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(said he) he is fullest on the propitiatory sa. | mitted to see the Doctor, that she might
earnestly request him to give her his blessJohnson having thus in his mind the true ing. Francis went into his room, followed Christian scheme, at once rational and con- by the young lady, and delivered the mes. solatory, uniting justice and mercy in the sage. The Doctor turned himself in the DIVINITY, with the improvement of human bed, and said, “God bless you, my dear!' nature, previous to his receiving the Holy | These were the last words he spoke. His Sacrament in his apartment, composed and difficulty of breathing increased till about fervently uttered this prayer :*
seven o'clock in the evening, when Mr. Bar“ Almighty and most merciful Father, I ber and Mrs. Desmoulins, who were sitting am now, as to human eyes it seems, about to in the rooin, observing that the noise he commemorate, for the last time, the death made in breathing had ceased, went to the of thy Son JESUS CHRIST, our Saviour and bed, and found he was dead.” Redeemer. Grant, O LORD, that my whole About two days after his death, the fol. hope and confidence may be in his merits, lowing very agreeable account was commu. and thy mercy; enforce and accept my im. nicated to Mr. Malone, in a letter by the perfect repentance; make this commemora Honourable John Byng, to whom I am tion available to the confirmation of my much obliged for granting me permission to faith, the establishment of my hope, and the | introduce it in my work. enlargement of my charity; and make the death of thy Son JESUS CHRIst effectual to
“ DEAR SIR, my redemption. Have mercy upon me, and “ Since I saw you, I have had a long pardon the multitude of my offences. Bless conversation with Cawston,t who sat up my friends, have mercy upon all men. Sup.
with Dr. Johnson, from nine o'clock on Sunport me, by thy Holy Spirit, in the days of day evening, till ten o'clock on Monday weakness, and at the hour of death; and re morning. And, from what I can gather from ceive me at my death, to everlasting hap him, it should seem, that Dr. Johnson was piness, for the sake of Jesus Christ. perfectly composed, steady in hope, and reAmen.”
signed to death. At the interval of each Having, as has been already mentioned, hour, they assisted him to sit up in his bed, made his will on the 8th and 9th of Decem
and move his legs, which were in much pain; ber, and settled all his worldly affairs, he when he regularly addressed himself to ferlanguished till Monday, the 13th of that vent prayer; and though, sometimes, his voice month, when he expired, about seven o'clock | failed him, his sense never did, during that in the evening, with so little apparent pain,
time. The only sustenance he received was that his attendants hardly perceived when cider and water. He said his mind was prehis dissolution took place.'
pared, and the time to his dissolution Of his last moments, my brother, Thomas | seemed long. At six in the morning, he inDavid, has furnished me with the following quired the hour, and, on being informed, particulars :
said that all went on regularly, and he felt “ The Doctor, from the time that he was
he had but a few hours to live. certain his death was near, appeared to be
“At ten o'clock in the morning, he parted perfectly resigned, was seldom or never fret.
from Cawston, saying, “ You should not de. ful or out of temper, and often said to his tain Mr. Windham's servant : I thank you : faithful servant, who gave me this account,
bear my remembrance to your master.' Caw. • Attend, Francis, to the salvation of your
ston says, that no man could appear more soul, which is the object of greatest impor- collected, more devout, or less terrified at tance:' he also explained to him passages in
the thoughts of the approaching minute. the scripture, and seemed to have pleasure “ This account, which is so much more in talking upon religious subjects.
| agreeable than, and somewhat different from, “On Monday, the 13th of December, the yours, has given us the satisfaction of thinkday on which he died, a Miss Morris, daugh ing that that great man died as he lived, full ter to a particular friend of his, called, and of resignation, strengthened in faith, and said to Francis, that she begged to be per
joyful in hope.”
A few days before his death, he had asked
Sir John Hawkins, as one of his executors, A sensible man. You know his extreme zeal for ortho where he should be buried; and on being doxy. But did you ever hear whot he told me himself? That he had made it a rule not to admit Dr. Clarke's
answered, “ Doubtless in Westminster-Abname in his Dictionary. This, however, wore off. At bey," seemed to feel a satisfaction very nasorne distance of time he advised with me what books he
tural to a poet ; and indeed in my opinion should read in defence of the Christian Religion. I recommended Clarke's Evidences of Natural and Re very natural to every man of any imaginavealed Religion,' as the best of the kind : and I find in tion, who has no family sepulchre in which what is called his Prayers and Meditations, that he was
he can be laid with his fathers. Accordingly, frequently employed in the latter part of his time in reading Clarke's Sermons."
upon Monday, December 20, his remains • The Reverend Mr. Strahan took care to have it precerved, and has inserted it in “ Prayers and Meditacions," p. 216.
Servant to the Right Honourable William Windham.
were deposited in that noble and renowned nation ever had such an accumulation of li edifice ; and over his grave was placed a terary honours after his death. A sermon large blue flag-stone, with this inscription : | upon that event was preached in St. Mary's “ SAMUEL Johnson, LL.D.
church, Oxford, before the University, by Obiit XIII die Decembris
the Reverend Mr. Agutter, of Magdalen Anno Domini
College. The Lives, the Memoirs, the M. DCC. LXXXIV.
Essays, both in prose and verse, which have Xtatis suæ LXXV."
been published concerning him, would make His funeral was attended by a respectable
many volumes. The numerous attacks too number of his friends, particularly such of
upon him, I consider as part of his conse. the members of THE LITERARY CLUB as
quence, upon the principle which he him. were then in town; and was also honoured
self so well knew and asserted. Many who with the presence of several of the Reverend
trembled at his presence, were forward in Chapter of Westminster, Mr. Burke, Sir
assault, when they no longer apprehended Joseph Banks. Mr. Windham, Mr. Langton,
danger. When one of his little pragmatical Sir Charles Bunbury, and Mr. Colman, bore
foes was invidiously snarling at his fame, his pall. His schoolfellow, Dr. Taylor, per. formed the mournful office of reading the burial service.
Whose moral writings, exactly conformable to the
precepts of Christianity, I trust I shall not be accused of affecta Gave ardour to Virtue and confidence to Truth." tion, when I declare, that I find myself un As no inconsiderable circumstance or his fame, we able to express all that I felt upon the loss must reckon the extraordinary zeal of the artists to es.
tend and perpetuate his image. I can enumerate a bust of such a “Guide, Philosopher, and Friend.".
by Mr. Nollekens, and the many casts which are made I shall, therefore, not say one word of my from it; several pictures by Sir Joshua Reynolds, from own, but adopt those of an eminent friend, t
one of which, in the possession of the Duke of Dorset,
Mr. Humphry executed a beautiful miniture in enandel: which he uttered with an abrupt felicity,
one by Mrs. Frances Reynolds, Sir Joshua's sister: one superior to all studied compositions :-“ He by Mr. Zoffanij ; and one by Mr. Opie; and the followhas made a chasm, which not only nothing
ing engravings of his portrait: 1. One by Cooke, froen
Sir Joshua, for the Proprietors' edition of his folio Dio. can fill up, but which nothing has a tendency
tionary.--2. One from ditto, by ditto, for their quarto to fill up.-Johnson is dead. -Let us go to
edition.-3. One from Opie, by Heath, for Harrison's
edition of his dictionary. 4. One from Nollekens best the next best; there is nobody; no man can
of him, by Bartolozzi, for Fielding's quarto edition of be said to put you in mind of Johnson." his Dictionary.-5. One sinall, from Harding, by Trot
ter, for his i Beauties."-6. One small from Sir Joshua, As Johnson had abundant homage paid
by Trotter, for his “Lives of the Poets.--7. One small. to him during his life, so no writer in this from Sir Joshua, by Hall, for “ The Rambler."- One
small, from an original drawing, in the possession of Mr.
John Simco, etched by Trotter, for another edition of • On the subject of Johnson I may adopt the words of his “Lives of the Poets."-9. One small, no painter's Sir John Harrington, concerning his venerable Tutor name, etched by Taylor, for his Johnsoniana.-10. One and Diocesan, Dr. John Still, Bishop of Bath and Wells; folio whole-length, with his oak-stick, as described “who hath given me some helps, more hopes, all encou in Boswell's "Tour," drawn and etched by, Trotterragements in my best studies: to whom I never came 11.One large mezzotinto, from Sir Joshua, by Doughty. but I grew more religious; from whom I never went, 12. One large Roman head, from Sir Joshus, by but I parted better instructed. Of him, therefore, my Marchi.-13. One octavo, holding a book to his eye, acquaintance, my friend, my instructor, if I speak much, from Sir Joshua, by Hall, for his works-14. One small, it were not to be marvelled: if I speak frankly, it is from a drawing from the life, and engraved by Trotter, not to be blamed; and though I speak partially, it were for his Life published by Kearsley.-15. One large, from to be pardoned." Nuge Antiquæ, vol. 1. p. 136. There Opie, by Mr. Townley, (brother of Mr. Townley, of the is one circumstance in Sir John's character of Bishop Commons,) an ingenious artist, who resided some time Suill, which is peculiarly applicable to Johnson ; " He at Berlin, and has the honour of being engraver to his became so famous a disputer, that the learnedest were Majesty the King of Prussia. This is one of the finest even afraid to dispute with him: and he finding his own mezzotintos that ever was executed; and what renders strength, could not stifle to warn them in their argu it of extraordinary value, the plate was destroyeti afta ments to take heed to their answers, like a perfect fencer | four or five impressions only were taken off. One of that will tell aforehand in which button he will give the thern is in the possession of Sir William Scott. Mr. venew, or like a cunning chess-player that will appoint Townley has lately been prevailed with to execute and aforehand with which pawn and in what place he will publish another of the same, that it may be more gene give the mate." Ibid.
rally circulated among the admirers of Dr. Johnson + The late Right Hon. William Gerrard Hamilton, 16. One large, from Sir Joshua's first picture of him, by who had been intimately acquainted with Dr. Johnson Heath, for this work, in quarto.-17. One octavo, by near thirty years. He died in London, July 16, 1796, in Baker, for the octavo edition-1& And one for "L his 69th or 70th year. M.]
vater's Essay's on Physiognomy," in which Johnson's I Beside the Dedications to him by Dr. Goldsmith, countenance is analysed upon the principles of that fan the Reverend Dr. Franklin, and the Reverend Mr. Wil ciful writer. There are also several seals with his head son, which I have mentioned according to their dates, cut on them, particularly a very fine one by that emithere was one by a lady, of a versification of “ Aningait nenent artist, Edward Burch, Esq.R.A. in the possession and Ajut," and one by the ingenious Mr. Walker, of his of the younger Dr. Charles Burney. “Rhetorical Grammar." I have introduced into this Let me add, as a proof of the popularity of his chswork several compliments paid to him in the writings of racter, that there are copper pieces 'struck at Birminghis contemporaries; but the number of them is so great,
ham, with his head impressed on them, which pass our that we may fairly say that there was almost a general
rent as half-pence there, and in the neighbouring parts tribute.
of the country. Let me not be forgetful of the honour done to him by & It is not yet publishedIn a letter to me. Mr Colonel Myddleton, of Gwaynynog, near Denbigh ; Agutter says, *. My sermon before the Uriversity was who, on the banks of a rivulet in his park, where John more engaged with Dr. Johnson's moral than his intellec son delighted to stand and repeat verses, erec ed an urn
tual character. It particularly examined hus fear of death with the following inscription ;
and suggested several reasons for the apprehensions of the
good, and the indifference of the infidel in their last " This spot was often dignified by the presence of hours; this was illustrated by contrasting the death of Dr. SAMUEL JOHNSON, LL.D.
Johnson and Mr. Hume: the text was Job xxi. 2. 6
of Kearsips of Mr. Tided soute to his
at Sir Joshua Reynold's table, the Reverend praise which is highly estimable, I should Dr. Parr exclaimed, with his usual bold ani. I not forgive myself were I to omit the folmation, “Ay, now that the old lion is dead, lowing sepulchral verses on the author of every ass thinks he may kick at him.”
THE ENGLISH DICTIONARY, written by A monument for him, in Westminster- the Right Honourable Henry Flood : Abbey, was resolved upon soon after his
"No need of Latin or of Greek to grace death, and was supported by a most respect.
Our Johnson's memory, or inscribe his grave; able contribution ; but the Dean and Chap His native language claims this mournful space, ter of St. Paul's having come to a resolution To pay the immortality he gave." of admitting monuments there, upon a libe The character of SAMUEL Jounson has, raland magnificent plan, that cathedral was | I trust, been so developed in the course of afterwards fixed on as the place in which
this work, that they who have honoured it a cenotaph should be erected to his me
with a perusal, may be considered as well mory; and in the cathedral of his native
acquainted with him. As, however, it may city of Lichfield, a smaller one is to be
| be expected that I should collect into one erected. To compose this epitaph, could view the capital and distinguishing features not but excite the warmest competition of this extraordinary man, I shall endeavour of genius.+ If laudari a laudato viro be
to acquit niyself of that part of my biogra.
phical undertaking, however difficult it • This monument has been since erected. It con may be to do that which many of my read. sists of a medallion, with a tablet beneath, on which is this inscription:
ers will do better for themselves. "The friends of SAMUEL JOHNSON, LL.D.
His figure was large and well formed, A native of Lichfield,
and his countenance of the cast of an ancient Erected this Monument, As a tribute of respect
statue; yet his appearance was rendered To the memory of a man of extensive learning, strange and somewhat uncouth, by convul. A distinguished moral writer, and a sincere Christian. He died Dec. 13, 1784, aged 75." M.]
sive cramps, by the scars of that distemper
which it was once imagined the royal touch + The Reverend Dr. Part on being requested to undertake it, thus expressed himself in a letter to William could cure, and by a slovenly mode of dress. Seward, Esq.
He had the use only of one eye; yet so "I leave this mighty task to some hardier and some
much does mind govern and even supply abler writer. The variety and splendour of Johnson's attainments, the peculiarities of his character, his pri the deficiency of organs, that his visual per. vate virtues, and his literary publications, fill me with
ceptions, as far as they extended, were un. confusion and dismay, when I reflect upon the confined and difficult species of composition, in which alone they commonly quick and accurate. So morbid can be expressed with propriety, upon his monument." was his temperament that he never knew But I understand that this great scholar, and warm ad
the natural joy of a free and vigorous use mirer of Johnson, has yielded to repeated solicitations, and executed the very difficult undertaking.
of his limbs: when he walked, it was like [Dr. Johnson's Monument, consisting of a Colossal
the struggling gait of one in fetters; when Figure leaning against a column (but not very strongly resembling him,) has, since the death of our author, been
he rode, he had no command or direction of placed in St. Paul's Cathedra), having been first opened his horse, but was carried as if in a balloon. io public view, Feb. 23, 1798. The Epitaph was writ
That with his constitution and habits of ten by the Rev. Dr. Parr, and is as follows:
life he should have lived seventy-five years, is a proof that an inherent vivida vis is a
powerful preservative of the human frame. A k 12
To prevent any misconception on this subject, Mr. GRAMMATICO. ET. CRITICO
Malone, by whom these lines were obligingly cornmuniSCRIPTORVM .ANGLICORVM . LITTERATE. cated, requests me to add the following remark: PERITO
"In justice to the late Mr. Flood, now himself wantPOETAE.LVMINIBVS. SENTENTIARVM ing, and highly meriting, an epitaph from his country, ET PONDERIBVS. VERBORVM .ADMIRABILI to which his transcendent talents did the highest ho
MAGISTRO. VIRTVTIS.GRAVISSIMO nour, as well as the most important service; it should HOMINI. OPTITO. ET. SINGVLARIS. be observed, that these lines were by no means intended EXEMPLI
as a regular monumental inscription for Dr. Johnson. QVI · VIXIT • ANN · LXXV · MENS · 11. • DIEB. Had he undertaken to write an appropriate and disXIII
criminative epitaph for that excellent and extraordi. DECESSIT IDIB. DECEMBR: ANN CHRIST · nary man, those who knew Mr. Flood's vigour of mind, clɔ . IɔccLxxxmul
will have no doubt that he would have produced one SEPULT.IN. AED SANCT. PETR. WESTMO worthy of his illustrious subject. But the fact was merely NASTERIENS.
this: In Dec. 1789, after a large subscription had been xul :KAL IANVARANN CHRIST.clɔlɔcc.LIXXV made for Dr. Johnson's monument, to which Mr. Flood AMICI ET SODALES. LITTERARII
liberally contributed, Mr. Malone happened to call on PECVNIA.CONLATA
him at his house, in Berner's-street, and the conversation H.M.FACIUND. CVRAVER.
turning on the proposed monument, Mr Malone main
tained that the epitaph, by whomsoever it should be On a scroll in his hand are the following words.
written, ought to be in Latin. Mr. Flood thought dif. ΕΝΜΑΚΑΡΕΣΣΙΠΟΝΩΝΑΝΤΞΑΙΟΣΙΕΗΑΜΟΙΒΗ. ferently. The next morning, in the postscript to a note
on another subject, he mentioned that he continued of On one side of the monument, FACIEBAT JOHANNES
the same opinion as on the preceding day, and subBACON, SCULPTOR, ANN. CHRIST. N.DCC.LXxxv.
joined the lines above given." The subscription for this monument, which cost 8 As I do not see any reason to give a different chaeleven hundred guineas, was begun by the LITERARY racter of my illustrious friend now, from what I former. CLUB, and completed by the aid of Dr. Johnson's other ly gave, the greatest part of the sketch of him in my friends and admirers. M.1
1 Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides," is here adopted.
Man is, in general, made up of contradic. , 'when provoked by obtrusive ignorance, or tory qualities; and these will ever shew presuming petulance ; and allowance must themselves in strange succession, where a be made for his uttering hasty and satirical consistency in appearance at least, if not sallies even against his best friends. And, reality, has not been attained by long habits surely, when it is considered, that, “amidst of philosophical discipline. In proportion sickness and sorrow,” he exerted his facul to the native vigour of the mind, the con- ties in so many works for the benefit of mantradictory qualities will be the more promi. kind, and particularly that he achieved the nent, and more difficult to be adjusted; and, great and admirable DICTIONARY of our therefore, we are not to wonder, that Johns language, we must be astonished at his reson exhibited an eminent example of this re solution. The solemn text, “ of him to mark which I have made upon human nature. whom much is given, much will be requir. At different times, he seemed a different ed," seems to have been ever present to his man, in some respects ; not, however, in any mind, in a rigorous sense, and to have made greator essential article, upon which he him dissatisfied with his labours and acts of bad fully employed his mind, and settled goodness, however comparatively great ; so certain principles of duty, but only in his that the unavoidable consciousness of his manners, and in the display of argument superiority was, in that respect, a cause of and fancy in his talk. He was prone to disquiet. He suffered so much from this, superstition, but not to credulity. Though and from the gloom which perpetually haunt. his imagination miglit incline him to a be- ed him, and made solitude frightful, that it lief of the marvellous and the mysterious, may be said of him, “ If in this life only he his vigorous reason examined the evidence had hope, he was of all men most miserable." with jealousy. He was a sincere and zeal. He loved praise, when it was brought to ous Christian, of high Church-of-England | him ; but was too proud to seek for it. He and monarchical principles, which he would was somewhat susceptible of flattery. As not tamely suffer to be questioned ; and had, he was general and unconfined in his studies. perhaps, at an early period, narrowed his he cannot be considered as master of any one mind somewhat too much, both as to religion particular science; but he had accumulated and politics. His being impressed with the a vast and various collection of learning and danger of extreme latitude in either, though knowledge, which was so arranged in his he was of a very independent spirit, occa- mind, as to be ever in readiness to be brought sioned his appearing somewhat unfavourable forth. But his superiority over other learn. to the prevalence of that noble freedom of ed men consisted chiefly in what may be sentiment which is the best possession of called the art of thinking, the art of using man. Nor can it be denied, that he had his mind; a certain continual power of seizmany prejudices; which, however, frequent. ing the useful substance of all that he knew, ly suggested many of his pointed sayings, and exhibiting it in a clear and forcible manthat rather shew a playfulness of fancy than ner; so that knowledge, which we often see to any settled malignity. He was steady and be no better than lumber in men of dull uninflexible in maintaining the obligations derstanding, was, in him, true, evident, and of religion and morality; both from a re actual wisdom. His moral precepts are prac. gard for the order of society, and from a tical; for they are drawn from an intimate veneration for the GREAT SOURCE of all acquaintance with human nature. His order; correct, nay stern in his taste ; hard
maxims carry conviction; for they are to please, and easily offended ; impetuous founded on the basis of common sense, and and irritable in his temper, but of a most a very attentive and minute survey of real humane and benevolent heart, which shew. | life. His mind was so full of imagery that ed itself not only in a most liberal charity, he might have been perpetually a poet ; yet as far as his cicumstances would allow, but it is remarkable, that, however rich his prose in a thousand instances of active benevo is in this respect, his poetical pieces, in ge. lence. He was afflicted with a bodily disease neral, have not much of that splendour, but which made him often restless and fretful; are rather distinguished by strong senti. and with a constitutional melancholy, the ment, and acute observation, conveyed in clouds of which darkened the brightness of harmonious and energetic verse, particuhis fancy, and gave a gloomy cast to his larly in heroic couplets. Though usually whole course of thinking: we, therefore, grave, and even awful in his deportment, he ought not to wonder at his sallies of impa
possessed uncommon and peculiar powers tience and passion at any time; especially of wit and humour; he frequently indulged
himself in colloquial pleasantry ; and the In the Olla Podrida, a collection of Essays published at Oxford, there is an admirable paper upon the charac
heartiest merriment was often enjoyed in ter of Johnson, written by the Reverend Dr. Horne, the his company ; with this great advantage, last excellent Bishop of Norwich. The following passage
that it was entirely free from any poisonous is eminently happy :-"To reject wisdom, because the person of him who communicates it is uncouth, and his tincture of vice or impiety, it was salutary manners are inelegant ;--what is it, but to throw away to those who shared in it. He had accus. a pine-apple, and assign for a reason the roughness of its coat?"
tomed himself to such accuracy in his com
mon conversation, that he at all times ex- , dience, his real opinions could seldom be pressed his thoughts with great force, and gathered from his talk; though when he was an elegant choice of language, the effect of in company with a single friend, he would which was aided by his having a loud voice, discuss a subject with genuine fairness ; but and a slow deliberate utterance. In him he was too conscientious to make error perwere united a most logical head with a most manent and pernicious, by deliberately wri. fertile imagination, which gave him an ex- ting it ; and, in all his numerous works, he traordinary advantage in arguing: for he earnestly inculcated what appeared to him could reason close or wide, as he saw best to be the truth; his piety being constant, for the moment. Exulting in his intellec- and the ruling principle of all his conduct. tual strength and dexterity, he could, when Such was SAMUEL JOHNson, a man whose he pleased, be the greatest sophist that ever talents, acquirements, and virtues, were so contended in the lists of declamation; and, extraordinary, that the more his character from a spirit of contradiction and a delight is considered, the more he will be regarded in shewing his powers, he would often main. by the present age, and by posterity, with tain the wrong side with equal warmth and admiration and reverence. ingenuity; so that, when there was an au.
• Though a perfect resemblance of Johnson is not to be found in any age, parts of his character are admirably expressed by Clarendon, in drawing that of Lord FalkLand, whom the noble and masterly historian describes at his seat near Oxford :-"Such an immenseness of wit, such a solidity of judgement, so infinite a fancy bound in by a most logical ratiocination.--His acquaintance was cultivated by the most polite and accurate Inen, so that his house was an University in less volume, whither they came, not so much for repose as study, and to examine and refine those grosser propositions, which laziness and consent made current in conversation."
Bayle's account of Menage may also be quoted as exceedingly applicable to the great subject of this work. « His illustrious friends erected a very glorious monument to him in the collection entitled Menagiana. Those who judge of things aright, will confess that this collection is very proper to shew the extent of genius and learning which was the character of Menage. And I may be bold to say, that the excellent works he published will not distinguish him from other learned men 80 advantageously as this. To publish books of great learning, to make Greek and Latin verses exceedingly well turned, is not a common talent, I own; neither is it extremly rare. It is incomparably more difficult to
find men who can furnish discourse about an infinite number of things, and who can diversify them an hundred ways. How many authors are there, who are admired for their works, on account of the vast learning that is displayed in them, who are not able to sustain a conversation. Those who know Menage only by his books, might think he resembled those learned men : but if you shew the MENAGIANA, you distinguish him from them, and make him known by a talent which is given to very few learned men. There it appears that he was a man who spoke oft-hand a thousand good things. His memory extended to what was ancient and modern ; to the court and to the city; to the dead and to the living languages; to things serious and things jocose : in a word, to a thousand sorts of subjects. That which appeared a trifle to some readers of the Menagiana, who did not consider circumstances, caused admiration in other readers, who minded the difference, between what a man speaks without preparation, and that which he prepares for the press. And, therefore, we cannot sufficiently commend the care which his illustrious friends took to erect a monument so capable of giving him immortal glory. They were not obliged to rectify what they had heard him say; for, in so doing, they had not been faithful historians of his conversation."