Imagens das páginas

spondence" edited by Mr. Bruce for the Camden Society, hut they do not appear in Hardwicke's Collection of State Papers. Some of them seem to have been copied from Cotton. MS. Galba E. VI.

But for the limits imposed by tho Commission I should have described two manuscripts on vellum, which show that hands still living can vie in patience and skill and taste with those of the scribes and illuminators of old. •


Letters from Catherine Talbot to Mrs. Wastfclde, 1743-1758, about 30 in number.

Correspondence between Catherine Talbot and Lady Annabcll Grey, 1763-1769; about 30 letters.

Letters from tho Honourable Frederic Eobinson to his brother, Lord Grantham, and a few from Lord Grantham, 1778-1780.

Letters to the Honourable Frederic Eobinson, 17631770, and 1780-1784.

Letters from Lord Borringdon to his uncle, Lord Grantham, 1789-1791.

Letters to the Honourable Frederic Eobinson, principally from his brother. Lord Grantham, 1785, and 1786; and from various relatives, 1778-1783.

My best thanks arc offered to Lady Cowper. A visitor to A\rest Park can never leave but with regret; and her Ladyship most kindly made me her guest.

Alfred J. Horwood.

The Manuscripts Of The Eight Honourable The Earl Op Dartmouth, Patshull, Co. Stafford.

This collection consists almost exclusively of letters; and they are most interesting and valuable. They particularly illustrato two very important passages in tho history of this country, viz., the Great Eebcllion and the Eevolution of 1688. Colonel William Legge was one of the most energetic and faithful supporters of King Charles I.; he suffered severely in person and in purse, and the letters here preserved testify his activity and devotion to the Eoyal cause. There must have been a severe struggle in the mind of his son George, 1st Lord Dartmouth, before he could adopt a course which seemed so opposed to that of bis father; but in transferring the fleet which he commanded to tho service of William of Orange, he spared the country much bloodshed and helped to secure the personal and mental liberty which are now the boast of an Englishman. By the course which ho adopted he does not seem to bavo lost the esteem of James II., and Dr. Lingard, in his history of England, has no harsh words for him.

The Civil War letters range from 1610 to 1619. It is not here necessary to give a full detail of their contents; careful copies of thom and of later letters wero made upwards of 40 years ago by William, 2nd Lord Bagot; and the transcripts, illustrated by a great number of drawings from original portraits, and by prints and plans, are contained iu four large folio volumes, now in the library at Patshull. Among them are letters by King Charles I., Prince Knpert, Lord Newport, the Earl of Northumberland, tho Earl of Cumberland, Lord Wharton, Lord Mandevillc, the Earl of Lindsay, Lord Digby, the Earl of Annandalo, Mr. Fairfax, and Henry Cromvell. Most of them are addressed to William Lcggc but some few are to other persons. All the letters from Prince Eupert, and most of those from Lord Digby in 1644 and 1645, are in cypher (decypbered), and one of those by Digby is written cn linen.

Tho Civil War letters and somo of later date were consulted and used by Mr. Warburton for bis work "Prince Eupert and the Cavaliers." Some of tho letters for 1688 were used by Sir John Dalrymple in his Memoirs of Great Britain and Ireland.

There are no letters during the time of the Commonwealth, and the letters and papers from 1660 to 1680 aro not very numerous, having regard to the space of time. After 1680 they aro very numerous. The documents from 16C0 to 1688 are more than 2,100 in number, and of these there is at Patshull a catalogue of every item.

After the Eestoration there are letters by the Duke of Ormonde, and others from Ireland; many papers about Tangiers, particularly when the place was abandoned; numerous letters by Samuel Pcpys while he was at tho admiralty. Tho letters of 1688, aro of the utmost interest. The letters and papers of the 18th century aro also very important.

A few extracts from and notes of contents of somo

of tho letters will give an idea of tho value of this collection.

A letter by Lord Wharton in 1641 alludes to the Bill against Strafford, and the King's opposition to it, and a vague accusation against unnamed persons of setting tho army against the Parliament, whereupon Henry Percy, Henry Gcrmaine, Mr. Davenant, and Sir J. Suckling fled and wero not taken; that the ports wero stopped.

1641. Letter from Lord Maudeville, Thos. Cotton, Eobcrt Osborne, and Henry Cromwell to the Earl of Holland nsking him to return 50 horses which tho county of Huntingdon had supplied.

In tho same year tho Earl of Lindsay tells William Legge that he had sent 60 cart horses and 20 carts at the costs of Lincolnshire to Newcastle for tho train of artillery, and asks that when discharged they may bo sent back by the person now sent.

Any one in an office of trust is liable to have his actions severely scrutinized, and even "Honest Will. "Legge" could not escape calumny; a letter of 1641 (signature torn off) gives accounts of charges brought against W. Legge of making money by the gunpowder supplied to him.

The letter mentioned above as being written on linen, is dated 3rd June 16-15, and addressed by George Digby to W. Legge at Oxford. Is anxious to hear how long ho can hold out: "If you can allow us but a month or six "weeks to pursue our advantages whilst tho enemy is "engaged before that place, in my conscience, without "hyperbole, you give the King his Crowne and in"fallibly deliver the kingdom this summer from all its "misery."

A holograph letter from King Charles, dated Broomyard, 3rd Sept, 1645, asks W. Legge to delay a week for the design at the Isle of Ely and Cambridge.

1641. May 8. An order of the House of Commons, signed by Denzill Hollis and John Pym for Captain Legg to appear at once before the House.

1648. Dec. 10. Promise by W. Legge that if ho is discharged he will not bear arms against the Parliament or their army in this kingdom.

1648, Feb. 9. Order by the Commissioners for compounding with delinquents, that as Will. Legge of London has submitted to a fine for delinquency and paid it, the authorities should forbear to scizo or sequester bis estate. A saving as to future estate. He is to sue out a pardon under the Great Seal within six weeks.

1619. Aug. 22. Order (in conscqucnco of an order for the removal of Col. W. Legge to the gaol at Exeter) for tho gaoler to receive him. (19.)

A letter from William Legge while a prisoner in Arundel Castle, dated Aug. 20th, 1648, says that tho King had boon seven months under strict restraint, without chaplain, friend, or servant of his own choice or acquaintance; that his treatment did not pleaso tho Scots, but that tho Londoners fearing loss of trade bad succeeded in getting him ordered to the Isle of Wight. He ends by saying that he thinks affairs to bo in a hopeful position.

On the 30th March 1619 Charles II. directs W. Lcggo to go to Ireland.

A paper indorsed " For Col. Legg." Tho way and manner how Jones and Ludlow wero to bo surprised in Dublin Castle.

In 1661 are about a dozen letters from Prince Eupert at Frankfort, "Vienna, Cloves, and Mainz.

In 1662 Lord Ormonde at Dublin gives an account of the stato of Ireland.

In 1662 is a copy of " Thomas Violet's case " under his own hand. (Some of bis writings on trade aro printed. He poisoned himself.)

In 1673 or a little later is a statement of Col. William Legge's services.

In 1672 Sir John Worden writes from Whitehall that tho Prince of Orange is coming back to Holland, and' the Spaniards remain in Flanders, both exclaiming against their associates for either cowardice or treachery, which is what our French letters tell us.

Jersey And Guernsey.

1664. Oct. 22. Letter by Christopher Hatton to the Hon. William Legge of H.M. bedchamber and Lord of Ordnance. This is dated from Cornett Castle (Guernsey) and is concerning the castle.

A bundle of papers relating to a survey of Guernsey about 1680,1681. Throe abstracts of records from tho Tower, tho Eolls Chapel and tho Paper Office. Directions for Captn. Lcako to make a survey of Jorsey and Guernsey.

Copy of Lora Hatton'B account of Guernsey. This is historical and gives an account of the courts and a list of Governors. 18 pp. (Y.Y.)

1665. Letters by Mr. Wharton, Comptroller of the Tower, to Lord Dartmouth. The plaguo is several times mentioned in these letters. It seems that after people had recovered, sores broke out on them. (Y.Y.)

1665 and 1666. Several letters from the Duke of Ormonde and Earl of Ossory, and one from Prince Rupert on Irish matters.

1672 and 1673. Journal of H.M. ship Katherine. Also some accounts of the engagements between the Dutch and English fleets in 1673. Ship letters. Several accounts of engagements.

A 4to. manuscript, intituled "A full answer to a "traitorous seditious libel, intituled An exact relation "of the several engagements and actions of His Ma"jesty's fleet under tho command of His Highness "Prince Rupert and of all circumstances concerning "this summers expedition, 1673; pretended to be "written by a person in command of the fleet, but "spread abroad and vulgarly called the Prince's full "Narrative; published as an antidote against the in"fectious dissent of rebellion too visibly spreading ", itself all over the kingdom under the threadbare old "trick of religion." And a printed 4to. tract of 1674, intituled " A just vindication of the principal officers of "H.M. Ordnance from the false, &c. of an exact rela"tion, &c." (This is not a print of the MS. 4to.) Journal of Capt. Geo. Legge in the Katherine during this summers expedition 1672-3. (K. 3. 1534-1550.)

On the 24th Feb. 167? Charles II. by his sign


manual directed the Governor of Portsmouth to treat well all French subjects and vessels.

In a packet of Letters received by Col. W. Legge in 1678, is one from Lord Ossory at the Hague, datod May 3rd. Hopes to soo him before tho Duke comes: "If "we can weather it out till then I hope we shall not be "over-run by an enemy whose offers of peace are made "in a stile as if all were already conquered."

1679. Dec. 12. Petition by the Archbishop of Armagh and other lords about private persons coining money.

1679-80. January 4. Copy of the King's letter directing the Lord Lieutenant to stop the practice, and to provide for coining. (Q.Q.)

In 1679, 1680, 1681, 1682, and 1683 are very many holograph letters from James, Duke of York (afterwards King James II.) to Lord Dartmouth. They arc very interesting; some are written from abroad. In one ho expresses very good feeling towards the Duke of Monmouth.

1686. Several letters from Ireland by the Earl of Clarendon, Lord Chancellor Porter, and others.


There is a large mass of correspondence relative to Tangiers. A few notes of the later portion may bo interesting.

Original address to King Charles II. by the late Governor, Field Officers, Commandants, and soldiers of the garrison, testifying their conviction that the place could not bo held against the King of Spain.

1683. July 2. Original instructions by Charles II., countersigned by Leolinc Jenkins for the demolition of Tangiers; directs care for persons and effects there; and the blowing up of the whole place and mole as much as possible.

1683. July 10. Charles II. to Sir John Berry, Lieutenant Captain of the Henrietta. By commission of 2nd July he has appointed George Lord Dartmouth to blow up Tangier [ and by another commission of the Bame date he has appointed Piercy Kirke, Esq., in case of the death or illness of Lord Dartmouth. Directs Sir John Berry to assist Kirke.

And a letter 8th Oct. 1683, from the Mayor, &c, of the city, saying that they were glad that it is to be given up.

Copy of Sir James Lesly's treaty, 8th Oct. 1683, with tho King of Morocco; peace for four years. (Bundle 28J

In 1683 are papers received by Lord Dartmouth after his quitting Tangiers. Results of Councils of War, held on board the Grafton in Tangier Roads. A Journal by Sir Cloudesley Shovel (with his autograph signature), from his leaving Admiral Herbert, 1st July, to bis arrival at Tangier Bay on tho 29th Sept., and his (signed) roasons for sending home the Crowne to England. (She was loaky.)

1683 and 1684. Tangier papers. List of persons to

return to England. Confession and repentance of John Burnet, a renegade. State of the navy of Tangiers. Petitions of people for return to England. (P.P.)

Some of the letters in No. 28 are for Col1. Kirke.

1683 and 1684. Tangier papers. A number of Spanish letters from tho Alcayde of Alcazar to Lord Dartmouth. And report of correspondence between Mr. Robert Cuthbert and the Alcayde. (W.W.) In a letter dated 5th April 1684, Samuel Pepys states that the King and the Duke are satisfied with Lord Dartmouth's doings in the Tangier business.

The Revolution.

1688. Aug. 27. Letter by Lord Hatton. Ho hears that the King has ordered all officers to repair to their respective commands.

Sept. 23. Thomas Ken, Bishop of Bath and Wells. Professes loyalty to the King consistent with superior duty to God, and the holy religion he professes. The Declaration has not been sent down; is coming to London.

Sept. 28. The King's Sign Manual countersigned by Pepys. The King orders the ships in the Downs, under the command of Sir Roger Strickland, to repair to the Buoy at the Nore. Orders commanders of ships and fire ships in the Thames and Medway to repair thither.

Sept. 29. Sign Manual countersigned by Pepys. To forbear searching foreign ships till further orders.

Sept. 30. The Duke of Berwick says that the King has ordered the officers and troopers of his regiment to have armour. Asks for it.

1688. Oct. 1. Instructions by James II. to Lord Dartmouth, for the fleet. (With seal.)

Oct. 1. CopieB of several instructions from the King to Sir Roger Strickland regarding his squadron. (Sir Roger gave up his commission.)

Oct. 3. The Earl of Bath congratulates Lord Dartmouth on his being appointed Admiral. He has done his best to quiet the country, his Majesty's Declaration coming seasonably.

Oct. 9. Jacob Richards of Gillingham offers to raise 100 or 200 men with Blood for an officer.

Oct. 9. Letter by Thomas Phillips at Portsmouth about tho fortifications of Portsmouth and Gosport; says that the condition of Gosport is hazardous.

Another letter from Thomas Phillips (who seals with the arms of Phelips of Montacute, co. Somerset), about the difficulty of getting money for payment of troops; the men desert.

Oct. 10. List of the fleet of the Channel Guard.

Oct. 14. Letter from John Berry on board the Elizabeth. The gun carriages are bad; they will fall to pieces in action.

Oct. 23. Letter by Wm. Penn. Yesterday was a great presence at Whitehall; the King, the Queen Dowager, the Couneel, the Judges, tho Lord Mayor and Aldermen, the Bishops and Lords about the town, of which the Archbishop of Canterbury and Bishops of London, Winchester, and Oxford, the Marquis of Halifax, and Lord Nottingham, were some, appeared in the Council Chamber, where the birth of the Prince was cleared by the ladys of the bed chamber, the women midwife, nurses, phisitians, and Lords present at his birth, to the great content of the company. Last night an oxpress from Rotterdam with some difficulty come from their army, and speaks of additional forces to the former. Ono Greenwood apprehended for dealing with the King's officers of his army to revolt. Also WickBteed for such practises and words against the Lord President for having corresponded with the Prince of Orange; he is fled with his messenger. (P. 3.)

Nov. 13. Sign Manual of James II. to Lord Dartmouth, ordering him to set at liberty the Flyboate, taken by the Foresight, with soldiers belonging to the Dutch fleet, and all future captives. Countersigned by S. Pepys.

Nov. 15. Lord Dartmouth to Captain Froudc of the Ruby. Orders him to fight and destroy the fleet from Holland if he meets any. (1971.)

Nov. 16. Order by Lord Dartmouth to Lord Berkeley, commander of the Montague to fight the Dutch fleet.

Nov. 17. Lord Dartmouth to Lord Berkeley. Will seek the Dutch at Torbay; fight perhaps to-morrow.

Nov. 17. Letter by Lord Preston. The King this afternoon goes for Windsor; ho has taken the Prince with him. The Queen stays hero (London) for somo time.

Nov. 26. Letter of six sides from S. Pepys. Tho King at his entrance to town this afternoon heard that the Princess of Denmark had withdrawn in the night. The King directs a statement, lest impressions be made in the fleet. She went in her nsual manner and time to bed. (He gives an account of the discovery of her being gone; and of the order for the seizure of Lord Churchill's house.)

Nov. 26. Sign Manual. Order to send a ship to Plymouth and seize Capt. Geo. Churchill.

Nov. 28. S. Pepys to Lord Dartmouth. Has just attended the King in his Cabinet, who says he shall have a Parliament. The Chancellor is commanded to issue writs.

Nov. 28. Letter from P. Mnsgrave (in the Ordnance Office). The King disapproves Sir E. Hales' project; it could not be effectual in suppressing a rabble, but might destroy the whole city, and would endanger a general revolt of the kingdom; therefore directs the mortar pieces to be returned into store. Col. Shelton made Lieutenant of the Tower in room of Sir E. Hales. His office is in a bad state. Account of the meeting last night of the King and the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in his drawing-room; they recommended a Parliament; this morning writs issued.

Nov. 29. Original letter by the Prince of Orange, inviting Lord Dartmouth to surrender the fleet.

Nov. 29 and Dec. 1. Three letters by James II. to Lord Dartmouth about sending the Prince of Wales away.

Dec. 3. Letter from Lord Berkeley at London, to Lord Dartmouth. Reached London at noon, when tho King was at dinner. After he had dined I kissed his hand; he carried mo into the Queen's bed-chamber, where I read the address;'ho was well pleased; gave him Lord Dartmouth's letter; he asked about the fleet. Abundance of people railed at Lord Dartmouth, but the King continually justified him. The whole Dutch fleet are at Plymouth where they were saluted by the citadel at their coming with about 40 guns. Bristol in the Prince of Orange's hands. The Marquess of Worcester, the Earl of Clarendon, and Lord Blessington, Capl. Steveningham, and several others, have gone over to the Prince. The Lords of Halifax, Nottingham, and Godolphin are gone to negotiate, but the trumpeter that was sent before for leave they found drunk asleep at Reading, so they are forced to stay there till they have an answer by another.

Dec. 11. Letter by Phil. Frowdo at London. Tho Queen and Prince went away down the river on Sunday night. The King followed about two or three o'clock. The mob are now pulling down the Mass houses, and burning, &c. Sky so red, I can see it, &c.

Dec. 11. Council order. Reciting that the King had privily that morning withdrawn himself; orders tho removal of all Popish officers out of their respective commands. Signed by Archbishops of Canterbury and York, Lord Pembroke, and 20 others.

Dec. 12. Copy of Lord Dartmouth's letter in answer to the Prince of Orange's invitation, dated 29 Nov.; and of a letter dated 20 Dec.

Dec. 13. Lord Feversham to Lord Dartmouth, with copy of the King's letter. He will see the Prince of Orange, but will not take employment.

Dec. 13. Letter from Fra. Gwyn at Whitehall, 10 a.m. Tho King's retirement has depressed all his friends. Lord Feversham's conduct in disbanding the army is much blamed. Tho morning the King withdrew, tho lords whose names you see to the declaration and who were all that were in town met at the Guildhall; they sent a letter to your Lordship, and in my opinion that is a good ground for your Lordship to return an answer and desire their commands .... it is necessary to keep the Bhips together (1983).

Letter from tho Duke of Berwick to Lord Dartmouth, asking for orders: "The King being gone and I being "left without orders I desire you will let me know

"wether you have received any formo

"Lord Feversham by the King's order has disbanded "the army so that I know not what to do." He sends a copy of tho King's letter to Lord Feversham.

Dec. 13. Letter by Gardiner. Mentions the taking of the King at Shelnesss and his being taken to Faversham; also the taking of Jefferies.

Dec. 14. Letter from Thos. Hancock, Mayor of Portsmouth. Is forced to leave his home; is threatened to bo boiled; threatened by tho soldiers; if they offer abuses to the town he has ordered torches to be fired in the tower; is going on board ship to secure himself. The town is in great fear. Shops shut up. The Irish threatening to do strange things. (The date in this letter looks like 1699, but it is indorsed 1688.)

Dec. 14. Letter by William Jonnery. Is desired by

the Mayor to remind Lord Dartmouth for his passport to go to France, and he desires he may have a passage in the yacht for Jersey. The Gosport people having been much abused by the Irish soldiers have seized on the castle, and he understands the Duke of Berwick says he would fire them out; they are protestants, and he (Jennery) judges himself obliged if they are ill treated to defend and assist them to his power. They are in very great trouble, and will be moro if the Irish part not before he sails out of harbour. He saw great companies march on the hill, and they went towards Faram (Fareham P), but he conceives, had they been the Prince's forces, he should have had (news) by some hand or other, and then he would have sent to Lord Dartmouth.

Dec. 15. A letter from Lady Dartmouth to her husband, speaks of the insults to the King at Faversham. The rabble rifled his pockets and took away all from him.

Dec. 16. Letter by the Prince of Orange to Lord Dartmouth, directing him to bring the fleet to tho Nore.

A packet of 17 holograph letters by James II. to Lord Dartmouth, tho first dated Oct. 5; and the last Dec. 21, from Rochester, asking if Lord Dartmouth is going to stay at the Downs or is obliged by want of victuals to come up to the Nore. Several of theso letters have remarks indorsed by Lord Dartmouth.

In Dec. 1688 there are letters by the Duke of Berwick and several letters by other persons to Lord Dartmouth, concerning the King's intended removal of the Prince of Wales.

Dec. 19. Letter by Sir R. Beach. The King taken to Faversham; the Chancellor taken; ho was going to Hambro' in a collier; when taken to the Lord Mayor he knelt to kiss his hand; the Lord Mayor so astonished that he fell into a swound (1986).

Dec. 19. Copy of the Prince of Orange's letter to Col. Berkeley, to go to Portsmouth and acquaint tho Commander-in-Chief that he has ordered men to march there and take possession of the garrison. The regiments will be provided for elsewhero and need not apprehend ill treatment. There is an order at the foot signed " Churchill " for all persons to assist Berkeley.

Doc. 25. Letter by the Prince of Orango to Lord Dartmouth, to have ships cruiso off Guernsey to protect against tho French; and between Dover and Calais, and Harwich, and the coasts of Holland and Flanders, to protect the packet boats.

Dec. 25. Letter from S. Pepys to Lord Dartmouth. The Prince of Orange's orders to your Lordship of tho 16th from Windsor, which ho was pleased to communicate to me on his first arrival made him expect your Lordship's arrival with the fleet at the buoy of tho Nore. . . . His Highness is sensible of the hint you gave him in your letter touching Guernsey.

Dec. 29. Original summons by tho Prince of Orange to Lord Dartmouth, to attend the Convention Parliament.

In October, November, and December, 1688, aro numerous interesting official letters by S. Pepys.

Two letters by Lord Devon to Lord Dartmouth, about going over to the Prince of Orango.

1688. Ordnance and ship letters received by Lord

Dartmouth in this year, also letters relating to State

occurrences, g

lC8g, Janry. 2nd, 5th, and 10th. Threo original orders by the Prince of Orange, regarding the fleet.


168g, Janry. 9th. Copy of Pepys' report on tho fleet.


168g; Janry. 10th. Samuel Pepys to Lord Dartmouth. His Highness had directed him to romain with the whole fleet at tho Nore until' further order. Pepys thinking that the wording of it may lead him to alter his last intention and expect clearer directions for repairing thither for serving him therein as soon as may be, has provided a fresh warrant in that behalf from the Prince, and sent it by post to Sir Phineas Pett at

Chatham, g

168g, Janry. 16th. Saml. Pepys asks Lord Dartmouth to set the Katherine at liberty as soon as possible: "I am not sure but her service may be required by tho "Prince to-morrow, before next day, it seeming at "present very likely it will bo so."

Janry. 19th. Letter by James II. at St. Germain to Lord. Dartmouth. "Howsoever tho Prince of Orango uses me in other things, sure he will not refuse me the common civility of letting all my coaches and horses come over to me, tis but what I did to Prince George when he went from me. I send the bearer Ralf Sheldon to you to bring them away so sono as a pass can be gott for them from the Prince of Orange. Speake for the passe yourself and to Lord Middleton to have it solicited, and give directions to Delarbre to bring over himself, or, if he be not yett ready to come, to send the best of my guns and pistols over with Sheldon, this bearer, to whom I refer what else I have to say. James R."


Abstract of several petitions to King Charles II. for grants of ground about the Tower in the Little Minories (one is by Col. William Lcgge), with the surveyorgeneral's reports thereon. Interrogatories and other papers on the subject 1686. Report on the boundaries of the Tower Liberty. The Little Minories, Well Close, and old Artillery Ground, were places always of right belonging to the liberty of the Tower.

A bundle of papers relating to the establishment of tho King's stables in 1669, when Lord Dartmouth was Master of the Horse.

Numerous letters to Lord Dartmouth while he was governor of Portsmouth.

About 20 bundles of papers on Ordnance matters 1670-1688, and a few earlier, some relating to Ireland.

Papers relating to the royal forests when Lord Dartmouth was Lord Lieutenant of the forests of Alice Holt, and Woolmer. Copy of tho perambulation of the forest 26 Hen. VIII. (99.) There is another bundle on the same matters, and in this is a copy of the perambulation in 29 Edw. I.

On the 8th October 1688, William van de Vclde do Oude writes to Lord Dartmouth that be has delivered at his Lordship's house, five pictures (in gold frames at 3Z. 10a. a piece); Lord Berkeley paid him for a piece of 41 feet 202.; Lady Berkeley his mother paid him for a piece of 5 feet 232., he leaves it to Lord Dartmouth's generosity.

1687, April 28th. Curious account of the fireworks at Blackheath.

1687, June 15th. Order of march of the train from tho Tower to Hounslow.

1688, April 17th. Letter by Samuel Pcpys to Lord Dartmouth. Tho King by Conway's letter to Lord Dartmouth in 1674 said that foreign flags coming before any castles on the coast were to be lowered and kept so within gun shot.

1688, April. Letter by Edward Sherborne about firing on ships not striking their flags. Cannot give an answer. Cannot find Pepys' opinion supported by books.

1688, Dec. and 1689 Jan. Many papers relating to the navy, the ships to be paid off, and places of their distribution.

A bundle of papers relating to Lord Dartmouth's imprisonment and examination (he died in tho Tower in 1691).

A folio book containing copies of official letters and papers, beginning with the commission by James II. m September 1088 for Lord Dartmouth to be Admiral of the Fleet. There are copies of letters by and to Lord Dartmouth, to and by James II., and the Prince of Orange. The last document is tho order of the Prince of Orange, dated 10th January 1689.

There is a 4to volume of memorauda written by tho first Earl of Dartmouth in Bishop Burnet's history of bis own time.

1690. Copies of some papers taken with the Lord Preston (fol. 9 pages): about the restoration of King James 2nd.

Papeks or Tue 18TM Cexidry.

A packet of Minutes of Council from the middle of 1710 to the middle of 1713.

Two packets of corre.-poudenco from about 1704 to 1715.

Official letters from Matthew Prior at Paris in 1713,


and from Lord Bolingbrokc in 171 ^.

Extensive correspondence of Wm Legge 1st Earl of Dartmouth about the same time.

Letters from Harley (about 30) in 1710-1722.

Letters from Judith Reed at Philadelphia 1773-1775, some of them touch on the rebellion.

Letters between Geo. Legge and M. Francklin, Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, and other Nova Scotia papers.

A long and interesting letter, four folio pages, in 1765 from Wm. Smith of New York, to the Rev. Mr. Whitfield on the discontents of America, specially regarding the Stamp Act.

About 50 letters from John Hough, bishop of Worcester, to Lady Kaye, beginning in 1740. (In Wilmot's Life of the Bishop, 4to, Lond., 1810, are 43 letters by the Bishop to this Lady.)

Letter from Dr. Dodd at Plaistow in Essex, dated Nov. 22, 1759. He dissuades Lord Dartmouth from taking holy orders. Lord Dartmouth answered that he had never had any thought of so doing.

Letter from John Wesley dated June 14, 1775, on his way to Dublin. This is a long and eloquent letter to the Earl of Dartmouth protesting ngainst tho war with America. (It is printed in Macmillan's Magazine for December 1870.)

Letter from Dr. Johnson to the Earl of Dartmouth, dated April 25, 1783, recommending Mr. Desmoulin for employment.

Nearly 50 letters by King George in. to tho Earl of Dartmouth, 1773-1804. In one of January 19, 1774, ho alludes to the people of Boston's unjustifiable proceedings. On the 28th January 1775 he docs not approve of Lieut. General Gage for America as Commander-in-chief, but proposes Sir Jeffrey Amherst. He hopes to prevent effusion of blood. On the 10th of June 1775 he says that America must be a colony or be treated as an enemy,

I cannot close this short notice of the manuscripts without expressing my great obligations to Lord Dartmouth for his attentions to mo during my stay at Patshull.

Alfred J. Honwoon.

The Manuscripts Of The Rigiit Honourable Karl Spencer, At Spencer House, St. James's.

This Collection consists, with few exceptions, of letters of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries.

The letters of the 16th century chiefly relate to Northern and Border matters; those of the 17th century are, for tho most part, addressed to Geo. Savile, Marquis of Halifax, whose name is well known in the History of England during the latter half of tho 17th century. The letters of the 18th century give much political, social, and literary information.

Tho notes by the Marquis of Halifax of his conversations with King William III. are particularly valuable; and it may bo hoped that Lord Spencer will at some time publish them.

The letters are very numerous. Rapidly looking over them, I made notes and extracts of such as appeared to contain matter of more than private interest; but it must not be supposed that these notes contain all that is worthy of extract.

Box, 31a.

Seventeen letters from the Duchess of Marlborough to John Lord Spencer in the years 1726, 1/42, and 1743. They are written by an amanuensis, but are mostly signed by her, and there are two or three memoranda by her own hand. They are very characteristic, and abound in money matters.

1742, June 20. The Duchess abuses the government; mentions their having raised a million for the Queen of Hungary; they will try to borrow more; is assured that the next step will be to move parliament to give greater interest, "but it will do nothing with me."

1743, Oct. 23. Death of the Lady Carteret. The King offered that Lord Carteret should not go with him to the army. Lady C. begged he might not omit the last service in his power to Him, and said that she was not in any danger; "but if I don't mistake she "died two days after."

1743, May 30. Approves making Mr. Pclham Lord of the Treasury. Lord Bath in a great rage at it he wishes to vindicate himself in the Craftsman's name. In the paper of Old England in the Craftsman of 6 August he mentions this: "I suppose for some timo "they will be entertaining, as they are written by "Lord B. to shew the greatness of his character."

Sunday (no year). Refers to Saturday's paper of Old England. "I am of his mind that the D. of Cumber"land will not except {sic) of Hanover if His Majesty "would give it him; but as the Prince of Wales is the M eldest orother, I wish he had it, on condition that "the younger brother should leave England, which is "now but a province to Hanover, and all the money in "a little time will go there. Officers come over give "Ml account of all that has passed abroad. His "Majesty was prevailed not to be exposed to fire as "was reported, but to go into a wood out of reach of "musket shot, which was certainly very right, because "he was secure, and by that means could give direc"tions to gain so great a victory as he did."

Here and in 35 G., are many inventories of plate and jewels belonging to the Duchess.

In 31a is a grant of arms, dated 26 Nov. 1504, by Richemount, otherwise Clarencieux, to John and Thomas Spencer, Bons of William Spencer, of the County of Warwick, the arms are, "Azure, a fess ermine between "six semcwes heads, silver erased; the crest upon the "heaulme is a moure heyne in his proper colour, "membred gowles standing on a wreath azure and "silver, mantelled of tho same tasselled gold." The arms are depicted on the margin and the autograph of Clarencieux remains, but the seal is gone.

15G5, May 14. Ratification (by way of Inspeximus) under the Great Seal, in accordance with the Statute of Hen. VIII., of a Dispensation by Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury, to Nicholas Cooke, B.A., Chaplain to Robert Dudley, K.G. and Earl of Leicester, to hold a third benefice with two others.

1690, Aug. 18. Holograph will of tho Duchess of Marlborough, on a sheet of letter paper, disposing of 7.000Z. given to her disposition by the Duke. She gives 500i. to get poor people out of prison.

In C. 24 are a number of fine deeds of the 13th and 14th centuries; many with fine seals, and many being grants to and by the Abbey of tho Holy Cross at Waltham.

A letter signed " Exeter," dated Newark, 1624, alluding to extortions in taking money from men pressed for his Majesty's service to release them, and directing suppression of the practice for the future.

No. 19. —A large collection of letters from Lord Jersey to the Countess Spencer, from 1769 to 1804. They relate to personal matters, town gossip, and political events;—

1769, Dec. 23. Lord Chatham is to speak (in the Houso of Lords), even though on his back.

1769, Dec. 22. The world is full of nothing but Junius's last letter; a sort of speech to the King, impudent and wicked; some give the credit of it to Lord George Sackville, but most to Wilkes. Beekford, the Lord Mayor, very angry at tho Guards going through the City to the rioters in Spitalfields, drums beating and fifes playing, without his permission. His letter to the Secretary at War I saw. In future his leave is to be asked.

1798. A report of Bonaparte being taken. On tho taking of Rome tho French ofFered passports to go through Franco, to buy pictures, statues, &c. at Rome.

Box 24.

1793, November 6. Letter in French from Louise do Stolberg, Countess of Albany (at Florence); she recommends Zimmerman on Solitude.

1780. A letter in English and another in French from L. M. T. B. d'Orleans.

1764. A letter in French from tho Duke of Braganza (at Milan).

1766. A letter in French from Fredcrich Princo of Hesse.

1764. A letter in French from Cardinal Albani (at Rome); he sends an alabaster vase, a counterpart of one which Lady Spencer admired at his country house; and another in 1765, on the same subject.

1761. Several letters from the Duke of York. In one he says he defers carrying the Buchentour and other things from Venice to the Queen, until he has shewed it to Lady Spencer.

1763. Letter from the Duke of Cumberland.

1764'. A letter from Louise, wife of Prince Frcderich of Prussia.

1765. Letter from Elizabeth Augusta Elcctrcss Palatine about Lady Spencer's intercession for an innkeeper, who had behaved badly.—And copies of Lady Spencer's letters to the Electress.

1794. Letter from Augustus Frederick Duke of Sussex (at Rome).

Upwards of 50 letters from David Garrick. They range from 1776 to 1779, and are very sprightly and interesting;—

1776, Nov. 15. He mentions tho Electrical Eels ex

hibited in the Hay market, at 5s. ahead; sends a (bitter
epitaph on Dr. Johnson, by Soame Jenyns:
"Here lies poor Johnson: reader, have a care;
Tread lightly, lest you rouse a sleeping bear.
Religious, moral, generous and humane
He was; but self-sufficient, rude and vain;
Ill-bred and overbearing in dispute;
A scholar and a Christian, and a brute.
Would you know all his wisdom and his folly,
His actions, sayings, mirth and melancholy,
Boswell and Thrale, retailers of his wit,
Will tell you how he wrote and talked, and coughed

[and spit."

June 6. A card by Mr. Garrick to Lady Spencer. Mr. Garrick has fixed next Saturday for the last timo of acting.

1776, Nov. 9. Mentions a new fashion for ladies, of illuminated heads; head-dresses mado of evergreens and lamps; a new invention, heard of by him, by a confectioner and toyman (Pinchbeck).

1777, Sept. 14. Electrical apparatus at the Pantheon, to show that pointed conductors invite lightning and produce evil; and his Majesty ordered Mr. Wilson, the great electrical performer on tho occasion, to take down all tho pointed conductors of Dr. Franklin and place blunted ones in their room at

tho Queen's house no less than 400 drums and

many thousand yards of wire in tho apparatus;

it is to be hoped there is no party spirit in the business Miss Hannah More, whose essays your ladyship did not much fancy, has written a good tragedy

lately The subject from Chevy Chase, tho

quarrels between the Scotch and the English.

1777, Oct. 22. Mentions Foote's death on his landing at Calais , he had much wit and no feeling; sacrificed friends and foes to a joke, and so has died very littlo regretted, even by his nearest acquaintance.

A letter written by David Garrick, in Mrs. Garrick's name, in German English.

1777, December 11. Our tragedy succeeded; cordial applause; not a dry eye in the house.

1778, Nov. 17. Have just finished the prologuo to Henry Fielding's long lost comedy; it was given over for gone by tho family, but it fell into my hands after 25 years' absence; it is to bo acted on next Saturday se'nnight.

Nov. 24. The new comedy will not be ready for next Saturday.

Upwards of 20 letters from Mrs. Garrick to Countess Spencer, ranging from 1780 to 1792.

Between 70 and 80 letters from Sir William Jones, ranging from 1768 to 1/91. He seems to have been a tutor to Lord Althorp;—

1768, Aug. A letter from Wimbledon.

1768, Sept. 3. Encloses an exercise by Lord Althorp,

1768, Sept. 9. The professorship of modern languages is vacant; he is asked to put up for it.

In June 1769, he dates from Harrow; in August following from Oxford. In 1770 he was at Nice with Lord Althorp.

There is an interesting correspondence about his quitting the tutorship of Lord Althorp, on a difference of opinion regarding tho modo of education to bo pursued.

1780, Juno 16, Temple. Speaks of his being determined, if God preserves his life, to write the history of the American war in the manner of Thucydides, i.e., from his own personal knowledge of many actors in it on both sides, and of the events.

Juno 20. In the Houso of Commons vehement sparring and bickering between Dunning and Burke, not from sudden heat but from long nourished disgust, and, I fear, rancour.

1781, Fob. 21, New College, Oxford. Asks Lord Spencer to seal a petition, and says that this is the "same Margaret Williams whom you recommended last "Christmas at the Almoner's office."

1783, Creshna-nagar. Is charmed with Sanscrit

Tho Brahmins do not know how much he is assisted by Latin and Greek.

1791, Oct. 24. Our army stormed Nundeo Doorgum on the 18th.

Letters from General J. Cunningham, 1771-1788, politics and chat.

More than two dozen letters from Richard Rigby, M.P., to Lady Spencer; these range from 1777 to 1788, when he died. They contain much political information ;—

1779, Jan. 29. Offers Lady Spencer a ropm in the Pay Office to see Garrick's funeral,

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