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THE

MAGAZINE

NATURAL HISTORY,

AND

JOURNAL

Op

ZOOLOGY, BOTANY, MINERALOGY, GEOLOGY,

AND METEOROLOGY.

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MEMBER OF THE ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON, AND OF VARIOUS

NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETIES ON THE CONTINENT.

VOL. I.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR
LONGMAN, REES, ORME, BROWN, AND GREEN,

PATERNOSTER-ROW.

PREFACE.

The First Volume of the Magazine of Natural History is submitted
to its readers, as a fair specimen of what that Periodical is intended
to be ; subject, however, to such improvements as may, from time
to time, suggest themselves to its Conductor.

The Introduction (p. 1.) describes the objects it proposes to
embrace: - 1. A more general diffusion of a knowledge of Ani-
mals, Vegetables, and Minerals, technically and physiologically ;
of their commixture and disposition under the earth's surface, or
Geology; and their disposition over it in the atmosphere, as Land-
scape scenery. 2. A record of discoveries in these branches of
knowledge ; and of the actual state and progress of the taste for
Natural History, in different parts of the British empire, and
throughout the world. 3. A summary of the progress of discovery
in natural science during the past year.

In conformity with these objects, original communications, in-
troductory to Linnean Botany, will be found, p. 124. 228. and

429. ; to Jussieuean Botany, p. 30. 135. 238. and 333. ; to Zoology,

p. 97. and 309. ; to Ornithology, p. 121. ; to Entomology, p. 421. ;

to Geology, p. 249. and 442. ; to Meteorology, p. 147.; and to

Landscape scenery, p. 37. and 242. Of new facts or theories, it is

not to be supposed that many can have occurred, or come to our

knowledge, since this Magazine has been in existence ; but the

discoveries of Professor Nees von Esenbeck, M. Franz Unger, and

others, on the Metamorphoses of the Reproductive Bodies of some

A'lgæ, p. 306. ; the researches of Mr. Brown, M. Brongniart, and

M. Raspail, on the particles of the Pollen of Plants, and on the

ultimate particles of matter in general, p. 473. ; and of Dr. Mar-

tius, on the Structure of Plants, p. 475. ; have been recorded, or

noticed, preparatory to more complete details.

The Miscellaneous Intelligence and Collectanea of this Maga.

zine (see Contents, p. vi.) contain a various assemblage of original
communications, and extracts from published works, detailing the
local state and progress of Natural History in the different coun-
ties and cities of Britain, in North and South America, in Australia,

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