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The chief particulars of the current record of the professional schools of the United States, as reported from the several States and Territories, are presented in the summaries of the tables. Considering the country by geographical sections, the totals appear as follows: TABLE 45.—Summary of statistics of professional schools by geographical sections.
From this exhibit it appears that the law schools report the largest percentage of students who have received college degrees, and that the North Atlantic division shows the highest ratios for all classes of professional schools. With respect to the medical schools it should be observed that only the regular and the homeopathic schools are included in the summary by geographical sections, as the particulars considered were not reported with sufficient fulness from the other schools included in the general table.
The general lack of productive funds noticeable in the statistics of law and medical schools is, undoubtedly, due to the general conviction that these departments can be self-supporting. Experience, however, indicates that the highest order of professional study cannot be maintained upon such a basis, as expressed by President Eliot in his report for 1885–86:
"A professional school of high grade ought not to depend on tuition fees for nearly two-thirds of its annual expenses; and it ought to have the means of aiding young men of promise who are struggling to get a thorough training. In law schools, as in other educational institutions, it is only the elementary instruction, given year after year to large classes, which can be self-supporting."
In the same report President Eliot calls attention to the disadvantages arising from the late entrance upon the practice of medicine in the case of students who seek the B. A. degree as a preliminary to professional study. The trouble grows out of the elevation of college standards and the consequent advance in the age for matriculation and graduation. In view of the evil pointed out the faculty of Harvard have laid before the academic council a plan for the abridgment of the college course by those students who go from college directly into one of the professional schools of the university, which plan is still under discussion.
SCHOOLS OF THEOLOGY.
The following is a comparative statement of the number of schools of theology (including theological departments) reporting to this Bureau each year from 1876 to 1886, inclusive (1883 omitted), with the number of professors and number of students:
Number of institutions
133 142 144 145 146 152 142 580 564 577 600
624 712 750 793 803 4, 208 3,065 4,320 4,738 5, 242 4,7934, 921 5, 290 5,775 6,344
TABLE 48.-Statistics of schools of theology for 1885–186; from replies to inquiries by the United Stales Burcau of Edicalion.
Selma University Baptist Charles Leo Purco.
1878 Theological department of Talla- Cong G. W. Andrews
Rt. Rev. John F. Spalding, D. 1872
Baptist Rev. Samuel Graves, D. D ....... 1867
Rev. M. J. Marsile, C. 8. V. Viateur's College.
* From Report of the Commissioner of Education for year 1884-'85.
TABLE 48.-Statistics of schools of theology for 1885–86, 80.-Continued.
15 Chicago, 111 Chicago Theological Seminary*.. Cong Rev. G. S. F. Savage, D. D., sec- 1858
retary. 16 Chicago, Ill. (1060 N. Hal. Presbyterian Theological Semi- Presb. Edward L. Curtis, chairman of
Bible dopartment of Eureka Col. Christian J. M. Allen, A. M., president of 1864
M. E Rev. Henry B. Ridgeway... 1836
Theological department of Mc- M.E. Rev. William F. Swahlen, A. M.,
Kendree College. 25 Morgan Park, ni. Baptist Union Theological Sem. Baptist ... G. W. Northrup, D.D., LL. D. 1867
1874 29 Upper Alton, nii. Theological department of Shurt- Baptist .. Rev. A. A. Kendrick, D.D.
1827 leff College.
dean. vard). 18 Eureka, nil
college. 19 Evanston, Ill. Garrett Biblical Institute
inary. 26 Naperville, Ill Union Biblical Institute. Ev. Ass'n. Bishop J. J. Esher