Nationalist Politics and Everyday Ethnicity in a Transylvanian Town

Capa
Princeton University Press, 2006 - 439 páginas
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Situated on the geographic margins of two nations, yet imagined as central to each, Transylvania has long been a site of nationalist struggles. Since the fall of communism, these struggles have been particularly intense in Cluj, Transylvania's cultural and political center. Yet heated nationalist rhetoric has evoked only muted popular response. The citizens of Cluj--the Romanian-speaking majority and the Hungarian-speaking minority--have been largely indifferent to the nationalist claims made in their names.


Based on seven years of field research, this book examines not only the sharply polarized fields of nationalist politics--in Cluj, Transylvania, and the wider region--but also the more fluid terrain on which ethnicity and nationhood are experienced, enacted, and understood in everyday life. In doing so the book addresses fundamental questions about ethnicity: where it is, when it matters, and how it works. Bridging conventional divisions of academic labor, Rogers Brubaker and his collaborators employ perspectives seldom found together: historical and ethnographic, institutional and interactional, political and experiential. Further developing the argument of Brubaker's groundbreaking Ethnicity without Groups, the book demonstrates that it is ultimately in and through everyday experience--as much as in political contestation or cultural articulation--that ethnicity and nationhood are produced and reproduced as basic categories of social and political life.

 

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Índice

From Kolozsvar to ClujNapoca
89
Kolozsvar in Nationalizing Hungary
91
From Kolozsvar to Cluj
97
Once Again in Hungary
101
The Transition to Communist Rule
105
The Romanization of Cluj
109
Cluj after Ceauşescu
119
The Reemergence of Ethnopolitical Contention
122
Private Talk in Public Places
246
Language Choice in Mixed Company
251
Language Mixing in Intraethnic Settings
259
Conclusion
262
Institutions
265
Schools
269
Churches
277
Workplaces
283

The Struggle over Separate Schools in Cluj and TarguMureş
127
Gheorghe Funar and the Nationalization of Public Space
136
A Hungarian University in Cluj?
146
Counting and Categorizing
151
Conclusion
160
Everyday Ethnicity
165
Portraits
173
Emilia
176
Karcsi and Agi
178
Ana
182
Zsolt and Kati
184
Claudin and Lucian
188
Preoccupations
191
Everyday Coping Strategies
197
Getting Ahead
201
Accounting for Success
205
Conclusion
206
Categories
207
Asymmetries
211
Cues Embodied Ethnicity
217
Doing Things with Categories
224
Ethnic and Regional Categories
231
Conclusion
237
Languages
239
Interaction with Strangers
243
Associations
287
Media
290
Conclusion
295
Mixings
301
Disagreement and Conflict
303
Avoidance
307
Joking and Teasing
309
Choices
311
Conclusion
314
Migrations
316
Stigmatized Citizenship
321
The Ambivalent Homeland
326
Politics
333
Funar
339
DAHR
343
Autonomy
346
Status Law
350
Conclusion
357
Epilogue
365
An Example of the Interactional Emergence of Nationalism
375
A Note on Data
380
Bibliography
387
Index
429
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Acerca do autor (2006)

Rogers Brubaker is professor of Sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles. Margit Feischmidt is assistant professor of anthropology at the University of Pécs, Hungary and a senior researcher at the Institute for the Study of Ethnic and National Minorities in Budapest. Jon Fox is lecturer in sociology at the University of Bristol. Liana Grancea is a Ph.D. candidate in sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles.

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