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4. Heat not a furnace for your foe so hot, That it doth singe yourself.
Succession of Human Beings.
5. Like leaves on trees, the life of man is found,
They fall successive, and successive rise:
So flourish these, when those have passed away.
The Acquisition of Knowledge.
6. As up the tower of knowledge slow we rise,
7. Speak of me as I am; nothing extenuate, Nor set down aught in malice.
8. Full many a gem of purest ray serene,
Good and Il.
9. Two tasks are ours, to know and understand
Final End of All.
10. Why all this toil for triumphs of an hour?
What though we wade in wealth, or soar in fame?
Joys of Fortune,-trifling.
11. Alas! the joys that fortune brings,
And those who prize the paltry things,
12. Eternal Hope! when yonder spheres sublime
QUESTIONS.-1. How do you account for the inflections marked in the third paragraph? (Rule IV.) How those in the sixth? (Rule VI. Note I.) Which are the unemphatic words in the first paragraph and why? Has the third paragraph the cesural pause? On which syllables. occurs the metrical accent? On which in the fifth paragraph? To what do these and those_refer. last line, fifth paragraph? How is gem parsed, éighth paragraph? To what does thou refer, last verse?
SPELL AND DEFINE-1. PHYS'IC AL, pertaining to nature. 2. PoLITIC AL, pertaining to government. 3. CHRISTENDOM. countries inhabited by Christians. 4. ANTECE DENT, going before; preceding. 5. MELIORATION, the act of making better; improvement. 6. IN ALIEN A BLE, that can not be justly given to another. 7. PRE-EMINENT, superior in excellence. 8. DISSEMINATING. Scattering; spreading. 9. AMALGAMATING, mixing or uniting of different things. 10. ANAL' OGOUS, bearing some resemblance; similar. 11. ANTIQUATED, grown old; out of use. 12. RE CIP'RO CAL, done by each to the other; mutual. 13. COLLISION, a striking together; a clashing. 14. IM PLA'CA BLE, that can not be appeased or pacified; stubborn. 15. DY NAS TY. government; sovereignty; a race of kings who govern a particular country. 16. SCATH, injury; damage.
Should the termination of one word be blended with the beginning of another? (Les. 1. 6—4th.)
EFFECTS OF THE MODERN DIFFUSION OF KNOW
1. In consequence of this general diffusion of intelligence, nations are becoming vastly better acquainted with the physical, moral, and political conditions of each other.
Whatever of any moment is transacted in the legislative assemblies of one country, is now very soon known, not merely to the rulers, but also to the people, of every other country. Nay, an interesting occurrence of any nature, can not transpire in an insignificant town of Europe or America, without finding its way, through the medium of the national journals, to the eyes and ears of all Christendom.
2. Every man must now be, in a considerable degree, a spectator of the doings of the world, or he is soon very far in the rear of the intelligence of the day. Indeed he has only to read a respectable newspaper, and he may be informed of the discoveries in the arts, the discussions in the senates, and the bearings of public opinion all over the world. The reasons of all this may chiefly be found in that increased desire of information, which characterizes the mass of society in the present age.
3. Intelligence of every kind, and especially political information, has become an article of profit, and when once this is the case, there can be no doubt that it will be abundantly supplied. Besides this, it is important to remark, that the art of navigation has been, within a few years, materially improved, and commercial relations have become vastly more extensive. The establishment of packet ships between the two continents has brought London and Paris as near to us, as Pittsburg and New Orleans.
4. There is every reason to believe, that, within the next half century, steam navigation will render communication between the ports of Europe and America as frequent, and almost as regular, as that by ordinary mails. The commercial houses of every nation are establishing their agencies in the principal cities of every other nation, and thus binding together the people by every tie of interest, while at the same time, they are furnishing innumerable channels, by which information may be circulated among every class of the community.
5. Hence it is, that the moral influence, which nations are exerting upon each other, is greater than it has been at any antecedent period in the history of the world. The institutions of our country are becoming known, almost of necessity, to every other country. Knowledge provokes to comparison, and comparison leads to reflection. The fact, that others are happier than themselves, prompts men to inquire whence this difference proceeds, and how their own melioration may be accomplished.
6. By simply looking upon a free people, an oppressed people instinctively feel that they have inalienable rights, and they will never afterward be at rest, until the enjoyment of these rights is guarantied to them. Thus one form of government, which, in any pre-eminent degree, promotes the happiness of man, is gradually, but irresis ibly disseminating the principles of its constitution, and, from the very fact of its existence, calling into being those trains of thought, which must in the end revolutionize every government within the sphere of its influence, under which the people are oppressed.
7. And thus is it that the field, in which mind may labor, has now become wide as the limits of civilization. A doctrine, advanced by one man, if it have any claim to interest, is soon known to every other man. The movement of one intellect, now sets in motion the intellects of millions. We may now calculate upon effects, not upon a state or a people, but upon the melting, amalgamating mass of human nature.
8. Man is now the instrument which genius wields at its will, it touches a chord of the human heart, and nations vibrate in unison. And thus, he, who can rivet the attention of a community upon an elementary principle, hitherto neglected in politics or morals, or who can bring an acknowledged principle to bear upon an existing abuse, may, by his own intellectual might, with only the assistance of the press, transform the institutions of an empire or a world.
9. In many respects, the nations of Christendom collectively, are becoming somewhat analogous to our own Federal Republic. Antiquated distinctions are breaking away, and local animosities are subsiding. The common people of different countries are knowing each other better, esteeming each other more, and attaching themselves to each other by various manifestations of reciprocal good will. It is true, every nation has still its separate boundaries, and its individual interests, but the freedom of commercial intercourse, is allowing those interests to adjust themselves to each other, and thus rendering the causes of collision of vastly less frequent occurrence.
10. Local questions are becoming of less, and general questions, of greater importance. Thanks be to God, men have at last begun to understand the rights, and feel the wrongs of each other. Mountains interposed do not so much make enemies of nations. Let the trumpet of alarm be sounded, and its notes are now heard by every nation,
whether of Europe or America.
Let a voice, borne on the
feblest breeze, tell that the rights of man are in danger, and it floats over valley and mountain, across continent and ocean, until it has vibrated on the ear of the remotest dweller in Christendom.
11. Let the arm of oppression be raised to crush the feeblest nation on earth, and there will be heard every where, if not the shout of defiance, at least the deep-toned murmur of implacable displeasure. It is the cry of aggrieved, insulted, much abused man. It is Human Nature, waking in her might from the slumber of ages, shaking herself from the dust of antiquated institutions, girding herself for the combat, and going forth conquering and to conquer,—and woe unto the man, woe unto the dynasty, woe unto the party, and woe unto the policy, on whom shall fall the scath of her blighting indignation.
QUESTIONS.-1. What benefits result from a general diffusion of intelligence? 2. What can you say of the art of navigation within a few years? 3. Where is London and Paris? 4. Where Pittsburg and New Orleans? 5. What was predicted of steam navigation by the writer? 6. Has that prediction already been fulfilled? 7. What effect has this on the moral influence of nations? 8. What on the institutions of our country? 9. What is said of a government which, in a pre-eminent degree promotes the happiness of man? 10. What influence may an individual of eminent intellect exert on communities or nations? 11. What influence has our own Federal Republic on other nations? 12. What is said of local and general questions?
How do you explain the inflections marked in the second verse? With what modulation of voice should the last two verses be read? What inflection does woe, end of the last verse, take? (Rule VII. Note L)
SPELL AND DEFINE-1. MAZY, winding. 2. MIRROR, to reflect, as a looking-glass. 3. DRAPERY, clothwork; curtains; here means, the foam of the waves. 4. TESSELATED, formed in small squares; checkered. 5. ALLELUIAHS, praises to Jehovah. 6. HAZY, foggy; misty. 7. REFULGENT, very bright; shining. 8. EMBOSS, to conceal or inclose, as a path is in a thicket. 9. PENCIL, a small brush used by painters; here means, painting itself.
THE GOINGS FORTH OF GOD.
1. GOD WALKETH ON THE EARTH.
The purling rills,
And mightier streams from before Him glance away,
And spangled fields, and in the mazy vales,