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the world; and it is in this light that they are accounted honourable by those who have received them. Nor do we understand why the public testimonial of a liberal education or of professional skill should be withheld from a student merely because his religious principles have been formed under the sanction of parental authority, and his religious knowledge imbibed amidst the purity of home and the charities of natural affection.

'Although the system of the University of London differs in this point from that of Oxford and Cambridge, yet the course which is followed in the Universities of Scotland is the same as that which we propose to adopt. A Student of Edinburgh or Glasgow, if he be studying divinity, and purpose to enter the ministry, attends a course of theological instruction; but if he be seeking a medical diploma, or the common benefits of a liberal education, he is not required to attend, nor in fact does he attend lectures in divinity. He follows the course of literature and science or of professional study which is marked out for him, and receives a Degree in Arts or Medicine as a certificate of his proficiency. Yet these Universities have never been denounced as hostile to religion. If on these grounds a Charter is to be refused to the University of London, for the same reason the Universities of Edinburgh and Glasgow should be required to amend their practice.

'If, however, we look on this subject in another light, and consider the benefit which we are enabled to confer by not including religious instruction in our course of public education, we feel ourselves entitled to take a higher ground in the controversy, and no longer to content ourselves with defending our system, but for this very reason to enforce our claim to the privileges which we seek. The University of London is thus enabled to open its doors to all Students, without distinction of religious sect: and if it shall ever possess the power of conferring Degrees, it will award to learning and science their merited honours, whatever be the faith of the Student.

'Recent events have afforded a hope that the ancient Universities of the kingdom may be open to Dissenters. It is probable, however, that such an object cannot be accomplished without a process of inquiry, which may occupy a considerable time, and which unforeseen events may interrupt. But even if it were accomplished immediately by the authority of Parliament, we believe that a large portion of the Dissenting body would prefer receiving scientific and literary honours from the University of London, which has ever been open to them, to receiving them from Institutions which will not admit them except upon compulsion. It must be remembered also, that though it is desirable that the ancient Universities should be establishments for national education in the fullest sense of the word, and be open to all who choose to resort to them, yet these Universities will still be in a peculiar manner the theological seminaries of the Established Church: and moreover, so long as the Colleges are places of residence for young students, so long must they be places of religious education, and this religious education must be administered by members of the Established Church. The government and tuition of the existing Colleges will still remain in the hands of members of the Establishment. Dissenting Students, therefore, can never stand exactly in the same relation to the ancient Universities as Members of the Church of England; and it is not unreasonable, therefore, to suppose, that on this account also many would prefer receiving a similar course of instruction and similar honours from the University of London.

'The University proposes to confer Degrees in Arts, in Medicine, and eventually in Law.'

The remainder of the Address is occupied with an explanation of the views of the senate, with regard to the degrees in these several branches.

Art. VII. The Anti-Slavery Reporter. No. 112, February, 1835. 8vo, pp. 292. Price 6d. HPHIS Number, which appears after a long suspension of the •"- Publication to which it belongs, contains the fullest report that has yet appeared of the 'working of the Abolition Act \ The Ministers of the Crown, it is remarked, have, for reasons as yet unexplained, withheld all official information on the subject. The Editors have therefore at length deemed it necessary to lay before the public the scanty materials they possess, 'to prevent 'the public, and still more the Government, from being misled 'by the unfair misrepresentations which interest and prejudice 'have put forth from them to the disadvantage of the Abolition 'Cause.'

The Number contains nearly 300 closely printed pages, occupied chiefly with information gleaned from the Colonial Journals. 'It was our intention', say the Editors in conclusion, 'to have given the substance of the gratifying details, which have reached us from the different Missionary Societies, who are engaged in that field of service; namely, the Moravian, the Wesleyan, the Baptist, and the London Missionary Society. We greatly regret, however, that neither time nor space is left us for such an exposition, and we regret it the more, as it would tend, in a very striking manner, to illustrate the temporal, as well as the moral and spiritual benefits which are proceeding, and likely to proceed more and more every day, from the great act of emancipation. But we can assure our readers, that the more recent intelligence bears the same vivid impression of religious light and liberty, and of the heart-cheering progress of divine truth, in all its blessed influences, among the sable objects of our sympathy, which will be found in some of the earlier pages of this Reporter.'

We do not deem it necessary to add a word by way of inducement to our readers to obtain possession of this interesting collection of documents. We shall hold every one inexcusable who remains uninformed with regard to its contents.

Akt. VIII. LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. In the Press, The Great Teacher or Characters of our Lord's Ministry. By the Rev. J. Harris, of Epsom.

Mr. Thomas Roscoe, Editor of the Landscape Annual, is preparing for publication an Excursion in North Wales, which will be embellished with numerous highly-finished plates, from drawings made expressly for the work, by Cattermole, Cox, Creswick, and Walker, of Derby, and published in Monthly Numbers.

In the press, Martinet's Manual of Pathology: Edited by Jones Quain, M.D., Professor of Anatomy and Physiology in the University of London. A New Edition, with numerous Additions.

In the press, Corn Law Rhymes. The Third Volume of the Works of Ebenezer Elliott will appear in the ensuing month. Amongst its contents will be found some of the earliest productions of this talented Writer, without any political allusions, which were almost unheeded at the time of their publication—Southey alone addressing him to this effect: "There is power in the least serious of these tales, but the higher you pitch your tone the better you succeed. Thirty years ago, they would have made your reputation; thirty years hence, the world will wonder that they did not do so."

In the press, A Narrative of the Visit made by the Deputies to the American Churches from the^Congregational Union of England and Wales. By Andrew Reed, D.D., and James Matheson, D.D. The Work will form 2 Volumes, 8vo., and is expected to appear on the 1st of May.

Art. IX. WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED.

History. Novello. Comprising also Original Com

Select Memoirs of Port Royal, to which positions and Adaptations by the followingis appended, Lancelot's Tour to Alet. eminent Professors :-T. Adams; T. At-Fourth Edition, greatly enlarged. 2 vols, wood; W. Beale; W. Fitzpatnck.; J.

8vo 1/1* Goss; W. Hawes; W. Horsley, Mus.

Bac., Oxon.; W. Knyvett; V. Novello;

Miscellaneous. s- Webbe; S. Wesley; and other Com

Henrich Stilling', Childhood, Youthful P086" °f acknowledSed merit- P«* *. *-Years, and Wanderings. Translated from Theologv. the German, by S. Jackson. 12mo., 6a.,

cloth. The Doctrinal Errors of the Aposto

The Posthumous Letters of the Rev. lical and Early Fathers. By William Os-Rabshakeh Gathercoal, late Vicar of Tud- burne, Jun. 8vo. 10s, cloth-dington; now first published, with Expla- A Sermon preached before the Univer-natory Notes, and dedicated to the Bishop »tv of Cambridge, on the Day of the Fu

of London.neral of His Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester, late Chancellor of the Univer_ _ rsAl«°DY. sity> By Thomas Turt0I1) D D_ Regius I he Psalmist, a Collection of new and Professor of Divinity, and Dean of Pelmproved Psalm and Hymn Tunes, suitedterborough. 4to. 1*. to all the varieties of Metrical Psalmody, The Episcopal Form of Church Goconsisting principally of Tunes already invernment: its Antiquity, its Expediency, general use for Congregational Worship,and its Conformity to the Word of God. newly harmonized for four Voices, with aBy the Rev. John Medley, M.A, Minister separate Accompaniment for the Organ orof St. John's, Truro- foolsc. 8vo. Is. Pianoforte, the greater part by Vincent

THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

For MAY, 1835.

Art. I. Spiritual Despotism. By the Author of Natural History of Enthusiasm. 8vo., pp. 500. Price 10*. 6d. London, 1835.

T N this volume, the Author descends from the high ground from which he seemed to overlook the Christian world, and to watch the conflict of opinions, and is seen mingling, as a combatant, in the polemic strife; yet, intent only, as it should seem, upon opening a path for himself through the thickest of the affray, he deals his blows vigorously about him on each side, with an impartiality which precludes his being taken for a partisan of either, although both might alternately claim him as their champion. 'The previous works of our Author,' remarks a reviewer in the British Critic, 'left us in much doubt whether we 'could classify him among episcopalians or seceders. His avowed 'candour was so well sustained, however, that we were sure he 'was the friend of both parties, though he might be the adherent

'to one * But he is no longer amphibious. He broadly,

'but temperately, declaims against the chief sect of Dissent,— 'Congregationalism.' His language is:—' The Wesleyan Me'thodists and Moravians excepted, the great body of English 'Dissenters have fallen from Presbyterianism to Congregation'alism"1—'Congregationalism, a modern scheme altogether, 'sprung, as a re-action, from arrogant prelacy and the despotism 'of national churches;—the inevitable product of evil times, the 'child of oppression, and the nurseling of persecution.' But if, on the strength of such language as this, the partisan of the Establishment should make sure that he has gained in our Writer a

* This ill accords, however, with the shameful treatment the Author's "Saturday Evening" received in this same journal. A more unfair and ill-natured article never disgraced a respectable Review.

Vol. xIII. n.S. O O

decisive and congenial advocate,—he will not have gone far into the work before he finds that he has to deal with what is termed in colloquial phrase, 'a troublesome customer.' Indeed, we should find no difficulty in citing passages which would seem to warrant our claiming him not less decidedly as a Dissenter, though not of the straitest or extremest sect. For instance, how can we class with Episcopalians—albeit our Writer is an advocate of Episcopacy on a new model—the Author of the following eloquent testimony to the efficiency, in its proper sphere, of the voluntary principle? While contending that this principle is not to be depended upon for the support of religion and learning— and we know not who has taken the affirmative side of this proposition—he admits that this 'mighty engine of Christian bene'volence' is 'indeed the only engine that can be relied upon for 'effecting the vast enterprises of charity which our hearts cherish 'on behalf of mankind at large.'

'And let it be remembered, ' he continues, 'that while we call in question this method of maintaining the ministers of religion, and insist upon its insufficiency, its inequality, and its unhappy, though concealed influence, a high praise is, or ought to be secured, for the thousands among us who, from moderate resources, cheerfully draw what they draw for the support of their clergy. Those who feel more as Englishmen than as Churchmen, and more (may we say it) as philosophers than as religionists, will exult in reflecting upon the proof which English dissent exhibits of the liberality and of the generous elastic sentiment that belong to the national character. If any attribute these great pecuniary efforts mainly, or in any great proportion, to the impulse of a factious zeal, they are utterly uninformed of facts, as well as miserably splenetic. The church fund, raised yearly by the Dissenters of all classes, sheds a splendour upon Britain, brighter than the glitter of her arms: heaven thinks it so, even if earth has no eye to see it.

'Or, to look beyond the circle of dissent, the voluntary contributions raised in this country for religious and benevolent purposes, by the middle and lower classes, chiefly, may well fill every patriotic breast with the warmest emotions of pleasure. Who is so cramped by sectarian jealousies—who is so misanthropic—who so cold to the glory of his country, as not to exult in what the heavily-burdened people of England have been doing during the past thirty years, and are doing, with unabated generosity? No such mighty river of charity has before rolled upon earth's surface; and it swells every year: if hemmed in or diminished for a moment, it bursts its banks anon, and deepens its channel. Before God we do not glory; for we still do less than is our duty: but before men—before all other nations, we may modestly say, "Copy the pattern we set."

'If there are those among us who allow themselves to speak and think with contempt of the generous religious enterprises and the noble contributions of our several Christian communities, let them only transport themselves in idea to a distant futurity, and consider

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