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thing was favorable to the announcement, and rapid spread of a message from Heaven, provided that the message itself should come properly authenticated. The message did come, and it was properly authenticated; and the peculiar suitableness of the time and place selected, was seen in the very rapid spread of the Gospel over almost half the globe.

QUESTIONS.-1. Has the surface of the globe any real center? 2. What country was the birth-place of the Savior? 3. What countries south of it? 4. What north? 5. What east? 6. What west? 7. In what direction from it are India and China? 8. In what, France and England? 9. What is said of the Mediterranean, and of the scenes on its shores, and on its waters? 10. What was there peculiar in the time of the Savior's advent?

Why are did and was emphatic, last verse? (Les. VIII. Rem. 2.) Is the inflection on here, at the close of the third verse, intensive or common? (Les. III. 7.) To what does bathing refer, third verse, second line?


SPELL AND DEFINE-1. MATERNAL, pertaining to a mother. 2. STIM ULANT, Something which excites. 3. LENITIVE, Something which soothes. 4. IMMUTABLE, unchangeable. 5. CARNAGE, slaughter; great destruction of men. 6. SUPERABUNDANT, abounding to excess. 7. CONCENTRATED, brought to a point or center. 8. DE VISE', to contrive; to plan.


1. Ir struck my imagination much, while standing on the last field fought by Bonaparte, that the battle of Waterloo should have been fought on a Sunday. What a different scene did the Scotch Grays and English Infantry present, from that which, at that very hour, was exhibited by their relatives, when over England and Scotland, each church bell had drawn together its worshipers. While many a mother's heart was sending up a prayer for their son's preservation, perhaps that son was gasping in agony. Yet even at such a period, the lessons of his early days, might give him consolation; and the maternal prayer might prepare the heart to support maternal anguish.

2. It is religion alone which is of universal application, both as a stimulant and a lenitive, throughout the varied heritage which falls to the lot of man. But we know,-that many thousands rushed into this fight, even of those who had been instructed in our religious principles, without

leisure for one serious thought; and that some officers were killed in their ball dresses. They made the leap into the gulf which divides two worlds,-the present from the immutable state, without one parting prayer, or one note of preparation.

3. As I looked over this field, now green with growing corn, I could mark, with my eyes, the spots where the most desperate carnage had been marked out by the verdure of the wheat. The bodies had been heaped together, and scarcely more than covered: and so enriched is the soil, that in these spots, the grain never ripens, it grows rank and green to the end of the harvest.

4. This touching memorial, which endures when the thousand groans have expired, and when the stain of human blood, has faded from the ground, still seems to cry to Heaven that there is awful guilt somewhere, and a terrific reckoning for those who caused destruction which the earth could not conceal. These hillocks of superabundant vegetation, as the wind rustled through the corn, seemed the most affecting monuments which nature could devise, and gave a melancholy animation to this plain of death.

5. When we attempt to measure the mass of suffering, which was here inflicted, and to number the individuals that fell, considering each who suffered as our fellow man, we are overwhelmed with the agonizing calculation, and retire from the field which has been the scene of our reflections, with the simple, concentrated feeling,-these armies once lived, breathed, and felt like us, and the time is at hand, when we shall be like them.

QUESTIONS.—1. On what day of the week was the battle of Waterloo fought? 2. What were the scenes in England and Scotland at the same time, in comparison with those here presented? 3. What is meant by the "gulf which divides two worlds?" 4. How can the spots of the greatest carnage now be marked out?


SPELL AND DEFINE-1. Be dou' INS, wandering tribes of Arabs, found in Arabia, Egypt, and in the northern part of Africa. 2. ANCESTRY, the line of one's parents, grand-parents, &c. 3. LOCALITIES, places of abode. 4. DATES, the fruit of the palm tree. 5. SNOWDON, the most noted mountain in Wales, being 3571 feet above the level of the sea. 6. CAIRN'GORM, a lofty mountain in Scotland.. 7. STEPPES large uncultivated deserts. 8. CORMORANT, a large greedy fowl, sometimes called the water raven. 9. FASTNESSES, places difficult of access. 10. SERRIED, crowded.

11. Fanaticism, wild and extravagant notions of re

ligion. 12. OR I ZA'BA, a volcanic mountain in Mexico. 13. PERTI NACITY, firm adherence to purpose. 14. CELTIC, pertaining to the Celts, the primitive inhabitants of the South and West of Europe.



1. THE Author of the Creation, has so tempered the productions of the earth and the waters, and the changes and the appearances of the atmosphere, to the wants of man in every zone, from the burning equator to the icy pole, that, amid all the varieties of season and climate, the man, who knows and loves his country, thinks his own the very best; and he would migrate in sorrow from the ice-clad rocks of Labrador, to the perpetual spring and unchanging verdure of the Atlantic isles.

2. The Bedouin, who careers over the sandy plain, fleet as the whirlwind, carrying his handful of dates for his day's repast, and marching twenty miles to the palm-encircled pool, at which he is to quench his thirst, would not give up the joy of the wilderness, for the most fertile plains, and the most gorgeous cities. He has known nature, and seen the working of nature's God in the desert, and beyond that, the very excess and perfection of man's working, can not give him pleasure.

3. And who are they, whose ancestry, in their present localities, stretches backward, till its fading memorials outmeasure, not only all that has been written, but all that has been erected in brick or marble, or in the aged granite itself. the primeval father of mountain and of rock? Are they the inhabitants of fertile plains, spreading wide their productive bosoms to the sun, rich in flocks and herds, thronged with villages, and joyous with cities and palaces? Này! they are the men of the mountains; and if there is love of country upon earth, you will find it where there is only a mountain pine, a mountain goat, and a mountaineer, as fast rooted and as firm footed on the rock as either.

4. Ask of the mountains of Britain; and Snowdon shall answer to Ben-Nevis, and Wharnside shall respond to gray Cairngorm, "We have known our people for a thousand years, and each year of the thousand, they have loved us the more. Our summits are bleak, but they point to heaven; they are hoary with age, but the hope of immortality breathes around them."

5. Glance your eye over Asia, and you shall find, that while conquest and change of race, have swept the plains of Euphrates and Ganges like floods, and the level steppes of Siberia like the north wind, Cau ca'sus and Him'ma la have retained their people, and their tuneful cliffs echo the same language, as they did in the days of the patriarchs.

6. And who, too, had footing on the Alps before the Swiss, or on the Pyrenees before the Basques? and how long did the expiring sounds of the Celtic language, wail among the Cornish rocks, after the lowlands of England had become Roman, Saxon, Dane, and Norman, by turns, and the mingling of a five-fold race, had given to the country the most capable population under the sun?

7. Turn whithersoever we will, on the surface of the globe, or in the years of its history, the discovery is ever the same. The Phenicians were once great in Northern Africa, and the Egyptians mighty by Nilus' flood; but where now are the ships of Carthage, the palaces of Memphis, or the gates of Thebes? or where are the men by whom these were erected, or the conquerors, by whom they were laid waste?

8. The cormorant sits solitary on those heaps by the Euphrates, where the conqueror of Egypt erected his throne, the Goth and the Hun trod with mockery over the tombs of the Scipios; and the turbaned Arab has erected his tent' over the fallen palaces of Nu man'tia; but the cliffs of Atlas have retained their inhabitants, and the same race which dwelt there before Carthage or Rome, or Babylon or Memphis, had existence, dwell there still, and, shielded by the fastnesses of their mountains, the sword will not slay, neither will the fire burn them.

9. Every where it is the same. If we turn our observation to America:-the plains of Guiana, and Brazil, and Mexico, and Peru, and Chili, and Par a guay', have been rendered up to the grasping hand of conquest; and, because of the gold and the silver they contain, the thickly serried Andes have been held by the skirts; but the red Indian is still in his mountain dwelling; and in spite of all that fanaticism and avarice, yet more fell, have been able to accomplish, in the very passion and intoxication of their daring, Chimborazo looks down, from his lofty dwelling among the earthquakes, on the huts of his primeval inhabitants; and Orizaba yet mingles his smoke with that of fires, kindled by the descendants of those whose ancestors tenanted his sides,

before Mexico was a city, or the Atzec race had journeyed into central America.

10. Now, whenever the globe speaks in unison from every point of its surface, and history brings testimony from its every page, we may rest assured that there is more than common instruction in the tale; and, therefore, we should read and meditate upon it with more than ordinary attention.

11. And why is it, that man not only clings with the greatest pertinacity to those places of the earth, to which, as we would say, nature has been the least bountiful, but also loves them with the most heartfelt affection, and acquires an elevation of mind, a determinedness of purpose, and a joyance of spirit in them, more than in places which abound far more in the good things of this world? The facts are certain and absolute; for there is not one exception to them; and therefore the lesson that they teach us, must be wisdom. It is wisdom, too, which bears directly upon our present object; and it is wisdom which is soon learned.

12. It is simply this: that in those wild, and as we would call them, barren places, man's chief occupation and converse are with nature: whereas, in richer places, where there is more to tempt worldly ambition and worldly enterprise, art is his chief occupation, and becomes by habit his chief enjoy


QUESTIONS.-1. What country does every man best love? 2. How is this proved by the Bedouin? 3. Which are more fond of their homes, the inhabitants of fertile vales, or of mountains? 4. By what is the passage, quoted in the fourth verse, represented to be uttered? 5. What places of Asia retain their original inhabitants ? 6. What, of Europe? 7. Of Northern Africa? 8. What parts of South America have been conquered, and where does the red Indian yet live? 9. How do you account for the attachment of these people to their homes?

How are whirlwind, handful, and beyond, sometimes erroneously pro



SPELL AND DEFINE-1. DISSEMBLE, to assume a false appearance. 2. PROFU'SION, rich abundance. 3. SWAIN, a servant employed in farming. 4. TRIBUTARY, yielding supplies. 5. HOARDS, treasures, or large quantities of any thing laid up. 6. ALTERNATE, one following the other in succession. 7. TEN'ANT, one who has possession of any place; a dweller. 8. REV'ELRY, noisy festivity. 9. TEP'ID, moderately warm; lukewarm. 10. I'DA, a lofty mountain in the Island of Candia. 11. AR'NO, a river in Italy. 12. SHELVY, full of rocks; sloping. 13. BASK, to lie exposed to heat. 14. ZONE, a girdle; a division of the earth with respect to temperature.

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