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protection to the trade, and have lost some customers by a noted Boston house, who first signed the 20 per cent rule, offering now to sell private parties and small buyers at even 40 per cent off, while the same party had bought of us within a month at 20 per cent off, and said he was satisfied to pay it. We would like to call names, but forbear. We wish no discount was given on small orders outside the trade, and on single book orders. We refuse to give any, and trust the time will come when all publishers will see they are cutting their own throats by selling to every one alike. We carry $10 worth of miscellaneous books now where we used to have $100. Put us down for any thing reasonable, so that we can keep more books in stock and less Yankee notions''

Letters indorsing the proposed association were received also from J. M. Davis and A. E. Jones, of Farmington. Me. ; Valpey, Angell & Co., Providence ; W. H. Gross, Hartford ; Geo. H. Williams, Putnam, Ct., and others.

The Committee here returned, and their report was read by Mr. Shepard. On motion, the report was accepted, and it was voted to proceed to the consideration of the Constitution, article by article. The name adopted was the New-England Booksellers' Association. The Constitution was essentially that of the Central Association. Articles l.-XII. were adopted seriatim, and afterward the Constitution as a whole. On motion of Mr. Campbell, opportunity was then given to sign the Constitution, and the following became members on the spot:

SIGNERS OF THE CONSTITUTION OF N. E. B. ASSOCIATION, BOSTON, AUGUST Ig, 1875.

Lee & Shepard, Boston.

James Campbell, Boston.

Edson C. Eastman, Concord, N. H.

D. Lothrop, Boston.

Bailey & Noyes. Portland, Me.

N. Bangs Williams & Co., Providence, R. I.

Tibbitts & Randall, Providence, R. I.

Edmund Dews.

i. L. Hammett, Boston. . S. Locke & Co., Boston. Otis Clapp & Son, Boston. Thompson, Brown & Co., Boston. N. F. Smith, Milford, Mass. S. M. Morse & Co. Lockwood, Brooks & Co., Boston. C. C. McLauthlin. Nichols & Hall, Boston. Charles W. Sever, Cambridge, Mass. The Tillinghast & Mason News Co. ; J. W. Tillinghast, manager, Providence, R. I. Knight, Adams & Co., Boston. Andrew F. Graves, Boston James Mitchell, Charlestown. A. Williams & Co., Boston.

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Otis K. Newton, Westboro, Mass.
William S. Patten, Quincy.
James R. Osgood & Co., Boston.
Benjamin Earl & Son, Fall River.
Roberts Bros., Boston.

The Association being thus started, Mr. Ticknor proposed the following list of officers, and was, on motion, appointed to cast the vote of those present for the same:

President—A. Williams, of Boston.

Vice-Presidents—G. B. Loring, of Portland; I. H. Foster, of Portsmouth; S. Huntington, of Burlington ; W. F. Draper, of Andover ; Daniel Perrin, of Providence; W. J. Hamersley, of Hartford.

Treasurer—J. E. Merrill.

Corresponding Secretary—William Tomlinson, of Boston.

Recording Secretary—Charles L. Damrell, of Boston.

Executive Committee—William Lee, of Boston, chairman; S. F. Nichols, T. W. Deland, J. R. Osgood, James Campbell, of Boston; David Bugbee, of Bangor; W. H. Gross, of Hartford.

Arbitration Committee—J. L. Hammett, Dana Estes, H. O. Houghton, D. F. Knight, M. H. Sargent, of Boston ; James Noyes, of Portland; S. S. Rider, of Providence.

Committee on Finance—Andrew Graves, of Boston ; B. H. Ticknor, of Boston ; C. E. Hammett, of Newport ; G. T. Tibbets, of Providence; A. L. Dresser, of Portland.

Committee on Assemblies—C. A. B. Shepard, of Boston; John S. Lockwood, of Boston ; C. W. Sever, of Cambridge; Putnam, of Worcester; E. C. Eastman, of Concord.

On motion, the proposed by-laws, the same as the original by-laws of the Central Association, were again read, but the subject was laid on the table for the present. On motion of Mr. Lee, the resolution of the A. B. T. A. regarding discounts was adopted by the Association, an amendment by Mr. Campbell, to omit the words "clergymen and teachers," being lost.

A resolution offered by Mr. Campbell, after amendment, was passed, as follows:

Resolved, That we earnestly protest against publishers selling their own publications at a discount from the prices they had themselves affixed, in any quantity to parties outside the trade.

A second resolution offered by him was also passed:

Resolved, That we respectfully protest against school-book publishers selling their schoolbooks to teachers, or retailing them to scholars or students, at less than the retail prices they themselves have made.

On motion, Messrs. H. A. Tillinghast, E. C. Eastman, and H. A. Young were appointed a committee to conduct the President to the chair. Mr. Williams then spoke as follows:

Gentlemen: It Is an honor of which one may well be proud, to be called upon to preside over the New-England Booksellers' Association. It is a position I have not sought for, and it would have been more grateful to my feelings to have declined; but your united voices and the urgent solicitation of friends have prevailed, and I accept the distinguished position with sincere thanks.

I must infer that you have selected me by reason of my long experience in the retail book business in this city, and it may be because I occupy the " Old Corner Bookstore "—a place made famous the world over by the presence of the greatest wits and poets of this age and generation.

We have met here to-day to see if we can make the book business of Boston and of NewEngland a fairer and more honorable business, and elevate it to the standard of other trades and professions.

No one will deny that during the last five years the retail book business has suffered from the severest competition in prices, completely demoralizing the trade, and causing general depression and loss. We have met together as "mutual sufferers" to devise ways and means of relief and redress. In these and such other measures as will tend to secure the objects of the Association, you may rely on my entire devotion to your interests.

Mr. Randolph, on leaving the chair, made a few remarks, and was honored with a vote of thanks from the Association.

The time of putting the rules into operation was then discussed, and it was carried that they should be binding from August 25th.

On motion, the Publishers' Weekly was made the official organ of the Association.

On motion, the Executive Committee was requested to solicit the names of New-England booksellers as members of the Association.

The meeting then adjourned.

Discounts to Ministers.

BY A RETAIL BOOKSELLER.
(From Nciu-York Evangelist, August 5th.)

For many years it has been customary in the book trade to make a discount to ministers of from fifteen to twenty per cent. At the recent convention of publishers and booksellers at Niagara Falls, this custom was indorsed. The trade were allowed to discount twenty per cent to ministers, teachers, libraries, and large buyers of books, but required to exact full retail prices from all other classes in the community.

The clergy will no doubt be gratified with this favorable ruling, not thinking what effect this practice has had and will continue to have upon the bookseller. While the latter yields to the practice of the trade in granting the discount, he feels that it is unjust, and is looking forward to the time when all class distinctions shall be abolished.

Is it proper to ask why should ministers be entitled to a discount, and the full price be required of others? Is it because, as a class, they are more poorly paid than other men, and should therefore be treated as mendicants? It is doubtful whether this aspect of the case would be agreeable or strictly true, and yet it is upon this ground undoubtedly that the favor is granted. But supposing it to be true, why should not the druggist and the grocer, the hardware dealer and the tailor, make a twenty per cent discount as well as the bookseller?

The home missionary receives a salary of $1000. How many in his congregation have a larger income? The pastor in the East receives a salary of from $1000 to $10,000. What proportion of his congregation earn as much? It

should be remembered, too, that the minister is to an extent free from taxes, pew-rent, and many calls upon his purse to which the businessman is subject.

Now is it right to exact from the laboring man, the mechanic, the clerk, $1 for a book, and sell the same to a clergyman for 80 cents? Can the man who receives his $2 a day see any consistency in paying $1.50 for a school-book, while the minister who has a salary of $2500 pays but $1.20?

We doubt the rightfulness of such distinctions, and question whether all such favors, whether from booksellers, railroads, or the Government itse'f, do not have a tendency to degrade the profession, and to detract from an independence which, above all men, they should seek to retain. We do not believe it in accordance with the teachings of the New Testament, or with the practice of Christ and his apostles, thus to ask or accept of favors. The chief apostle would maintain his independence even to the extent of declining all pay for his preaching Christ asked no exemption forhimself or his disciples, from the taxes to which other men were subject.

If the publisher or bookseller wishes to favor the profession, let him give the book out and out, and if the minister wishes to retain his self-respect and the respect of other men, let him contribute his share towards sustaining all honorable kinds of business by paying the full price.

It is believed that if ministers would reflect upon this matter, their views and practice would be changed. There is no doubt misapprehension in regard to the real cost of books to the publisher and seller.

The ordinary discount to the retail bookseller is one third, increased in some cases by an additional five per cent, making the cost of a book published at $1, 64 or 67 cents. A discount of twenty per cent would make the price 80 cents. This would seem to leave a fair margin for profits. But to the original cost must be added the expense of conducting the business, and this brings the cost of the one dollar book to quite 80 cents, and perhaps over. It will thus be seen that, by a discount of twenty per cent, the entire net profit is taken off, leaving the seller nothing upon which to live. Should this discount be made to all, it would be plain that the bookseller would soon be a bankrupt. In some sections this has been done, and the seller has only been kept from bankruptcy by adding to his stock in trade almost every imaginable kind of merchandise, thus degrading the calling, and converting a place which should be the fountain of light to the country about, to a mere confectionery and toy store.

What the retail bookseller desires is, that publishers should reduce the retail prices— make a less discount to the trade, and none whatever to those who are outside. It is believed thus the interest of all parties would be advanced—the purchaser would not expect a discount, and the sales of both publishers and booksellers would be increased.

Mr. A. Setlifp, of Nashville, as a member of the Committee on Local Organization, called a meeting of the Tennessee trade, at Nashville, for August 24th. It was proposed to form a comprehensive State organization.

Shakespeare Bibliography.

(From The Nation.)

J. R. Osgood & Co. have in preparation for publishing in the fall "A Bibliography of the Original Quartos and Fol ios of Shakspere, with particular reference to copies in America," by Justin Winsor, Superintendent of the Boston Public Library. This notable work is designed "to provide in a manual what can not now be found in a single volume—a sure means of testing the genuineness and state of copies of the early quarto and folio editions," calling to the aid of the descriptive text the heliotype process of reproduction in facsimile. There will be sixtyeight illustrations of this kind, nearly one half of which will be made directly from originals, most of these being in the famous Barton Collection of the Public Library, but some existing only in England, and being unique even there. As all other modes of facsimile have proved more or less defective (for example, the silver photographic prints made by Mr. Halliwell having faded into illegibility in twenty years), Mr. Winsor will, by way of comparison, give two heliotypes of Harris's very skilful direct hand-wrought facsimiles, and one of Ashbee's lithographic transfers by tracing, The reading matter will consist of the revised and recast bibliographical notes of Mr. Winsor, which have already appeared in his monthly reports, supplemented by a history of the principal collections of the quartos and folios, and a collation of opinions on the state of the text of these varieties, a review of their commercial valuation, and other interesting data. Two hundred and fifty copies quarto will be printed, after which the plates will be destroyed; and American subscriptions (at $25 each) will be received for only one hundred and fifty, the rest of the edition being reserved for Europe. There is no need of saying that the execution of this Bibliography will be highly creditable to the author and to the institution which he so admirably conducts.

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.

The interests of the trade can not be bet let served, than by a full discussion by its members of all questions which affect it. Out columns are ahvays open to communications on any such subject, provided they be brief and suggestive, and we cordially invite the trade to express any suggestions or opinions of interest or value in " Letters to the Editor."

The Book Fair.

Rohf.rts & Hiu.house, Kalamazoo, Mich., write:

"We are interested in the Book Fair, and would have attended it, had it been at a season of the year that seemed to warrant heavy purchases. If one could be held late in the fall —October, or first of November—you would see how it would draw Western men, providing publishers would make their own terms to dealers. Most booksellers would like to go East for their entire holiday stock, and if they could buy from all the publishers at one place,'

on favorable terms, it would bring the retail dealer, publisher, and jobber face to face once a year, instead of dealing through traveling salesmen. Publishers and jobbers would very materially increase their sales if they came in contact with their customers personally. We hope to see a fair inaugurated this fall."

A Correspondent in New-Jersey illustrates the state of trade by the story of a neighbor in the dry-goods business, who offered to take a copy of Sherman's Memoirs at $4, provided he would take it out in trade. The book was being offered at the time around town, at that price. When publishers will give him as good terms as they do to those cut-throats, he hopes for better times.

BOOKS RECEIVED.

Jean, by Mrs. Newman. (Harper & Brothers.) "Jean" is a young girl who has grown up in the belief that she is poor and friendless. All at once she is claimed by her father, a rich East-Indian merchant, and informed that she is heir to a large fortune. This fortune is the source of great unhappiness to her, as it had long been looked upon by her aunt and cousins as their own. Her advent into the family is the beginning of many conflicts, in which Jean's soul is sorely tried. Jean's character will inspire the strongest interest ; it is beautifully depicted in its unfaltering integrity. The story is finely worked up, chaining the reader's attention throughout. 8vo, paper, 50 c.

The Crimson Star; or, the Midnight Vision, by Mrs. Sarah A. Wright. (Masonic and Miscellaneous Pub. Co.) "A romance founded on facts," which occurred just before our late war. The story opens in the South, and finishes amid the romantic scenery of the Hudson. We can not refrain from noticing the peculiar manner in which the volume closes. The authoress says: "Now that our story is ended, we will try and amuse our readers with a series of poems and sketches on different summe: resorts;" then follow puffs of hotels, lines of travel, musical instruments, etc., etc., most vividly worked up, with anroccasional " falling into" verse, very much in " Mr. Boffin's" style— which is both amusing and instructive. i2mo. cloth, $1.50.

Hoosier Mosaics, by Maurice Thompson. (E. J. Hale & Son.) A number of short stories, written with a good deal of spirit, and displaying considerable originality. They deal altogether with Western scenes and characters.and are not unlike Bret Harte in style. The volume is uniform with " Little Classics," and is bound very attractively. Cloth, red-edged, $1.25.

Justification By Faith, by Simeon W. Harkey, D.D. (Lutheran Board of Pub.) An exposition of the Lutheran doctrine of "justification by faith," intended for general readers. Sq. r2ino, cloth, $1.25.

Eli Perkins (at Largk), by Melville D. Landon. (J. B. Ford & Co.) The witty sayings and doings of Eli and his Uncle Consider form a most entertaining volume. So many of the anecdotes are facts, and related about wellknown men of the city, that the book will be widely sought for. Wall street is done full justice to, and its kings made the subject of any number of funny stories and ridiculous experiences. Any one wanting a book to pick up at odd moments, with a certainty of always finding amusement, is advised to buy it. The illustrations " by those designing young men, Nast, Darley, Fredericks, Eytingc, etc.," are very good. 1211111. cloth, $1.25.

St. Simon's Niece, by Frank Lee Benedict(Harper & Brothers). "St. Simon" is an American and an adventurer—one of the polished, educated, fascinating kind—utterly without heart or conscience apparently. His niece is a feminine edition of himself, with an additional .al.imour thrown over her wickedness by her beauty and wit. These people are the originators of a vast swindling scheme—a silver mine in Nevada, which proves delusive, being the base of it—which takes in half of Paris and no end of Americans. They ride on the wave of success for a year, go into the best Parisian society, and end ingloriously however. "Fanny," the wicked niece, does a most wonderful amount of flirting, and breaks hearts right and left. The book is quite entrancing, like every thing Mr.Benedict writes, and will be eagerly perused, both for the story and the wit of the dialogues. 8vo, paper, $1.

The Sovereigns Ok Industry, by Edwin M. Chamberlin. (Lee & Shepard.) This volume deals entirely with the question of labor and capital. It is divided into six chapters, taking its title from the organization recently established by workingmen for the protection of labor, called "The Sovereigns of Industry." The chapters discuss "The Struggle for Existence," "The Organization of Labor," "The Association of the Laborers," the final one explaining and defining the aims and objects of the society named, and also presenting its constitution. 121110, cloth, $1.25.

A History Of England, by M. E. Thalheimer. (Wilson, Hinkle & Co.) Miss Thalheimer's previous contributions to educational literature warrant great expectations for her new effort. Nor will ihe result be disappointing, the work being every thing that could be desired for a text-book, both in the style in which it is written and'in its get-up. A clean white page, fine type, and attractive pictures enhance the value of very charming reading matter. The work is written especially for American students, a very successful effort being made to give an American view of the great statesmen who laid the foundations of America freedom. The volume is well supplemented with maps. i2mo, cloth, $1.50.

Language Lessons, by Miss P. W. Sudlow and W. E. Crosby ;—Teacher's Manual For Language Lessons. (Day, Egbert & Fidlar.) These books are well known in schools as among the best educational works issued. The publishers, this season, present us with new and revised editions of them, gotten up in the best style. The manual includes the "Language Lessons"—or the " Language Lessons" maybe obtained in a separate volume. Part 1, 35 cents. Part 2, 70 cents.

The Principles Of Chemistry And MolecuLar Mechanics, by Dr. Gustavus Hinrichs. (Day, Egbert & Fidlar.) Also a new edition of a volume forming a part of Hinrichs' Graded Course in Physical Science. i2mo, cloth, $2.50.

LITERARY AND TRADE NEWS.

The prices of the following works in our Educational Catalogue should be thus corrected: p. 319, Harkness's " New Latin Grammar," $1.50; p. 325, Sprague's "Electricity," $3. There should be inserted Hurst's "Outline of Church History," 80 c, Nelson & Phillips.

Mr. Charles T. Dodd, of the house of Dodd & Mead, has become associated with the Brooklyn yournal of Education, representing the business department of that paper among the publishers, where his personal popularity will doubtless insure a favorable reception.

We call attention to an advertisement in our advertising columns of a situation wanted by a gentleman of large experience in the publishing trade. From his long connection with the business, both as associated with other houses and when in business for himself, any house would find great profit in his services.

Mr. A. Eyrich, of New-Orleans, fears that the manner in which his name is printed in the Convention roll would lead readers to suppose that he is a member of the firm of Eyrich & Co., Jackson, Miss., which he has not been for nine years. He writes that the record should stand:

A. Eyrich, New Orleans, representing R. G. Eyrich, New-Orleans; Eyrich & Co., Jackson, Miss.; G. W. Turton, Pensacola, Fla.

A Number of new juveniles are announced by Lothrop for the fall. The author of " Evening Rest" will have a book entitled "Bonnie Aerie;" "Pansy's" next will be "Grandpa's Darlings," while "Faye Huntington" will succeed " Dr. Dean's Story" with " Mrs. Dean's Way." Other of their expected books are "Henry's Outlines of Church History," and "Stick to the Raft."

HELP WANTED.

WANTED—An expert Bibliographer, for Catalogue work. None need apply who can not give satisfactory reference relating to their thorough knowledge of the theory and practice of systematic cataloguing. Address, A. B. C. D-, Publishers' Weekly.

BUSINESS FOR SALE.

\ FIRST-CLASS Book, Stationery, and Fancy Goodsstock of Goods complete—in a flourishing city of io,ooc inhabitants. No competition in the town. Terms, reasons for selling, references, etc., etc., made known to any parties that mean business. Address, H., care Publishers' Weekly.

BOOKS WANTED

B. Westermann & Co., New-york. Poole, Index to Periodical Literature, 1853.

BOOKS FOR SALE.

A LARGE quantity of second-hand Preparatory School and College Text-Books for sale at one half price. Send list of books wanted and get prices.

James Campbell.
Publisher, Bookseller, and Stationer,

18 Tremont Street, Boston, Mass.

FOR SALE.

TWO hundred Bartholomew's Primary Drawing Cards, No. 2, at ten cents. Steele & Avery,

Rochester, N. Y.

SITUATIONS WANTED.

AS Traveling Salesman for a Book, Stationery, or Toy and Fancy Goods house, by a gentleman of fourteen years' experience in the trade. Will travel on salary or commission. Address, C. J. S., care F. Leypoldt, 37 Park Row. N. Y.

TO Booksellers and Publishers. — The advertiser {who is 30 years of age), live and active, and possessed of good business qualifications, is desirous of an engagement at once as Salesman, traveling or otherwise, or in any capacity where his long and extensive experience and knowledge of the book trade, both domestic and foreign, could be utilized. References first class and expectations most moderate. Address, " T. R.," Messrs. George A. Leavitt & Co., N.Y. City.

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LIQUID BLACK DIAMOND

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It is easily applied with ordinary paint-brush, over any painted or unpainted surface, and persons with common skill can make a perfect blackboard upon any smooth surface, which will be free from streaks, and give solid, fine stone surface. Boards of Education do well with it. Sold at all School Book and Stationery Stores. N. Y. Silicate Book Slate Co.

191 Fulton Street, cor. Church.

PUBLISHERS OR MANUFACTURING STATIONERS,

Desiring to establish an Agency In Philadelphia,

WILL PLVASR ADDRESS,

WM. D. BENNAGE, Jr.,

Bookseller, stationer, and Printer, 51 N. 9m St., Philadelphia,

And Dealer in School Merchandise. Catalogues and Trade-Lists requested from the Trade.

SPECIAL NOTICE.

JOSEPH H. COATES, having withdrawn from the firm of Porter & Coates, will hereafter conduct a strictly publishing business under the style of

JOS. H. COATES & CO., whom Porter & Coates commend to the courtesies of their friends.

The place of business of Jos. H. Coates & Co. will be in the building of Porter & Coates, 822 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, through whom also their publications will be supplied to the trade.

Philadelphia, Aug. 2, 1875.

PRICES REDUCED.

The price of Prof. Thayer's Edition of

Buttmann's Grammar

Of the New Testament Greek is reduced from $3. so to $2 75

Winer's New Testament Grammar,

From $5 to $4.
Discount to the Trade is also reduced.
W. F. DRAPER, Andover, Ulan.

¥0 i^ubliAe^ M& &utl\oi%

Having excellent facilities for setting up and making the plates for Books of every description, we are prepared to undertake any kind of

BOOK OR MUSIC ElECTROTYPING OR STEREOTYPING.

We have had a very extended experience in getting up School Books —Arithmetics, Grammars, Geographies, Spelling-Books, Readers, and Philosophical and Mathematical Works. Also, Works in various languages—Greek, Latin, French, Spanish, German, Indian, fyc.

MUSIC TYPOGRAPHY is one of our specialties, and we can make Sacred or Secular, Vocal or Instrumental Music Books in the best style. Among others we refer to

A. S. Barnes & Co., Sheldon & Co., Collins & Brother,

Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Co., Carter & Brothers, Dodd & Mead,
Harper & Brothers, Clark & Maynard, Biglow & Main,

Pott, Young & Co.,
D. Van Nostrand.
Scribner, Armstrong 4 Co.

SMITH & McDOUGAL,

82 BEEKMAN STREET, New York.

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