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TABLE 4.--Teachers' salaries.

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a See Table 1, p. 5, for year of report.

e Outside of cities. O For white teachers only.

s Approximately. c Salary per room.

9 Estimated d In cities.

h U. S. census 1880. Table 3.—The statistics relating to teachers emphasize certain marked deficiencies in the data attainable for use in this report. Continuity of service, if not the chief, is certainly one of the chief conditions of efficiency in a teaching body. The rural schools of tbe United States suffer greatly from the want of such continuity; the evil is everywhere recognized, but too often in vaguo or partial showings. In respect to this, as to other conditions of the school system, it would undoubtedly be found that investigations resulting in exact information would have ultimate remedial effects. As the city school systems are comparatively free from the evils of frequent changes in the teaching force, the changes occurring in a State during a year would represent with a sufficient degree of approximation the status of the rural schools in respect to the permanency of their teachers.

Obviously the difference between the number of teachers necessary to supply the schools and the number absolutely employed would indicate the number of changes during the year. By reference to Table 3 it will be seen that the two items are reported from five States. The percentages of change are as follows in four of these : Kansas, 9; Missouri 16; Ohio, 33; Wisconsin, 40.

In Oregon, the remaining one of the five, 1,985 is given as the number of teachers necessary to supply the schools, and 1,861 as the number absolutely employed, from which it would appear tırat 7 per cent. of the places remained vacant.

The total number of teachers is 2,409 larger than the previous year, being an increase of 1.1 per cent. So far as returns classified by sex have been received, the total number of male teachers is 104,249, female 191,439, the males being 35.24 per cent. of the whole. The States reporting an excess of male over female teachers are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Of twenty-three States in which the change during the year of the average monthly salaries of teachers is recorded, there has been for males an aggregate

increase in ten States of $13.39, and an aggregate decrease in thirteen States of $23.75; for females an aggregate increase in eleven States of $3.06, and an aggregate decrease in ten States of $18, there being no change in Ohio, and Wisconsin not giving the average salary of all female teachers. On the whole, the salaries of teachers, both male and female, have decreased during the year.

TABLE 5.-Receipts.

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Alabama.
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida.
Georgia
Illinois.
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky.
Louisiana
Maine..
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island.
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Alaska.
Arizona
Dakota
District of Columbia
Idaho
Montana
New Mexico
Utah...
Washington
Wyoming

Total....

$230,000 $175,000 I..$36, 990 $405,000 $141, 348
445, 563 1..101, 678

$175,000 $721, 348 1,884,065 1, 690, 705

871, 575 3,574, 770 c 138, 596 801, 818 D. 108, 307

3, 713, 366 801, 818 13, 127 228, 449 1, 206, 803 D..83, 004 1, 435, 052

121, 199 936, 144 d52, 056

161, 930 66, 037

1,663, 019 e 161, 048

e 213, 104 491, 185

34, 318
278, 109 I...68, 646 769, 294
1,000,000 8, 239, 042 I..323, 965

709, 294
9, 239, 042
1,448,447 2,881, 619

593, 437

415, 332 10, 247, 811

4, 330, 066 675, 392 43, 249 f 690, 2234, 972, 278

5,048, 707

659, 302 6,321, 803 2, 660, 617 2, 660, 617 408, 160

174, 969

3, 243, 745 342, 491 703, 717 D...1,943

571, 139 1,046, 208 481, 4791, 031, 249 I...34, 542 1,512, 728

30, 303 1,076, 511 52, 341 189, 723 1, 754, 792

239, 874
3, 376, 456 D...2, 854 3,376, 456 762, 403 494, 135
1, 999, 862

4, 632, 992
1, 999, 862 350, 787
300,000

273, 506 500, 776

2, 624, 155 800, 776 66,000 514, 360 2, 942, 641 I ..54, 248 3,457, 001

866,776 733, 741

24, 673

4, 215, 415 f 42, 648 88, 508

2, 138, 428

288
470, 177
75, 721

131, 444
545, 898
1, 396 968 892, 448 I

54, 021 17,553 617, 472

..8,556 2,389, 416 132, 324 2, 750, 000 9,918, 719

2, 421, 740 12, 668, 719 245, 000 624, 229 13,537, 948 512, 061 35, 734

547, 795

122, 877 1, 653, 352 7, 440, 734

670, 672 9,094, 086 246, 337 1,079, 997 10, 420, 420 260, 262 131 580 391, 842 74, 571

384,548 g1,126, 000

850, 961 111, 631

10, 703, 541 636, 738

748, 369 h 402, 508

16, 396 33, 497 798, 263

h 402, 508 f 139, 107

158, 405 1460, 913 799, 253 938, 360

138, 791 1,077, 451 487, 258 D..32, 572 487, 258

62, 137

71, 975 621, 370 626, 806 605, 454

1, 232, 260 4, 986

200,000 367, 725 785, 320 I..13, 786 1, 153, 045

1, 437, 245 161, 017 2,614, 859 1..106, 723 2,705, 876

1,153, 045

492, 520 1,412, 294 j 15,000

4, 610, 690

15,000 10, 662 85,760 D...5, 630

15, 000 96, 422 59,400 1,962, 322 I...1,990 2,021, 722

18, 441 114, 863 j282, 689

2, 021, 722 282, 689 565, 377

565, 377

147, 253 228, 333 I ..50, 017 228, 333

228, 333 100, 171

32, 171 53, 086 D...9,522 153, 257 3, 329 65, 131 221, 717 300,000 800,000

300,000 ke 36, 161

a See Table 1, p. 5, for year of report. Excluding Unlance from provious year and the

proceeds of bond sales.
c Including proceeds from bond sales.
d State appropriation; for white schools only.
. For white schools only.

f State apportionment.
g State appropriation.

In 188+-'85.
i For university.
j United States appropriation.
k United States Consus, 1880.

TABLE 6.- Expenditures.

Current expenditure.

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$727, 375 I $224, 616 $91,781

$741, 244

0$741, 244
31 196

- $202, 294

714, 118 I California

168, 950 203, 006

$59, 798

SGG, 892

I. 137, 724
89, 460
Colorado

2,710, 622 I.... 136, 998

422, 843
(163, 048)

3, 505, 931

I...

41, 707 Connecticut

497, 968

144, 345
216, 401

c 905, 623 D
11, 062
30, 012

29, 104
965 1, 188, 056 .21, 177
Delaware....

1, 218, 098 346, 106 1, 791, 666 D. .60, 555
Florida

54, 327
46,000

d215, 161
800
Georgia
(45, 687)

(339, 000)

e385, 800 Illinois 1. 305, 0031 38,042

666, 303

711, 990
Indiana.

6, 132, 866 235, 438

2, 659, 617 10, 136, 058 D. (1, 247, 727)

..62, 870

471, 544 5, 214, 198

3, 696, 453 51, 650

1, 808, 033 4,600,000 Kentucky

2, 213, 521 584,723 93, 849, 017

. 460, 365 Louisiana

700, 790 Maine

450,030

1, 099,352

12, 458
I 15, 402
Massachusetts.

1, 298, 997 21, 110 1, 392, 399

1, 832, 333 | I.
87, 919

.87, 125
D..51, 695
Michigan
632, 950

7, 151, 075
43, 159
Minnesota
673, C12

2, 841, 563
9,568

815, 296 4, 332, 968 D
53, 728

395, 973
I ... 1,000
Mississippi

1, 467, 202 221, 578 2, 371, 990 D.
i 24,000

215, 554 Missouri

840, 776
(682, 410)

810, 776
Nebraska

3, 107, 541 338, 645 4,328, 596 I. .67, 024
Nerada
(783, 480)

1, 323, 297 9, 510

g2, 350, 809 D.. .567, 288
417

11, 483
17, 364

128, 285
324

7, 533 472, 338

65, 098 370, 074 12, 613

k 601, 403 D.

.11, 796
39, 179
New York

1, 636, 184 402, 798
350, 672

2, 422, 299 North Carolina

339, 319 81, 341

1,533, 713 13, 284, 686 D. 296, 082

545, 528
1, 190, 102

41, 249 671, 116
211, 445 .3, 562 6, 118, 609 I.,
Orexon

.82, 920
1, 229, 041

6, 333, 034 1.863, 693
10, 957

9,327, 549 10, 530

375, 158 I Pennsylvania

32, 972 1, 757, 437

385, 668

1,613, 681 | I...1, 130, 534
Rhosle Island

5, 760, 296I 173, 815
ma 174, 5-6
4, 955

1 2, 514, 204
15, 128

10, 03), 937 231, 532
I....1, 807

482, 147 I South Carolindi

.10, 935 497, 275 11, 078

8.5, 115 1, 008

n 782, 967
19, 685

46, 145
Tennessee

393, 326
75, 554 10, 417

20, 491

425, 903
20, 103 L...1, 171 907, 661 1. 31, 432

927, 824

33, 428 1, 047, 223 I. 33, 759 a See Table 1, p. 5, for year of report. e Returns incomplete.

jIncluding permanent repairs. tricts. 6 Excluding local funds expended by cities and dis- / Includes salaries of superintendents.

* Excluding interest on debt. Including unclassified expenditures.

l Including

debt paid. cIncluding $100, 261 paid on temporary loans. d In 1683-81.

k Includes luel, rent, books, and incidentals. in 1884-'85.

m Including repairs. n Including $23,036 for evening schools, not classified.

Permanent expenditure.

State or Territory.a

Libraries

Sites, build.

ings, and furniture.

and ap

Salaries of

Buperin
tendents.

Increase or Salaries of
decrease. teachers.

paratus.

Alabama

$13, 860

$69
Arkansas.

152, 591

3, 494, 927 Iowa ..... 716, 709 15, 775

13, 696, 453
Kansas ....
785, 378

379, 927
53, 143
31, 693

D. 906
Maryland.

489, 984
43, 402

1, 413, 474

816, 776

106, 874
New Hampshire.
363, 967

454, 374
New Jersey d.

1, 597, 005 2, 276, 435

9, 102, 269

18, 132 Olio

527, 096

.211

373, 041

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Increase or
decrease.

Total ex-
penditure.

Salaries of

superin
tendents.

and ip

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paratus.

D

$623

$3, 320

D.

.37
.300

$11, 377
44, 450
12, 713
49, 585

1, 200
7, 400
49, 316
6,930

34, 602

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440

.3,000

$2, 166, 633

599, 515 D. .$11, 988
1, 453, 103

28, 571
1, 036, 874 337, 513
3, 645, 160 | I. 344, 705

15, 000

144, 687 I.. ..36, 808 d1, 917, 259 ..103, 017

565, 377 D). 16, 157

135, 313 I......11, 945
e 259, 930

28, 973
217, 939 D.....10, 905
271, 000
28, 501

133, 698

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111, 304, 927

State or Territory. A

Libraries

Sites, build.

ings, and
furniture.

$29, 192
142, 837

(109,875)
c465, 802

Texas b.
Vermont.
Virginia
West Virginia.
Wisconsin
Alaska ...........
Arizona ..........
Dakota
District of Columbia
Idaho.
Montana .....
New Mexico.
Utah
Washington....
Wyoming

Total

23, 713 575, 469

30, 367

3, 162

a See Table 1, p. 5, for year of report. 6 Returns incomplete. State or Territory.a

c Including permanent repairs. d Including $601,067 unclassitied.

e Salaries of trustees, &c. In 1882-'83.

Table 7.--School funds, school property, &c.

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Assessed

valuo of all taxable property.

Estimated real value of all school property

Increaso

or decreaso.

$167, 124, 594
126, 826, 394
725, 712, 430
115, 420, 194
319, 177, 597
76, 611, 409
329, 489, 505
798, 482, 823
794, 696, 597

$554, 874 1. $130, 352 8, 920, 984 I...984, 364 2, 343, 983 1...291, 883 5,574, 471 I... 117, 777

300,000 D..... .242

22, 892, 435 I...552, 366 13, 884, 819 I...265, 288 6, 592, 757 I....45, 012

277,570, 064

Alabama
Arkansas.
California.
Colorado..
Connecticut
Delaware.
Florida
Georgia.
Illinois
Indiana.
Iowa..
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana.
Maine
Maryland..
Massachusetts.
Michigan.
Minnesota.
Mississippi
Missouri
Nebraska
Nevadla..
New Hampshiro..
New Jersey.
New York
North Carolina
Ohio...
Oregon
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island
South Carolina.
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont.
Virginia
West Virginia..
Wisconsin
Alaska
Arizona
Dakota
District of Columbia
Idaho.
Montana.
New Mexico.
Utah.....
Washington
Wyoming.

265, 978, 716 3, 109, 745 I....34, 443
469, 593, 225 2,500,000 I...500,000
945, 450,000 11, 850, 871 I...583, 815
399, 729, 766 6, 846, 200 1.1, 597, 311
140,000,000
725, 775, 259 9,733, 903 1...245, 725
133, 418, 700 3, 890, 750 1...463, 346

26, 247, 018 237, 976
230, 588, 551 2, 314, 845 D...74, 097

565, 500, 687 6, 832, 926 I.. 482, 119 3, 224, 682, 343 935, C62, 084 1.2, 314, 503

202, 752, 622 653, 106 I. ... 87, 146 1, 688, 676, 163 28, 467, 005 I...497, 248 75, 306, 453 1, 239, 998 I.... 79, 565

35, 371, 849 1.2, 757, 403

2, 294, 571 I.... 67, 436
149, 973, 365 h 393, 903 D...11, 194
226, 844, 184 1, 797, 769 1...421, 988
169, 986, 413
311, 735, 707 1, 838, 942 I. ...19, 685
159, 514, 752 1,964, 945 D...13, 595
498, 725, 843 7, 184, 033 1.1, 051, 398

i 32, 526
21, 215
61, 881

880,000
106, 262

570, 473
3,015, 409

880,000

k 201, 984 D...10, 401 2,989, 696 I...801, 846 1, 395, 708 I.

.5, 042

7, 236, 447

437, 588 I....59, 822

252, 404

35, 620, 325

478, 491 I.

18, 947

a Sco Table 1, p. 5, for year of report.

Sites and buildings only. 6 Valne of securities held in trust for school fund.

h School-houses. c Incomo capitalized.

i Income from State bonds. d Value of lands unsold.

j 103,130 acres of land unsold. e There are a number of permanent local funds in the State. * Estimated. | Income capitalized at 6 per cent.

1 Ba lance on hand.

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