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at the tilting in the presence of the Queen, where my Lord your brother was challenger. There came not for these two days a single Scot nere the Queen; she had a scaffold made in the tilt-yard, which was marvelled at, and they not pleased.
In 1601, a man presents the Earl with one pound of citron, two oranges, and six lemons.
A letter from Archie Armstrong, the Court Fool, shews the easy confidence of a favourite. Here is a copy of it '•— "Sight honoble lord,
"The cause of this my wrighting unto you, is most earnestly to request yor \om you would bo contented that my cozen John Woolsen mayc have the place of Geordy Rose, deceased, or the next that shallo fall voyd. For this is the reason of my wrighting unto yor honor, that because I did passe my word for his mother's rent unto yor loTM which ho wilbe ablo to dischardg if he hav that place. And moreover he .shalbe an honest man to perform yor Lop|" service. For which I will pass my word & all that I have. Thank Christ for it, 1 have my Mr his favor so farr that I might have had his highnes letter & my cozen Sr George, & also myLorde of Mongomeryes if I had pleased, but my lord Chamberlaine & his Brother sede it should not neede. Therefore I have noe other thinge to wright, but to certify unto yor honor that Sr John Gryme is dead, not forgettinge my dutye to yo' sonne, &c.
Yor loh>'i" to comand till death I rest,
From the Court at Newmkett,
the 9"'of Aprill 1616. (Endorsed) To the Eight honoble lord Earl of Cumberlaynd, give theise
at Skipytaines Greane in Yorkshire, or else whearc. To be delivered as above said."
(51). Nearly 30 letters from town and country by Sir Thomas Thynne and Henry Thymic to Viscount Halifax, 1075-1682 ;—
1677, Oct. 6. The Prince of Orange's visit fills us all with discourse; the vulgar proclaim love and marriage; the more discerning, treaties and peace.
1080, June 8. The King's declaration concerning his marriage with Mrs. Barlowe printed this day, which is only a recital of the examination at the Councill, with a transcript of the King's justification entered on the Council books. Sir W. Pultency's second son stabbed himself, not mortally, for love of his mother's woman.
1686, May 13. The King yesterday finished the examination of the black box. Progers, Shepherd, and one Richards, a lacoman, were called; the last vouched one Paul Hackctt for his author, and that he heard it at Lord Chesterfield's tabic; whereupon tho King, seeing it was only trivial tabic talk, said, I have enough of this farce, I will hear no more of it.
These letters contain notices of domestic and foreign news, the King, the Duke of Monmouth, Col. Blood, and Titus Oates.
(52.) Letters to the Earl of Burlington from Sheldon Archbishop of Canterbury. Morley bishop of Winchester, Lords Arlington and Fauconbterg, Lady Clancarty, and others; but none of any importance.
(53.) Letter by Prince Rupert, dated 1644, Juno 29, Shipton Castle. Has taken a horse of the Earl of Cork; shall give satisfaction for him.
16-1-5, Sept. 28. Kathorine Duchess of Buckingham to the Countess of Cork; asks for continuance of her friendship.
(55.) 1665. Three letters from the Duke of Newcastle to the Duke of York. In one he wants to know when the Duke of York is coming to Welbcck. In another he regrets that the King's commands prevents the coming.
(56.) Miscellaneous letters of the 17th century, to the Countess of Burlington, and Lord Dungarvou; by Sir Bernard Gascoigne, Sir Philip Musgrave, and others. One by Gascoigne, dated 7 May 1680, is on the subject of the plot; but on the whole they do not seem to contain anything of importance.
(57.) Miscellaneous letters :—
Two short complimentary notes on cards, by Lavater to Lady Spencer, in 1792, with an engraved portrait of Lavater.
Copy of a letter from Count Orlow to J. J. Rousseau, inviting him to reside at his place, 60 versts from St. Petersburg. (He supposes Rousseau is in England, at the Duke of Richmond's.) The inhabitants speak neither English, French, Greek, nor Latin. The curate does
not know how to preach or dispute, and his Duaillea in making the sign of tho cross think that all is done.
Rousseau in his answer (dated from Wotton) declines the invitation; thinks that Orlow would expect a man of letters, and that he should pay for hospitality in wit and words.
Copy of the will of Louis XVI.
Original letter of Madame de SeVigne1 to her daughter, dated in 1671. (5 pp.)
The contents of this packet are chiefly copies of French poems and letters of the 18th century.
(58.) Several letters from Lord Falkland to Lady Dungarvan. In one dated Oxford, Nov. 2, he says, "I "would willingly flatter myself with an opinion of tho "possibility that a treaty may yet end all: for never "to be in London or to enter it by force, are equally "dreadful to me. This filthy war, as it takes away the "joy of England, so it must utterly lose us, 1 re"turned."
(59.) Printed case of Richard Earl of Burlington, claiming the barony of Clifford; (2 leaves) signed by N. Fazakerly and W. Murray.
(60.) A bundle of papers (1645 and 1646), concerning the estates of the Earl and Countess of Cork, while under sequestration.
(61.) Five letters (temp. H. 8.), two being from Henry Clifford to his father tho Earl of Cumberland, ono from the same to the Prior of Mountgrace, and two not signed.
(03.) Letters (1640-1642), from Henry Lord Clifford and Earl of Cumberland to his daughter Elizabeth Lady Dungarvan, and the Countess of Cork and Burlington;—
1640, Sept. 26. The happy meeting began on Thursday; as great an assembly of Lords as ever I saw in Parliament (long account of it): a letter to be written asking tho city of London to lend 200.000Z.
1040, Oct. 8. Tho King wishing to see Beverly, ho guided him through his park: has sent him a doe to York. Ho returned to York last night. Our Lords have begun the treaty with the Scots at Rippon.
1040, Oct. 9. Account of the election of Knights of the Shire at York, on Monday last. The King took out his army to exercise, to prevent trouble to the election.
1603, Aug. 8. A letter, signed E. Worcester, announcing that Lord Spencer was created a baron on tho 21st July 1603, and that a fee of lOi. or the principal horse was due to the Earl Marshal for every such creation. He prays that it may be delivered. With this is a receipt for the 10/. signed by George Mynory.
(04). Three letters from Robert Boyle to his brother the Earl of Burlington, 1665-7;—
1665, Oct. 24, Oxford. Ireland is like to be ruined by a Bill for restraining the importation of Irish cattle.
1667, Juno 4. The seas are more than ordinarily infested by the Dutch.
(00). Miscellaneous letters;—B. Fairfax to . Tho
French players attempted to act last night; were not suffered by tho Templars; catcalls inside, butchers outside, scenes demolished, windows broken: the French ambassador did not escape insults.
Some letters by W. Kent (most likely the artist) ;—
1738, June 27. Pope is very busy; he last night came to me about 8 o'clock, in liquor, and would have more wine.
1738, Nov. 28. "Have not seen Popo but once those "two months before last Sunday morning; and he came "to town the night before; the next morning ho came "before I was up. I would not get up, and sent him "away to disturb some one else ; he came back and said "he could meet with nobody. I got drest and wont with "him to Richardson, and had great diversion; he showed "three pictures of Lord Bolingbroke . . . Another "Pope in a morning gown with a strange view of tho "garden to shew the obelisk as in mourning to his "mother's death. The son of Richardson and Pope "agreed that Pope's head was Titzianesco; the old boy "grew warm and said, Wo have done our best. My "service to Mr. Bethell, and tell him his friend, Pope, "is the greatest glutton I know. He now talks of tho "many good things he can make; he told mo of n "soup that must be seven hours a making; he dined "with Mr. Murray and Lady Betty, and was very "drunk last Sunday night. He says if he comes to "town he'll teach him how to live and leave off his "roasted apples and water."
(00.) Computus (on paper) of Thomas Clifford, Esq., receiver for Lord Strange, 4 Eliz.: headed, " Terre et "possessiones nuper Ducis Suff."
(72.) An entertaining diary of a tour abroad in tho years 1763, 1764,1767, and 1769, by apparently tho then Dowager Countess Spencer, in company with some of her children and grandchildren.
(No. 1.) The Captain's narrative of the loss of the ship "Lord Hector," wrecked at Newfoundland, in a letter to Mr. Stephen, Secretary to the Admiralty, 23 Nov. 1782.
An original paper by Wm. Smith, Chief Justice of Canada, containing an account of French grants to religious houses of lands in Canada.
Observations (in French) on Canada, dated Quebec, 1793.
Copy letter of Lieut-Col. James Gordon, to Sir Guy Carleton, K.B., Commander-in-Chief of H.M.'s forces in N. America, 1783, about Captain Asgill, who was seized by the Americans as a sacrifice for the death of Huddy. He was released through Gordon's exertions, and Lady Asgill (mother of the Captain) wrote a letter (of which a copy is here), which did not reach New York until after Gordon's death. There are copies of letters between Capt. Asgill and Mr. Ryland, in the matter.
(4.) Copy of a letter by Oliver Cromwell to Speaker Lenthall, dated Skarborowe, June 14, 1645, giving an account of a victory over the King.
"The Story of Le Fevre, sent to me by Sterne before "it was published ;" ends in c. 13, "as the letter came "to hand."
Account of Bishop Hildersley (8 pp).
Character of Sir William Jones, who died on 27th April 1794, in the handwriting of Countess Spencer.
Extracts from original letters by Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, to a lady and her son, copied by Gray, the poet, from the British Museum.
Copy of correspondence between tho Duchess of Kingston and Foote (about the trip to Calais).
In 1603, King James I. sent Lord Spencer to invest Frederick, Duke of Wurtcmburg, with tho garter, an honour which had been promised to him by Queen Elizabeth long before. In this collection occur the following documents relating to Lord Spencer's mission :—
1603, Sept. 16. Copy of Privy Seal for allowance for diet. Lord Spencer to have 47.. daily, and Garter, 20s.
1603, Sept. 17. Letter to masters of English ships, directing them to let Lord Spencer have the use of ships on his return from Slade, Middlcborough, or Hamburgh.
1603, Sept. 25. Tho King's passport and letters of protection to Lord Spencer and Sir Wm. Dethick, Garter, and servants and train, &c. Dated at Winchester.
1603, Oct. 18. Drafts of two letters by Lord Spencer when abroad.
1603, Nov. 14. Copy of a letter (in French) from tho Duke to King James.
1603, Nov. 15. A German document of this date from Stutgard.
An'abstract of tho journey by Lord Spencer, noting the daily advances. This occupies six pages, and is headed, "My Jurnall to Duke Fredericko of Wer"tenberge when I caryed him the garter from tho "Kinge, 1603." Ho describes the places through which ho passed and the persons whom he met. Ho left Dover on the 8th of October 1603, and after having fulfilled the object of his mission ho returned to Margate on the 9th of December. Added to the journal is an account in Latin of the marriage and children of Duke Frederick; one of the children of Frederick Achilles, born 1591, April 25, is in the margin, noted as " the exceeding fatt yonge man."
Postages and transportations on the journey and back; one and a half brief sheets. The sum total was 984/,. 16s. 2d.
A 4to book of account, in 26 leaves, signed by Spencer and J. Middleton.
There are two folio volumes of household expenses at Althorp, 1025-1030.
An inventory of personal estate on the death of a Spencer in 42 Eliz., and another in 26 Car. I.
On some of the early deeds are fine seals. There is a large one of the Abbey of Holy Cross, at Waltham, with secretum at the back. To a letter of procuration by Isabella, Prioress of Haliwell, dated 1392, is the seal in red wax, viz. the holy well, and over it John the Baptist's head in a dish. A seal of the priory of Wallingford to a deed of the 15th century.
ALFRED J, HOIUVOOD,
The Manuscripts or The Bight Honourable The Earl Ok Mount Edgcumbe, Mount Edgcumbe, Co. CornWall.
The letters here are full of interesting and amusing accounts of passages in the Civil War and other events in the reigns of Charles I. and Charles II.
So much obscurity still covers the adventure of Perkin Warbeck that the presence of an order signed by Henry VII. on the subject cannot fail to be gratifying.
A letter from London, temp. Henry VIII., would, I think, repay the trouble of transcription.
Tho papers relative to Sir Peter Edgcumbe's project under the patronage of Don Antonio (claimant to the throne of Portugal) are curious, but quite in accordance with the practice of the Elizabethan age. These papers arc some in Latin and some in Portuguese; and translations by a hand of the last century are with them.
Below are given notes of such documents and letters as seemed, on a cursory inspection, to be most remarkable.
Of the early charters the following are noticeable : —
By a very early undated deed Gilbert de Ferrars grants to William fiz Offrid as a freeman, an acre of land at Wringworthy, and one small English acre (unam parvam acram terre Anglicam) and a half in his demosne; and acquits him of naifty and servitude.
22 Edw. I. Edmund son of Richard King of Germany, Earl of Cornwall, gives to Edward of Sandhowo 3 ferlings of land in Sandhowe, in the manor of Carlstok, which 3 ferlings he before this held in villenago. Large seal in green wax, 3 inches broad. Tho shield has a lion rampant within a borduro charged with 14 bezants, and the shield is hung round tho neck of an eaglo displayed. The legend is S. Edmundi de . . . . Comitis Cornubie. On the reverse is a horseman, sword in hand and shield on arm.
35 Edw. I. A grant by Thomas do Stonhouse (Thomas fiz Ralph was hi3 grandfather). This has a seal; the shield bears a lion rampant.
A folio volume, vellum, 15th century, contains a rental of Plympton Priory. It is headed "Rentale "ibidem renovatum coram domino David Prioro ibi"dem, &c. 20 Sept., 21 Edw. IV." It begins with "Stone in Blakeworthy." Tho volume is of 62 leaves.
1495. A deed (in Latin) by Lady Jane Edgcumbe, relict of Sir Richard Edgcumbe, granting a piece of land in Menhynot to the cathedral of Exeter, for an anuivorsary for Sir John Edgcumbe, deceased, formerly a canon of tho said church, and for the souls of tho said lady and of her husband, and of others. Tho seal of the Dean and Chapter affixed.
Henry VII. Privy seal and sign manual of Henry VII. to Sir Piers Edgcumbe, one of the knights of our body and sherif of our county of Devon, Roger Holand, John Collet, and William Joham. The King states that goods and chattels and manors, lordships, lands, and tenements were forfeited and come to his hands by reason of the rebellion of such of his subjects as traitorously had oflendcd him in tho company of the Smyth Mighell Joseph and Perkyn Warbeck, and in their seditious quarrell fortuned to be slayne in playno bataill or otherwise put to execution of deth, or wilfully have absented themself contrary to his proclamation. Ho orders them to seize the said goods, chattels, manors, &c. to his use, and hold them till further pleasure, and receive rents and account for them. Dated at Exeter 12 November, in the 12th year of his reign.
Forest laws. A 4to. volume, paper, 16th century, of 53 leaves. The title is, " The boke of forest laws, "wherein is conteyned all matters of forest touching "vert and veneson, &c, with the judgments given in "the Oyers and Terminers as well on this side as "beyond the river of Trent, collected and gathered and "in their places, by Mr. William Fletewood, Recorder "of the Cittye of London."
After a proheme of 4 leaves, the 1st chapter begins A forest is a territory ofcertain ground properly bounded and ineercd.
The last chapter (the 84th) ends or for any other trespass which appertayncth to the Queue's Majestce to have reformation.
A Latin note at the end says that it was delivered in the year 1581 into the hands of P. Ed., esquire. (P. Ed. was doubtless Peter Edgcumbe.) I do not know that this work by Fleetwood has been printed.
A folio volume of early transcripts of the Minutes of the Prince's Council for the Duchy of Cornwall, 23 to 36 Edw. III. The entries are between 500 and 600 in number, and comprise the whole business of the Duchy property. Names, places, and dates are given. They purport to be taken from the Duchy books. The volume is imperfect; it has about 120 leaves; 30 or 40 are wanting.
Lettebs of the 16th century.
(1545), July 7, London. Letter from Adam Ealegh to Mr. Richard Edgcumb at Stonohouse. He gives London news: the King going to Greenwich; orders for ships to get ready for sea; the French are doing the same; " God send them male fortune." The Scotch parliament have chosen the Earl of Angus to be their protector and defender; encloses a prognostication out of an almanack, and a proclamation of the ships that go at their own adventure (2i pp.). At the end the writer sends a bill. And a note by Richard Edgcumbe at the foot gays that he sent the amount on the 14th January 1545.
A bundle of letters of the 16th century gives an illustration of the way in which at that time private gentlemen did business with foreign Sovereigns.
(The first letter has no relation to the others. It is dated 1399, March 16, and is from Denis King of Portugal and Algarvo to Stephen Derneford, who had sent a letter by Geoffrey Sonnel, his friend and kinsman, actually in the King's service The King certifies that John Charldon, his proctor, has not received any part of the money due to Stephen Derneford from the King. It has the autograph (Io el rey) and seal of the King).
1582, March 8. Contract between Diego Botelho, minister to the King of Portugal, and Counsellor and
Chancellor of his Exchequer, and Sir Edgcumbe;
the latter is to send ships to Pernambuco, which still held out for the King, and to go to other parts of Brazil. The king will send him letters of marque against the King of Spain, who has invaded the King of Portugal's dominions. For any Indiaman they shall bring to Terceira the King will give 30.000Z. (crusados?) Drawn np at Mount Edgcumbe and signed by both parties.
1582, March 13. Certificate of Botelho that Captain Espertes did agroe that Edgcumbe should procure Captain Estovin, who was detained in custody by an order of the Council of Queen Elizabeth, to be set free; and refit the sails of the squadron tit for sea; and that both are going in his company; that Captain Esperteus may sell the said vessels to the King his master, or moke other agreements with him.
1582, May 12. Antony do Sousa to (P.) Edgcumbe. The Count his master arrived at Rochelle on Saturday last, and despatched another messenger to remind him to order Edgcumbc's letters of marque to be made out. They could not be done immediately, the Count being not yet come, being forced to remain at Rochelle to give orders for the equipment of tho fleet which was then going on her Majesty's service. Edgcumbc's servant now carries it to him. The Count is much obliged by the reception which Edgcnmbc and his lady gavo him. The writer is much obliged himself. P.S. (on separate paper): "This was written before the arrival "of the Connt," and he excuses himself for writing on the presumption that ho had not come from Rochelle.
1582, May 12. Letters of marque to Sir Peter Edgcumbe. Prizes were to be adjudged at Terceira. On taking any ships from tho East Indies a gratuity of 30,000 crusados was to be made for every one. Signature and seal.
1582, May 13. Latin letter of instructions from tho King to Sir Peter Edgcumbe. Botelho has informed him of the kind treatment at his house, and of tho squadron of ten ships equipped by Sir Peter at his own expense. Signed and sealed by the King.
1582, May 13. Latin letter from Don Diego to Mr. Edgcumbe on the same subjects on tho occasion of tho former despatching to the latter the above letter from Don Antonio.
1582, May 13. Letter by Diego Botelho to the Count of Torres Vcdras, telling him of the worth of Sir P. Edgcumbe, and of having got letters of marque for him, which Edgcumbe will present to the Count and take bis directions.
1582. May 24. Latin letter from Diego to Edgcumbe on the purchase of a ship. Captain Spretus, although a friend of the Earl of Leicester, has not appeared before the King, but has stopped 6hort at Rochelle. "I told him that the Earl of Leicester had assured me "that the ship was his, and that he had appropriated "it to the service of his Majesty." Spretus (Espertes) ought to have brought letters to that effect from the Earl, with a power to receive the purchase money.
Lettebs of the 17th and 18th centuries.
A large folio lettered A. contains upwards of 220 letters, mostly from Philip Edgcumbe. Among these
1641, Jan. 4. William Glanvill to Piers Edgcumbe, his brother. The apprentices' insolence; tho King has trained bands for guards; the House of Commons asks the King for a guard against the malignants.
1641, Jan. 11. From William Glanvill. Account of proceedings in the House of Commons on the articles against Pym; the King's doings. (Four pages, interesting.)
1641, Dec. Petition and protestation of tho Bishops and Prelates about the insults to them by the mob. (A printed paper, one page.)
1645, March 30. Copy of letter by Richard Grenville (at Cullomblin) to Capt. Symon Cottell.
1645, Oct. 14. Princo Charles (at Launceston) to Col. P. Edgcumbe (countersigned R.Fanshawe). Order to bring up troops.
16-15, Dec. 25. Princo Charles (at Truro) to tho same. Desires him to attend, with friends, neighbours, tenants, and servants.
1668, Oct. 31. Philip Edgcumbe (at London), to Sir Richard Edgcumbe (at Mount Edgcumbe). Hears that the King intends to ride Lord Gerrard's horso at Newmarket.
1668, Nov. 12. The same to tho same. Tho Dutch grow insolent in the Straits.
1668, Dec. 3. Tho same to the same. News about the Emperors of Morocco and Mexico.
1668, Dec. 8. Tho same to the same. Hears that tho Dutch intend to bring over abundance of gold; and tho guines (guineas) ere Lady Day will not pass for abovo 20«.
g, March 4. The Reader of tho Inner Temple
invited the Lord Mayor to dinner; he wanted to como with the sword before him, but was not allowed; ho waited three or four hours and returned dinnerless; there wero no blows. Sir W. Coventry sent to tho Tower for challenging the Duke of Buckingham. 1668
y, March 23. On Sunday Sir W. Coventry kissed
hands and was released.
1669, March 30. The Duko of Tuscany,* it is supposed, will have the garter.
April 6. Reception of tho Duke of Tuscany by tho Lords.
May 8. Report that Her Majesty is with child; from her own mouth she is three mouths gone.
May 13. Went to a review in Hyde Park of all tho forces of England not in garrison; the King, tho Duke of York, Prince Rupert, French ambassador, and Princo of Tuscany wero there.
May 20. The report of the Queen being with child still holds, and, as I heard, was drunk by Hatince in Kclde>\ by His Majesty. Sends a list of the French King's ships, 97 in all; 85 were built since 1668.
June 24. Indictment against Mr. Charles Progcrs and Col. William Lcgge's son (page of honour to His Majesty) and tho porters at Whitehall for whipping the bailiffs that arrested Sir Alexander Frascr at the suit of Sir E. Godfrey.
Sept. 14. Mr. Blandford has letters from France that tho Duke of Beaufort is a prisoner in the Grand Signior's Court, and led up and down in chains; 600,000/. demanded for ransom.
1670, Feb. 11. The Duchess was brought to bed of a girl on Thursday.
1670, Sept. 15. The Commissioners for the Union met yesterday in the Exchequer Chamber; they adjourned to Saturday at Somerset House, where a foursquare tabic is to be for the fifty Commissioners.
Sept. 20. The Prince of Orange is coming over; ho will laud at Harwich, and thence go to Newmarket. I am told bis coming is not so much a compliment to His Majesty as to get in a debt of 200.000Z. lent by his father to the late King, and interest ever since, which will make the sum double.
Oct. 11. The Castle of Elsinore fired on one of Eis Majesty's yatches for not striking flag; His Majesty resents it.
Oct. 13. Col. W. Legge, Groom of the Bedchamder and Lord of the Ordnance, died this morning.
1671, Aug. 19. The Dutch refused to strike to His Majesty's yacht, whereof ono Crowe was master; he
fired. Van Gent, the Admiral, sent to know why; he said he had orders. Fired again; was told he might return, as ho had done his duty. Crowe gave an account to the Duke, but was sent to the Tower. (Ho had been ordered to sink the Dutch.)
Sept. 12. Great hail-storm last week; the stones as large as pigeons' eggs. Account of His Majesty taking and cancelling the patent of the farmers of Customs who complained of defalcations.
Sept. 16. Thinks that the cancelling was to facilitate the way of a Lord Treasurer; thought Lord Ashley to be the man.
Sept. 19. A yacht was sent out yesterday to the Dutch fleet; all struck their flags to her, so he believes there will be no break with them. Gives the names of the new Commissioners for Customs, who kissed hands yesterday.
Sept. 20. The Duke of Eichmond is going to Denmark; some fancy to treat of a match between the Duke of York and that King's sister; that of Innspruck being off.
Oct. 14. The Dutch are now victualling a fleet of 60 sail.
^■k, Jan. 13. Eeport that the Earl of Essex is to bo
Lord Lieut, of Ireland.
Jan. 20. The Duke of Monmouth is to have a regiment of 24 companies, each company of 100 foot; it is said he is to be made General of all the English, Scotch, and Irish in France.
Jan. 23. The Dutch are in such distraction as never was since Queen Elizabeth's days; divided amongst themselves, some are for the Prince of Orange and some against him.
Jan. 27. A fire at the King's play-house between 7 and 8 on Thursday evening last, which half burned down the house and all their scenes and wardrobe; and all the houses from the Rose Tavern in Russell Street on that sido of the way to Drury Lane are burned and blown up, with many in Vinegar Yard; 20,000/. damage. The fire began under the stairs where Orange Moll keeps her fruit. Bell the player was blown up.
1672, April 6. Capt. Digby has returned from France; he was presented with a jewel of 1,000/. The French fleet will be ready in a fortnight.
April 30. List of the ships at the Nore, and fireships, against the Dutch.
May 4. The Dutch embassador was refused a passport by the King; he is refused by his Majesty the offers ho had orders to make from his masters, which, as was said, was twice a blank for his Majesty to make or set down his own demands. His Majesty answered that it was now too late, he being engaged otherways.
June 1. An engagement on Tuesday last; the Royal James lost most of her men and Lord Sandwich; the ship was burnt. The Dutch had the weather-gage till 1 p.m.; then Harman and Kempthorne got it and made the Dutch nine bonefires of their best ships. About 4 the Dutch fled, fighting still, and got to the Weilings yesterday; and our fleet at Sole Bay. The Dutch burned all their own disabled ships.
June 11. Richard Darey (at Whitehall) to Sir R. Edgcumbe; news that the Earl of Sandwich's body was found.
June 11. A letter from Harwich describing the finding of the body of the Earl of Sandwich yesterday in his clothes, the star and George on them, with 13 diamonds; a gold watch; three rings, which my Lord had taken off his finger and tied them in his blue garter which he wore about his leg, and put them in his pocket; a large tear-bluo sapphire ring, &c.
Copy of letter by Sir Geo. Treby (Judge of the Common Pleas), giving another account of the death of Lord Sandwich. (2 pp.)
June 13. Letter by James Smitheby (London). Account of finding the body of Lord Sandwich not far from Langer Fort. Sir Charles Littleton, governor of the fort, took it in and embalmed it. The King ordered 50/. to the person who found it.
June 13. List of officers drowned and killed upon the raft over the river Rhaine which was found by our horse.
Juno 15. Philip Edgcumbe to Sir Richard Edgcumbe. A proclamation is out against false news, and suppressing the discourse of State affairs in coffee houses.
June 20. I am told that De Witt is absolutely dead; I could wish bo had been so many years since. Wonders that tho Dutch, so insolent and rich, should so soon lose all except Zealand and Holland.
June 25. A report that tho Duke of York had sent a trumpet to De Ruyter to fight or yield.
June 29. Lord Sandwich's interment will be on Wednesday next (at Westminster).
July 2. The Duke of Buckingham, before going to Holland, declared himself a Roman Catholic.
July 23. I am told that his Majesty had a paper which imparted De Witt's design in poispning the Prince of Orange; and the De Witts and others aro secured. The Earl of Essex is setting out for Ireland.
A broadside elegy on the Earl of Sandwich: Begins "Shall mercenary pens prostitute verse
"To guild with flatteries each burial hearse?" Ends "Knowing it ought a nobler tomb to have
"Than the imposthumed bubble of a wave." (About 66 lines in double columns, edged with black.)
Nov. 19. On Sunday last the Great Seal was delivered to Lord Shaftesbury, who is made Lord Chancellor of England. Sir John Duncombe is Chancellor of the Exchequer.
-g, Feb. 4. This day Parliament met. Account of
the King's going.
Feb. 8. Parliament agreed to an Act for naturalizing foreign Protestants who shall come over with their goods and effects.
Feb. 22. Sends copy of a short petition to the King for the maintenance of the Protestant religion.
This volnme contains letters giving notices of tho King, the Parliament, the Duke of York, the Duke of Monmouth; wars between England and France and the Dutch. In one letter it is told how the Queen, the Duchess of Buckingham, and the Duchess of Monmouth went into the fields, and the Queen would be the first to cross a soft place, where she sunk up to her neck, and was dragged out and obliged to bo stripped from top to toe.
A folio volume lettered B. containing 129 letters, the first letter dated 1 March 1673.
1673, July 29. The Duke of Monmouth is to have a treat to-night at Chelsea in Lord Robarts's house for tho Duchess of Portsmouth; the garden to be hung with lamps; fireworks.
Sopt. 23. News of Lord Peterborough having on the 13th of this month (our stile) espoused the daughter of the Duchess of Modena for the Duke of York.
The 43rd letter in this volumes discusses the meaning of the words tarn in humido quam sicco, in an ancient charter.
1674, May 26. The Duchess of Monmouth was delivered of a son yesterday morning.
Aug. 15. Notices lato creations of peers; amongst them "Don Carolos, Earl of Plymouth" [Charles Fitzroy, natural son of the King].
Sept, 29. Hears of some proposition of the Prince of Orange for Lady Mary.
Oct. 3. A duel between Lord Mulgravc and Mr. Felton, principals, against the Earl of Middleton and Mr. Buckley; Lord Middelton was hurt in the side, and Mr. Buckley in the face. The quarrel was about young Mrs. Kirke, and was supposed to be upon tho Duke of Monmouth.
Nov. 17. Tho French losses arc so great of those killed of the arriere-ban of Anjou, and those sent by Marshal Turenne to Marshal Crdqui, that the French King has prohibited their friends to go into mourning for them. 4
176^, Jan. 30. By a letter from Captain Charles
Trelawney, dated the 29th instant, he mentions that the English horse are to be quartered at Metz, and the Duke of Monmouth's regiment at Toulon; great preparations in France for the campaign next spring; recruiting, but not successfully. 4
167g, March 4. I am told that his Majesty complaining
he wanted money, Nell Gwyn should make answer, if he would take her advice she doubted not his Majesty should be supplied; he asking which way, she told him his Parliament being to sitt, he should treat them with a French ragoe, Scotts collopes and a calves head j at which his Majesty laughed and was well pleased.
March 6. Tho justices did rouse tho conventicles about Westminster, and the chief design was to have taken Manton; but 'tis believed he bad notice, and was not at his place of meeting.
1075, Aug. 12. Riots of silk weavers against engines.
1678, May 18. Copy (in English) of the French King's letter to the States.
Copy of Letter by Charles II. to the Duke of York, recommending him to absent himself for some time beyond seas.
1684, July 6 and July 8. Lotters from the Earl of Feversham to the Duke of Albemarle, about the Monmouth rebellion.
1684, Feb. 3, at night. Letter by L. Jenkins (at Doctors' Commons). Account of King Charles's illness.
1685, July 6. Copy of Lord Feversham's letter from the camp at Weston; and a letter from the Earl of Bath (dated Exeter) sending the above.
A folio, lettered C, contains numerous letters from 1622 to 1646.
The first is a paper dated 1622, Feb. 17, containing 28 questions to tho authorities at Liskeard; how many persons every householder had in his house; how many lodgers; &c. &c.
1640, Sept. Edward Heed to Thomas Coteel, Esq., at Titchfield, Hants. He refers to tho battle of Newburn (28 Aug. 1640), and tho losses there. The letter calls the place Newbiggin ford, in the way from Alnwick to Newcastle. (2i pp.)
1640, Sept. 8. The same to the same. The King ami his army are at York; about 40,000 horse and foot; the Scots remain at Newcastle; Sir J. Digby and Mr. Wilmotwere taken prisoners in the last fight; mentions the Scots' petition.
1640, Sept. 15. The same (at London) to the same.
Wishes of peace are generate, and the hopes of it are the summons that the King has given to the Lords of his Council; all but six, which are the two bishopB of Canterbury and London, the Earls of Arundel and Dorset, the Lord Cottington, and Mr. Secretary Windebank; these are to stay here and attend the rest of the lords of the kingdom to advise of the way to give answer and satisfaction to the petition of the Scots, here enclosed. Almost all the lords are for peace and a parliament, unto which purpose I hear the General has written to the King. The city of London is framing a petition to the King to the same purpose that the Lords' petition was to tho King; that is, for peace, a parliament, and justice on those that counselled the King for war. The Scots fortified Newark and Tinmouth; they got 2,000 arms from them that ran away at the fight.
1640, Sept. 22. Tho same to the same. Tho King's army increases daily.
Sept. 25. News from York and tho North.
Sept. 27. This day a warrant to tho clerk of tho Crown to send out writs for a Parliament for the 3rd of September.
Oct. 2. About the intended Parliament.
1642, Jan. 23. Ralph Hopton certifies that 300Z. for which a bond had been given had been taken for the King's service.
Nov. 15. Ralph Hopton to Piers Edgcumbe about the money.
1646, Nov. 30. Copy of order for payment of 50L per annum out of profits of tho impropriate rectory of Newchurch, in the Isle of Wight, sequestered from Piers Edgcumbe, a delinquent.
1643, April 18. Plate brought in at Liskeard; at Killaton April 24; gives the names of persons and number of ounces, and the value.
1643, April 29, Launceston. Order to Piers Edgcumbe and tho rest of the Commissioners, concerning the plate, by the Earl of Warwick, Lord Mohun, Ralph Hopton, and others, "to tako into your hands what is "to be gotten beyond what is already come in and "speed it to Sir Richard Vivyan."
1643. Answers Sir Samuel Rolle that the timber sold, of which he complains, was for his Majesty's use.
1645, Oct. Note of moneys paid to the soldiers' garrison of Milbroke.
1646, Jan. 13. Copy of Commons Journals about Francis Godolphin suing out his pardon.
Feb. 4. Authority to seize the estates of delinquents (Piers Edgcumbe is among them).
1646. Receipt to P. Edgcumbe for 1.256Z. 10«., half of a fine of 2,500?,
Other papers regarding his delinquency and fine.
A paper about the rectory of Newchurch, Isle of Wight. (The parish is said to be 8 miles long from north to south.)
Another folio contains many manuscript (and printed) papers relating to the fine on Piers Edgcumbe; and passes to him during the Protectorate. A letter from
Portsmouth, dated Feb. 4, 1671, says, "Wo arc fitting
"all the Bhips here with all the expedition imaginable; "if men are to be had all will bo well enough; at pro"sent they come down but slowly; wc find great "difficulty to get men to fill our companies, this gar"rison having got such an ill name, fearing to bo "drawn out or sicking of the place, which frights all "young men coming for soldiers.
A Packet of Letters marked A.
1644, May 15. Original summons by Robert Marten to the Governor of Mount Edgcumbe to deliver it up, to prevent the effusion of Christian blood. (This is a small slip of paper containing 4 or 5 lines.)
1644, July 30. A summons (on a folio sheet) by Robert Earl of Warwick to tho same effect. Dated from Plymouth Sound.
Same day. Henry Bourne answers that ho keeps Mount Edgcumbe for his master Colonel Edgcumbe, till his return, to whom he conceives it doth justly belong.
1644, the last of July. Order, signed by the Earl of Essex, to send to Bodmin, his head quarters, by Friday night, 20 bushels of good and sweet meal, 8 galons to the bushel; whereof one 3rd was to be bread for the use of his army.
1645, March 4 and 5. Copies of Fairfax's orders for taking Mount Edgcumbe on the surrender thereof.
1645, March 5. Original by Fairfax, saying that on laying down their arms they may reside at home peaceably.
A Packet marked B.
Copy of Secretary Jenkins's letter sent by the Earl of Bath, about the attempt on the King's life on his return from Newmarket, March 1685.
36 Ed. III., Monday after the feast of St. Katherin* the Virgin. Charter by William de Montacute, Earl of Salisbury and Lord of Man, granting to his beloved nephew and godson William, son of Guy de Bryone, the reversion in fee of tho manor of Dunheved, &c, which Thomas Waryn held for life and for one year after his death. Tested at Duuyate. The seal is a very large one of rod wax; the horse and man and trappings and armorial bearings are of beautiful execution; it is a counterpart of one in the collection of tho Duke of Manchester at Kimbolton Castle, mentioned in tho Appendix to the first Report of this Commission.
There are some letters from Sir Horace Mann and others to Capt. Geo. Edgcumbe, dated in 1744, 1745, and 1757; a few of these are from the Prince Lobkowitz who commanded part of an army.
1745, April 17, N. S. Sir Horace Mann writes that the Spaniards were in pursuit of the Austrian army which was retiring into a strong place called tho Seraglio of Mantua. "The Spanish and Neapolitan "troops have crossed the Paraso, which obliged Prince "Lobkowitz to take the above resolution in order "to wait secure till his army is reinforced from "Germany." He says that he fears the slowness of the Court at Vienna will prove fatal in tho beginning of the campaign by the loss of Modena and the Duchy of Parma; that the last winter was tho severest ever known in Tuscany; it killed all his orange trees.
1745, April 21, N. S. .Quotes part of a letter from the Admiral, about the movements of part of the fleet for intercepting tho Spaniards.
1745, April 24. The Spanish and Neapolitan army decamped from the situation it was in on the 22nd, and is to march on the 1st. This surprised every body.
1745, May 5. About the movements then near Pisa. The avant garde of the Austrians now at Pontrcmoli, 3,000 in number, will harass them extremely in their rear when they enter the State of Genoa; can not find where tho largo train of artillery imbarked at Naples is going.
1745, May 8. This is a long letter about Stuart, a painter, who had been in Capt. Edgcumbe's ship, and had been a friend of the Pretender.
Seven very interesting letters from Charles Jones, six being addressed to Captain Geo. Edgcumbe, and one to the Honble. Charles Stanhope. They arc dated in 1753 and 1754 from White's Chocolate House, and give court and town news, notices of gaming, &c.