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fact, which all men knew, was ground enough for doing that which all men wilhed. The Government had sufficient teitimony on which to found their proceedings, if no other had offered ; but the united voice of the Associations constituted a body of evidence, which superseded all need of proof. The Government did not move till the crisis was complete, and the Country was prepared to justify them in all they did ; and the success with which they were enabled to restore quiet to the Country on that occasion, will add a splendid paffage to the history of the present Administration, which has had the singular felicity of uniting good fortune to unwearied endeavours for the public welfare.

It may be permitted to remark, that the late events have produced a decomposition of party that has ended in a new division of public men. There is now a sort of line by which the friends of the Constitution may be distinguished from its enemies ; and those who engage in public business upon public principle, from those who take it up as a traffic for private ends: a like distinction between the well affected and the ill-affected may also be traced in all parts of the kingdom, through all ranks of life.

People have set themselves to make this observation upon the characters of men, whether public or private, and to keep a suitable watch upon their conduct, since the escape they had in the month of November. The vigilance inspired by the danger of that time, it is hoped, will not loon relax. No doubt, Government will continue its exertions; individuals will not remic from the habitual at. tention they have lately paid to the preservation of peace and order; the Associations, it is certain, will renew all their rigour, whenever the public safety shall require it.


With these securities, it is trusted the kingdom will not again be threatened, as it was last year from the month of August to that of November. So reduced in number, and so disappointed in all their projects, are the disaffected, that, it is generally believed, they could not be encouraged to undertake any thing even by the success of the French arms, on which they last year founded so much hope, Unless they disregard their own safety as much as that of others, they will now remain quiet.

Let them listen to the admonition given them by the public justice of their country :

Illos, quanquam funt hoftes, tamen quia nati sunt o cives, monitos etiam atque etiam volo. Mea lenitus adhuc fi cui solutior vifa eft, hoc expeEtavit, ut id, quod latebat, erumperet.

Qui in urbe se commoverit, cujus ego non modo fa&tum sed inceptum ullum, conatumve contra patriam deprehendero; sentiet in hac " urbe esse Consules vigilantes, ele egregios Magistratus, * efle förtem Senatum, ellë arma, ele carcerem, quen " vindicem nefariorum ac manifestorum scelerum majores fi nostri effe voluerunt.


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LONDON: Pinted and Sold by J. SEWELL at the European Magazine

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Or zs. per Hundred to such as give them away.


At a Meeting of GENTLEMEN at the CROWN AND ANCHOR Tavern, in the Strand, November 20, 1792,

JOHN REEVES, Esq. in the Chair. The following CONSIDERATIONS ind. RESOLUTIONS were

entered into and agreed apon:

YONSIDERING the danger to which the Public Peace

and Order are exposed by the circulating of mischievo bus Opinions, found upon plausible but false reasoning; and that this circulation is principally carried on by the industry of Clubs and Societies of various denominations in many parts of the Kingdom :

It appears to us, That it is now become the duty of all Persons, who wish well to their Native Country, to endeavour, in their several neighbourhoods, to prevent the sad



effects of such mischievous industry; and that it would greatly tend to promote these good endeavours, if Societies were formed in different parts of the Kingdom, whose object should be to support the Laws, to suppress feditious Publications, and to defend our Persons and Property against the innovations and depredations that seem to be threatened by those who maintain the mischievous opinions before alluded to:

These opinions are conveyed in the terms the Rights of Man-Liberty and Equality - No King~No Parliament--and others of the like import; all of them, in the sense imposed on them, expressing sentiments in direct opposition to the Laws of this Land, and some of thein such as are inconsistent with the well-being of Society under any laws whatsoever.

It appears to us, the tendency of these Opinions is, that we are voluntarily to surrender every thing we now possess ; our religion and our Laws; our civil Government and Civil Society; and that we are to trust to the formation of something New, upon the principles of Equality, and under the auspices of speculative men, who have conceived ideas of perfection that never yet were known in the World: And it appears, that the Missionaries of this Sect are aiming at effecting the Overthrow of the present System of Govern ment and Society, by infusiog into the minds of ignorant men causes of discontent adapted to their various stations : some of which causes are wholly imaginary, and the rest are such as inseparably belong to civil

life; have exısted, and ever will exilt, under all Forms of Government ; cannot be removed by any change, and will be aggravated and multiplied, a hundred fold, by the change proposed.

It appears from History and Observation, that the inequality of rank and fortune in this happy. Country, is more the result of every man's own exertions, than of any controuling institution of the State. Men become great, who have greatly distinguished themselves by the application of talents natural or acquired. Men become rich, who have persevered with industry in the application to Trade and Commerce, to Manufactures, and other useful employments. How many persons now of great rank and fortune, who were born without either! How many rich Merchants and Traders who began their career in the lowest employments of the Top and counting-house !

In the progress to this advancement they have all, in their Aations, contributed their share towards the fhow of opulence, both public and private, which is to be seen in every pari of this land. It is by the effects of this industry, that


the Gentleman is enabled to support his rank and station; and the Merchant and Tradesman to employ his Clerks, Jourheyinen, and Apprentices. Hence comes the price of the Farmer's corn, and the wages of Servants of every defcription. By this happy Inequality, and dependence of one man on another, employment is found for all in their fe. veral vocations to which they have been called by design or accident. This Inequality and dependence is so infinitely diversified in this country, that there is no place upon earth where there are so many ways, in which a man by his talents and industry may raise himself above his equals. This has hitherto been thought a pre-eminent happiness that was peculiar to ourselves, and ought to be cherished : it has been ascribed to the protecting influence which Property has always enjo;ed under equal Laws; and it has increased of late years in a wonderful degree, by the prosperity which was caused, and can only be continued by the same influence.

We are, upon the fullest deliberation, of opinion, that proposing to pull down this goodly fabrick, which has been gradually reared by the successive virtue and industry of all the great and good men who have lived in this Idland for centuries, and to submit to begin afreth upon a new system of Equality, as it is called, seems a proposition that can be suggested only by the most undisguised wickedness, and entertained by the groffest folly.

Because, if so wild a plan was to be carried into execution, and all men were made equal, they would from that moment begin to struggle, who should first rise above hiş equals; and it is beyond all question, if there was any industry, or any virtue ; if there was peace, and publick prosperity ; if there was private happiness and publick, in such new-formed Society, there would gradually arise an Inequality of Rank and Fortune.

We foresee, from recent experiment in a neighbouring country, that in the operation of bringing to pass such a transition, the lives and properties of all persons in this Illand would be exposed to the arbitrary disposal of selfopinionated Philosophers, and a wild and needy Mob deluded and instigated by them ;, that with the introduction of Equality in Kank and Fortune, an expectation would be raised in the Lower Orders, which must first be gratified with plunder, and afterwards would sink into a state of difappointment and abject povesty. When all were equalized, there would no longer be a superfluity to pay the hire of Servants, or purchase the productions of Art or Manufacture; no Commerce, no Credit; no resource for the active,


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