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Mariae. Item, de xviii d. solutis pro facfcura xviii. librarum cerae ad Festum Purificationis Beatae Mariae. Item, de xii d. solutis pro factura xii. librarum cerae, a Festo Conceptionis Beats Marise usque ad Vigiliam Sancti Michaelis. Item, de ii d. solutis pro factura iiii. librarum cerae de magnis candelis, per idem tempus. Item, de ix d. solutis pro vi. libris candelarum de sepo. Item, de ii s. iiii a. solutis pro ii seuagiis ecclesiaa praedictte. Item, de xii d. solutis pro procuratiouibus ejusdem. Item, de ii s. ix d. obol. solutis pro iii. lagenis et dimidia, et una quarta, vini, expensis in ecclesia a Festo Sancti Michaelis usque ad Festum Paschae tunc proximo sequens, pretio lagenae ix d. Item, de viii d. solutis pro una lagena vini, expcnsa in ecclesia in Die Paschae, circaCommunionem parochiae. Item, de iiii s. solutis pro cirpis ad ecciosiam, pro toto anno. Item, deiis. iiii d. solutis pro iiii lagenis vini, expensis in ecclesia a Festo Paschae usque ad Vigiliam Sancti Michaelis, pretio lagenos vii d.
Summa xxi«. iid. obol.
Bxpens89 in Aula et in Botellaria.—Inprimis, computatur de xviii d. solutis pro lagena et dimidia albi vini, expensis in Festo Sancti Michaelis, in praesentia Majoris Villas Cantebrigiae, et burgensium. Item, de xii d. solutis pro lagena albi vini, expensa in aula in prassentia Magistri Willelmi Irby. Item, de iiii d. obol. solutis pro potello vini, expenso in aula in Festo Omnium Sanctorum. Item, de xid. solutis pro lagena albi vini, expensa in aula in Festo Nativitatis Domini. Item, de xi d. solutis pro lagena vini, expensa in aula in Festo Sancti Stephani. Item, de ix d. solutis pro lagena rubei vini, expensa in aula in Festo Sancti Thomae. Item, de iiii d. obol. solutis pro potello vini, expenso in aula in Festo Circumcisionis Domini. Item, de iiii d. obol. solutis pro potello vini, expenso in aula in Festo Epiphanies Domini. Item, de ixd. solutis pro lagena vini, expensa in aula in die sequenti. Item, de ix d. solutis pro lagena vini, expensa in aula in Octabis Epiphanias. Item, de ix d. solutis pro lagena vini, expensa in aula in Festo Annunciationis Beatas Mariae. Item, de viii d. solutis pro lagena vini, expensa in aula in Festo Paschas. Item, de xiii d. obol. solutis pro vino per Magistrum expenso in aula in Festo Pentecostes. Item, de xiiiid. solutis pro ii. lagenis vini, expensis in aula in prassentia Domini Willelmi Burstall. Item, de vii d. solutis pro una lagena vini, expensa in aula in Festo Dedicationis [Ecclesiae]. Item, de iiii s. solutis pro speciebus, expensis in aula in exequiis Fundatoris. Item, de ii«. xi d. solutis pro v. lagenis vini, eodem tempore expensis, pretio lagenae vii d. Item, de xvi d. solutis uni weyferer eodem tempore, ad prasceptum Magistri. Item, de xvirf. solutis pro reparatione unius murrei. Item, de ii s. solutis pro vi. ulnis panni linei pro manutergiis, pretio ulnaa iiii rf. Item, de ii«. iiirf. obol. solutis pro v ulnis panni linei pro secunda mensa, pretio ulnae v d. obol. Item, de iiicf. solutis pro hemmeng earundem. Ttem, de iiig. solutis pro cirpis ad aulam, pro toto anno.
Summa xxix s. i d. obol.
Expenses Pistrinas, Coquinas, et Orti.—Inprimis, computatnr de iii s. iiii d. pro uno dressour. Item, de xxii d. solutis pro una craticula. Item, de iiii d, solutis pro uno streynour. Item, de vid. solutis pro emendatione patellas in coquina. Item, de xviii d. solutis pro ii. masshe roller in pistrina. Ttem, de xviiirf. solutis pro ii politridiis. Item, de xxiii d. solntis pro ligatione cadorum in pistrina. Item, de xvi d. solutis pro una tyna in pistrina. Item, de viii d. solutis pro verberatione molarum. Item, de xiid. solutis pro ii vangis. Item, de xiiii d. solutis pro iii truellis. Item, de viii d. solutis pro ii alvearibus. Item, de viii d. solutis uni homini pro diligentia adhibita circa apes. Item, de iiii d. solutis pro una sera pro hostio granarii. Item, de xixci. solutis pro xv buscellis et dimidio furfuris pro equis Magistri, pretio buscelli i d. quadr. Item, de iiii d. solutis pro ix buscellis et dimidio sigisterii, pro eisdem equis. Item, de iii d. solutis pro uno alveo. Item, de xvi d. solutis pro mundatione latrinae per tres vices. Summa xx s. iii d.
Staurum emptum.—Inprimis, computatur de xl s. solutis pro ii. millibus de segge. Item, de vs. solutis pro portagio ejusdem. Item, de lvig. viii rf. solutis pro xl millibus terricidiorum, pretio mille xvii d. Item, de xiis. vid. solutis pro portagio earundem [sic], pretio portagii cujuslibet mille iii a. obol. quadr. Item, de iiii s. viii d. solutis pro quarterio salis. Item, de vis. solutis pro vi piscibus salsis. Item, de vii. solutis pro vi libris piperis. Item, de vii«. vi d. solutis pro xxxvi libris amygdalorum, pretio librae ii d. obol. Item, de vi d. solutis pro vi libris de ryce. Item, de
xiii d. solutis pro uno "bonche allii. Item, de viii d. solutis pro uno buscello uvarum. Item, de iiis. solutis pro iii buscellis farinas avenariae, cum factura. Item, de ii 8. solutis pro iii. buscellis pisarum [sic], pro potagio. Summa vii /. v s. vii d.
Bedditus et pensiones solutae.—Inprimis, computatur de xx s., solutis Domui Sancti Johannis Cantebrigise, pro pensione totius anni. Item, de iii s. solutis Monialibus Sanctae Badegundae, pro redditu totius anni. Item, de iii d. solutis Majori villas Cantebrigias, pro Hagable. Item, de xls. solutis Magistro Domus, pro pensione Sued totius anni. Item, de iiii li. xiii g. iiii d. solutis Capellano parochias pro toto anno. Item, de xxvis. viii d. solutis Johanni Spencer pro toto anno. Item, de xiiii «. viii d. solutis Johanni Fesaunt, pistori, pro toto anno. Item, de v s. solutis Petro de Coquina, pro medietate et quarterio unius anni. Item, de iiig. solutis Johanni, barbitonsori, pro toto anno. Item, de iii s. solutis Claras, lotrici, pro toto anno.
Summa x li. viiig. xi d.
Beparatio domorum.—Inprimis, computatur de st. solutis pro xx peciis meremii, emptis in Nundinis de Barnewelle, pro domo Willelmi Wynde, pretio pecias vi d. Item, de vs. iii d. solutis pro xviii peciis meremii ibidem emptis, pretio peciae iii d. obol. Item, de iii 8. solutis pro viii peciis ibidem emptis, pretio pecias iiiid. obol. Item, de iiii*. solutis pro xxiiii sperres, ibidem emptis, pretio peciaa ii d. Item, de ii g. vi d. solutis pro xl duobus splentes, ibidem emptis. Item, pro cariagio istorum, xvi d. Item.de xs. solutis pro viii peciis magni meremii, emptis in Nundinis de Sterebregge. Item, de viii g. xi d. solutis pro viii aliis peciis ibidem emptis. Item, de xv d. solutis pro cariagio eorundem. Item, de v s. vi d. solutis pro splentee emptis in foro Cantebrigias. Item, de xii d. solutis ii hominibus per ii dies, pro prostratione antiquorum domorum in orto Willelmi Wynde. Item, de xii d. solutis iii hominibus per diem, in exaltatione novarum domorum. Item, de xxx «. solutis Bicardo Carpentario, pro factura illarum domorum. Item, de iig. i d. pro clavis emptis ad idem opus. Item, de viii d. solutis pro ferramento earundem domorum. Item, de xxiii d. solutis pro ligatura canobii earundem domorum. Item, de 1«. solutis pro x millibus de thacche, pretio mille v s. Item, de xii s. vid. solutis pro portagio eorundem, pretio portagii cujuslibet mille xv d. Item, de iiii s. solutis pro una centena arundinum. Item, de xv d. solutis pro iii bigatis argillas, pretio bigatae v d. Item, de ii g. solutis pro virgis. Item, de xxii d. solutis pro vi bigatis argillae. Item, de xxs. iiiid. solutis uni tectori pro tectura illarum domorum. Item, do xd. solutis pro hemes ad ustrinum Willelmi West. Item, de xvi d. solutis pro coopertura murorum in gardino Willelmi West. Item, de vi d. solutis pro lutatione domus Willelmi West. Item, de xiiii d. solutis pro iiii bigatis argillae pro eadem domo. Item, dexlis. vid. solutis pro viii millibus et iii centenis de thacche, pretio mille vs. Item, dexg. iiii d. obol. solutis pro portagio ejusdem. Item, de vi s. viii d. solutis uni tectori pro tectura domorum Boberti Busselle. Item, de ss. solutis pro bituminatione domorum Willelmi Wynde. Item, de iiii d. solutis pro bituminatione domus Johannis Barkere. Item, de xviii d. solutis uni lathamo, pro factura latrinns. Item, de ii s. solutis uni carpentario, pro factura ejusdem. Item, de vid. solutis pro clavis ad idem opus. Item, de iii d. solutis pro bituminatione ejusdem domus. Item, de viis. vid. solutis pro iii fotheres caementi. Item, de xii d. solutis pro portagio ejusdem. Item, de vii«. ix d. solutis uni tegulatori, pro pictura camerarum et ecclesias, pro iiii septimanis et dimidia et i die; capienti per septimanam, cum mensa, xx d. Item, de ii s. viii d. solutis servienti suo, pro ii septimanis et dimidia, et uno die; capienti per septimanam, ad mensam,, xii d. Item, de v d. solutis pro sera ad cameram Domini Johannis Waytt. Item, de id. obol. solutis pro una cresta ad cameram praedictam. Summa xiii li. xvis. ixd.
Expensa; apud Trippelowe.—Inprimis, computatur de Iiii g. iiii d. solutis vicario ibidem, pro pensione sua totius anni. Item, de xxxv s. viii a. solutis Domino Begi, pro medietate decimaa ecclesiae praedictas, et ecclesiae parochiaB Cantabrigiae. Item, de ii d. solutis pro una acquietantia. Item, de xiiii d. solutis pro uno seuagio ejusdem ecclesiae. Item, de xii d. solutis pro procurationibus ejusdem. Item, de xvii d. obol. solutis pro una lagena et una quarta olei in choro ecclesiae praedictao. Item, de xii s. ii d. solutis pro roba firmarii. Summa v li. iiii s. xi d. obol.
Expensae extrinsecae.—Inprimis, computater de xd. solutis pro papirio et pergameno, pro rotulis et quaternionibns. Item, de iiis. virf. pro prsestatione unius tkcrse silvre seduaa de bosco apud Heldersham, et datse communitati per Robertum Parische. Item, de viiirf. datis Parker de Hyldersham pro conservations bosci. Item', do vs. xrf. datiscarrectariis Roberti de Parysche et Ricardi Maisterman, et Rectoris de Schclforthe et Rectoris de Hyldersham, dei'erentibus pnedictum boscum ad Cantabrigiam, per tres vices. Item, de xxi rf. solutis pro pane equino et feno, pro equis praedictorum carrectariorum. Item, de vi <?. datis uni wayferer in Festo Omnium Sanctorum. Item, do viii d. datis eidem in Festo Sancto Stephani. Item, de vi d. datis eidem in Festo Purificationis. Item, de xii d. datis histrionibus in Festo Ascensionis. Item, de xviiirf. datis histrionibus in Festo Dedicationis Ecclesia:. Item, de vid. datis 8atelliti Majoris, deferenti pecuniam communitatis computanti. Item, de vis. xirf. obol. solutis pro expensis Magistri Willelmi Cavendesshe, equitantis pro negotiis ecclesia; de Hyntone. Item, de ii s. x d. solutis pro expensis Magistrorum Willelmi Okham et Willelmi Cavendesshe, equitantium apud Hadham, pro eisdem negotiis. Item, de xv d. solutis pro ii lagenis et i pitite vini, expensis apud Hyntone, in pnesentia Magistri et Sociorum. Item, de vi d. solutis ibidem pro cervisia et lacte. Item, de xiirf. datis ibidem servientibus, jubente Magistro. Item, de iis. solutis pro ligatione Johannis in Novellis super Sextum. Item, de iiiis. viiirf. solutis
fro emendatione horilogii, et clausura) ejusdem. tem, de iiis. iiiirf. solutis Johanni Purcere, pro labore suo in emptione Btauri. Summa xxxix s. ix d. obol.
Summa omnium Expensarum in isto Rotulo, xlix li. vi s. vii d. obol.
Summa Receptorum lxxx li. xix s. x d. obol.
Account of Master William de Okhara, administering under Master John de Newton, Master of the House of St. Peter, at Cambridge, as to goods pertaining to the house aforesaid, and by the same William received and expended; from the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel A.d. 138S to the Eve of St. Michael in the year ensuing.
Arrears due, as reckoned from the last account.—In the first place, he seeks to be allowed seven pounds one halfpenny, which were owing to him at the end of the last account. The amount is seen.
Expenses of the Church.—In the first place, ii s. aro accounted for, paid to Henry the Glazier, for mending the windows. Also, iis. iid. for repairing a chalice. Also, vid. paid for making up vi pounds of wax, from the Feast of St. Michael to the Feast of the Conception of the Blessed Mary. Also, xviii d. paid for making up xviii pounds of wax at the Feast of the Purification of tho Blessed Mary. Also, xii d. paid for making up xii pounds of wax, from the Feast of tho Conception of tho Blessed Mary to the Eve of St. Michael. Also, iid. paid for making up four pounds of wax into great candles, throughout the same time. Also, ix d. pnid for vi pounds of tallow candles. Also, iis. iiii d. paid for synodals. twice, of the church aforesaid. Also, xii fi. paid for procurations of the same. Also, iis. ix d. ha!fp\ paid for iii gallons and a half, and one quart, of wine, consumed in the church from the Feast of St. Michael to the Feast of Easter then next ensuing, the price per gallon being ixrf. Also, viiirf. paid for one gallon of wine, consumed in the church on Easter Day, at the Communion of the parish. Also, iiii«. paid for rushes for the church, throughout the whole year. Also, ii s. iiiirf. paid for iiii gallons of wihe, consumed in the church from tho Feast of Easter to the Eve of St. Michael, the price per gallon being vii d.
, , Amount xxi s. ii d. halfpv.
Expenses in the Hall and in the Buttery.—In tho first place, xviii d. are accounted for, paid for a gallon and a half of white wine, consumed at the Feast of St. Michael, in presence of the Mayor of the town of Cambridge, and the burgesses. Also, xii d. paid for a gallon of white wine, consumed in hall in the presence of Master William Irby. Also, iiiirf. halfp'. paid for a potcll of wine, consumed in hall upon the Feast of All Hallows. Also, xi d. paid for a gallon of white wine, consumed in hall at tho Feast of our Lord's Nativity. Also, xi d. paid for a gallon of wine, consumed in hall at tho Feast of St. Stephen. Also, ix d. paid for a gallon of red wine, consumed in hall at the Feast of St. Thomas. Also, iiii d. halfp*. paid for a potcll of wine, consumed in hall at the Feast of our Lord's Circumcision. Also,
iiii d. halfp'. paid for a potell of wine, consumed in hall at the Feast of our Lord's Epiphany. Also, ix d. paid for a gallon of wine, consumed in hall on the following day. Also, ix d. paid for a gallon of wine, consumed in hall on tho Octavo of the Epiphany. Also, ix d. paid for a gallon of wine, consumed in hall at the Feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary. Also, viii d. paid for a gallon of wine, consumed in hall at the Feast of Easter. Also, xiii d. halfp'. paid for wine, consumed in hall by the Master, at the Feast of Pentecost. Also, xiiii d. paid for ii gallons of wine, consumed in hall in the presence of Sir William Burstall. Also, vii d. paid for one gallon of wine, consumed in hall at tho Feast of the Dedication (of the Church). Also, iiii s. paid for spices, consumed in hall at the obsequies of the Founder. Also, iis. xirf. paid for v gallons of wine, consumed at the same time, the price of the gallon being vii d. Also, xvirf. paid to a "weyferer" (wayfarer) at the same time, by order of the Master. Also, xvirf. paid for the repair of a mazer cup. Also, iis. paid for vi ells of linen cloth, for finger-napkins, tho price of the ell being iiiirf. Also, iis. iiirf. halfp"'. paid for v ells of linen cloth for the second table, tho price of the ell being vrf. halfpy. Also, iiirf. paid for "hem"meng" (the hemming) of the same. Also, iiis. paid for rushes for the hall, for the whole year.
Amount xxix s. i rf. halfp7.
Expenses of tho Bakehouse, Kitchen, and Garden.—In the first place, iii s. iiii d. are accounted for, for a "dressour " (dresser). Also, xxiirf. paid for a gridiron. Also, iiii rf. paid for a "streynour (strainer). Also, vi rf. paid for mending a platter in the kitchen. Also, xviii rf. paid for ii "masshe rolles " in the bakehouse. Also, xviii rf. paid for ii bolting-sieves. Also, xxiii rf. paid for hooping casks in the bakehouse. Also, xvirf. paid for a tyne (a large tub) in the bakehouse. Also, viiirf. paid for beating the mill-stones. Also, xii rf. paid for ii spades. Also, xiiii rf. paid for iii trowels. Also, xviii rf. paid for ii beehives. Also, viii rf. paid to a man for taking care of the bees. Also, iiii rf. paid for a lock for the granary door. Also, xix rf. paid for xv bushels and a half of bran for the Master's horses, the price of the bushel being ono penny farthing. Also, iiiirf. paid for ix bushels and a half of grains for the same horses. Also, iii rf. paid for a scoop. Also, xvi rf. paid for cleaning the latrine three times.
Amount xx s. iii rf.
Stores bought.—In the first place, xl s. are accounted for, paid for two thousand of "segge" (sedge). Also, vs. paid for the carriage of the same. Also, lvi s. viii rf. paid for forty thousand of turf, at the price of xvii rf. the thousand. Also, xii s. vi rf. paid for the carriage of the same, at the price, for carriage, of iiirf. halfpenny farthing the thousand. Also, iiii s. viii rf. paid for a quarter of salt. Also, vis. paid for vi salt fish. Also, vis. paid for vi pounds of pepper. Also, vii s. virf. paid for xxxvi pounds of almonds, tho price being lirf. halfpenny per pound. Also, virf. paid for vi pounds of " ryce." Also, xiii rf. paid for one "bonche" of garlic. Also, viiirf. paid for one bushel of grapes. Also, iii s. paid for iii bushels of oatmeal, with the making of it. Also, ii s. paid for iii bushels of peas, for pottage. Amount vii ii. vs. vii rf.
Rents and pensions paid.—In the first place, xxs. aro accounted for, paid to the House of St. John, at Cambridge, for the payment of a whole year. Also, iiis. paid to the Nuns of St. Radegunda, as rent for a wholo year. Also, iiirf. paid to the Mayor of the town of Carqbridge, for " Hagable " (house-tax). Also, xl s. paid to the Master of the House, as his pension for a whole year. Also, iiii It. xiii s. iiiirf. paid to the Chaplain of the parish for the whole year. Also, xxvis. viiirf. paid to John the Spencer (Steward) for the whole year. Also, xiiii s. viiirf. paid to John Fesaunt, the baker, for the whole year. Also, vis. paid to Peter in the kitchen, for half and quarter of a year. Also, iii s. paid to John, the barber, for the whole year. Also, iiis. paid to
Clara, the laundress, for the whole year.
Amount x li. viii s. xi rf.
Repair of houses.—In the first place, xs. arc accounted for, paid for xx. pieces of timber, bought at the Fair at Barncwelle, for tho house of William Wynde, at the price of vi rf. the piece. Also, v s. iii rf. paid for xviii pieces of timber bought there, at the price of iii rf. halfpenny the piece. Also, iii s. paid for viii pieces bought there, at the price of iiiirf. halfpenny the piece. Also, iiii s. paid for xxiiii " sperres" (spars) bought there, at ii rf. tho piece. Also, ii s. vi rf. paid for xiii "splentcs" bought there. Also, for the carriago of tho same,
xvi d. Also, x s. paid for viii pieces of large timber, bought at the Fair at Sterebregge. Also, viii «. xi d. paid for viii other pieces bought there. Also, xv d. paid for the carriage of the same. Also, v s. vi d. paid for "splentes" bought in the market at Cambridge. Also, xiirf. paid to ii men for ii days, for pulling down the ancient houses in the garden of William Wynde. Also, xii d. paid to iii men for a day, in raising the new houses. Also, xxx8. paid to Richard the Carpenter, for making those houses. Also, us. id. for nails bought for that work. Also, viii d. paid for iron-work of the same houses. Also, xxiii d. paid for a binding of canvas for the same houses. Also, Is. paid for x thousand of "thacche," at the price of vs. the thousand. Also, xii s. vi d. paid for the carriage thereof, at the price of xv d. for the carriage of each thousand. Also, iiiis. paid for one hundred-weight of reeds. Also, xvrf. paid for iii cartloads of clay, at v d. the load. Also, ii a. paid for wythes. Also, xxii d. paid for vi cartloads of clay. Also, xx«. iiii d. paid to a thatcher for the thatching of those houses. Also, x d. paid for "bemes" for the kiln of William West. Also xvi d. paid for covering the walls in the garden of William West. Also, vi d. paid for dawbing the house of William West. Also, xiiii d. paid for iiii cartloads of clay for the same house. Also, xii s. virf. paid for viii thousand and iii hundred of "thacche," at the price of
v s. the thousand. Also, x s. iiii d. halfpenny, paid for the carriage thereof. Also, vi«. viiirf. paid to a thatcher, for thatching the houses of .Robert Russelle. Also, x s. paid for pitching the houses of William Wynde. Also, niirf. paid for pitching the house of John Barkere. Also, xviii d. paid to a stonemason, for making the latrine. Also, ii s. paid to a carpenter, for making the same. Also, vi d. paid for nails for the same work. Also, iii d. paid for pitching tho same house. Also, vii«.
vi d. paid for three " fotheres " of stone. Also, xii d. paid for the carriage thereof. Also, viis. ixrf. paid to a tiler for painting the chambers and the church, for iiii weeks and a half and one day, he taking, with his board,
xx d. per week. Also, ii s. viii d. paid to his servant for ii weeks and a half, and one day, he taking, in addition to his board, xii d. per week. Also, v d. paid for a lock to the chamber of Sir John Waytt. Also, i d. halfpenny paid for a crest (?) to the chamber aforesaid.
Amount xiii li. xvi s. ix d.
Expenses atTrippelowe.—In the first place, liii«. iiii<J. are accounted for, paid to the vicar there, for his pension for a whole year. Also, xxxv«. viii d. paid to our Lord the King, for a moiety of the tithe of the church aforesaid, and of the parish church at Cambridge. Also, ii d. paid for an acquittance. Also, xiiii d. paid for synodals, once, of the same church. Also, xii d. paid for procurations of the same. Also, xvii d. halfpenny paid for one gallon and one quart of oil, in the choir of the church aforesaid. Also, xii «. ii d. paid for a gown for the farmer.
Amount v li. iiii s. xi d. halfpf.
Out-door expenses. — In the first place, xd. are accounted for, paid for paper and parchment, for rolls and quires. Also, iii. s. vi d. for the clearance of one acre of brushwood in the wood at Heldersham, and given to the community by Robert Parische. Also, viii d. given to the Parker of Hyldersham, for taking care of the wood. Also, v s. xd. given to the carters of Robert de Parysche and Richard Maisterman, and of the Rector of Schelforth and the Rector of Hyldersham, for bringing the wood aforesaid to Cambridge, at three times. Also,
xxi d. paid for horse-bread and hay, for the horses of the carters aforesaid. Also, vi d. given to a "way"farer" at the Feast of All Hallows. Also, viii d. given to the same at the Feast of St. Stephen. Also, vi d. given to the same at the Feast of the Purification. Also, xii d. given to the players at the Feast of the Ascension. Also, xviii d. given to the players at the Feast of the Dedication of the Church. Also, vi d. given to the Mayor's officer, for carrying the money of the community to the accountant. Also, vi s. xi d. halfpenny paid for the expenses of Master William Cavendesshe, going on horseback on the business of the church of Hyntone. Also, ii «. x d. paid for the expenses of Master William Okham and Master William Cavendesshe, going on horseback to Hadham, on the same business. Also, xvtZ. paid for ii gallons and i "pinto" of wine, consumed at Hyntone, in presence of the Master and Fellows. Also, vi d. paid there for ale and milk. Also, xii d. given to tho servants there, by order of the Master. Also, ii e. paid for the binding of John (Andreas) in the Novelise upon the Sext [Sixth Book of the Decretals]. Also, iiii «. viii. d. paid for mending the
clock, and the case thereof. Also, iii s. iiii d. paid to John Purcere, for his trouble in buying the stores. • Amount xxxixs. ixci. halfpenny.
Amount of all Expenses in this Roll, xlixii. vi s. \iid. halfpenny.
Amount of Receipts, lxxxi li. xix s. xd. halfpenny.
Henby Thomas Riley.
Cambridge: Trinitt College.
The following documents and volumes are described in the order in which they were shown to me by Mr. J. W. Clark.
The Will of Hervey de Stanton, Justiciar of England in the time of Edward the Second, and Founder of Michael House, one of the old foundations upon which Trinity College was afterwards established.
The Original Statutes of Michael House, of the time of Hervey de Stanton.
Two Charters of King Henry the Eighth, founding and endowing Trinity College.
A Charter of Queen Mary, granted to Trinity College.
The Original Statutes of Trinity College.—A thin paper folio volume, covered with paper, 27 pages, beautifully written. These Statutes, though promulgated by order of King Edward the Sixth, and bearing his signature on the obverse of the first leaf, were never confirmed by the King in Council. They were modelled on the Statutes of King Richard tho Second for King's Hall. "These Statutes have never beon printed.
The College Statutes of Philip and Mary.—A paper folio, of 98 pages, in the old wooden boards. These Statutes also have never been printed.
Tho College Statutes of Elizabeth.—A vellum folio, of 116 pages, in old wooden boards, with clasps, beautifully illuminated.
Charter of Foundation of King's Hall, given by Edward the Third, in the 11th year of his reign, A.d. 1337; tho seal attached, but imperfect. King's Hall, originally founded for 32 Scholars, or Fellows (Socii), soon afterwards increased in number, was one of the older foundations upon which Trinity College was afterwards established.
Charter of King Richard the Second to King's Hall, containing new Statutes for that College, dated 5th of March in the third year of that reign, A.d. 1380. The Great Seal is attached, in a case. This Charter has been published.
A Deed of Robert de Croyland, Rector of Undele (Oundle). This is probably one of the earliest grants that were made to King's Hall, as it bears date tbo 10th of Edward the Third, a year before the College was wholly established. It is a conveyance of a messuage and tenements in the parish of All Saints, Cambridge, near the Hospital of St. John, and situate between tb,e tenements of Edward de Walsingham and William atte Conduit on the east, and the place called "Cornhythe" on the west. It was on the site of this messuage probably that some of the earlier buildings of King's Hall were erected.
Ottringham, or the Michael House Black Book.—A folio volume, in rough calf, containing 89 leaves of parchment, with some old leaves inserted, and four or five additional leaves, inserted probably in the early part of the 17th century. On the first of these inserted leaves is written this note:—"This book, being formerly "bound in black, was frequently called 'the Black "' Book of Michael House Lands.'—N.B. It was com"piled by Dr. Ottringham, Master of Michael House "in Henry Vl.th's reign; and is a transcript of all "the ancient evidences and writings relating to that "College." On another of the added fly-leaves is written :—" In hoc libro continetur abstractus omnium "recordationum Collogii pro terris nostris in villi's do "Cambridge, Harleton, Barrington, Chedele, Ikeling"ton, Grundisberghe, Orwell, Wingale;" and then below, probably by the same hand, but in smaller writing:—" Collectus per Magistrum Johannem Ot"tringham, Custodem Domus Sancti Michaelis, ut "apparet, fol. 856, 2, 9 v., 1005." On reference to this passage in folio 85, the earlier part of the present volume seems hardly to be the work there referred to, as Ottringham is there stated to have had the muniments of the house copied " in quodam libello," which, from the folio size of the leaves, no part of this volume could hardly be said to be. It seems most probable that the earlier part of this volume was a copy or transcript from the "libellns " here alluded to, as, from the writing, it evidently belongs to Otfcringham's time, the early part of the reign of Henry the Sixth. Under the head of " Cambridge " it contains (folios 9-11) the Statutes of Michael House, as enacted by Hervey de Stanton; then, enactments for the celebration of the Obits of various Benefactors, Hervey de Stanton, Master William de Gootham, and Master Bichard Holm. Then, a "Statutum de exequiis et Missa pro Benefactoribus *' annuatim," with a list of them, as commemorated in the time of Ottringham, maker of the Statute, apparently at or about Easter 1425. Between folios 11 and 12 of the original book three leaves (not numbered) are inserted, of Benefactors of later date. The " Hospitium "Sancti Gregorii," in Cambridge, is then named, with its origin; the "Hospitium Sanctae Katerinas;" and the "Hospitium Angnlare," which a later marginal note says was also called "Crouchedhalle." The next subjects are :—" De tribus Scholis stantibus conjunctim in "Vico Scholarum," "De Hospitio Sanctis Margaretaj." At folio 33a, in a later hand, there is a short account of the first Masters of Michael House. Down to the upper part of folio 32a, (the pages with the original numeration only included), the writing is probably of the third year of King Henry the Sixth. From thence down to the end of folio 36 the context was probably written about the 26th of Henry the Sixth. At folio 37a, a Lombardic hand begins, of probably about the date last mentioned, the lands of Barentone being the subject. In folio 44a, in reference to the services due from these lands to the Lords of Muntfichet, there are some curious particulars relative to ploughing and harrowing in those times. I may here add, that the late Mr. Cooper missed a great deal in not having this singularly valuable book by him when he wrote his " Annals of Cambridge."
The Books of Commons, or Bursars' Books of King's Hall, from the time of its foundation, 11th of Edward 3, to the date of its absorption in the new foundation of Trinity College, at the close of the reign of King Henry the Eighth, are preserved in the College Library, to which they have been lately removed from the Munimentroom; forming 18 paper quarto volumes in all, bound in rough calf, which binding, from the labelling, seems to be of the date 1660 to 1680. The first volume, paper throughout, of a date so distant as to deserve remark, is mostly in good condition, though in many places the writing is faded, and in two or three instances the paper, throughout several continuous leaves, is either much tattered or almost wholly destroyed by damp. This volume consists of 352 pages, and contains the accounts of the College commons and general expenditure between the 11th and 25th Edward 3, A.d. 1337 to 1351. I have gone pretty carefully over the curious and minute entries contained in the first 227 pages of this volume; but have been obliged to content myself with only the following extracts and details, as throwing light upon social life at that period. The extracts, I should add, are not taken in regular sequence, but are culled, here and there, in the various pages to which reference is made.—The volume begins with the weekly accounts of the house, throughout the year, for bread, ale, kitchen, and " small expenses." In a later part of the volume a separate account is kept for turf, which evidently constituted the principal fuel, and was bought by the hundred or thousand; "Ely turfs," we are told, being considered the best, as being cut of the longest sizes. From p. 14 (a.d. 1337) the first clothing for the scholars seems to have been found by the Prior of St. Neot's:—"Memorandum quod recepit Magister de "Priore Sancti Neoti pro robis et furruris xxxv. sco"larium pro anno ximo. xliJ. viis. iid." Tr.—" Be it "remembered that the Master received from the Prior "of St. Neots, for the robes and furs of 35 scholars, "for the 11th year, 41/. 7«. 2d." In p. 15 (a.d. 1337) among the expenses :—" fri primis, in uno exennio "misso Domino Thomte Croys, Garderobario Regis, et "pro uno jantaclo [sic] pro eodem." Tr.—" In the "first place, for a present sent to Sir Thomas Croys, "the King's Wardrober, and for a breakfast for the "same."—Presents to the Wardrober, or keeper of the King's wardrobe, frequently occur from time to time.
In p. 43 (a.d. 1338):—" Item, soluta? [sic] Laurentio "de Talworth pro cultellis ab eodem emptis in Festo "Sancti Petri in Cathedra, pro Cancellario et Tesaura"rio, et aliis clericis de Curia, xvis. ivd." Tr.—"Also, "paid to Laurence de Talworth for knives bought of "him at the Feast of St. Peter's Chair, for the Chan"cellor and Treasurer, and the other clerks of the "Court, 16«. 4d." As will be seen froin future extracts, knives and wine seem to have been considered the most acceptable presents for gaining the goodwill of the great? and- their dependents in those days. P. 47
(1338):—"In pikes, anguillis, et haddokes, pro clericis "de Cancellaria xviid. In ii. lagenis vini, missis "Vicecomiti xd. In anulis pro tapeto iiid. In xiii. "ciphis, xii. platese, xii. discis, xii. salsariis, xiiid. In "canevas pro manutergiis xxid. In i. morter xd. Item "in uno [sic] clave pro hostio sponhous [spoon-house] id. "Item id. obol. pro clavis ad vineam. Item, i d. pro "hokes ad hostium prope spensam [steward's room]. "Item, cuidam cindenti [sic] vineam id. Item in uno "homine 0[ ciante ad herbarium per ii. dies, iiid. "Ttem in vino pro Canonicis de Waltham ivs." Tr.— "For pikes, eels, and haddocks, for the clerks of the "Chancery, 17d. For 2 gallons of wine, sent to the "Sheriff, lOd. For rings for the tapestry, 3d: For 13 "cups, 12 plates, 12 dishes, 12 sausers [saltcellars], I'M. "For canvas for finger-napkins, 21 d. For one mortar, "lOd. Also for a key for the door of the spoon-house, "Id. Also ljd. for nails for the vineyard. Also Id. "for hooks to the door near the steward's room. Also "to one pruning the vineyard, Id. Also, to a man "working in the kitchen garden 2 days, id. Also for "wine for the Canons of Waltham, 4s."
Straw for the hall, " Stramen pro aula," and occasionally "rushes for the hall," are common items; the former being sometimes explained as meaning " segge," or sedge.
In p. 106 (a.d. 1341):—Item in factura fornacis xd. In "canevas pro dosser [dorser, or wall-hangings] xxiid. "Pro factura dosser xiid. Pro emendatione unius boket "id. obol. Pro factura pannornm pro tabulis Hid. "In olla pro aula id. In emendatione craticularum "[gridirons] et patella? Hid. obol. In uno [sic] clavi iid. "Pro uno mortario xvd". In virgis et cleye pro muris "xiid. In stramine iid. pro muris. Pro factura de "manger et racke in stabula xviiid. In papirio id. "In iiii. lagenis vini missis Domino Johanni Darsy iis. "In quatuor tangardes, quilibet de uno potello vis. "In allia [sic] etin cepis ixd. In uno grato xiid. Pro "reparatione unius gredel [now " girdle " in the North] "et unius patellae iiii<Z. Item, in gerlecke iid. In "colset [cole seed] obol. In uno barwe viid. In "spices iiiid. In platellis et sausers mid. obol.
Tr.—"Also, for making the oven, lOd. For canvas "for a dorser, 22d. For making the dorser, 12d. For "mending a bucket, ljd. For making cloths for the "tables, 3d. For a pot for the hall, Id. For mending "gridirons and a platter, 3Jd. For a key, 2d. For a "mortar, 15d. For rods and clay for [making] the "walls, 12d. For straw for the walls, 2d. For making "a manger and rack in the stable, 18d. For paper, Id. "For 4 gallons of wine sent to Sir John Darsy, 2s. "For 4 tankards, each holding one pottle, 6s. For "garlic and onions, 9d. For a grate, 12rf. For re"pairing a girdle and a platter, 4rf. Also, for garlic, "2d. For cole seed, id. For a barrow, 8d. For "spices, 4d. For platters and sausers, 44d."
In p. 114 (a.d. 1342):—"In reparatione instru"mentorum coquinae iii d. In novem cyphis emptis "iii d. In reparatione cistas et serurarum vi d. In "cofphinis [sic] vi d. In reparatione domus juxta "portam iiiis. xd. obol. In mattes vid. Pro eroenda"tione cultellorum eoqninas id. In xK scirpis pro "celario, in mattes, iiirf- In duobus tortys [tortices, "or torches] viid. In duobus spades et unnm schovele "xid. In uno streynour ii d. obol. quadr. Inalleispro "gardino, viiid. In persily sed [parsley seed] iiid. In "virgis pro tray ling [trellis] in gardino xd. obol. Pro "stipendio gardinarii pro iiii diebus et dimidioixd. "In seruris et clavibus iiii d. obol. quadr. In una tabula "id. obol. In naylis iiid. In virgis pro gardino "iii d. obol. In pestello facto iiii d. obol. In munda"tione latrina? iiiid. In pulcinis pro Magistro Johanne "de Clifetone v d. In reparatione cujusdam ollaa "et unum [sic] posnet id. In expensis factis circa "Iuquisitionem capiendam pro domo Magistri Ed"mundi de Walsingham xs. viid. In vino pro ingressu "religionis Bogeri Spryngews [elsewhere 'Spring"'house,' a Fellow of the house] iiiis. Item, in "vino et speciebus vid. obol. pro Domino Henrico "Hingelby. In vino pro clericis Episcopi Eliensis "iiid. In pisse [sic] pro Roberto Chesterfeld iis. i d. "In vino pro Archidiacono Nortfolchiae vid." P. 115 (1342):—"In pargamino et papiro viid. In countours "[jettons, for reckoning with,] ii d. Item allocantur "Johanni de Hukesworthe vid. pro equo conduoto in "negotiis communibus. Liberabantur Jonanni Gar"diner in plena solutione salarii vid., pro anno xvi. "Pro uno jantaclo facto Secheville [a Fellow] pro "robis nostris iis. xd. Expenses factaa per Copham "[a Follow] circa robas-imprimis, versus Londonias, "eundo et redeundo, iis. x d. Item allocantur sibi pro "labore suo xlrf. Item solvebantur pro cariagio "robarum iis. Pro tonBura pannixiis. In expensis "factis Londoniis per Copham, videlicet, in dato "olerico Vicecoraitum, et in canevas, et in trussa"tione, et aliis, xxs., circa robas. Item liberabantur "Perers [a Fellow], pro oblatione Missarum in die "Anniversarii Domini Regis, iirf. Item liberantur "Johanni Chanceler pro expensis suis versus Lon"donias, pro negotiis commuriibus, virf. Pro uno "pennario [? pencase] dato Ingyrworth ix s. Item pro "parochianis nostris tripudiantibus ii d. In pane pro "Bogero Springews, in ingressu religionis, xii d. In "uno exhennio misso Tbonue Crosse vis. Item in "alio exhennio misso Domino Ivoni de Clyntoue "via. id. Pro uno cultello dato Johanni Chesterfeld "iiiis. virf. Item in alio cultello dato Domino Jervasio "Baroni de Scalariis iiiis. vid. Item, in cultellis "datis famulis suisiis. Item in cultellis datis clericis "Crosse vis. Item in servisia [sic] pro carpentariis ''id. In pounsario [?a pounce-box] id."
Tr.—" For repairing implements in tbe kitchen, 3d. "For the purchase of nine cups, 3d. For repairing "tlie chest and the locks, 6rf. For baskets, Gd. For "repairing the room next the gate, 4s. lO^rf. For "mats, Gd. For mending the kitchen knives, Id. For "a thousand of rushes for the cellar, in mats, 3d. For "two torches, Id. For two spades and a shovel, lid. "For a strainer, 2$d. For garlic roots for the garden, "8d. For parsley seed, 3d. For rods for the trellis "in the garden, lOJrf. For the gardener's pay, 4$ days, "9d. For locks and keys, 4jrf. For a plank of wood, "lid. For nails, 3d. For rods for the garden, 3§d. "For making a pestle, 4\d. For cleansing the latrine, "4d. For pullets for Master John de Clifetone, 5rf. "For repairing a pot and a posnet [or basin], Id. For "the expenses of holding an Inquisition as to the house "of Master Edmund de Walsingham, 10s. 7d. For "wine when Boger Spryngews entered holy orders, "4s. For wine and spices for Sir Henry Hingelby, "6$rf. For wine for the clerks of the Bishop of "Ely, 3d. For fish for Bobert Chesterfeld, 2s. Irf. "For wine for the Archdeacon of Norfolk, Gd. For "parchment and paper, 7d. For counters, 2d. Also, "allowed to John de Hukesworthe for hire of a horse "on business of the community, Gd. Delivered to "John the Gardener, Gd. in full payment of his salary "for the 16th year [of King Edward 3]. For breakfast "provided by Secheville, when getting our gowns, "2s. lOrf. Expenses incurred by Copham, in getting "our gowns,—first, going to London and returning, "2s. lOrf. Also, allowed him for his trouble, 40rf. "Also, paid for carriage of the gowns, 2s. For "shearing the cloth, 12s. For expenses incurred at "London by Copham, about the gowns, namely, a "present to the Sheriffs' clerk, canvas, and packing, "and other things, 20s. Also, paid to Perers for the "offering of Masses on the day of the Anniversary of "our Lord the King, 2s. Also, paid to John Chanceler "for his expenses in going to London, on business of "the community, 6c?. For a pencase [?] given to "Ingyrworth, 9s. Also, for the dance of our pa"rishioners, 2d. For bread for Boger Spryngews, "when ho entered holy orders, 12c?. For a present "sent to Thomas Crosse, 6s. Also, for another present "sent to Sir Ivo de Clyntone, 6s. Irf. For a knife "given to John Chesterfeld, 4s. Gd. Also, for another "knife given to Sir Jervase Baron Scales, 4s. Gd. "Also, for knives given to his servants, 2*. Also, for "knives given to the clerks of Crosse, 6s. Also, for "ale for the carpenters, \d. For a pounce-box [?] Irf."
P. 118 (1342), among the "Expenses forinseca; factae "per Magistrum," at London, whither he had gone "circa robas et vadia," to obtain clothing, and to get the Fellows' pay, either partly or wholly, from the Exchequer:—" Item in cultellis etpennariis et cornubus "[inkhorns] datis amicis in Curia xviiis. ii rf. Memo"randum quod post Festum Sancti Michaelis in anno "xvirao circa prosecutionem factam pro robis nostris "de anno xvmo, expendebantur iiiiZi. xiiiis. irf., prout "patct in isto papiro de anno xvmo per diversas par"ticulas. De qua summa nihil expendiderunt isti "Socii, videlicet. Henricus Gretford. Philippus Stokes, "Johannes Sechevile, Willelmus Englis; qui tamen "participes fuerunt robarum anni xvmi supradicti."
Tr.—"Also, for knives and pencases and inkhorns "given to our friends at Court, 18s. 2rf. Bo it re"meinbered that after the Feast of St. Michael in the "16th year [of Edward 3], when suit was made for "our gowns for the 15th year, there was expended "4Z. 14s. Irf., as set forth in this paper of the 15th "year, under several particulars. To which sum
"nothing was contributed by the following Fellows, "namely, Henry Gretford, Philip Stokes, John Seche"vile, William Englis; who however had their share "of the gowns of the 15th year aforesaid."
In p. 125 (1342), there is an item, beginning,—"In "pane et servisia pro nonsenchiis,".bread and ale for "nuncheons," or luncheons, [hero also called "re"pasts"] given to various workmen employed " circa "cameras." The word " nonsenchium" is a Latinized form, no doubt, of the old English word "non'• chenche," from which (as remarked in p. 265 of the Memorials of London) the words "nuncheon" and "luncheon " are probably derived.
In 1342 the building, consisting apparently of a former edifice, with new chambers added, was ready, probably for the first time, for the reception of the Fellows. The rooms were allotted to them mostly in pairs, as "consocii " or " camerarii," chums or chamberfellows. P. 131 :—" Dispositio Camerariorum facta per "Magistrum, et per Sex, et per Comitivam. Inprimis, "ordmantur Magister Walterus Milemete et Magister "Johannes Sawtry in solario juxta gardinum; et in "solario sub eis Badulphus de Stonham, Nicolaus "Hersle, et Johannes Sturtone. Item in garito Jc"hannes Essex et Johannes Plumtonc. Item in solario "novo juxta gardinum Magister Johannes Glastone et "Magister Symon Stratford, et in selario [sic] sub eiis "Thomas Pyribroke et Thomas Priour. Item in alio "novo solario proximo pruedicto Magister Bichardus "Bytryngo et Bichardus Ficling; et in selario sub "eis Magister Bobertus Byght et Johannes Pultone. "Item in solario proximo Dominus Thomas Berkynge "et Philippus Weylland, et sub eis Johannes Perers et "Thomas Copham. Item in alio solario proximo, Ma"gister Adam Werlyngwort et Johannes Multone; et "sub eis Bicardus Hales et Alanus Mareschal. Item "in solario proximo . . . Magister Thomas Paxtonc et "Magister Johannes Yekeswort; et sub eiis Dominus "Bobertus Senkv et Jacobus Beverley. Item in ca"mera parva juxta coqmnam Thomas Springhet, "Alexander Sawmford. Item in camera juxta An"nable Pyke, Dominus Eogerus Harlistone, et cum eo "Willelmus Hoktone. Item in solario sub Custode, "Willelmus Bridport, Baudet, Bumseye, Yimwort, et "Ward."
Tr.—"Arrangement of Chamber-fellows made by the "Master, and by the Six, and by the Society. First, "Master Walter Milemete and Master John Sawtry are "placed in the sollar next the garden; and in the "sollar beneath them, Balph do Stonham, Nicholas "Hersle, and John Sturtone. Also in the garret, John "Essex and John Plumtonc. Also in the new sollar "next the garden, Master John Glastone and Master "Symon Stratford; and in the sollar beneath them, "Thomas Pyribroke and Thomas Priour. Also in the "other new sollar next the one aforesaid, Master "Bichard Bytryngo and Bichard Ficlinge; and in the "sollar beneath them, Master Bobert Byght and John "Pultone. Also in the next sollar, Sir Thomas Ber"kynge and Philip Weylland; and beneath them, John "Perers and Thomas Copham. Also in the other "sollar next to this, Master Adam Werlyngwort and "John Multone; and beneath them, Bichard Hales "and Alan Mareschal. Also in the next sollar . . . "Master Thomas Paxtone and Master John Yekeswort; "and beneath them, Sir Bobert Senky and James "Beverley. Also in the little chamber next the "kitchen, Thomas Springhet, Alexander Sawmford. "Also in the chamber next Annable Pyke's, Sir Boger "Harlistone; and with him, William Hoktone. Also "in the sollar beneath the Warden's [lodging], Wil"liam Bridport, Baudot, Bumseye, Yimwort, and "Ward."
In p. 184 (s. anno 1344) there is another list of the chambers and their occupants, mention being made there of one chamber as being situate "juxta gardinum "Annabillaj Pyke." This Amiable (or Annabella) Pyke was a maltster, in the employ of the Society, as appears from various items in the accounts.
There can be little doubt that, from its singular multiplicity of sollars, solers, or sun-chambers (fitted with bay-windows, probably), King's Hail was commonly known in Cambridge, at least during the 14th century, as " Sollars Hall;" and that this is the longsought College which Geoffrey Chaucer mentions in the Ueve'u Talc, as "Solces Hall," and of which he himself is supposed to have been a member.
In p. 138 (a.d. 1343):—"Item liberabantur Johanni "Pereres pro communi candela in ecclesia ii-. Pro uno "pari cultellorum datorum Domino Johanni de Chester"feld vi«. Pro uno cultello dato Domino .... Ketone,