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ILLUSTRATION OF THE SONNETS.

The original edition of this collection of poems bore the following title : “Shake-speare's Sonnets. Never before imprinted. At London, by G. Eld, for T. T., and are to be sold by John Wright, dwelling at Christ Church-gate. 1609.” The volume is a small qnarto. In addition to the Sonnets, it contains, at the end, 66 A Lover's Complaint. By William Shake-speare. In this col. lection the Sonnets are numbered from 1. to CLIV., and they fol. low in their numerical order, as in the text we have presented to our readers. But, although this arrangement of the Sonnets is now the only one adopted in editions of Shakspeare's Poems, another occasionally prevailed up to the time of the publication of Steevens's fac-simile reprint of the Sonnets in 1766. An interval of thirty-one years elapsed between the publication of the volume by T. T. (Thomas Thorpe) in 1609, and the demand for a reprint of these remarkable Poems. In 1640 appeared “ Poems, written by Wil. Shake-speare, Gent. Printed at London by Tho. Cotes, and are to be sold by John Benson.” This volume, in duodecimo, contains the Sonnets, but in a totally different order, the original arrangement not only being departed from, but the lyrical poems of The Passionate Pilgrim scattered here and there, and sometimes a single Sonnet, sometimes two or three, and more rarely four or five, distinguished by some quaint title. No title includes more than five. In the editions of the Poems which appeared during a century afterwards, the original order of the Sonnets was adopted in some — that of the edition of 1640 in

O, but with inine compare thou thine own state,
And thou shalt find it merits not reproving ;
Or, if it do, not from those lips of thine,
That have profaned their scarlet ornaments,
And sealed false bonds of love as oft as mine :
Robbed others' beds' revenues of their rents.
Be it lawful I love thee, as thou lov'st those
Whom thine eyes woo as mine importune thee
Root pity in thy lieart, that, when it grows,
Thy pity may deserve to pitied be.

If thou dost seek to have what thou dost hide,
By self-example mayst thou be denied !

CXLIII.

Lo, as a careful housewife runs to catch
One of her feathered creatures broke away,
Sets down her babe, and makes all swift despatch
In púrsuit of the thing she would have stay;
Whilst her neglected child holds her in chase,
Cries to catch her whose busy care is bent
To follow that which flies before her face,
Not prizing her poor infant's discontent;
So runn'st thou after that which flies from thee,
Whilst I thy babe chase thee afar behind;
· But if thou catch thy hope, turn back to me,
And play the mother's part, kiss me, be kind :

So will I pray that thou mayst have thy Will,
If thou turn back, and my loud crying still.

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Two loves I have of comfort and despair,
Which like two spirits do suggest' me still ;

? Suggest, tempt.

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The better angel is a man right fair,
The worser spirit a woman, colored ill.
To win me soon to hell, my female evil
Tempteth my better angel from my side,
And would corrupt my saint to be a devil,
Wooing his purity with her foul pride.
And whether that my angel be turned fiend,
Suspect I may, yet not directly tell ;
But being both from me, both to each friend,
I guess one angel in another's hell.

Yet this shall I ne'er know, but live in doubt,
Till my bad angel fire my good one out.

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Those lips that Love's own hand did make
Breathed forth the sound that said, “ I hate,"
To me that languished for her sake:
But when she saw my woful state,
Straight in her heart did mercy coine,
Chiding that tongue, that ever sweet
Was used in giving gentle doom ;
And taught it thus anew to greet :
“ I hate” she altered with an end,
That followed it as gentle day
Doth follow night, who like a fiend
From heaven to hell is flown away.

66 I hate” from hate away she threw,
And saved my life, saying — " not you."

1 The variations in the copy of this Sonnet in The Passionato Pilgrim are very slight. In the eighth line, instead of foul pride, we have fair pride; in the eleventh, instead of from me, we have to me ; in the thirteenth, instead of Yet this shall I ne'er know, we have, The truth I shall not know.

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I la theoreticoy we bare the following reading :-
* Por s', the centre of my sinful earth,

Vy simtul earth these rebel powers that thee array.”
The received reading is a conjectural emendation by Malone.
When the change in a text must rest wholly on conjecture, and
some change is absolutely necessary, it appears to us that the
change which has been established is in most cases better than any
improvement.

Past cure I am, now reason is past care,
And frantic mad with evermore unrest;
My thoughts and my discourse as mad men's are,
At random from the truth vainly expressed ;

For I have sworn thee fair, and thought thee bright,
Who art as black as hell, as dark as night.

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O me! what eyes hath love put in my head,
Which have no correspondence with true sight!
Or, if they have, where is my judgment fled,
That censures ' falsely what they see aright ?
If that be fair whereon my false eyes dote,
What means the world to say it is not so ?
If it be not, then love doth well denote
Love's eye is not so true as all men's; no,
How can it ? O, how can Love's eye be true,
That is so vexed with watching and with tears?
No marvel then though I mistake my view;
The sun itself sees not, till heaven clears.

0, cunning Love ! with tears 1 hou keep'st me blind, Lest eyes well-seeing thy foul faults should find.

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Canst thou, O cruel! say I love thee not,
When I, against myself, with thee partake ?
Do I not think on thee, when I forgot
Am of myself, all tyrant, for thy sake ?
Who hateth thee that I do call my friend?
On whom frown'st thou that I do fawn upon ?

1 Censures, judges, estimates.
2 Partake, take part. A partaker was a confederate.

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