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laid out as a kitchen garden for the establishment, and the inmates are frequently employed in its cultivation. The house itself is a large building of the plainest description. The funds by which the institution is supported are derived from an assessment on house property, collections at the churchdoors, and occasional donations and voluntary contributions from the citizens. The average number of inmates is about 750.*
After passing the Workhouse, the stranger will take the road to the right, and in a few minutes he will reach the gate of
HERIOT'S HOSPITAL. This handsome edifice, one of the proudest ornaments of the city, owes its foundation to George Heriot, jeweller to James VI., whose name will probably be more familiar to the ear of strangers as the "jingling Geordie” of The Fortunes of Nigel. † The design, which is attributed to Inigo Jones, is in that mixed style which dates its origin from the reign of Elizabeth, examples of which are afforded by Drumlanrig Castle in Dumfriesshire, Northumberland House in the Strand, and many other edifices throughout the kingdom. Its form is quadrangular, the sides each measuring 162 feet, and enclosing a court of 92 feet square. The building was commenced in 1628, and completed in 1660, and the erection is said to have cost £27,000. The chapel, occupying the south side of the quadrangle, a few years ago presented nothing but a clay floor and bare walls, round which there was a stone seat, to accommodate the boys when assembled for morning and evening service. It is now fitted up in a very different style; and, with its splendid pulpit, fine oaken carvings, richly adorned ceiling, and beautifully stained glass windows, forms one of the principal attractions of the place. The object of this splendid institution is the maintenance and education of “poor and fatherless boys,” or boys whose parents are in indigent circumstances, “ freemen's sons of the town of Edinburgh," of whom 180 are accommodated within its walls. The course of instruction consists of English, Latin, Greek, Writing, Arithmetic, Book-keeping, Mathematics, and Geography. To these branches have recently been added French, Drawing, the Elements of Music, and Practical Mechanics. Boys are admitted between the ages of seven and ten, and leave at the first half-yearly term after they are thirteen and a half. Those of them who, upon examination, give proof of superior scholarship, and desire to prosecute some of the learned professions, are first sent six or twelve months to the High School, and afterwards four years to the University, receiving a bursary or exhibition of £120 divided over the period. Those going out as apprentices are allowed
* Besides this institution, the parishes of St. Cuthberts and the Canongate have each a house for the reception of paupers, with peculiar funds, and separate boards of management.
† “ For the wealth God has sent me, it shall not want inheritors while there are orphan lads in Auld Reekie."--Fortunes of Nigel, chap. iv.
A brief outline of the benevolent founder's history is given in the Note to chapter i. of the same work.