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falling into any depths of sorrow. Mirth is like a flash of lightning, that leaps through a gloom of clouds, and glitters for a moment; cheerfulness keeps up a kind of daylight in the mind, and fills it with a steady, perpetual serenity.

2. If we consider cheerfulness in three lights, with regard to ourselves, to those with whom we converse, and to the great Author of our being, it will not a little recommend itself on each of these accounts. The man who is possessed of this excellent frame of mind, is not only easy in his thoughts, but a perfect master of all the powers and faculties of his soul; his imagination is always clear, and his judgment undisturbed; his temper is even and unruffled, whether in society or in solitude. He comes with a relish to all those goods, which nature has provided for him, tastes all the pleasures of the creation, which are bestowed upon him, and does not feel the full weight of those accidental evils which may befall him.

3. If we consider him in relation to the persons, with whom he converses, it naturally produces love and good-will toward him. A cheerful mind is not only disposed to be affable and obliging, but raises the same good humor in those who come within its influence. A man finds himself pleased, he knows not why, with the cheerfulness of his companion: it is like a sudden sunshine, that awakens a sacred delight in the mind, though unconscious of its presence. The heart rejoices of its own accord, and naturally flows out into friendship and benevolence, toward the person who has so kindly an effect upon it.

4. When I consider this cheerful state of mind in its third relation, I can not but look upon it as a constant, habitual gratitude to the Author of nature. An inward cheerfulness is an implicit praise and thanksgiving to Providence under all its dispensations. It is a kind of acquiescence in the state. wherein we are placed, and a secret approbation of the Divine will in His conduct toward men.

5. A man who uses his best endeavors to live according to the dictates of virtue and right reason, has two perpetual sources of cheerfulness, in the consideration of his own nature, and of that Being, on whom he has a dependence. If he looks into himself, he can not but rejoice in that existence, which has been so lately bestowed upon him, and which, after millions of ages, will be still new,-still in its beginning.

6. How many self congratulations naturally rise in the

mind, when it reflects on this, its entrance into eternity; when it takes a view of those improvable faculties, which, in a few years, and even at its first setting out, have made so considerable a progress, and which will be still receiving an increase of perfection, and consequently an increase of happiness! The consciousness of such a being spreads a perpetual diffusion of joy through the soul of a virtuous man, and makes him look upon himself, every moment, as having more happiness than he knows how to enjoy.

7. The second source of cheerfulness to a good mind, is its consideration of that Being, on whom we have our dependence, and in whom, though we behold Him, as yet, but in the first faint discoveries of His perfections, we see every thing that we can imagine as great, glorious, or amiable. We find ourselves every where upheld by His goodness, and surrounded with an immensity of love and mercy. short, we depend upon a Being, whose power qualifies Him to make us happy by an infinity of means, and whose goodness and truth engage Him to make those happy, who desire it.


8. Such considerations, which every one should perpetually cherish in his thoughts, will banish from us all that secret heaviness of heart, to which unthinking men are subject, when they lie under no real affliction,-all that anguish which we may feel from any evil that actually oppresses us, -to which I may likewise add, those little cracklings of mirth and folly that are more apt to betray virtue than support it, and establish in us such an even and cheerful temper as makes us pleasing to ourselves, to those with whom we converse, and to Him whom we are made to please.

QUESTIONS.-1. How does cheerfulness compare with mirth? 2. In what three lights is cheerfulness regarded? 3. What is said of a man, possessed of this frame of mind? 4. How is cheerfulness considered in relation to others? 5. How, in its third relation? 6. What two sources of cheerfulness has the man who lives according to the dictates of virtue? 7. What satisfaction has the man in contemplating his entrance on eternity? 8. What is said of the second source of cheerfulness? 9. What effect have the considerations of the Divine goodness upon us!

What examples of antithetic emphasis are found in the first verse? What inflection at the commas, second verse and what Rule for the same? What. at the semicolons same verse and why? What inflection prevails in the last verse? How are subject and apt, last verse, ofter erroneously pronounced? How is establish parsed, last verse?


- SPELL AND DEFINE-1. INHOS 'PITABLE, affording no conveniences or assistance to strangers. 2. TIN'Y, very small. 3. FOUNDER, to fill with water, and sink. 4. HEM'I SPHERE, a half globe. 5. TRADE-WINDS, winds that blow for a number of months in one direction, and then, changing, blow as long in the opposite direction. 6. IMPU'NITY, freedon from injury. 7. LEE'WARD, pertaining to the part toward which the wind blows. 8. DoWER, portion. 9. NA'VIES, fleets of ships. 10. MEw, a kind of sea-fowl. I. CANVAS, coarse cloth; the sails of ships. 12. SUPPLICATE, to beseech; to implore. 13. SCROLL, a writing formed into a roll.



1. ON the surface of the globe, there is no where to be found so inhospitable a desert as the wide blue sea. At any distance from land, there is nothing in it for man to eat,nothing in it that he can drink. His tiny foot no sooner rests upon it, than he sinks into his grave. In it grow neither fruits nor flowers.

2. It offers sameness to the mind, restless motion to the body; and when, besides all this, one reflects that it is the wind, the most fickle of the elements, that vessels of all sizes are to supplicate for assistance, while sailing in every direction to their various destinations, it would almost seem that the ocean was divested of charms, and armed with storms, to prevent our being persuaded to enter its dominions.

3. But though the situation of a ship in a heavy gale of wind, appears indescribably terrific, yet, practically speaking, its security is so great, that it is truly said, ships seldom, or never founder in deep water, except from accident, or inattention. How ships manage to get across that still region, that ideal line which separates the opposite trade-winds of each hemisphere; how a small box of men manages, unlabeled, to be buffeted for months up one side of a wave, and down the other; how they ever get out of the abysses into which they sink; and how, after such pitching and tossing, they reach in safety the very harbor in their native country, from which they originally departed, can and ought only to be accounted for, by acknowledging how truly it hath been written, that the Spirit of God moves upon the face of the

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4. It is not, then, from the ocean itself that man has so much to fear. The earth and the water each affords to him a life of considerable security; yet there exists, between these two elements, an everlasting war, into which no passing


vessel can enter with impunity; for of all the terrors of this world, there is surely no one greater than that of being on a leeward shore in a gale of wind, and in shallow water. this account, it is natural enough that the fear of land is as strong in a sailor's heart, as his attachment to it; and when, homeward bound, he, day after day, approaches his own latitude, his love and his fear of his native shores, increase as the distance from them diminishes.

5. Two fates, the most opposite in their extremes, are shortly to await him. The sailor-boy fancifully pictures to himself, that, in a few short hours, he will be once again by the fireside of his parents. The able seaman better knows that it may be decreed for him, as it has been decreed for thousands, that in gaining his point, he shall lose its object,that his native land, with all its virtues, may fade before his eyes, and,

"While he sinks without an arm to save,

His country blooms,—a garden and a grave.”

1. LIKENESS of heaven! agent of power!
Man is thy victim! shipwrecks thy dòwer!
Spices and jewels, from valley and sea,
Armies and banners are buried in thee!

2. What are the riches of Mexico's mines,

To the wealth that far down in thy deep water shìnes?
The proud navies that cover the conquering west,-
Thou fling'st them to death with one heave of thy breast.

3. From the high hills that view thy wreck-making shore,
When the bride of the mariner shrieks at thy róar;
When, like lambs in the tempest, or mews in the blast,
O'er ridge-broken billows the canvas is cást;

4. How humbling to one with a heart and a soul,
To look on thy greatness, and list to its roll,-
To think how that heart in cold ashes shall be,
While the voice of eternity rises from thee!

5. Yes! where are the cities of Thebes and of Tyre?
Swept from the nations like sparks from the fire;
The glory of Athens, the splendor of Rome?
Dissolved, and for ever,-like dew in the foam.

6. But thou art almighty,-eternal,-sublime,Unweakened, unwasted,-twin brother of time! Fleets, tempests, nor nations, thy glory can bow; As the stars first beheld thee, still chainless art thou! 7. But, hòld! when thy surges no longer shall roll, And that firmament's length is drawn back like a scroll; Then, then shall the spirit that sighs by thee now,

Be more mighty, more lasting, more chainless than thou!

QUESTIONS.-1. What is said of the sea as affording support for man? 2. What enables vessels to sail on the ocean? 3. What is said of the danger of ships in the midst of the ocean? 4. How is their safety to be accounted for? 5. Where is it that the sailor most fears danger? 6. What are buried in the ocean? 7. To what is its wealth compared? 8. What will be its duration in comparison with that of the soul?

What inflec

For what does it stand, first word of the second verse? tion prevails in the latter part of the third verse? Why the falling inflections in the first two lines of the poetry? (Rule VII. Note I.) Why the rising on roar and cast, third verse? Which has the more intense degree of emphasis, the first or second then. last verse? With what tone of voice should the last line be read? How is dower parsed, second line, first verse? How, navies, second verse?


SPELL AND DEFINE-1. EMBOWERED. surrounded with trees which overspread with their branches. 2. PRODIGIOUS very large. 3. PILE, & building; literally a heap. 4. AROMATIC, Scented with spices; fragrant. 5. MI MO'SA, a kind of tree. 6. RECLINED, lain down. 7. SuccoR, to assist.



"O THALABA, my child,

Thou lookest on to distant days,

And we are in the desert, far from men!"*

2. Not till that moment her afflicted heart

Had leisure for the thought.
She cast her eyes around;
Alas! no tents were there
Beside the bending sands:

No palm-trees rose to spot the wilderness;


* Thalaba, a little ooy, had just threatened vengeance on the mur derers of his father, when he should become a man.

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