, containing the accounts of James Moryce, clerk of the works to the Countess of Richmond, in the 20th year of Henry 7, for works at Coldharborowe, Collyweston, Croydon, and elsewhere. This volume contains a fragment also as to the building of Christ's College.
A paper volume, in quarto shape, containing the general accounts of the treasurer of the Countess, from the 14th year of Henry 7 to the 18th of that reign.
A folio paper volume, setting forth certain bequests of plate, of Lady Margaret probably, though it does not seem to be so stated.
A thin paper folio volume, setting forth the contents of her wardrobe at Hatfield, in the first year of Henry 8. This is extremely curious, in reference to articles of dress.
A thicker volume, of perhaps earlier date, setting forth "The Wardrobe of Robes." Like those of the last, its contents are very curious.
A large thin paper folio volume, containing lists of arras, tapestry, and bedding; its particulars are also extremely interesting.
A thin quarto paper volume, containing the accounts of Sir Roger Ormeston, knight, of receipts and payments for the Countess of Richmond, 16th to the 18th of Henry 7, signed by the Countess.
A thin paper folio volume, containing the account of Robert Fremyngham, treasurer to the Countess, from the 24th of Henry 7 to 1st Henry 8, the Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul, when she died (a.d. 1509).
A thin paper volume, containing an inventory of all the furniture at Hatfield, on the 8th of August, 1 Henry 8. Among the articles of tapestry and arras, are named that of Nabugodonosor and others above mentioned.
A paper folio volume, containing the account of James Moryce, clerk of the works to the Countess, from Epiphany in the 15th of Henry 7>for work done at Collyweston, near Stamford. As forming part of the mansion-house, are mentioned, "The chappell, the lybrary, the skaldyng "house, the new chamber over the gate, the jewel house, "the spycere, the vestrie, the hewerry, the bakhowse, the "chamber over the Laday Bray's chambre, the pastrye, "the contynghowse, the clok howse in the gret tower, "the kechyne, the wette larder, the Quene's chambre, the "wardrobe 'of the bedde, the clerk of the kychyn's cham"ber, Harry Clegge's and Whytyngton's chamber, the "grete parlour, the wel by the syde the bakhows." Mention is made also of " making of two penttes " for" vyneger "and alleger," meaning probably two pent-houses on which to set wine and ale, for turning them, by aid of the sun, into vinegar and alegar, a name still known in Lancashire. The accounts given of the fitting up of the ladies' chambers and other apartments are of singular interest.
A thin paper folio volume, containing the wardrobe accounts "at Colcweston," on the 21st August, 15 Henry 7. In it is set forth a list of cloths, "new and broken," and consisting of gowns of various kinds, and remnants and pieces of cloth.
A thin paper quarto volume, setting forth " The Chapel "Stuff " of Lady Margaret's Chapel. It contains a curious, and indeed useful, inventory of the furniture and books then in ecclesiastical use.
A small folio paper volume, containing the account of James Clarell, cofferer to Lady Margaret, from the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, 13th of Henry 7, to the 12th of January, 14th of Henry 7 ! its contents are very curious.
A folio paper volume of the first year of Henry 8, containing the accounts for labour and material in the building of Christ's College, Cambridge, under the heads, among others, of "laborers, thakkers, and bricklayers;" a volume of considerable interest.
A paper roll, in remarkable preservation, of all the officers and servants "of the Queen's household." Probably, Elizabeth, the wife of Henry 7, is the Queen here meant.
A thick small paper foho volume, setting forth payments for timber and ironmongery for building purposes, in the 19th and 20th Henry 7.
A folio paper volume, mutilated, setting forth the account of Myles Worsley, "clerk to the Countess" in the 20th, 21st, and 22nd years of Henry 7- Its pages contain the repeated signatures of Lady Margaret.
A paper volume, giving the account of James More, clerk of the works at Collyweston, 18th, l!Hh, and 20th Henry 7. Its contents are of interest, in reference to the then prices of labour and material.
Computus Roll of William Bedell, treasurer of the household to Lady Margaret, 21st and 22nd Henry 7
A thin paper folio volume, with the following title :— "Valores omnium et singulorum dominiorum, castrorum, "maneriorum, villarum, terrarum, et tenementorum, ac "aliarum possessionum ibidem, qua? nuper fuerunt prae"nobili Margaretae, Comitissse Richmondiae et Derbyae, "aviac Domini Regis nunc, a festo Sancti Michaelis "Archangeli anno regni Regis praedicti undecimo, usque "idem festum extunc proximo anno ejusdem Regis duo"decimo, in circuitu Georgii Quarles, Auditoris dicti "Domini Regis ibidem." On the inside of the cover is the following note, written by Baker, the antiquary, formerly Fellow of St. John'3 College:—" Donum ornatissimi "viri Jacobi West, Armigeri.—Bought at Mr. Le Neve's "Auction, who having been employ'd in the Exchequer, "I very much doubt had borrow'd it from thence with
"some other MSS. in that catalogue Mr. Le
"Neve has left such a character behind him, as very much "confirms this suspicion." This is a register of lands in various counties belonging to the title of Richmond, and which Henry 8 afterwards took into his own hands, contrary to the disposition made in the Countess's will, and to the great loss and detriment of her foundation of St. John's College. This Register probably once belonged to the Exchequer, as above suggested.
In Class A, Drawer M,—a Cartulary of the Hospital of St. Mary at Ospringe, in Kent, in 8vo. shape, and probably written in the early part of the reign of Edward 1. It contains 148 charters and deeds on 66 folios, the last folio being lost.
In Class A, Drawer N,—two surrenders by John Underbill, Master of the Hospital of St. Mary the Virgin, of Ospringe, commonly called "Mesen Deu," with pendent seals, and both executed in the 7th year of Henry 8.
Copy of the charter (date 1283) by which Hugh de Balsham, Bishop of Ely, separated the Scholars of St. John's Hospital, in Cambridge, from the Canons, and removed the scholars to hi3 new foundation of Peterhouse.
Licence by Hugh, Bishop of Ely, to Geoffrey de Altherhethe, Warden, and the Brethren of the Hospital of St. John in Cambridge, to find a chaplain for the Chapel of St. Mary in the Church of St. Sepulchre (the Round Church) at Cambridge.
A small folio paper book, somewhat torn, containing— "all such sums of money as my master (Dr. Metcalfe, third "master of St. J ohn's College) hath receyved and payd
"for the buldyng of my Lord of Rochestre chapell, the "xvij. day of August in the xvij. yere of ... . King "Henry VIII."; in the writing of a clerk of Dr. Metcalfe. At the other end of this volume is an account by Dr. Metcalfe of receipts and payments by him in the 16th, 17th, and 18th years of Henry 8. The chapel here mentioned was afterwards known as " Fisher's Chantry " or " Chapel," and was situate on the south-east side of the College Chapel of St. John's, which itself was finished in 1516. This book is full of builder's accounts, of a very interesting character.
A small folio paper volume, covered with parchment, of the 15th and 16th Henry 8th; being a journal, or diary, containing an account of the daily expenses of, perhaps, Dr. Metcalfe, Master of the College. It is full of interesting items and curious matter: but was most probably kept by his secretary, for, though well written, the spelling is singularly bad, even for those times; indeed the following entry says as much:—" Item, gyfyn to pore folke betwyn "Pollesand Westmynster, obol. My master's brekfast at "Westmynster, 4*. obol." The price paid to the barber for shaving him, was one penny.
A paper folio volume of the 17th and 18th Henry 8, containing the receipts and payments of Dr. Gabriel Metcalfe. It is a similar journal to the preceding one, and no less interesting in its contents. Possibly the preceding volume may bear reference also to Dr. Gabriel Metcalfe, and not to the Master of St. John's College, whose Christian name was "Nicholas."
A large quantity of receipts, mostly signed " Jo. Roffensis" (Bishop Fisher), as acting executor of the Countess of Richmond. Among them is :—" Item, for makyng of the "comen seale to my Ladyes College of St. John's; first, "for gravynff of the said seale xxvi*. viijd. Item, for silver "for the said seale, iiij. unces and a quarter, and xiiij*. iid. "Jo. Roff., gumma cxl". xd." The following item is also of interest:—" Be hyt knowen to all men, that I Johan Wolf, "setezen and peynter of London, hath reseyvyd of the "executors of the most nobell pryncys Marget, late Countess "of Rychmont and Derby, grandam to our Soveran Lorde "Kynge Hary the VIIl"10, for a full contentacyon of my "deuty for makyng of xxxiii. skochans in metall for pal, "with a croundall, and being, in colors, by the handys of "Syr Thomas Mawdysley iiili. vi\ viijd. the ferst yer of "the reyne of Kyng Hary the VIII,Ue, the second day of "October. And for a more witness, I theseyd J'han hathe "writen thys bylle with my hand and subscrybyd my name. "Per me, Johan Wolfe." "W e approve the deliverance of "the sayde — markes unto the sayde payntour. Jo. Roff., "Henry Hornby." This account bore reference, no doubt, to the funeral obsequies of the Countess.
Old copy of an award made by Hugh (de Balsham) Bishop of Ely, on the occasion of a dispute between the nuns of St. Rhadegund and the Hospital of St. John, whereby he enacts that for the future the hospital shall have one bell only, and no font except in cases of emergency, and that the alms of the faithful there given shall go to the Church of All Saints. The servants of the hospital are also to receive the sacrament at the four principal festivals in the year.
Several receipts given for Peter's Pence: one signed by Peter Vannes, Latin Secretary to Henry 8, dated 6th February 1528; another by Sylvester de Rius, London, 17th February 1522, sub-collector for the Pope; Archdeacon Metcalfe having collected the money, by virtue of his office, and obtained these receipts in return. Also another by Peter Vannes in 1529, and others signed by de Rius in 1523 and 1526. There are probably few receipts for Peter's Pence, collected in England, of a later date.
A large sheet of parchment, dated in the 2nd of Henry 8, being a full statement of account, in a tabular form, by the executors of Lady Margaret. The sum total of the receipts is named at 13,723/. 13s. 2c?., and of the payments 11,143/. 19s. 6}d. and j of one farthing.
A very large folio paper volume, containing a detailed statement of the accounts of the executors of Lady Margaret down to the 24th of January, 2nd of Henry 8 (a.d. 1511). This is a document of singular interest; and Mr. Mayor agrees with me that it well deserves a strong and ornamental binding.
A thin paper folio of large size, containing an Inventory "taken of the stuff appertaynyng and belonging to my "Lady's Grace, moder to the right excellent prynce, etc., on the 28th of October, 21st of Henry 7. This is a clear and full copy from several of the other documents before mentioned, iinely written and in excellent preservation. Among the many articles to be found enumerated in it are mentioned—" arras, counterfeit arras; newe verdours; the "seconde verdours, olde verdours; beddes of fyn arras and "counterpoyntes; beddis and counterpoyntes clothe of "gold and silke; beddis of red saye; counterpoyntes of "fyne arras and verdours; counterpoyntes of counterfeit "anas; counterpoytites of tapestry; counterpoyntes of 3 "verdours; pillowes of downe fusteannce; travessis of "sarsnet; clothes of estate; cosshions, cloth of gold and "silk; carpettes; Irisshe mantelles; canvassis; trap"pinges; coverynges for the chare and lytter; chayers; "cloth sacks; glasse; blankettes; white freys;" with the price of every article annexed.
A paper small folio volume, beginning with an inventory of the "household stuff" that Dr. Metcalfe had in his chambers in London, on the 13th of August in the 15th of Henry 8. It then goes on with the account of payments made by Dr. Metcalfe on account of St. John's College, from the 13th of Henry 8 to the 15th of the same reign.
A paper thin folio volume, containing a statement of account by Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, as acting executor to Lady Margaret, of moneys paid in part of 2,830/.; which sum had been assigned to the executors by the King's order, to be paid to them within eight years by the Lady Katherine Countess of Devonshire, at the rate of 250 marks at each of the three feasts in each year.
A paper thin folio volume, containing a statement of payments made by Henry Horneby, clerk, from the 11th of September in the first year of King Henry 8, " for the use "of my Lady's executors." A volume containing matters of interest.
In Class A, Drawer S, a large folio vellum volume in fine old oak binding, containing the rental of the demesne of Hygham (in Kent), in the 25th year of Henry 8. A book of considerable interest.
The original deed of suppression of the Priories of Bromehall and Heyham, or Lillecherche; bearing date the 17th year of Henry 8, but the day of the month is omitted.
Indenture under seal, containing a licence by James Stanley, Bishop of Ely, for the commutation of the old Hospital into the new College of St. John's, and the appropriation of the old buildings; dated 5th January 1510.
A similar, but more extensive, ratification, by the Bishop of Ely, dated 1st of February 1513, and the Chapter of Ely, dated 28th of February 1513, with large pendent seals.
Another confirmation, executed by the Bishop of Ely to the executors of Lady Margaret, dated the 12th of March 1510.
Registers of the officers of the College, Fellows, Scholars, and Exhibitioners, from 1547 to the present time, without intermission, except between 28th June 1754 and 25th January 1765; but under what circumstances those registers were lost does not seem to be now known. At the 30th of January 1630, the Register of Admissions of all members, whether on the foundation or not, of the College begins.
Bonds formerly given by incepting Fellows to the Society upon election, pledging themselves thereby not to obtain dispensations from the Pope of Rome for infringing the rules of the College.
A small parcel of paper receipts for army taxes, levied upon properties of the College in the time of the Commonwealth.
An original Indenture of the 3rd of June in the 22nd of Edward 4, whereby Thomas, Lord Stanley, covenants to settle a jointure upon Lady Margaret, Countess of Richmond, his wife.
Papal Bull of Confirmation. The Countess had obtained from the Archbishops, Bishops, and clergy of England, sanction to hold yearly on the Ides of August (7th of August) "a Feast of our most sweet Saviour Jesus," with full divine service; the Pope hereby confirms such sanction.
A large quarto parchment volume, containing a Register of the most important deeds contemporary with the foundation, or bearing date shortly after that period. Its contents are Lady Margaret's will; 10th March, 7th Henry 8,
frant by Charter of the House of Ospringe; 8th November, Oth Henry 8, further deed as to Ospringe; 1st August; 11th Henry 8, a second Charter as to the House of Ospringe; 10th July, 7th Henry 8, a licence in mortmain to the College, to hold land to the value of 200/. yearly; 7th August, 1st Henry 8, King's patent for dissolving the old Hospital of St. John; 9th April 1511, foundation of the College by the executors of the Lady Margaret; 20th March 1515, deed of the executors empowering Bishop Fisher to make statutes for the College (printed at the beginning of Mr. Mayor's edition of the Statutes); 2nd December 1516, public instrument stating the formal delivery of the Statutes in July 1516, to the Master and Fellows of the new foundation; 31st December 1510, confirmation of the new foundation by the Bishop of Ely: and 5th January 1511, by the Prior and Convent of Ely; 28th January 1511, memorandum of livery of seisin, signed by a large number of the chief men of the University and Town; 7th March
1510, the executors bind themselves to procure from the Pope a dispensation for the transfer, the Bishop engaging thereon to transfer his rights, as representative of the founder of the old Hospital, to the Countess. This valuable volume, which belongs to the early part of the reign of Henry 8, contains the best version of the Funeral Sermon on the death of Lady Margaret, preached by Bishop Fisher.
Bull of Pope Julius 2, with the leaden Bulla attached, and bearing date the 13th of the Calends of June (20th of May) 1501; whereby the Pontiff grants indulgence to King Henry 7, and his mother, Lady Margaret, with permission to appoint for themselves a confessor, with enlarged powers of absolution; also, an indulgence from fasting for each of them, and six persons named by each.
Parchment draft, mutilated, of a Petition to the Pope by Thomas Grey, Marquis, praying that the males in his fee of Winchester may have absolution from eating fish, there being such a scarcity of fish at Winchester; and that they may be authorized to eat eggs, butter, milk, and milk diet, in Lent for ever after.
Indenture, or Letters of Proxy, containing a commission from the other executors of Lady Margaret to the Bishop of Rochester, bearing date 20th of March 1515, and authorizing him to act in their behalf; seven small seals appended.
Kalendars of the College books, known as the "Red Book," the "Thick Black Book," "Thin Black Book," and " White Vellum Book," and of the " Register of Letters," are given by Mr. Mayor in his edition of Baker's "History of St. John's College," 1869, pp. 342-552.
I have to acknowledge the courtesy of Dr. Bateson, the Master, in personally showing me the Treasury, or Muniment-room, of the College, and according me every facility in the examination of its contents. My thanks, also, are especially due to the Rev. J. E. B. Mayor, Fellow of St John's College, who kindly devoted many hours to a joint examination of them with myself, and afforded me the full benefit of his intimate acquaintance with most of them, the result of many years' research into the early history of his College.
Henry Thomas Riley.
Cambridge.—St. Peter's College.
I learned from Dr. Cookson, the Master of this College, to whom my thanks are due for the courtesy with which he received me, and for the pains which he took to give me every possible information on the subject, the following particulars as to everything in the possession of this foundation that might possibly come under the head of Historical Manuscripts.
A Continuation of Caxton's printed Chronicle, by Warkeworth, a former Master of the College, is preserved in the Library; it is but a short piece, and has appeared among the publications of the Camden Society.
A Catalogue of the documents in the possession of the College, drawn up by Bishop Wren, in the 17th century. They seem however to be mostly in the nature of title-deeds. From them it is now satisfactorily ascertained, Dr. Cookson informed me, that the date of the foundation of the College is not, as hitherto generally supposed, A.d. 1267 or 1270, but 1284.
From the beginning of the 15th century, down to the present time, there is an almost perfect series of the yearly accounts of the College, with the names of all the Fellows of the foundation. It has been lately found from these documents, that Cardinal Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester, was a membar of this College: a subject that was somewhat a matter of doubt before.
There is a Journal, by the hand of Dr. Sraman, Master of the College, of events that took place within the College from A.d. 1645 to 1657; a small paper volume, closely written.
A Journal of events, kept by Dr. Beaumont, Master of the College; a small volume, extending only from A.d. 1663 to 1665.
In the Library there is a large collection of MSS. of the Arabian writers, and writers on Canon Law, Medicine, and Natural History. Some of them were given to the foundation by one of the Bishops of Ely, in the early part of the 14th century.
. Baker, in his History of St. John's College, Cambridge, has incidentally gone into the early history of this foundation, and many of the documents and accounts above mentioned have been consulted by him for his compilation.
I must not omit to add, that Dr. Cookson requested me to bear in mind that any document in the possession of the College would at any time be open for inspection for the purposes of this Commission, should such inspection be desired.
(A second Report on the records of this College will be found below.)
Henry Thomas Riley.
Cambridge: St. Peter's College.—Second Report.
Since writing my former Report I have had an opportunity of examining the earliest " Computi," or Bursars' Rolls, now in the possession of this College. Those of the earliest date, prior to A.d. 1374, are known to have perished by fire some centuries since, about A.d. 1420, it is said; and the College iB now in possession of throe Bursars' Rolls only belonging to the 14th century, those for the years 1374-5, 1388-9, and 1396-7; after the year 1400 the series is nearly complete for a long period of time.
On examination of the earliest of these three Rolls, tho particulars of all of which are of great interest, as throwing light upon the requirements and usages of scholastic life at that period, I noted down the following extracts:—
This Roll consists of two membranes, with the following heading :—" Compotum Magistri Will'. Irby, "incipiendo a Festo S1. Mich1, anno Domini 1374 usque "ad' annum revolutum, de bonis omnibus Domus "Sancti Petri medio tempore receptis." The Receipts are under the following heads :—" De Thesauro; De "Tryplowe; De Ecclesia (the Church of St. Peter at "Cambridge, now Little St. Mary's); Decimaa prae"diales et personales; De Redditibus, Receptis, et "Pensionibus; De Molendino Regis; Do Molendino "Episcopi (these payments are in flour and maslin "from the Mills at Newnham); Recepta de pistrina "in furfure (from the public bakehouse in meal); "Recepta de pistrina in segisterio (in grains after "brewing)." The payments are under the following items :—" Staurum emptum; In reparatione domorum, "videlicet, aula? et aliarum camerarum tegulatarum; "Reparatio pistrinae; Reparatio botleriffi; Expensae "novae domus juxta Cornwale (a locality near the Col"lege, belonging probably to a family of the name of "'Cornwale'); Expenssa Ecclesiaa; Expensaa minutaa; "Expensaa foraneae; Expensaa per annum in orto." Among the many payments mentioned in this Roll there is a charge—" In xiiii ulnis panni linei pro "duabus mappis ad altam mensam, pretio ulna?, viirf., "—viiis. iirf. Item in caragio piscium de Londoniis, "viiitf." Among the "Expensaa foraneaa,"—"In "eundo Londonias ad quaarendum aurum iii sol. Item "dedi famulo qui ivit de Londoniis ad Magistrum "Domus, viii c?. Item, in conductione equi per iii "dies, ii solidos. Item, in mittendo Domino Roberto "Godingtone pro sigillationo cartarum, iiii sol. Item, "Johanni eunti apud Hatfeld, pro labore, viiiti. "Item, pro expensis suis, xvi d." The Roll ends with the garden expenses of the College, which, being of so distant a date, are of considerable interest:—"Ex"pensaa factaa in orto. In cultura orti cum aratro, "et seminatione, xvi d. In quatuor bussellis vicia"rum pro semine, xxiiirf. In purgatione rivarii et "orto (sic) xi sol. In potu dato eis (sic) iiiior d. In "alleo, iiii0*"rf. Semine de cresse, id. In semine "petrosilli, id. In semine de saffray (Psalsafy, or "saffron), i d. In fossura curtilagii, xiirf. In oleri"bus, vrf. In porris, xd. In falcatione viciarum, "iiii (Z. In 'paringo' de croco, xxd. Item, pro "'paryng' alterius loci, iiiicZ." This Roll also enters into considerable detail as to the various materials then used in building, and the wages given to the several classes of workmen connected with it.
The Second Roll (1388-9) consists of two membranes. The Receipts are under the following heads:—" De "Ecclesia de Trippelowe; De gleba Ecclesiaa de Hyn"tone; De Ecclesia Parochiali Cantebrigiae; Decimae "garbarum et molendinorum; Decimae bosci et feni; "Decimaa personales et Legationes; Decimae lanae et "agnorum; Decimae pisarum, lactis, et ovorum et py"rorum; Decimaa pullarum gallinarum et columba"rum, porcollarum, aucarum, et anatum; Redditus et "pensiones receptaa; Recepta de pistrina et orto; De"narii recepti; Staurum venditum." Tho account of expenditure in this Roll has seemed to me of such remarkable interest that I have transcribed it in full,
the transcript being annexed to this Report in the form of an Appendix. Under the head of " Receipts " in the Roll an early mention is made of Henry Beaufort, son of John of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford, and afterwards Bishop of Winchester and Cardinal of St. Eusebius :— "Item de xxs. receptis de Henrico Beaufort, pro pen"sione cameraa suaa." There seems to have been only one other member of the College in residence at this period, not on the foundation, apparently a Bachelor of Arts, and paying for his chamber one-third of the sum which Henry Beaufort pay3 :—"Item, de vi«. viiid. "receptis de Domino Nicholao Myles pro pensione "cameras suae." From the absence of title or qualification to his name, Beaufort was at this time probably an undergraduate.
The Third Boll, slightly mutilated through damp, has for date November 1396 to Easter 1397, being the account of Master William Cavendysshe. Between these dates, the Master of the College, John de Newton, resigned, Cavendysshe being his successor. The Cambridge University Calendar is therefore in error in giving 1395 as the date of Cavendysshe's accession to the Mastership. In this Roll, which consists of two membranes, like the others, there is a very long account of the expenses that had been incurred in a suit between the College and the Bishop of Ely (John Fordham) as to tho appropriation of the Rectory of Hynton; from an item in which it appears that Henry Chicheley (afterwards Bishop of St. David's and Archbishop of Canterbury, and the Founder of All Souls' College, Oxford) was advocate for the College in the suit:— "Item, de vi s. viii d. datis Magistro Henrico Chechelle, "advocate Collegii in Curia de Arcubus."
The following is a selection from an Inventory of the numerous deeds in the possession of the College, which was made by Bishop Wren, when Master, about 1630; under whose auspices the College documents were carefully examined and assorted, being still, I am gratified to say, as carefully preserved; an example which, in reference to the documents which have accumulated since his day, has been as zealously as ably emulated by the present Master. The deeds here enumerated mostly bear reference to the foundation and present site of the College, while some may possibly throw light upon the early history of the town of Cambridge :—
Covenant between the Brethren of St. John's at Cambridge and the Brethren of Carmel, for possession of the church, A.d. 1249.
Covenant between Dame Alice, relict of John le Rus, and the Brethren of the Penance of Jesus, at Cambridge, as to the place of their abode, 9 Edward 1.
Release by the Brethren of the Penance of Jesus to the Master and Scholars of St. Peter, of the whole of their place, with the buildings, etc., A.d. 1307.
Commission by Simon, Bishop of Ely, to the Chancellor and others, in a suit as to the Churoh of St. Peter, between the Hospital of St. John and tho College, A.d. 1338.
Submission of the Hospital to the award of the Bishop thereon, A.d. 1339.
Mandate of the Archbishop, in a cause as to tithes from the Muib (the King's Mill and Bishop's Mill, at Newnham), with excommunication pronounced therein, aftor consultation with the King, A.d. 1320.
Obit of Master Robert Gilbert, Rector of Wingc, for 20Z. given to the College by his executor, Dr. Horneby.
Indenture between the College and Massinglo of Hinton, for the building of a Library, 9 Henry 6, (a.d. 1431).
Obsequies decreed to Master Tid, late Fellow, who gave 10Z. to this College, A.d. 1349.
Perseval Shane, Fellow, admitted as a brother of the House of St. Antony, in London, under the seal of that house.
Indulgence for the Chapel of St. Lucy at Cambridgo, A.d. 1245.—" It occupied part of the present site of the "College." (Note by Bishop Wren.)
Obligation of the Provincial Prior of the Penance, and the Prior and Subprior at Cambridge, with three other sureties, in the sum of 50Z. to John lc Bus; with submission to the judgment of the Church, A.D. 1263.
Documents bearing more immediate reference to the foundation and site, of tho College.
Charter of Amortization as to the mesBuage of John de Herwardstok and John de Lyeling, the same being held in chief, in burgage, by the rent-servico of one penny , and which the Brethren of the Penance formerly inhabited; and as to another messuage, of Rioher de Aylesham and John de Felmingham; in favour of the Warden and Fellows of the House of St. Peter, 11 Edward 1. (A query is added in the Inventory whether, from the seal, Bishop Wren ought not to have assigned this to temp. Edward 2.)
William Maddengele gives to John lo Bus one selion of arable land in the croft, before 51 Henry 3.
John le Bus, son of Maurice, gives to the Brethren of the Penance a tenement, with the buildings.
Symon, brother of John de Barton, releases to the Brethren of the Penance a yearly rent of 4s., payable from tho messuage formerly belonging to Hervey Prippe.
Noel and Thomas, sons of John de Barton, give to the Brethren of the Penance the whole of the messuage which formerly belonged to Hervey Prippe, and once to Simon the Carter, father of Hervey.
Bichard Smereles gives to Henry Pickerell a messuage, with the buildings.
Henry Pickerell gives the same to Stephen Barker (Bereario).
Stephen Barker and Emma, his wife, give the same to the Brethren of the Penance.
Master Thomas, son of Walter de St. Edmund's, releases a yearly rent of 1*. 6d. and two capons, due from the same messuage.
The Brethren of the Penance lease to John le Bus and Alice, his wife, a messuage for tho term of their lives.
The same Alice releases to tho Brethren of the Penance, the tenement with * * * and the messuage.
The King receives the Brethren of the Penance into his protection, as of his foundation, and by charter confirms to them all their lands and tenements by name, 52 Henry 3.
William le Brasur (the Brewer), of Shclford, and Aldica, his wife, the daughter of Stephen Meric, give a messuage to the Brethren of the Penance.
Bobert de Horningsheoth, Warden of the Chapel of St. Edmund, gives to John Arnold the messuage which William, son of John de Cambridge, had given to the Chapel, 56 Henry 3.
The samo gives to the same the messuage which he had of John do Oy, Warden there.
Bobert do Chessell gives to John Arnold the whole of his messuage, with the whole of the croft, which before belonged to Boger de Maddingele.
John Arnold, of Trumpeton, gives to tho Brethren of the Penance a messuage, with the croft, extending from tho King's highway to the marsh.
The same gives to the same two messuages, with the crofts, inhabited by Bobert de Chessell and Bobert de Horningsheeth.
Bobert de Huntington, Master of the Hospital of St. John, gives leave to the same that they may take those two messuages.
Alice, relict of John le Bus, roleases her place to the Brethren of the Penance.
Eustace Selide gives to Simon de Trumpeton, carpenter, a tenement formerly belonging to Gastenies.
The same Simon gives it to John Aylsham.
Eustace Selide gives land to John de Aylsham, extending from the street to the common pasture.
John le Beder (the Beeder, or Thatcher) gives a messuage to John Aylsham and Sabina, his wife.
Eustace Selide gives a messuage to Peter de Wilburham and Sabina, his wifo.
Thomas do Ho gives a messuage to Peter de Wilbnrham.
Master Bobert de Fileby quits-claim to the Master and Scholars of tho Bishop of Ely, as to 4s., which ho received from the messuage of Thomas de Ho.
Matilda, daughter of Hugh Bide, gives to Master Beginald de Stanl', a rent of one halfpenny per year, from a piece of land near the messuage of John Ailesham.
Bobert, son of Geoffrey do Haster, gives to Peter de Bermingeham three selions of land, 9 Edward 1.
The King gives leave to Hugh, Bishop of Ely, to establish scholars, to study according to the Bule of Merton, at Oxford, in place of the Secular Brethren in his Hospital of St. John, at Cambridge.
Bishop Hugh separates the Scholars from the Brethren of his Hospital, to dwell near the Church of St. Peter; with the division made of the lands, 13 Edward 1.
J ohn Aylesham gives a tenement to Master Bobert de Winwick and Master John Malebraunche, 23 Edward 1.
John de Aylesham and Sabina, his wife, give tho same tenement to Bobert Winwick and John Malebraunche, 23 Edward 1.
John de Brancktree gives to the same persons- a messuage, 24 Edward 1.
The Brethren of the Penance give to the same an acre of land in exchange, 24 Edward 1.
The same gift, with confirmation thereof by William, Bishop of Ely, 24 Edward 1.
Master Bobert Wynwick and John Malbranch give to the Brethren of the Penance an acre in exchange, with confirmation thereof by the Bishop, 24 Edward 1.
Sabina, wife of John de Aylesham, gives to Master Bichard de Coustance and Heuer de Shepreth all her messuage, 27 Edward 1.
Sabina, relict of John de Aylesham, releases a messuage to Bobert de Wynwick and John Malbranch, 28 Edward 1.
The same Sabina gives to Master Bichard de Coniton and Herbert de Shepreth another house, next to the former one, 28 Edward 1.
Hugh le Bus, of Hekington, gives to Master John de Herwardistock and Bobert de Lyelinge all that messuage which the Brethren of the Penance had of John le Bus, 1 Edward 2.
Bobert de Aylesham and John de Felmingham give to the College tho messuage which before belonged to Peter Bernard.
Master John de Harwardistock and Bobert de Lyelinge give to the College a messuage (before mentioned), 2 Edward 2.
Bobert de Wynwick gives to Master Bobert Wynwick, his nephew (afterwards Master of the College), and Master Boger do le Beales, an acre of land, 2 Edward 2.
Master John de Harwardistock and Bobert de Lyelinfj give to the College a messuage, before belonging to Hugh le Bus, 2 Edward 2.
Avice, daughter of John Martin of Cambridge, gives to Peter de Bermingham 2h roods of land, 9 Edward 2.
Bobert, son of Avice, releases to him the same, 9 Edward 2.
Sabina, daughter of Samuel the Goldsmith, of Cambridge, releases to Peter de Bermingham all the lands bought of Avice, her mother, and Sir Bobert, son of Geoffrey le Hafter, 12 Edward 2.
Bobert de Winwick, Master of the House of St. Peter, gives to Master Balph de Holbech, Bichard de Wisbich, and Bernard de Sawtre, a messuage without Trumpington Gate, 7 Edward 3.
Bobert de Luffenham, Bector of * * * gives to Master Bichard de Wisbich, Mastor John * * * and Master John * * * 17s. 2d. of rent, 2 pairs of gloves, and one medlar, from tenements belonging to the College, 23 Edward 3.
To which list might be added a great number of deeds of a like nature, of a somewhat later date.
I have to acknowledge my obligations to my friend the Eeverend James Porter, Fellow and Tutor of St. Peter's College, for the kindness with which he gave me access to the above Bolls and Inventory, and several of the documents above described, and for the pains which he took to provide me with every facility for a careful examination of them.
Henry Thomas Biley.
Appendix To The Second Eeport.
Compotus, Ok Bursar's Boll, Of St. Peteb's College, Cambridge, A.d. 1388, 9. [The Expensm only.]
Compotus Magistri Willelmi de Okham, administrantis sub Magistro Johanne de Neuton, Magistro Domus Sancti Petri, Cantebrigia?, de bonis pertinentibus domui prasdictas, et per eundem Willelmum receptis et expensis; a Festo Sancti Michaelis Archangeli, Anno Domini millesimo trecentesimo octogesimo octavo, usque in Vigiliam Sancti Michaelis anno rcvoluto.
Arreragia debita, computatade ultimo Compoto.—Inprimis, petit allocationem septem librarum unius oboli, quae sibi debebantur in fine ultimi compoti.
• ■ ■' Summa patet.
Expeiisra Eccleshn.— Inprimis, computatur de iis., solutis Henrico Vitriario pro emendatione fenestrarum. Item, de iis. ii<Z. pro reparatione unius calicis. Item, de vi d. solutis pro factum vi. librarum cerse, a Fest Sancti Michaelis usque ad Festum Conceptions Beata3