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successful prosecution, after graduation, of studies assigned by the faculty. The chemical laboratory of the college proper has been recently refitted and improved. The building of the department of medicine bas been enlarged and its facilities in. creased by the addition of chemical, microscopical,and materia medica laboratories and a dispensary, in which students are instructed in the treatment of diseases. During the year 7,000 patients were received and treated here.
The studies of Passar College, Poughkeepsie, are prescribed to the middle of the sophomore year, but are largely elective for the remainder of the course.
St. Stephen's College, Annandale, received donations of 2,000 books for the college library during 1825–66.
Hamilton College, Clinton, has purchased a new boarding-hall for students and built new recitation-rooms to and generally renovated one of its principal buildings.
The College of St. Francis Xarier, New York, added during the year an elegantly furnished reading-room to its library, thereby increasing its attractiveness and usefulness to the students.
For the University of Rochester a handsome three-story brown-stone structure, to be thoroughly fire-proof, is in course of erection. Upon its completion it will be fitted up as a chemical laboratory. The geological cabinet of this university is said to be the finest in the United States.
The last report of the Board of Visitors to the United States Military Academy, West Point, shows a very satisfactory condition of the institution.
NORTH CAROLINA, The colleges of North Carolina report few new facts this year that are not shown in Table 39. The same courses are still pursued, and the methods of teaching and discipline show no alteration,
The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, has loaned money to deserving students to the amount of $12,835 from funds established for that purpose. Optional or elective courses are permitted within
certain limits, and graduate study is encouraged. English receives an important place in the curriculum of Davidson College.
The training of colored preachers and teachers is the main object of Biddle University, Charlotte, and of Shaw University, Raleigh.
OHIO. Ohio University, Columbus, has made rapid progress since our last report. The three regular courses have been entirely reconstructed and a greater range of electives offered, especially in the higher classes. Three additional special courses were introduced at the beginning of the year, extending the instruction to veterinary science, pharmacy, and a short course in agriculture. The last is especially adapted to farmers' boys, and embraces the most practical studies of the university. The requirements for admission have been altered and raised to include a year of Latin. The chair of modern languages bas been divided, and an additional instructor now performs a portion of the work, and the efficiency of the instruction is much increased thereby. The mechanical laboratory, recently completed, affords thorough training in all that relates to the work of a practical mechanical engineer. The experimental farm has been unusually successful this year, and for the first time since its establishment a profit has been derived from it. A new arrangement has been made with the directors of the State agricultural experiment station by which in the future the ex. periments will be conducted by officers of the university, and the students may profit by the scientific truths here shown. The department of comparative anatomy and physiology has made rapid progress, and by a recent resolution of the faculty laboratory work in this line of study is made obligatory upon a large proportion of the students. An increase of 1,485 volumes is reported by the librarian.
Adelbert College of Western Reserve University, Cleveland, has modified its working methods and curriculum to conform to the more modern ideas of collegiate education. The system of electives has been extended, and the number of studies embraced in the list has been augmented
by the addition of advanced German, Sanskrit, English, and French. The time devoted to Greek, Latin, and mathematics has been shortened and the difference devoted to electives, which now occupy three-fifths of time of the senior class.
Buchtel College, Akron, reports the more complete equipment of the astronomical ob. servatory, the formation of the nucleus of a museum, the endowment of three new scholarships of $1,000 each, and the receipt of a $36,000 bequest. A normal course is offered in addition to the regular courses.
Ohio University, Athens, pays special attention to pedagogical training, and offers an excellent and thorough course of instruction in that department.
St. Xavier College, Cincinnati, has received by donation a dynamo-electric machine, with a number of electric lamps, and a large collection of United States coins and onrrency for the museum.
The main building of the University of Cincinnati was damaged by fire in November Jast, and while the repairs were being made a number of improvements were introduced, the chemical and physical laboratories especially being enlarged. All the studies of the first 3 years are prescribed, and electives are allowed only in the senior class.
The University of Wooster has adopted a new curriculum, in which more importance is given to electives.
Miami University, Oxford, resumed its exercises this year after a lapse of 12 years. During 1885–86 no instruction was given in the higher branches, but full courses are offered for next year, and the facilities of the institution will then be better than ever before.
The courses of Oberlin College have been extended, especially in the junior and senior years. The location of the museum and of the chemical laboratory has been changed and better accommodations afforded them. Improvements of importance have been made in the gymnasium and in the department of physics. A new building, to cost $70,000, is being erected, and new cottages for ladies' dormitories will soon bo completed
OREGON. Oregon State University, Eugene City, reports the completion of a new two-story building, 69 feet wide by 115 feet long. À chair of music was established by the trustees in Mah, 1886. The apparatus and equipment generally of the scientific departments are fairly complete.
A number of other institutions are reported in Table 39, to which reference may be had for all information not shown in our previous reports, since no innovations are reported during 1885–46.
PENNSYLVANIA. The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, continues to offer the same general courses as havo been in uso since 1883, and but little change is apparent in the studies to be pursued.
The buildings of Muhlenberg College, Allentown, have been repaired and beautified and its libraries enlarged.
For Geneva College, Beaver Falls, an additional endowment of $100,000 is beivg raised and $90,000 have already been subscribed.
Lebanon Valley College, Annville, has finished an additional building to be used by the library and music, art, and natural science departments.
The trustees of Lincoln University have established a new chair of instruction in the English version of the Bible.
Westminster College, Now Wilmington, has effected a new arrangement of studies, and in the future each student will have 3 instead of 4 daily recitations.
The facilities of Dickinson College, Carlisle, have been increased during the year by the erection of a handsome new building for the scientific department, and the physical welfare of the students will be promoted by the equipment of the new gymnasium. A library building has also been begun. The endowment of perpetual scholarships at $1,000 each has been authorized by the trustees.
Astronomical observatories are being erected for Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, and Washington and Jefferson College, Washington.
At their last meeting the trustees of Allegheny College, Meadville, authorized the affiliation of that college with the Meadville College of Music and the Meadville Business School, and hereafter students of Allegheny College will be entitled to the privileges of the two last institutions.
RHODE ISLAND. Brown University, Provideuce, continues to offer its three high-grade courses, in which no material change has been made during the year. Select courses are permitted to students not candidates for a degree, but the selection is made under the supervision of the faculty. The new library of poetical works has been properly arranged and catalogued. Among the various forms of aid offered to students there are a handred scholarships.
SOUTH CAROLINA. The University of South Carolina, Columbia, has just passed through one of the most successful years in its history, and the number instructed bas been greater than for any year since 1849. About three-fifths of the time of instruction is devoted to scientific branches, and the proportion of students in the special courses is increasing. Two new professors have been appointed and will begin their work at the opening of the next fall term.
Claflin University, Orangeburgh, has a department for industrial training.
TENNESSEE. The Cnirersity of Tennessee and State Agricultural and Mechanical College, Knoxville, still offers instruction in the same schools mentioned in our last report. A tuition fee is charged, bot by an extensive system of State and county appointments instruction to students residing in the State is made practically free. Special facilities are allowed teachers desiring further preparation for their profession.
The name of the East Tennessee Wesleyan University, Athens, has been changed and it is now known as Grant Memorial University. Steps will soon be taken to organize an industrial department.
New buildings are being erected for Hiawassee College, Hiawassee; Christian Brothers' College, Memphis; and Greenville and Tusculum College, Tusculum.
TEXAS. The University of Texas, Austin, has, during the year, fully established three regular degree courses in which the number of optionals increases as the student approaches graduation, instead of the loose elective system formerly in vogue. Arrangements were made at the beginning of the fall term to introduce the plan of students' boarding clubs, and after a year's trial these have proven very satisfactory, reducing the necessary expenses to about $150 per annum. The whole of the lower floor of the main building has been turned over to the chemical department and refitted to supply its needs. A considerable sum has been spent in purchasing additional apparatas, and it is said that the chemical laboratories are among the best equipped in; the country. Provision has been made for post-graduate instruction, and advanced study is encouraged.
Several other colleges in the State are in a prosperous condition, though no notables changes have occurred within the year just passed. Their statistics may be found in onr tables.
VERMONT. No innovations of consequence are reported by the colleges of Vermont. The courses of instruction adopted by all or them were duly described in our report for 1884–85, and later reports show no material change.
VIRGINIA. The University of Virginia, the leading institution of learning in the South, continues to impart instruction of a high character in the same departments as for several years past. The Leander McCormick observatory is now open to the students and contains one of the finest telescopes in the country, with all the smaller instruments necessary to the work of the astronomer. An astronomical library has been started.
Washington and Lee University, Lexington, allows students to pursue such studies as they may select, subject to the advice of the faculty. Accessions are reported to the library, museum, and art gallery.
The curriculum of Randolph Macon College, Ashland, shows two new courses, one of three years, leading to the degree bachelor of philosophy, and the other, a fall fouryear course, leading to the A. B. degree.
Roanoke College, Salem, has purchased 5 acros of land to bo used by the athletic associations. The library and museum have been largely increased.
WEST VIRGINIA. West Virginia University, Morgantown, arranged its studies this year in nine distinct schools, from which each student was permitted to select those best suited to his individual wants. There are also a school of law and a preparatory school of medicine. Especial attention is paid to practical geology, and additional provision has recently been made for this study by means of annual excursions of the students through tho Stato. A respectable beginning has been made towards a university library.
WISCONSIN. The University of Wisconsin, Madison, two years sinco lost its principal bailding by firo, and with it a great part of its apparatus. During the session of 1885 the State Logislature appropriated a sufficient sum to make good the loss for the erection of a new chemical laboratory, a machine shop, a boiler-house with its appurtenances, and a science hall. All these bnildings liave been completed within the year, excepting the last, which will be, when finished, one of the handsomest buildings of the kind in the West. With these new buildings the equipment of nearly all the departments will be nearly complete. The number of students in attendance this year has been larger than ever before. A short and practical course in agriculture has been arranged for thoso unable to take a full four-year course.
Lawrence University, Appleton, has adopted the elective systein during the year and improved its commercial course by the introduction of actñal business practice.
Racine College, Racine, and the Northwestern University, Watertown, both pay especial attention to physical exercise, and the latter has lately equipped a fino gymnasium.
WASHINGTON TERRITORY. Whitman College, Walla Walla, has been fairly prosperous since the beginning of its college functions four years ago. Its debt was decreased from $8,000 to $5,000 during the year and its library increased to 2,000 bound volumes. The courses of instruction offered are similar to those of other new institutions.
GROWTH OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. The following is a statement of the aggregate number of universities and colleges, with instructors and students, as reported to this Bureau each year froin 1876 to 1886, inclusive (1883 omitted):
Number of institutions
356 351 358 364 364 302 365
370 365 315 3, 920 3, 998 3,885 4,241
4, 413 4. 644 4, 8364, 720 56, 481 57, 334 57, 987 60,011 50, 594 62, 435 64,096 65, 522 65, 728 67, 642