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List of institutions for the superior instruction of women from which no information has
Summerfield, Ala .. Centenary Female College. New York, N. x. | Academy of the Sacrod Berkeley, Cal. Harmon Seminary.
(49 W. 17th st.).
Heart. Farmington, Conn. School for Girls (Miss Sarah New York, N. Y. English, French, and Ger Porter).
(222 Madison ave). man School. New Haven, Conn. Grove Hall.
New York, N. Y.
Madame Roch's School. Waterbury, Conn.. Congrégation de Notre (713 Madison ave). Dame.
New York, N. Y.
Reed College. Windsor, Conn Young Ladies' Seminary. (6,8 E. 53d street). Fernandina, Fla Nassau College for Young New York, N. Y. School and classes (Miss Ladies.
(46 E. 58th street). Mary H. Norris). Columbus, Ga Columbus Female College. Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Poughkeepsie Female Acad. Hamilton, Ga.... Hamilton Female College.
erny: Lumpkin, Ga... Lumpkin Masonic Female Oxford, N.C. Oxford Female Seminary. College.
Raleigh, NC St. Mary's School. Chicago, Ill. (485 Seminary of the Sacred Cincinnati, Ohio Mt. Auburn Young Ladies' W.Taylor street). Heart.
Institute. Highland Park, ni. Highland College for Wo- Dayton, Ohio Cooper Academy.
Chambersburgh, Pa. Wilson College. Morris, III
St. Angela's Academy, Germantown, Pa. Miss Mary E. Stevens St. Mary's, Ind St. Mary's Academic Insti. (West Chelton Buarding and Day School tute.
for Young Ladies. Iowa City, Iowa St. Agatha's Seminary, Philadelphia, Pa.... Academy of Notre Dame. Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. Mt. Pleasant Female Semi. Philadelphia, Pa. Chegary Institute. nary.
(1527 Spruce st.). Franklin, Ky Franklin Female College. Philadelphia, Pa. Mrs. Goodwin Watson's Mt. Sterling, Ky... Mt. Sterling Female Col. (4111 Walnut st.). English, French, and Ger. lege.
man Young Larlies' School. Peovee Valley, Ky. Kentucky College for Pittsburgh, Pa Pennsylvania Female Col. Young Ladies.
lege Augusta, Me Maine Wesleyan Seminary Pittsburgh, Pa Pittsburgh Feinale College. and Female College. York, Pa
Cottage Hul College. Holly Springs, Miss Franklin Female College. Colliers ville, Tenn.. Bellevue Female College. Port Gibson, Miss. Port Gibson Female College. lColumbia, Tenn Columbia Female Institute. Sardis, Miss Female College.
Memphis, Tenn State Female College. St. Louis, Mo Academy of the Visitation. Pulaski, Tenn Martin Female College. Burlington, N. J St. Mary's Hall.
Bryan Female Institute. Brooklyn, N. Y Atheneum Seminary. Chapel Hill, Tex. Soulé College. Brooklyn, N. Y Brooklyn Heights Seminary. Goliad, Tex.. Goliad College. Buffalo, N. Y St. Clare's Academy.
Charlottesville, Va..' Albemarle Female Institute. Lockport, N. Y St. Joseph's Academy. Staunton, Va
Augusta Female Seminary. New York, N. Y Academy of Mount St. Vin. Clarksburgh, W. Va. Broaddus Female College.
cent-on-the-Hudson. Kenosha, Wis Kemper Hall.
UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES.
GENERAL VIEWS. Table 39 presents the statistics of colleges for men or for both sexes,' which agree at least in this respect: they all make provision for the course of study which, by common consent, is assigned to the colleges of liberal arts. The majority of the in stitutions tabulated confine themselves to the undergraduate courses leading to the B. A, or other first degree. A few began their existence as parts of university organizations, comprehending in their original purpose the whole round of human knowledge and showing in their development more or less progress towards this ideal. A still smaller number, having originally the single aim of the colleges of liberal arts, has developed graduate and professional schools or courses of equal or superior importance to the undergraduate course. Institutions belonging to the second and third group appear also in Tables 43, 44, 48, 50, and 52, according to the number and character of their several departments. No provision has heretofore been made in the reports of this Office for the tabular representation of these colleges or universities as organic wholes.
The total number of institutions presented in Table 39 is 345, having, so far as reported, 4,670 professors and 67,623 students. The latter are distributed as follows: 25,393, preparatory; 14,246, classical ; 4,872, scientific.
CONSIDERATION BY GROUPS.
For purposes of more particular examination it is desirable to resolve the great variety of institutions included in Table 39 into groups possessing as nearly as possible common characteristics. Such division may properly be based upon the fact of tabulation in one, in two, or in soveral tables pertaining to the general subject of superior instruction,
Out of the total number, 231 are colleges that can be adequately represented in Table 39. These may be divided into two groups as follows: Having preparatory departments, 179; having no preparatory departments, 52. Of the former, 168, and of the latter, 22, report students in the collegiate course to the number of 15,989, leaving 40 that make no report of collegiate work.
Twenty of the institutions in Table 39 appear also in Table 43; of these 11 were either created by the land grant of 1862, or else have added to their original foundations new colleges or departments which received the benefit of that grant. Nine are represented in Table 44 by schools or departments of science not endowed by the land grant. Sixteen of the 20 report students in college courses, the total being, as far as regards the departments included in Table 39, 2,839. There remain to be considered 93 colleges or universities which, in addition to departments represented in Table 39 or in Tables 39 and 43 or 44, have one or more professional schools.
From the analysis of the statistics relating to this number it appears that 40 tabulated in 39 only, and 2 tabulated in 39 and 48, have theological departments; 8 tabulated in 39 only, and 3 tabulated in 39 and 50, have law departments; 7 tabulated in 39 only, and 6 tabulated in 39 and 52, have medical schools. Of the whole number (viz, 66), 64 report students in college courses to the number of 7,960.
The remaining 28 institutions, with the single exception of Johns Hopkins University, have more than 1 professional school or department. The number of collegiate students credited to them, so far as regards Table 39, is 5,627, 4 colleges not reporting.
The foregoing analysis throws some light upon the progress and present status of provision for liberal culture and professional training in the United States. Before
1 Five colleges for women are included. These are in New York State, and sustain the same relati to the University of New York as do the colleges for men.
the adoption of the Federal Cvestitution, colleges had been cbartered in 12 of the original 13 States, haci sa organized in 9, and were organized in the remaining 4 within 14 years of the date of the Coostitution. The Lairersity of Sorth Carolina, wbicb was not chartered until 17:3, was organized o years after the adoption of the Constitution.
Zeal for learning was d: 11208throughont the country at that early period, and bas remained a common chararteristic to ibe present day. The familiar expression, "learned profesion" email, the affiliation of professional schools with colleges, illustrated, as we have seen in the case of of the colleges sciaded in the table under consideiation. The practical realization of ile uliversityideal nas. Derbaps. be regarded as a feature of twe recent histors of learpine in the Laited States : but that the ideal itself ball earis recognition among us, the or rapization of the Coirersity of Virginia and the charter schemes of several others bar witness. T
warraptable nue of the word "Oniversity in many cass tends to confuse the mind as to the actual growth and promise of institutions which are undoubte ils destined to
e seats of universal learnia and potential sources of truth and protress Twenty-five universities included in Table 39 are Siate ibstitutions, whose develop. ment will be limited only by the will and resources of tbeir respective Commonwealths. The majority of these nust be regarded as merely the expression of a grand purpose, bat several bave already achieved honorable places in the roll of recognized universities. The universities founded in recent yean bs private munificence show similar diversity of character-bere a promise whose fulfilment depends wholly upon the future, there a large and vigorons reality.
The true status of those superior institutions, which comprise several departments, is not easily discerned when the departments are presented in separate tables. For this reason an effort has been inade in the following pages to exhibit, in a synoptio view, several institution, which make provision for undergraduate courses in arts and science, and for graduate and professional courses.
The tables are merely tentative, and include only such institutions as had furnished information available for use in the form desired. Time was wanting for the special correspondence that would bave been necessary to make the tables complete in respect to the pumber of institutions.
The schemes of snperior instruction here displayed appear to be substantially the same for the entire conntry. Johns Hopkins University presents the simplest organization, inclnding under the single philosophical faculty, provisions similar to those offered elsewhere in distinct colleges or schools. As yet this university has no professional department, but the creation of a medical school is foresbadowed in a preliminary course in medicine.
Provision for graduate instruction is a notable feature of several of the institutions here presented. To them must be credited 43 per cent. of all the graduate students reported for the year. This is exclusive of students in professional courses who had received a collegiate degree. As a rule, professional courses in the United States are not post-graduate courses. The statistics for the current year show that, of medical students in the regular school, only 6 per cent. Lad received a degree in arts or science: of law students, 23 per cent., of iheological students, 21 per cent. The proportion of such students in the profeguional departments, included in the tables under consideration, is bigher than for the country at large. It should be observed that the ratio given for theological students does not fairly represent the standard of preparation required in the schools of theology, as the Roman Catholics and soine other denominations maintain classical sepinaries whose students pass on to the theological course without receiving a degree, althongh their training has been substantially the same as that aiforded by the arts colleges.
The development of graduate courses of instruction stimulates efforts for raising the standard of professional training. The chief obstacle to the success of these etioris appears to be the length of time and the increased expense to the student involved in the more extended course. This difficulty would be measurably overcome by endowments for the professional schools, which would make them less dependent upon tuition fees, and by adaptations of the college or graduate curriculum, which wonld sborten the period of study for the B. A. degree. With respect to the latter point, President Eliot, of Harvard University, observes in his report for 1883–86:
"The average age at which llarvard graduates get the degree of bachelor of arts is about twenty-two years and seven inonths. If such bachelors of arts then spend four years in tho study of medicine, they are twenty-six years and seven months old when they are ready to begin the practice of their profession. The faculty consider this unreasonable postponement of entrance into practice a serious evil which it is their duty to combat, since inore than half of their students-and that much the best half-are graduates of colleges or scientific schools. They therefore laid before the Academic Council in June last a plan for the abridgment of the college courso by those students who go from college directly into one of the professional schools of the university. The subject could not be taken up satisfactorily by the council at the