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learning or experience inform him, that almost every occupation, however inconvenient or formidable, is happier and safer than a life of floth.· The neceffity of action is not only demonftrable from the fabric of the body, but evident from obfervation of the universal practice of mankind; who, for the prefervation of health in those whose rank or wealth exempts them from the neceffity of lucrative labours, have invented fports and diversions, though not of equal use to the world with manual trades, yet of equal fatigue to those who practise them, and differing only from the drudgery of the husbandman or manufacturer, as they are acts of choice, and therefore performed without the painful fenfe of compulfion. The huntsman rises early, pursues his game through all the dangers and obftructions of the chace, fwims rivers, and scales precipices, till he returns home no less harraffed than the foldier, and has, perhaps, fometimes incurred as great hazard of wounds and death: yet he has no motive to excite his ardour; he is neither subject to the command of a general, nor dreads the penalties of neglect or difobedience: he has neither profits nor honours to expect from his perils and conquefts; but acts without the hope of mural or civic garlands, and must content himTelf with the praise of his tenants and companions. But fuch is the conftitution of MAN, that

that labour is its own reward; nor will any external incitements be requifite, if it be confidered how much happiness is gained, and how much mifery escaped, by frequent and violent agitation of the body. Eafe is the most that can be hoped from a fedentary and inactive habit; but ease is a mere neutral state between pain and pleasure. The dance of fpirits, the bound of vigour, readinefs of enterprize, and defiance of fatigue, are referved for him that braces his nerves, and hardens his fibres; that keeps his limbs pliant with motion; and, by frequent exposure, fortifies his frame against the common accidents of cold and heat. With ease, however, if it could be secured, many would be content; but nothing terrestrial can be kept at a ftand. EASE, if it is not rifing into pleasure, will be settling into pain; and whatever hopes the dreams of fpeculation may suggest, of observing the proportion between retirement and labour, and keeping the body in a healthy ftate by supplies exactly equal to its weight, we know that, in effect, the vital powers, unexcited by motion, grow gradually languid, decay, and die. It is necessary to that perfection of which our present state is capable, that the mind and body fhould both be kept in action; that neither the faculties of the one nor the other should be fuffered to grow lax or torpid for want of ufe; that neither health can be purchafed

chafed by voluntary fubmiffion to ignorance, nor knowledge cultivated at the expence of that health, which must enable it either to give pleafure to its poffeffor, or affiftance to others. It is too frequently the pride of ftudents, to despise those amusements which give to the rest of mankind ftrength of limbs and chearfulness of heart. Solitude and contemplation are, indeed, seldom confiftent with such skill in common exercises or fports, as is neceffary to make them practised with delight; and no man is willing to do that of which the neceffity is not preffing, when he knows that his aukwardness but makes him ridiculous. I have always admired the wisdom of those by whom our female education was inftituted, for having contrived that every woman, of whatever condition, should be taught fome arts of manufacture, by which the vacuities of reclufe and domeftic leifure may be filled up. These arts are more neceffary, as the weakness of their sex, and the general system of life, debar ladies from many employments which, by diversifying the circumstances of men, preserve them from being cankered by the ruft of their own thoughts. I know not how much of the virtue and happiness of the world may be the confequence of this judicious regulation. Perhaps the most powerful fancy might be unable to figure the confufion and flaughter that would be produced by fo many piercing

piercing eyes, and vivid understandings, turned loofe upon mankind, with no other bufinefs than to sparkle and intrigue, to perplex and to destroy. For my own part, whenever chance brings within my observation a knot of misses busy at their needles, I confider myself as in THE SCHOOL OF VIRTUE; and though I have no extraordinary skill in plain-work or embroidery, look upon their operations with as much fatisfaction as their governess, because I regard them as providing a fecurity against the most dangerous ensnarers of the soul, by enabling them to exclude Idleness from their solitary moments, and with Idleness, her attendant train of paffions, fancies, chimeras, fears, forrows, and defires. OVID and CERVANTES will inform them that Love has no power but on those whom he catches unemployed: and HECTOR, in the Iliad, when he fees ANDROMACHE overwhelmed with tears, fends her for confolation to the loom and the diftaff." Certain it is, that wild wishes, and vain

* ANDROMACHE! my foul's far better part,
Why with untimely forrows heaves thy heart?
'Till fate condemns me to the filent tomb,
No hoftile hand can antedate my doom.
Fix'd is the term to all the race of earth,
And fuch the hard condition of our birth,
No force can then refift, no flight can save;
All fink alike, the fearful and the brave.


vain imaginations, never take fuch firm poffeffion of the mind, as when it is found empty and unemployed.

IDLENESS, indeed, was the spreading root from which all the vices and crimes of the oriental nuns fo luxuriantly branched. Few of them had any tafte for fcience, or were enabled, by the habits either of reflection or industry, to charm away the tediousness of SOLITUDE, or to relieve that wearinefs which muft neceffarily accompany their abftracted fituation. The talents with which nature had endowed them were uncultivated; the glimmering lights of reason were obfcured by a blind and headlong zeal; and their tempers foured by the circumstances of their forlorn condition. Certain it is, that the only means of avoiding unhappiness and mifery in Solitude, and perhaps in Society also, is to keep the

No more-but haften to thy task at home;
There guide the spindle, and direct the loom:
Me Glory fummons to the martial scene;
The field of combat is the sphere of men.
Where heroes war the foremost place I claim:
The first in danger, as the first in fame.
Thus having faid, the glorious chief resumes
His tow'ry helmet, black with fhading plumes.
His princess parts with a prophetic figh;
Unwilling parts, and oft reverts her eye,
That stream'd at every look; then moving flow,
Sought her own palace, and indulg'd her woe.


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