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1789. Account of a royal visit to Mount Edgcumbe.
1674. Two letters from Saml. Pepys.
1669. Two letters from Bernard Gascon at London j he was with the Prince of Florence, and Sir R. Edgcumbe had lent him some harness.
1775, April 18. Description of a subterranean cavern at Stonchouse, by F. Geath.
Two letters from David Garrick (one at Hagley, past 6 and a cloudy morning) to Lord Mount Edgcumbe.
1789, July 26. A letter (unsigned) dated from Brussels, describing scenes at Paris, the King and Queen, and doings of the mob, and their treatment of tho King and Queen. (4 pp. very interesting.)
1794, Nov. 29. Letter by Lord Orford (Horace Walpolo) to Lady Mount Edgcumbe, on tho birth of her grandson.
Several bundles of papers on navy matters, 17431764. Among these are Admiral Byng's line of battle, 1756, and his orders and signals. Captain Martin's orders about the escape of the Pretender's son, in 1746, from Scotland. Admiral Hawkc's orders and line of battle, 10 July 1756.
Mount Edgcumbe is famous for situation and beauty. It is said that the Commander of the Spanish Armada had marked it for his own possession. He should have consulted the Portuguese Count Botolho, whoso letters are noticed above. Ho would then have landed as a visitor, and have felt, while a guest of Sir Piers Edgcumbe, gratification as great as that, which by Lord Mount Edgcumbo's kindness, I experienced during my vjsit to his house.
Alfred J. Horwood.
Tub Manuscripts Op The Eight Honourable The Earl Op Cathcart, Prom Cathcart And Edinburgh, Now At Thornton-le-street, co. York.
The Cathcarts, in a direct male descent of more than 600 years, have given to their Sovereigns good servants in court and in camp. Three of their house fell at tho fatal field of Flodden.
In the 18th century the chiefs and cadets of this houso filled many offices of trust and command; and the many hundreds of letters and papers in Lord Cathcart's possession well illustrato their services.
Among these documonts are many which illustrate the rebellions of 1715 and 1745, the American rebellion, the government of India, the English military expeditions to Holland, and other important events in the last century; and numerous letters throwing light on court and town life during the same period. Some extracts below will well show the varied and interesting naturo of this large collection.
There is a large folio volume, in which arc laid down numerous deeds and documents, from the 13th century downwards, relating to the family of Cathcart and their possessions.
And there arc other charters from the 14th century downwards; some of the early ones havo heraldic seals including the arms of Cathcart.
There are a few business letters of the 16th century.
A folio volume, containing letters selected by Lord Cathcart as specimens. *
1746, March 27. Letter by William Wentworth, Lord Strafford. Ho mentions tho first appearance of tho new dancer Violctti (afterwards Mrs. Garrick). "She sur"prised the audience at her first appearance on tho "stago; for at her beginning to caper she shewed a "neat pair of black velvet breeches with roll'd stock"ings; but finding they were unusual in England, she "changed them the next time for a pair of white "drawers."
1746, May 3. Lord Strafford writes that '* Vauxhall "and Ranolagh are the present diversions, which ono "may be easily tired of, I think; for they aro always "tho same, and one's pleasure depends on the party."
1746, June 26. Lord Strafford writes: "The Prince '• of Hesse has shown himself in London; everybody "agreed in his character of drunkenness and stu
cawen's victory over tho French fleet. "Good news "from America; Mr. Pitt reserveshimsolf the pleasure "of telling it me at his return this evening from "London."
1776, May 30. Lord North (at Downing Street) writes that Lord flolderness, for illness, desires to cease to be governor to tho Prince of Wales and the Bishop of Osnaburgh. The King has nominated Lord Bruce in his room. In Lord Bruce's place tho King makes Lord Carmarthen a Lord of the Bedchambor; and ho thinks Lord Cathcart will be one before Christmas.
1711, March 27. Order signed by the Duke of Marlborough (at tho Hague), to tho commanding officer of the Britannic Dragoons, to observe the accompanying rules of " lours Hautes Puissances " in the march from winter quarters.
Several letters from Elizabeth Countess of Sutherland (about A.d. 1745) at Dunrobin, to Lord Cathoart at the camp at Fort Augustus. In ono sho asks for a pass between the North and Edinburgh from the Duke of Cumberland's secretary, Sho appears to have obtained it. In another sho explains her conduct in regard to the passage of troops.
1766. Two letters from David Allan (the Scottish Hogarth).
1770. Letter from Catherine Duchess of Queensbury, at Ambrcsbury: "The Duke is stept to Salisbury; I ■ " suppose to see if it rains there as much as hei-c."
1718. A letter from Lard Lovat, not important.
1779, Nov. 13. Letter from Major John Andri to Lord Cathcart; as to moving a regiment by reason of sickness.
1807. Letter by Sir John Sinclair. In the island of Zealand is a flock of soveral hundred Spanish sheep of the best quality; wants specimens sent over; the price, if not unreasonable, is no object.
Letter by Sir Walter Scott, and one by Lord Chatham.
Letter from Louis Drummond de Melfort to the Duko of Cumberland. Has been hit in the foot by a ball; asks for Mr. Barret, his surgeon; gave bis parole d'honneur to follow his Royal Ilighness's command.
1712, March 17, O.S. Colonel Gardiner (at London) writes: "Prince Eugene left this at 2 this morning."
[c. 1730] May 4. The Duke of Argyle and Greenwich writes to Lord Cathcart to ask his father to vote for Lord Eglintoun against Lord Aberdeen.
1732,'March 30. Letter from William Duke of Cumberland when a boy. Sends to Colonel Cathcart copy of a prologue from a private play acted by Lady Caroline Lenox, Lord Lcmpster, and others, at Mr. Conduit's, in the presence of the Duko, tho Princess Mary, and tho Princess Louisa. (The play was The Indian Emperor.)
jelters from Hester Pitt, wife of Lord Chatham, to Lady Cathcart; 1759-1770. In one dated Sept. 7,1759, from abroad, she mentions the success of Prince Ferdinand, and the reverses of tbc King of Prussia; Bos
1697. Letter from Robert Alexander to the Master of Cathcart, on literary subjects.
1740. List of staff on the expedition to tho West Indies under Lord Cathcart; giving tho names and amount of pay; and the characters of many of them.
1729, Dec. 25. Letter from Tliomas Dalrymple, at Ediuborough, to Charles Cathcart. Last night Lord Balinerinoch's son McAlexander, killed ono Lieutenant Swift in a duel; and though wounded ho made his escape even after he was in custody.
Major Hamilton's claim on the Earl of Hyudford (regimental matters, soon after 1713). 4 pages.
1713, Juno 6. Letter by James Craig on the Earl of Findlater's speech in the House of Lords for the dissolution of the Union.
Letters from the army in Flanders, 1709; price of hay; difficulty of getting lodging for the men, Ac., &c.
1711. Regimental orders from A. Cardonncll at the Hague, and from W. Cadogan at Brussels, to Major Cathcart.
1711, March 12. March route signed by the Duhc of Marlborough at the Hague, for tho regiment of Royal Scotch Dragoons to march from Gorcum to St. Quintin to join the troops of Brabant, &c.
1711, July 10. Dispositions for foraging for the right wing, on the 11th July, on the plain between Houdain and Bethune. Tho numbers of troops which were to be at different places; rules for action and retiring.
1710, June 16. A letter dated at Coupar, giving au account of a hoax on the Commander-in-Chief. Io was said that ships were in sight and that tho Pretender was coming. Accordingly, troops were assembled and tho horses were shod, and an express was sent to tho castle. After a time tho hoax was discovered, but tho express was gone. The Commander-in-Chief was enraged; was bled and purged, and he recovered.
Several papers in 1711 and 1712 of the dates of the officers' commissions in the Royal British Dragoons (commanded by the Earl of Stair).
Letters from Thomas Dalrymplo, David Dalrymplo (at Edinburgh), 1710, John Campbell (at London), 1712, Ninian Boyd.
The letters in this packet are chiefly in the period 1710-1713, and comprise many to Major Cathcart while serving abroad under the Duke of Marlborough.
II. 1715, July 28. James Cathcart to Lord Cathcart, at Ayr. The Pretender designs to come to Scotland, invited by a great number of people; the French seem resolved not to assist him openly.
This packet contains about 150 letters from James Cathcart to his brother Major Cathcart, and his father Lord Cathcart, at Ayr; many in 1709, 1714, 1715, and 1716; the earlier are from the army abroad, and of the others nearly all are from London, giving court news, accounts of proceedings in the two Houses of Parliament, and regimental and army news.
1716, March 16. . The French are arming; why, is not known. Lord Bolingbroke is turned out of being Secretary of State to the Pretender; the Earl of Marr in his place. The Regent declares that he will keep the treaty, and if the Pretender comes into France, the King may seize and carry him off.
1709, Sept. 19, n.s., at Ghent. On the last of August the French made a march to attack the investers of Mons. The Duke of Marlborough came up at 5 o'clock; the armies cannonaded till dark; several attacks; Wednesday morning our army attacked them intrenched to the teeth, and were beat back. Prince Eugene and the Duke of Marlborough put themselves at the head of the troops, attacked a fourth time, and beat them to the devill all at once.
1713. Juno 3, Edinburgh. Monday was eight days the Duke of Argyle with the Earl of Marr in the name of the Scots Peers, and Carnewalh and Mr. Cockburn in the name of the Commons, went to the Queen and told her they were willing to serve her as loyal subjects in a separate state; but impositions on the nation were so heavy they could no longer bear them; and asked leave to bring in a Bill to dissolve the Union. Tho Queen's reply.
1715, June 143. Account of impeachment of Duke of Ormond and Lord Strafford.
1715, July 7. The articles of impeachment carried np to the Commons.
1715, July 9. Impeachment of Lord Bolingbroke.
1715, July 16. Lord Bolingbroke sent to the Tower. Staffordshire riots.
1715, July 21. Sir W. Wyndham has gone to tho Pretender. Lord Bolingbroke has turned Papist.
1715, July 23. The Princess of Wales five mouths gone with child.
1715, August 16, London. The Earl of Marr has gono ofT these eight days; none know where.
1715, August 28. The Pretender has left Bar le Due, and it is not doubted he has landed in Scotland.
1715, Nov. 17, The meeting of Parliament. The King and the Prince of Wales. The Princess and two Princesses were there incog. The Tories had intended to make Sir Thomas Hanmer Speaker, but Mr. Compton was chosen without dispute.
1715, Nov. 24, Stirling. Tho rebels continue at Perth, endeavouring to make a second attack; expects every day to hear of the Dutch landing at Leith.
III. Letters of Charles, eighth Lord Cathcart, 17021740. Between 60 and 70 letters from Flanders (while he was with the army (here) and elsewhere, giving accounts of military proceedings. There arc a few letters addressed to him.
Six small volumes contain copies of goncral orders in 1707, 1708, and 1709.
Several smaller volumes contain copies of general orders in 1747.
Under the date 11th July 1708 is an account of the battle of Oudcnarde.
Under the date of Sept. 1709 are accounts of preparations for, and general orders for tho battle of Malplaquet.
Sixteen pocket books of diaries for 1709 and 1710, (in camp and in an embassy to Poland), 1714 (London), 1717-1721 (London); 1725-1730. Lord Cathcart was groom of the bedchamber to the Prince of Wales. These diaries contain entries of his visits, his dinners, his general doings, and Court news.
A folio of nine pages contains a journal of a ten da}^' journey, beginning 29th June 1722, by the Lord Cathcart and the Earl of Orkney. They started from Cliefden and went through Hampshire and Wiltshire. He describes Stanstead, near Portsmouth, the seat of the Earl of Scarborough; the avenue through the forest was three miles long. Winchester; the King's house, built for a hunting box by King Charles II., was left un- i finished; the cathedral, Salisbury; describes tho cathodral; saw the Bishop; describes Wilton, the scat of tho Earl of Pembroke, &c.
Journals of Jane (Hamilton), wife of Charles, ninth Lord Cathcart, 1745-1771. These occupy 23 8vo. and 4to. volumes, and are written in French, and contain nothing of public interest.
Two 4to. volumes contain memoranda about Russia and her voyage to and residence at St. Petersburgh iu 1769. These are in English.
A 4to. volume contains an account of a journey from St. Petersburgh in 1772.
Two other 4to. volumes contain memoranda in English made at St. Petersburgh in 1768 and 1769.
These memoranda by Lady Cathcart contain notices of the Empress of Russia; an account of a supper at the Hermitage; 'character of the Empress and tho Russian women; notes of excursions, fairs, fetes, Easter Sunday ceremonies; and of a conversation with tho Archbishop and Bishops about schismatics. She says that a rouble (nominally worth 4s.) only went as far as one shilling in England.
1746. Engraved ticket signed by the Duke of Ancaster, the Great Chamberlain, for admission to tho trials of the Lords Kilmarnock, Cromartie, and Balmerino.
1746, Aug. 21. Letter from Rachel Hamilton to her sister, giving an interesting account of the execution of the rebel Lords. She had the account from her brother, who had it from Lord Hume's brother. It contains nothing new.
Copies of the last speeches of Lords Derwentwator and Balmerino; and copy of a letter to the King asking for mercy for the three Lords.
1748, May 11. Letter by Lord Cathcart giving an account of the battle of Fontenoy. Yesterday we attaqucd tho French, and after the most bloody engagement I believe ever happened we wore obliged to quit the field with very great loss both of men and officers. . . . From 2 in the morning till 3 in the afternoon exposed to constant fire of cannon and well served artillerie, which flanked us from all quarters. His Royal Highness wa3 always in the thickest of the fire. He (Lord C.) was struck by a sh >t which entered at his temples near his eye, came out at his cheek, and grazed on his nose without damaging the bone. This letter is in a bundle of letters addressed by Lord C. to his grandfather, Sir John Shaw, of Greenock, and others.
A bundle of letters to Lord Cathcart and his daughtor Jane. In one, dated Mosco, 1771, is a notice of the plague there. Persons wont about in black robos and hoods with holes for the eyes, having pikes to drag tho corpses for burial.
1771. Recipe against the plaguo, invented by tho Commission at Mosco.
Many letters from Catherine, Ducltess of Queetubury, between 1750 and 1760.
Two letters from William Beckford, at Fonthill, 1770, to Lady Cathcart, at St. Petersburg. In one he says that his son's fortune will be 40,000?. per annum, besides many thousands in cash. If he die under 21 it will go to the eldest natural son.
David Allan was a painter of rcputo; he was a protegeof the Cathcarts', and much assisted by them. A letter by him to Charles, ninth Lord O, dated Leghorn, Aug. 24, 1767, says that he left Gravesend on the 19th of June. On the 11th July, in tho Mediterranean, their vessel was boarded by a Turkish zebec; ono of their officers was sent on board, but only for information as to their enemies tho Spaniards and French. David Allan stole a pencil sketch of him as ho was leaving tho ship. In quarantine for 17 days at Genoa; so tho gentlemen passengers made him paint the Turk in oil on a picco of black marble in the Mole, on the wall, half lifesize; he painted him chained to the wall. Arrived at Genoa July 22, and at Leghorn August 23; he will immediately set out for Rome.
A letter from Sir William Hamilton, dated Rome, March 19, 1768, says that he has been with Lady Cathcart's little painter Allan, one of the greatest geniuses he ever met with; he was indefatigable,
Two letters from David Allan at Rome, in 1769 and 1770, about his pictures.*
Four folio volumos contain,—
1. Letters from Lords Weymouth and Rochford, in London, to Lord Cathcart, as ambassador at St. Petersburg, from Septomber 1768 to his recall, 28th May 1772.
2. Letters from Lord Cathcart home, ?-eC' —z,
Jan. 5 9
3. Ditt0) 0£_2| l769,toJnly^, 1770.
4. Ditto, AEE120 Maj_27 m
May 1 June 7
Two papers touching reception of ambassadors in Russia.
Letters to Lord Cathcart while at St. Petersburg, 1768-1772. These are from Sir Andrew Mitchell, at Berlin (much in cypher decyphered), Thomas Wroughton at Warsaw, Robert Gunning, Robert Murray Keith and Charles Ernst at Copenhagen, E. Mathias and Robert Woodford at Hamburg, Sir Jno. Goodriche at Stockholm, H. E. J. Murray at Constantinople, Lord Stormont at Vienna, Trevor Corry at Dantzic, Robert Murray Keith and John Osborn at Dresden, Lord Grantham at Madrid, Sir Horace Mann at Florence, M. Devisme at Munich, Sir Joseph Yorke at the Hague, H.E. J. Murray at Constantinople, and the Hon. Robert Walpole at Paris.
Instructions to Lord Cathcart on his departure for St. Petersburg. Letter to him from the Earl of Suffolk, and the original recall.
List of principal persons at the Court of St. Petersburg.
Original notes by Lord Cathcart on the Russian alliance.
Copies of Lord Cathcart's letters to the Earl of Suffolk.
A small volume contains a few pages by Lord Cathcart on his return from St. Petersburg in 1772, commenting on his own services and expenses; his extreme devotion to the service, never having gone to a party of pleasure.
Letters from Sir Hew Dalrymple, Lord President of Session, to Lord Stair, in 1704 and later years. In one dated September 1715 he notices the passage of the bridge of Stirling and loss to the rebels.
Letters from Sir John Shaw of Greenock, M.P., to his wife.
1723, March 30. Yesterday wore hot debates in our House, where we divided amongst ourselves, and the Torryes lay by; the question was whether we should [or should not] inflict pains and penalties on Harry [John ?] Plunket. Mr. Walpole and his friends were for the first, and the other party were for the last, of a design to baffle him; but wo carryed it in a division of 291 to 91.
1723, April 2, 11 o'clock. Just come from the House j have been there since 10 upon Kelly a7ia« Johnston; the bill against him for pains and penalties will pass our House to-morrow, notwithstanding the birth-day; so he is like to be a jayl-bird for the rest of his tyme. We are to be on the Bishop [Atterbury] on Thursday, who probably will be banished. So soon as the bill has past our House we are to adjourn for 8 days.
1723, April 9. Wo are this day to try tho Bishop, and I count we shall be done with him to-morrow, for we sit down sometimes at 9 o'clock in tho morning and does not raise until 10 o'clock. We adjourn on Friday se'nnight for 10 days, being Easter holidays.
In one of his letters Sir John Shaw alludes to Col. Charteris having obtained pardon for a rape, notwithstanding an assurance given that the King's pardon should not be asked.
1722, Dec. 4. Letter to Lord Cathcart giving an account of night frolics with the Duke of Wharton. He and his friends were drunk, and adjourned to a committee of the whole House. "We met with the Duke "of Wharton, as well refreshed as I. He proposed to "survey all the ladies in the galleries; I was for turn"ing them all up, but he declined. He proposed to "knock up Argyle; I proposed the King. They knocked up the Duke of Argyle, who received them well.
A bundle of papers about Sir John Shaw's scuffle with James Houston, son of Sir P. Houston, in the streets of Ednyburgh in 1715.
Letter from Sir J. Shaw to Sir R. Walpole against putting Englishmen into offices in Scotland, as tending to inflame the country. About 1723.
* Earl Cathcart possesses several paintings by Allan.
A letter dated Inverary, Oct. 30, 5 afternoon (no year) from Islay to Sir John Shaw, of Greenock, says: "Fanab (?) is with 400 men in Lorn, and was yesterday "morning within a few miles of Breadalbane s rogues. "I have got from Campbeltown 60 men well armed. "Sir Duncan governs in your absence. The town "people mounted guard the other night; on Tuesday "or Wednesday I shall order them to mount again."
Stirling, Dec. 11. The same to the same. Written with the left hand, ho (Hay) being wounded in the right hand.
1715, Oct. 30—Stirling. Copy of letter from the Duke of Argyle to the Magistrates of Glasgow. I am assured that the rebels are in motion towards the Forth; I am ready and shall not lose a moment's opportunity of attacking them. I have taken all the care for your town in writing to the Lieutenancy in the neighbourhood to bring in tho Militia and Fencible men for your defense till I come neere to you. Ho says he expects the regiments from Ireland.
Several letters from Bointon of Airdock to Lady Shaw at Greenock.
1715, Oct. 31. News, true. This morning came in to the Duke of Argyle a trumpet from Marr, who is said to have letters with him to the Duke, which being told the Duke, his answer was that Marr acting in rebellion, he neither could nor would treat with him as a foreign prince. The Duke caused lay up the man in prison. (He gives the line of the rebels' march, and says that watch fires are seen.) We are told the clans are at Aberfoyl. Marr sent a letter to Capt. Robertson commanding a troop of Scotch dragoons at Stirling inviting him to come over, and, for reward, offered to make him colonel of horse; he told the Duke. The messenger (Mrs. Ruthven, aunt to the laird of Bannockbraes,) was imprisoned. We are to bo ready to march at two hours' notice.
Nov. 12. The enemy is plundering. I hear they have got a ship into Dundee with arms.
Nov. 15—Stirling. On Sabath night Sir John having come to Striveling returned yesterday morning to the Duke at the town of Dunblane, where he kept that part of the army he brought off the action with what could be rallied at Striveling bridge with those who retired from the field; being resolved to see the enemy next morning. But having intelligence of their being gone the length of Ashton Ardock, marched the army in here with a great many prisoners, 13 stand of colours, and a standard. Some of the colours were my Lord Drummond's and the Earl of Seaforth's. Tho hors standard bears on it a castle, but is not known to whom it belongs; likewise three brass field pieces and other small guus not worth bringing. (A P.S. Bays that the horse standard was the Earl of Marshal's, thought to be mortally wounded.) Lord Forfar is here dangerously wounded in 17 places, a great many whereof he had given after he was made prisoner. There were two regiments only; if the five had been present the enemy would have been totally defeated.
1715, Nov. 21—Airdoch. Little news Binco the defeat of the rebels, both Scots and English, at Preston by Generals Wils and Carpenter, whereof I doubt not your Ladyship has accounts by this tyme as full as we. The latest advices from Marr's camp, both by speys and deserters, bring account that the most lie hath with him at Parrth does not much exceed 3,000 futt and hors, at which place he has put each day 200 men to work for fortifying it, and has sent out parties to gather in the men who deserted him in battle. The Earl of Panmure is said to have died last Wednesday of his wounds.
1721. Letters from Charles Cathcart and from William Stewart (at London) about the best means for preventing Irish .victuals from being run upon tho Scotch coasts; think the best way will be for Sir John Shaw to be a Commissioner of Customs, and have the direction of the execution of the several powers vested by Acts of Parliament in officers of Custom and Excise.
1721, Nov. 25. Letter from G. Cook to Sir John Shaw. Lord Warwick is to su icoed the unfortunate
1721, Nov. 1. Alexander Porterficld (in Limerick Gaol) writes to his brother William Porterfield, Esq., near Glasgow, that ho went on Sunday to a house for a dram, where there was a scuffle, and he drew his sword in self-defence; a man was killed; there was an inquest; ho was found guilty. Asks his brother to send him money or it will go hard with him.
A curious letter from Lady Shaw (about 1721) concerning the appointment of Peter Haldane to the Bench.
A bundle of letters from Oeorge Shaiu, brother to Sir John Shaw of Greenock, 1702 and later.
1713, July 29—Edinburgh. Letter from David Dalrymple to Sir John Shaw, asking him to ask the Earl of Glencairn to look into family papers about Reformation affairs; as a work is in progress in which he wishes the Earl's family as well as the subject to shine.
Letters from Lady Shaw, wife of Sir John Shaw of Greenock. In one dated 17 Dec. 1714, she says that an express came yesterday to the Justice Clerk at Greenock to prosecute all the ministers that had not taken the oath. Lady Shaw's letters are very good.
Letters from Geo. Abercromby, 1736, &c, from Robert Dalrymple, 1737, &c, the Duke of Argyle, 1736, to Sir Johu Shaw.
1738, June 15—Edinburgh. Letter from Robert Dalrymple to Lady Shaw. Yesternight our magistrates gave a grand entertainment to Col. Warburton when they made him a burgess, but the Duke was not with them. They gave the Colonel the not very usual compliment of the Town Guard's firing at every health; he is a friend of his Grace.
1738—Edinburgh. Letter from Robert Dalrymple. Ross of Killiack and Ogilvie of Rothienay are both courting Miss Betty Dalrymple at the same time. I heard that Commissary Smollett's son was also making his addresses to her; but either of the two first have better estates, though it is said that the Baron by the influence of his man, Ja. Scot, is much inclined to favour Mr. Smollett's pretensions; but I much question if Miss favours him too; hitherto she seems to favour none.
1745, Dec. 27. Letter from John Buchanan (at Sauchy) to Lady Shaw. I wrote to your Ladyship by Wednesday's post, when I gave an account of the Highlander's demand of 10 bolls of meal and 60 loads of coall on Sir John, and on other gentlemen here. . . . They sent a party yesterday and carried off from here four horses and all the horse furniture about the house of Tullibodie. As I found no way to prevent the Highlanders from executing military execution, threatened in case of refusal, I thought it proper to send them their whole demand.
Letters by Lord Stair to Charles, ninth Lord Cathcart. (Lord Stair was born in 1673 and died in 1747.)
174f, Aug. 21. From London, about election of Peers for Scotland.
1745 (?), May 11—London. Acknowledges letters of the 6th and 13th, the last giving an account of the unhappy action near Touraay; is glad of the great glory H. R. H. the Duke of Cumberland has acquired by his personal bravery and all his conduct in that unhappy affair; gives notice that the Duke will soon receive reinforcements.
1745, December—London. Notices Lord C.'s intended march to Northampton; hopes that he will arrive before the rebels can undertake anything; a camp to be marked out to-morrow above Highgate ; there are accounts of great preparations in Franco for invasion of this country; is persuaded it will come to nothing.
17, Dec. 4—London. News that the rebels were making hot haste to get into North Wales. On this side we had a disposition at least to have been able to retard them till the Duke's arrival, in case they had given slip to H. R. H.'s army.
1745, Dec. 21—London. The nation has great obligations to the Duke of Cumberland who has pressed the rebels with so much vigour. Regrets that the Duke's career was stopped; no fault of his (Lord Stair's) that the Duke was restrained. On this side, we yesterday morning have taken and forced on shore several French transport ships set out from Dunkirk on their way to Calais and Boulogne to take in troops for the invasion of England. Mentions movements of troops to the Kentish coast for defence; wants news of the Duke's doings about Carlisle.
1745, Dec. 23—London. Acknowledges letters; tho rebels are shut up in Carlisle; expresses obligations to the Duke; hopes he will not expose himself. Prussia
has signed peace with the Queen of Hungary. Preparations by France for the invasion of England.
174g, Feb. 11—London. Has cough and cold; is very
ill. No other man but the Duke could have forced the rebels to abandon Stirling Castle without a battle. The Duke has Hessian troops at his disposal. In a postscript he exculpates Lord Charles Elphinstone from being in correspondence with the rebels. (From anothor paper it appears that Lord C. E. was arrested for being drunk on parade, and drinking in some State prisoner's rooms.
Narrative of tho battle of Culloden, April 16, 1745. Four pages, with plan on the third.
1746, April 16—London. Recommends the forts to secure the quiet of the Highlands to be put into a better state than Marshal Wade left them in.
1746, April 24—London. Thanks for news of tho Duke's victory over the rebels; the King's joy. Advises that tho King should have weight in the affairs of Europe; 50 battalions and 50 squadrons well employed can cast the balance which way ins Majesty pleases.
1746, May 27—London. News that tho young Pretender has gone; he gives joy of the rebellion being finished.
1746, June 17—London. Lauds the Duke of Cumberland for suppressing the rebel lion. This morning a courier arrived at Mr. D. Wcsaner's with copy of a letter from Prince Lieghtenstein to the Minister at tho Hague, giving an account that at night between tho 15th and 16th n. s. M. de Gagu joined by the French attacked the Austrian army investing Placiencia; the attack lasted from 11 at night till 10 in the morning of the 16th, when the Spaniards were totally ropulsed and the Austrians remained in possession of 3,000 prisoners, 30 colours aiid standards, and 10 pieces of cannon. The Austrians lost about 3,000 men. Gives his opinion of tho political and military consequences of this affair, and his advice about our invasion of France. (3 sheets.)
1746, Nov. 29—Newliston. The Duke has appointed Lord Cathcart of his bedchamber. News of tho Duke being about to go to Holland with troops against France.
1746, Dec. 19—Edinburgh. Is sick of Edinburgh; eating and drinking and no exercise; wants to get back to Newliston and rural affairs. . The Duke is gone. Says he would accept assistance of the King of Prussia; it would be a good thing for him to get Silesia, and Austria might be indemnified.
1747, Jan. 17—Edinburgh. Comments on tho military proceedings in Holland. Again advises an invasion of France; his plan for it.
1747, Jan. 22—Edinburgh. Short opinion on the war in Holland; thinks the French will not wait for an attack.
In this packet there is a letter dated at Edinburgh, 21 Jan. 1746, from William Cunningham to Lord Cathcart giving an account of the battle of Falkirk (four pages). And another account, undated, of tho battle of Culloden.
1710, May 2 — Warsaw. Original passport by Augustus, King of Poland, to Lord Stair on his embassy to Poland.
Letters (17) from Lord Stair (at Paris in 1715-1716) to the Honourable Charles Cathcart (afterwards eighth Lord C.)
1716, April 22. Bolingbrokc is entirely broke with the court of St. Gcrmains; they call him traitor everywhere in the most cruel manner. He despises his last new master and comforts himself with his first love.
1716, July 10. The noble Duke of Leeds is gone today to Rouen in order to embark for England, to put some very wise project of his own contrivance into execution. The Pretender and his court havs given in to it, and the party in England are ready to assist liim. I fancy the design is upon Sheernesse.—After some more about this expedition, Lord Stair adds that he thought it better to let him go than stop him.
1716, July 15. The Duke of Leeds is laid up. A hackney coach had like to have broke his leg tother night when he was got drunk. About the regency, ho thinks that the Prince was right not to struggle about his powers; the loss he (the Prince) affects to have, the more he will have in reality.
1716, Dec. 15—London. His going to Poland is again proposed; but nothing had been yet done for his extra* ordinary expenses for the last expedition.—In anothei part of the collection is an order signed Warwick, at Aberdeen, 27 March 1716, directing Francis Williamson, major in Lieut.-General Willis's regiment, commanding Her Majesty's forces at Aberdeen, to seize the Marquis of Huntly, Lord Kcllow, Sir Thomas Calder, and Gulloch of Taiioehy, and tako them to Dundee and deliver them to the commanding officer there who will send them on. At tho foot of this is an order in French by Charles Cathcf.rt, colonel commandant, to receive the prisoners and take them to Edinborough Castle.
Many letters from Lord Stair to Lord Cathcart, dated from London, Edinburgh, andCulhorn in the years 1717, 1729, and 1730, and letters to which the year is not added. They treat of home and foreign affairs and his own rural doings.
Dec. 29, (no year). About his taking office: Sir Robert Walpolc's kind behaviour. Against reduction of the army; it lessens our power; and in an emergency there is a great expense to get it up. His own expenses wero great; the Paris expedition crippled him; he was obliged to sell his house in Loudon and his plate. His views of the state of Europe.
1729, Dec. 8. Copy letter by Lord Stair to Sir Robert Walpole. The King has made him Admiral of Scotland. Lord Stair speaks well of tho Duke of Marlborough.
Letters to Charles, ninth Lord Cathcart.
1740, Oct. 15. The Torbay at Spithead. His Majesty arrived safely, no matter when or whence. His first question was if we were sailed; this being answered in the negative produced a positive order to sail to-morrow. (They were ordered to the West Indies, but the real destination was Carthagena. Lord Cathcart was on board as commander-in-chief of the land forces. He died at Dominica. See Smollett's account of the expedition to Carthagena.)
1746, July 4 — Edinburgh. Thomas Craigic asks Lord Cathcart's interest for the place of Professor of Mathematics, vacant by the death of Maclaurin. He says that he was one of the three whom Maclaurin, a little before his death, mentioned as most worthy to succeed him.
1752, June. Idee de la personne, de la manierc et de la conr du roy de Prussc (four pages in writing of tho 18th century). It describes the person of the King (he was 5 feet 2 inches in height), his dress and meals, the hours which he kept, his mode of transacting business, his mother, his wife and his children, and gives anecdotes of him. (The writer's name is not given; it does not seem intended as a memorandum for an ambassador.)
1759, Sept. 1—London. Letter from /. Smith (who had been aide-de-camp to Lord Geo. Sackvillc) to Lord Cathcart. The writer notices the affair of tho 1st of August 1759 (the battle of Minden); says that Lord George had done nothing for him, therefore he is not to be suspected of being partial. Encloses a copy of Lord George Sackville's narrative which, he says, sticks closely to truth. Col. Ligonier and Col. Fitzroy had seen and approved it.
The narrative (3J leaves) gives Lord Geo. Sackville's acconnt of tho battle, and of the orders which lie received and what be did. Ligonier brought the Dnkc's order that the whole cavalry should advance. Fitzroy brought the Duke's order that tho British cavalry only should advance. Lord Georgo hesitated for a few minutes.
Copy of Lord Chatham's plan for settling America and asserting the Sovereignty of Great Britain over her colonies; reduced into a bill; presented to the House of Lords; read a first time and rejected 1 Feb. 1775.
(The congress was to admit the sovereignty, and the King's right to keep standing armies in tho colonies without their assent; and was to make a perpetual free gift of 300,000i. towards payment of the national debt, which sum was to be applied by Parliament. England was not to employ the forces contrary to law, or to levy taxes without the consent of the colonies. The judges were to be appointed quamdiu, <$<:.; charters were not to be revoked unless misused. All acts complained of were to be suspended at once, and repealed when America had done her part by her delegates in general congress.)
A letter states that news had arrived from America that a grand jury had presented the British Parliament as a nuisance.
A 4to. volumo contains a journal of Col. Charles Cathcart in 1781. (He left England in tho Pondicherry for India in that year.) Ho describes Johanna, one of the Comoro islands, and his trips inland. Zeane is a lake where consecrated birds reside, whose sentiments are oracular and are interpreted by the priests. The town of Zarauda. King's town, description of the King; ho governed 30,000 people. Anchored in Moribal bay on
the coast of Arabia Felix; description of the people. Goes to Bombay and Ceylon; has a naval engagement with the French; touches at Madras; arrives at Calcutta.
Two volumes, the first of which contains a journal by Charles Cathcart during his voyage to, and while in India. It begins at Spithead 13 March 1781, and has notices of na val actions and of the proceedings of Tippoo Sahib. The second volumo is occupied by official documents and letters in aid of the first volume.
There are a great many letters and papers connected with Charles Cathcart's employment in India. He was Lieut.-General of the King's troops there. He died in 1788 on his voyage to China.
Route (6 pages) from Gang'am to Calcutta, by Charles Cathcart.
In two volumes are Exposition of the difficulties, &c. concerning the execution of the troaty of peace of tho 3rd September 1783 (about the rights, privileges, and possessions ceded and to be ceded to the Fronch in India).
1783, Oct. 28. Letter by Charles Cathcart to his brother saying that Lord M—y opposed and thwarted him; so he returned. He is in the dark whether the Company will stand, or whether the King will have India.
A volumo of 200 pages, dated 20 Dec. 1784, addressed, by James Grant to Warren Hastings, is a work by Grant' on the Northern Circars. A political essay. It describes, and gives the history of, and gives account of the government revenues and relative powers of these tracts. (It was a mountainous country, extending from 151° to 20° N. Lat., and from 79i° to 854° E. Long.)
Details of his negociations with the Marquis de Souillac, the governor of tho Isle of Bourbon, and draft of instructions to him. Copy of tho Governor General's minutes of council, 17 January 1786, and of correspondence between Charles Cathcart and the Marquis do Souillac.
1786, July 19—Whitehall. Copy of secret letter on the subject of disputes with the French, signed by W. Pitt, H. Dundas, and Mulgrave.
1786, Aug. 19. Substance of what passed at an audience I had of Mr. Pitt (about the French Islands).
Papers about commercial matters and trade of India. Extracts from early voyages to China, shewing what presents were then taken.
1787, April 18. Private paper by Charles Cathcart to the Right Honble. H. Dundas.
A bundle of interesting letters from Charles Cathcart, while in India, to his brother, dated from Calcutta and elsewhere. In one dated 1782 July 12 on board tho Worcester in Negapatuam road, he gives an account of a naval engagement between the French and English.
1787, November 30. Appointment of Charles Cathcart to bo ambassador to China. Secret instructions, and other papers on the matter.
Lady Archibald Hamilton was, as is well known, a great friend and adviser of Frederick, Prince of Wales; she superintended the nursery of the Prince's children. There aro two folio volumes, shewing the receipts and expenses of this lady from 1736 to 1745, each page being signed by Augusta, the Princess; and another folio volumo from 1737 shewing payment of bills; each quarterly account being signed by the Prince. There are other interesting volumes and papers relating to this lady during the time of her connexion with the royal family.
1745. Account of the battle of Preston (6 pp.).
1750, Dec. 27. Letter from Andrew Fletcher, of SaU toun to Lord Cathcart. Soon after the battle of Culloden when the naval squadron under the command of Commodore Smith, was by the Duke's command bound for Murray Frith for subduing the rebels, he advised Benjamin Moodie, a lieutenant in Col. Murray's regiment, to go along with Admiral Smith, and advised him to be recommended to the Duke as a fit person to clear the Orkneys, because of tho differences between Murray and Sir James Stewart, of Burray, the chief of the rebels there, who was accessory to killing Moodie's father, which would sharpen Moodie's invention to get Sir James apprehended. Moodie did good service, and his house was ransacked and burnt by the rebels; recommends him for advancement.
1750. Letter in French from M. de St. George, congratulating Lord Cathcart ou his appointment to be Adjutant General of Scotland.
1753, Oct. 4. Letter by Lord Cathcart. Again with Mr. Reynolds [afterwards Sir Joshua], and was disagreeably surprised with the figure; after some reasoning he came to be of opinion that it would not do. I breakfasted with him, and stood to him a good while. I thought it was much improved, and ho was extremely satisfied