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(S THE DOCTBIJJE OF ENDLESS PUNISHMENT TAUGHT IN THE BIBLE?
OB DOES THE BIBLE TEACH THE DOCTRINE OF THE FINAL HOLI-
NESS AND HAPPINESS OF ALL MANKIND?

A SERIES OP LETTERS

BETWEEN

EZRA STILES ELY, D. D.,

Pastor of the Third Presbyterian C^rffTi, Philadelphia,

AND

ABEL C.THOMAS,

Paitor of the First Universaliat Church, Philadelphia,

NEW-YORK:

PUBLISHED BY P. PRICE.

STEREOTYPED BY I. S. REDFIELD.

18~35.

Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1835, by

P. PRICE,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Southern District of New-York.

Copy I PREFACE.

The reader will probably desire to know what course was adopted by Rev. Drs. Khantley, Tvng and Barnes, in relation to the proposal which led to the controversy between Rev. Dr. Ely and Mr. Thomas. Let it suffice to remark, that Drs. TING and BARNES are not known to have given the slightest attention to the matter. Rev. Dr. Bbantley, in a note dated "January 30, 1834," stated in effect, that it would be agreeable to him, should big society approve of the course, to hear the sentiments of Universalists proclaimed in the meetinghouse of the First Baptist Church, in Second-street, Philadelphia—with the understanding that he should afterwards examine and criticise those sentiments in his own way and time. He also stated, that the house, which was undergoing some alterations, would "not be tenantable for two months to come." Immediately after the receipt of this note, Messrs. Thomas and FCLLEB presented a joint request for the use of the meeting-house, so soon as it could be occupied. To the letter containing this request, no answer has yet been received.

Rev. Ezra Stiles Ely is extensively and favourably known as a Presbyterian Clergyman, author of several Theological works, Stated Clerk of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, and editor of ThePhiladelphian. He is a graduate of Yale College, from which institution, we believe, he received the title and degree of Doctor in Divinity. In 1814, he was elected to the pastoral charge of the Third Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia, which station he recently resigned, having accepted the appointment of Professor of Polemic Theology in Marion College, Missouri.

Rev. Abel C. Thomas commenced the Ministry of Reconciliation in December, 1828, at the age of 21 years. In April, 1829, ho became connected with a society of Universalists in New-York, in the relation of Pastor, which charge he resigned in September of the same year, having accepted an invitation to become the Pastor of the First Universalist Church in Philadelphia. It may not be improper to add, that he never enjoyed the advantages of a collegiate education.

The letters of Dr. Ely, were originally published in The Philadephian; those of Mr. Thomas, in the Messenger and Universnlist, excepting the seven concluding epistles in this volume, which now, for the first time, appear in print.

The entire controversy, with the exception of the seven epistles above referred to, was republished in the "Trumpet and Universalist Magazine," Boston; "ChristianIntelligencer," Gardiner, Me.; "Star in the East," Concord, N. H.; "Universalist Watchman," Montpelier, Vt.; "Sentinel," Philomath, la.; "Herald of Truth,'' Geneva, N. Y.; "Liberalist," Philadelphia; and some of the letters appeared in the " Southern Pioneer," Baltimore; and in the "Iris," Methuen, Mass. The latter is a literary paper; the others are Universalist publications.

The discussion is now presented to the public, verbatim, as it was originally published, with the exception of a trifling change of phraseology in a single sentence—to which a special reference need not be made.

In the month of February, 1834, the steam-boat William Penn was destroyed by fire, in the river Delaware. Rev. John Mitchelmore, of Lewistown, Del., was drowned in attempting to reach the shore. To this circumstance an allusion is made on page 43.

Cherishing a hope that this volume may tend in some measure to a correct understanding of the sacred oracles, it is respectfully submitted without further remark..

New York, August, 1835.

Introduced in this Discussion, in proof of the doctrine of Endless Punishment.

Deuteronomy xxxii. 22: "For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell." Psalm ix. 17: "The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.'' Proverbs xxix. 1: "He that being often reproved hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy." Ezekiel xviii. 31, 32: "Why will ye die, O house of Israel? For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord God: wherefore turn yourselves, and live ye." Daniel xii. 2: "And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt." Matthew x. 28: "And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell." Matthew xii. 32: "Whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come."

Matthew xiii. 39—42: "The harvest is the end of the world, and the reapers are the angels. As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it bein the end of this world. The Sou of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather put of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity, and shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth." Matthew xvi. 26, 27:"For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul ? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul? For the Son of man shall come in the glory ofhis Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works."

Matthew xxiii. 33: "Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell 1"

Matthew xxv. 41: "Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels."

Matthew xxv. 46: "Andthese shall go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into life eternal." Matthew xxvi. 24: "The Son of man goeth as it is written of him j but wo unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been born." Mark ix. 45, 46: " And if thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter halt into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched: where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched." Markxvi. 16; "He that believeth and is baptized, shall be saved; but he that believeth not, shall be damned."

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