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TABLE 53. --Statistics of schools of science not endowed with the national land grant, for 1886–87, etc.- PART II.

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39,000

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2 Storrs Agricultural School
3 Agricultural College
4'Dakota School of Mines.

Rose Polytechnic Institute.

Lawrence Scientific School (Harvard University)..
7 Bussey Institution (Harvard University).

Worcester Polytechnic Institute.....

State Mining School..
10 Industrial Institute and College for Women......
11 Polytechnic School of Washington University.
12 Chandler Scientific Department of Dartmouth College
13 Thayer School of Civil Engineering (Dartmouth College).
14 Stevens Institute of Technology
15 Newark Technical School
16 John C. Green School of Science (College of New Jersey)..
17 Cooper Union Free Night Schools of Science and Art..
18 IIebrew Technical Institute...
19 School of Mines of Columbia Collego.
20 Scientific Department, University of the City of New York.
21 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

Industrial and Art School of the Ohio Mechanics' Institute.
23 Case School of Applied Science...
24 Pardee Scientific Department of Lafayette College
25] Franklin Institute
20 Spring Garden Institute
27 Wagner Tree Institute of Science
28 Lehigh University
29 Sonth Carolina Military Academy.
20 Norwich University
31 Virginia Military Institnto ...
32 New Market Polytechnic Institute

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1 Ontario, Cal..
2 San Francisco, Cal
3 Oxford, Ma

Worcester, Mass
5 Schenectady, N. Y ......

Allegheny, Pa .........
7 Philadelphia, Pa ......
8 Lexington, Va

Chaffey College of Agriculture (University of Southern California). Closed during 1886–87.
School of Practical, Civil, Mining, and Mechanical Engineering, Surveying, No information received.

and Drawing.
Maryland Military and Naval Academy

No information received.
Worcester County Free Institute of Industrial Science.........

Name changed to Worcester Polytechnic Instituto.
School of Civil Engineering of Union College....

Reported with classical department (see Table 47).
School of Engineering and Chemistry (Western University of Pennsylvania). Reported with classical department (see Table 47).
Towne Scientific School (University of Pennsylvania)...

Reported with classical department (see Table 47).
School of Civil and Military Engineering (Washington and Lee University). Reported with classical department (see Table 47).

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TABLE 53 A.-Statistics of the United States Naval and Military Academies for 1886–87.

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COMPARATIVE STATISTICS OF ATTENDANCE UPON COLLEGES AND SCIENTIFIC SCHOOLS

FOR 1875-76 AND 1885–86. Table 54 presents a comparative view of attendance at colleges and at both col. leges and scientific schools for the years 1875-76 and 1885–86, and the ratio which such attendance bore to the population at those dates.

The populations have been estimated from the data furnished by the United States census of 1870 and 1880, and the statistics showing attendance, as specified, from the reports of this Office. Students in preparatory courses or departments have not been included.

Considering the institutions involved in the discussion, it will be seen that there was a decrease of 9 in the number of colleges reporting attendance in 1885-86 as compared with the number in 1875-76, and an increase of 10 in the number of scientific schools. The attendance upon the smaller number of colleges in 1885-86 exceeded the attendance in 1875-76 by 7,072, or 27 per cent. ; the attendance upon both colleges and scientific schools increased by 8,950, or 28 per cent. ; whilst the increase in the estimated population was 11,355,972, or 25 per cent. The comparative view of the

relation of students to population for the years selected is presented by States and by geographical sections in Columns 12, 13, 14, and 15 of the table before us. The statistics, as tabulated, show increase in the number of students as compared with the population for colleges alone and for both colleges and scientific schools in the North Atlantic and North Central Divisions of the country, and decrease in the three remaining sections.

Many considerations are suggested by this view; the most important pertains to the statistics themselves. Do they fairly represent the situation. If they do not, the failure is attributable to the want of accuracy in the returns made to the Office, or to the failure of institutions to make any returns.

With respect to the first-named source of possible error, it can only be said that an examination of the returns for the years intermediate between 1875 and 1886 confirms the statistics reported for those years.

With respect to the second source of error, it is evident that a number of colleges reporting at the earlier date failed to do so at the later date. Some of these have suspended operations; others, finding it impossible to maintain the college standard, have assumed the work of secondary schools; a few have not furnished recent information. While the number of these last is not large, their omission is to be regretted in an inquiry of this kind.

As regards the country at large the conclusions here established must be approximately correct. If any state or section is misrepresented it is hoped that the addi. tional data required to do justice to the same will be immediately forthcoming. Indeed, one great purpose of the inquiry, carried so far as the material at hand permits, will have been served if this illustration of its importance in settling questions of public moment shall induce greater care and promptness in replying on the part of those by whom the facts must be supplied.

In considering the relative status of the geographical sections of the country, as shown in Columns 12, 13, 14, 15, it should be remembered that the two Southern sections have a large colored population which is scarely represented in college attendance. Comparison between the ratios here given and those published in De Bow's Review as early as 1857 will naturally occur to many minds.

The latter estimates were for 29 States, considering the white population only. The conclusions established by De Bow's figures are placed in comparison with the foregoing in the following summary, the same States being included in both sets of ratios :

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Table 54.—Comparative statistics of attendance upon colleges and scientific schools for 1875-76 and 1885–86.

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TABLE 54.-Comparatire statistics of attendance upon colleges and scientific schools for 1873-76 and 1877--1--Continned.

1875-76.

1883-80.

Population to one student.

10

12

15

South Central Division-Continued.

1, 237, 453

5

3, 672 1, 431 4, 324 5, 193

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North Central Division.

972

2,972, 227

1, 301

2, 262 1,318 1,563

2, 801), 207

2, 333

695
159
900
952

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Stato or Territory.

Colleges.

Colleges and solen.

titio schools.

Number of colleges.

Number of students

attending colleges

Population.

Number of colleges and

scientific schools.

Xumber of students at. tending colleges and scientitic schools.

Number of colleges.

Xamberof collegeeand scientific schools.

Population.

Number of students

attending colleges.

Number of students at

tending colleges and scientific schools.

1875-76.

1885-86.

1876-70.

1885-86.

998, 644

192
170
618
175

1, 219, 969

179, 238

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