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Idea and Constitution of the New Testament Church; with a Supplement on Ordination. By Rev. E. J. Fish, D.D. 120, pp. 400. $a. Wild Flowers: Poems. By Charles W. Hubner, author of " Souvenirs of Luther." 130, pp. 196. $1.25 and #t-7S

B. CLARKE & 00., Oindnnati.

The History of the Army of the Cumberland; Its Organization, Campaigns, and Battles. Written at the request of Maior-General George H. Thomas, chiefly from his private Military Journal, and Official and other Documents furnished by him. By Thomas B. Van Home, U.S.A. Illustrated with 32 Campaign and Battle Maps, compiled by Edward Ruger. late Superintendent Topographical Engineer Office, Headquarters Department of tnc Cumberland. Two vols, and atlas. $8; shp., $10; falf. mor., $12. (/?«'<■. ist.)

J. B, FOBD & 00., Few-York.

St. George and St. Michael: A Tale of the Civil Wars in England. By George Macdonald. 12°. {Oct. ist.)

EENBY HOTT, Boston.

Evangelists in the Church, from Philip of Samaria, A.D. 35, to Moody and Sankey, A.d. 1875. A large 12°, containing many portraits in steel and wood, and four photographs. By Rev. P. C. Headley.

Lay Evangelist of America at large, and particularly in connection with the Young Men's Christian Associations of the United States and the Canadas. By Rev. P. C. Headley. (October.)

MARTIN TATLOB, Buffalo, N. T.

Rudiments of German Etymology. By Henry Klein, A.M. 130. Bds., 60 c.

D. VAN NOSTRAND, New-York.

October.

The Use of Steel in Construction, Methods of Working, Applying, and Testing Plates and Bars. By J. Barba, Chief Naval Constructor. Translated from the French, with a Preface, by A. L. Holley. With 81 illustrations. X9*.

WILSON; HINKLE & CO,, Cincinnati.

Chapters on School Supervision; a Practical Treatise on Superintendence, Grading, Arranging Courses of Study, the Preparation and Use of Blanks, Records, and Reports, Examinations for Promotions, etc. By William H. Payne, M.A., Superintendent of the Public Schools of Adrian, Mich. 12*, pp. 216. $1.25. (Nov. 1st.)

The Boston Lottery.

So long as the world wags there will be simple-minded people to believe that you can eat your cake and have it too. Put the proposition in cake and they will see through it as well as anybody; but put it in the terms of a " grand gift enterprise" or lottery swindle, and then they bite quickly enough. They surrender tHeir common sense for the time, and you couldn't ask an ostrich to be more stupid.

The latest of the "grand gift enterprises" is the Boston book lottery scheme to which we referred last week. Mr. Lottery advertises in the Boston papers that he owns more than a million new and fresh books (!), comprising nearly every popular book published by the most eminent publishers of England and America, many of them retailing at from $2 to $3 each. But " as I bought them by the thousand for cash during the recent great depression, I got them so cheap that I shall sell them for One Dollar Each, let the people take their choice, and then give every buyer an Elegant Present with every book bought." And in order to make a Sensation (in the biggest of big capitals) he proposes to give "a great many persons" ten times the value they pay, and "many other persons" twenty times, and during the sale " I shall give a Thousand Dollar Premium to whoever is lucky enough to buy a book on the day and hour which I have set apart to give this premium away." The list of premiums comprises $30,000 in greenbacks, in various quantities, $25,000 in watches, $45,000 in books, $150,000 in various articles, "many of them worth five times the price paid for a book." To allay the suspicions of an honest public, Mr. Lottery kindly gives some figures (and figures can't lie) to show how he can carry out these wonderful promises. "Many of these books

cost me less than fifty cent's on the dollar; in' selling them I give away in presents $250,000; I pay out for advertising and expenses for- selling, $50,000. This leaves me $700,000, with at least $100,000 profit, and still I can sell the books at the prices named, and give away the Elegant Presents." Mr. Lottery announces that he has ready full catalogues Of the books in this enterprise, so that people every where" may participate in the grand chances. This sale' and the giving away of these presents—he is good enough to add — "is of my own free will, pleasure, and option." It is perhaps worthy of note that the sale was advertised to commence the day after that on which the Boston trade had agreed the reform was to go into operation there.

It is worth while to analyze these statements and see what they mean, both ffom the publishers' and the public's point of view. In the first place, the advertisement itself shows some remarkable figuring. It states that the advertiser owns "mere than a million books," "new and fresh" many of them retailing at from $2 to $3, but bought " by the thousands'for cash during the recent great depression," and therefore offered at seventy-five cents each, retail. For out of his total sales, Mr. Lottery puts aside twenty-five cents on the dollar for presents, he advertises. No one in the trade seems to have heard of these immense purchases " for cash"— or on credit—nor was it suspected that Mr. Lottery bought the entire offering at the final trade sale in the spring, which did not indeed amount to a quarter of a million dollars' worth. In fact, such purchases as the advertisement implies would have made things pretty lively in the trade, and of itself relieved to a considerable extent "the recent great depression." Whether this advertisement be true or false, whether the public is getting books "below cost " at the final expense of the publisher, or is being gulled with stock that is dear at any price, we do not stop to discuss. It is worth while to consider its statements unquestionable, for he sake of showing the final result of such underselling. If Mr. Lottery has a million new and fresh books, every one who has entered a bookstore knows that he must have a good proportion of that number, or even more, which are not "new and fresh," and, not to speak of the immense capital required, there would not, we fear, be so much as alley-ways for buyers even in three large stores, with six different rooms. We shrewdly suspect that Mr. Lottery is counting in with his stock the contents of the publishers' and jobbers' shops in Boston, from which he expects to buy as he sells.

The question is, whether these publishers and jobbers, from the narrowest business point of view, and leaving out of consideration the request of the trade through the Niagara Convention, can afford to supply stock for such purposes. It is said that the public is biting at the bait, and that Mr. Lottery is therefore doing most of the retail trade of Boston. Consequently, when a publishing or jobbing salesman canvasses Boston, nobody else can give him orders, and in place of $500 from the regular trade, he gets say half that from our underselling friend. This is the result of this method of "stimulating business," even on cash payments. But to come, as we said, to the narrowest point of view—the probability of purchases being paid for on such methods of doing business. A man who sells goods in this way does not have the advantages of the ordinary lottery system, in which an actual profit is assured by blanks, or by foisting on a considerable proportion of the investors a prize less than what they have paid. The buyers have free choice in selecting books: of course they clean out the most valuable first, and unless these are replaced by fresh purchases, at rates of which such selling prices will not admit, the sale loses its attractiveness, and the dealer is left with his poor stock on his hands. In other words, he must be selling his $1.50, $2, and $3 books at 75 cents each, leaving behind a stock which will be found almost worthless when there is occasion to make the reckoning. Out of this 75 ceDts come the immense expenses of advertising and running such a sale—so that even if a dealer should sell a million books, we fear he would be really more out of pocket the more he sold and the longer he kept selling. How any man can do business on such principles and pay his bills, passes the human understanding. We make no prophecy, but publish

ers and jobbers may do well to meditate once in a while on the past. The most "enterprising" undersellers have so far wound up with the payment of nothing, or not much more, to the dollar—witness specific experiences in New-York, Philadelphia, and Boston —and the desperate remedies of "grand gift enterprises" have usually here the last gasp. So far as we have learned, no one has yet succeeded in selling valuable books at less than fifty per cent of the retail price, paying expenses and paying his bills. Some day there must be an accounting, and that day comes without other warning than such conditions of doing business offer all the time.

As regards the public, it is to be said that such "enterprises" are directly most damaging to their interests. The general prosperity depends, not upon speculative spasms of " cheapness," but upon the steady business of the regular trades. So much on general principles. But we may add that all lottery schemes, gift enterprises or what you will, are now seen to be detrimental and demoralizing. No pretence of "cheap goods" and "a prize to every one" makes it different. The man who doesn't earn his money, and doesn't pay a fair price for what he buys, is sooner or later the worse off for what he gets. The law recognizes this, and in many of the States prohibits all such schemes, and we trust that the law in Massachusetts may be effectively invoked in such cases. But the public will buy "cheap," by force of human nature, when and where it has the chance, and is not always cautious to inquire as to stolen, or smuggled, or otherwise questionable goods. We do not suppose the underseller means to be a vendor of stolen goods, but what is the real difference between these and goods sold at such prices that it is quite unlikely they will ultimately be paid for? Certainly no man is a public benefactor who .trives away other people's property. The public is, in fact, as much interested as the trade in refusing support and closing up such schemes.

Nevertheless, the work will not be done by the public and must be done by the trade. We have already pointed out the unwisdom of any publisher letting goods go in this direction any longer, however orders may come with tempting installments of cash, and however he thinks he may need it. The only way to bring back good times is to do business on sound principles all through, and just as we are getting back to these it is infinitely unwise for any publisher to permit his being used to put things back into the old, reckless, ruinous fashion. The New-England Booksellers' Association ought not to lose a moment in attacking the present evil, and the trade and the public have the right to hold it to some responsibility in the matter.

The trade will hail with satisfaction the thorough and definite understanding that has been arrived at in Philadelphia, and the action reported in this city is of scarcely less importance. A test case has been made up, and brought before thearbitration committee of the A. B. T. A., on the official authority of the Central Association. That committee will of course request the underseller to cease such demoralizing practices, and in case of his neglect or refusal to take action, will report the fact to the publishers. So far as heard from, the publishers are generally willing to protect their books, and to request jobbers to do the same, so that this case becomes the test of the reform. We learn that the Brooklyn book trade, where there has been notable underselling, stands ready to come right into the reform as soon as one or two cases of this sort in New-York are settled.

We call the attention of the trade to the desirability of increasing their fall trade by circulating the Literary News with their imprint. It is generally acknowledged to be the most tasteful, attractive, and easily handled circular of its kind yet published, and its cost is sure to be repaid in increased sales. The Literary News makes a specialty, in its little editorials, of encouraging home buying, and pleading the cause of the local bookseller, while its information about books is always attractive. To publishers, we may add, it is becoming a most important medium. Its large circulation is a picked one, for every copy goes to a known buyer of books, it being, of course, to the direct interest of the bookseller to make every copy tell. It is then sure to be read by a number of persons, and the paper is so small that every line of advertising is prominent. It may be said that every hundred circulation of the Literary News is as good as a thousand of the ordinary mediums for reaching book-buyers.

Our entire force is now employed in the preparation of the Index to the Uniform Trade List Annual, which is well advanced. Imperfect as the plan of such indexing is, its cost is very considerable, in some cases in excess of the fee charged to publishers for the insertion of their catalogues. We believe, however, that it will be found very valuable through the trade, which wc trust will be thus stimulated to the sufficient encouragement of more thorough and satisfactory trade bibliography.

TRADE MEETINGS.

Philadelphia to the Front.

We print in full the agreement, signatures, and minutes of the meeting of the Philadelphia trade, as it reaches us in printed shape. When Philadelphia makes a beginning, she begins well, and the trade will receive word of this action with thorough satisfaction:

The American Book Trade Association pledges itself to maintain the publishers' advertised retail prices in all sales to buyers outside the trade, excepting that a reduction not to exceed ten (10) per cent on medical books, and twenty (20) per cent on all other classes of books (including educational), may be allowed to the following classes only:

Public libraries (including circulating and Sunday-school libraries);

Clergymen and professional teachers;

Professional books to professional buyers;

Large buyers—said purchasers buying solely for their own use;

Exceptions made by the Publishers' Board of Trade for Publishers only, said exceptions being—

School-books for first introduction;

Specimen copies of school-books for examination;

School-books for school-boards and State normal schools created by law and authorized to purchase supplies from public funds;

School-books for schools, other than Sundayschools, supported by religious and benevolent societies, and purchasing their own supplies of school-books ; and to such merchants as deal in book and school supplies.

The undersigned publishers and booksellers hereby accept the above resolution of the American Book Trade Association, to take effect on the 1st of September next, and agree that the terms therein named shall be the rates of discount hereafter allowed on all sales at our establishments.

It is further mutually agreed and understood that " large buyers" shall be subdivided and defined as follows:

All cash purchasers to the amount of $10, and less than $20, may receive a discount not exceeding 5 per cent.

All cash purchasers to the amount of $20, and less than $50, may receive a discount not exceeding 10 per cent.

All cash purchasers to the amount of $50, or over, may receive a discount not exceeding 20 per cent.

All accounts to be settled monthly on the above basis.

It is further mutually agreed and understood that school-books may be furnished in cases of exceptions made by the Publishers' Board of Trade without limit as to discount, and that medical books shall be subject only to a maximum discount of 10 per cent.

Claxton, Remsen & Hafielfinger, 634, 626, and 628 Market

street.
Porter & Coates, 822 Chestnut street.
I. B. Lippincott & Co., 715 Market street.
Eldredge & Bro., 17 North 7th street.
Friends Book Association, 706 Arch street.
Walton & Co., 529 and 531 North 8th street.
Smith, English & Co., 710 Arch street.

Garrigues Brosn 608 Arch street.

Lindsay & Blakiston, 25 South 6th street.

J. A. Bancroft & Co., 512 Arch street.

David D. Elder & Co., 430 Market street.

Behm & Gerhart, 305 Market street.

T. P. M. Bennett & Co., 255 Market street.

A. Winch, manager of the Central News Company," 505

Chestnut street. Moss & Co., 432 Chestnut street. Hunt &. Congden, 62 North 4th street. Cowperthwatt & Co., 628 Chestnut street. W. W. Harding, 630 Chestnut street. J. H. Butler & Co., 723 Chestnut street. American Sunday-School Union, by Alexander Kirkpatrick,

1122 Chestnut street. Richard McCauley, 1316 Chestnut street. American Tract Socfety, H. N. Thisscll, Dist. Secretary,

1512 Chestnut street. Sower, Potts & Co., 530 Market street. Hollowbush & Carey, 432 Market street. Henry C. Baird & Co., 406 Walnut street. T. K. Callender & Co., 3d and Walnut streets, (lebbie & Barrie, 730 Sansom street. James Hammond, 1224 Chestnut street. Charles DeSilver & Sons, 1229 Chestnut street. F. K. Rcmont, Agent, 102 South 13th street. Perkinpine & Higgins, 830 Arch street. W. S. Fortcscue & Co., 811 Arch street. W. B. Zieber, 921 Chestnut street. Turner Hamilton, 120 South 10th street. American Baptist Publication Society, B. Griffith, Sec, per

J. B. Lovell, 520 Arch street. Presbyterian Board of Publication, John A. Black, Business

Supt., 1334 Chestnut street. Peter F. Cunningham, 29 South loth street. H. McGrath, 1017 Walnut street. Eugene Cummiskey, 1316 Chestnut street. John Trenwith, 608 Chestnut street. John P. Hunt, 29 South 9th street. Charles A. Dixon & Co., 911 Arch street. Michael Murphy, 715 Sansom street. Reformed Church Publication Board, per J. David Miller,

Business Agent. H. Mcintosh, Agent for D. Appleton & Co., 725 Sansom

street. H. N. McKinney & Co., 725 Sansom street. Hubbard Bros., 723Sansom street.

John Pcnington & Son, 127 South 7th street, ames K. Simon, 29 South 6th street. ',. W. Frederick, "Lutheran Bookstore," 117 North 6th street. Samuel D. Burlock & Co., 204 South 11th street. Quaker City Publishing Co., 217 and 219 Quince street. A. J. Holman & Co., 930 Arch street, C. A. Hennessy, 827 Arch street. John Campbell & Son, 740 Sansom street.

You are respectfully invited to attend a meeting to be held at the Hall, No. 615 Jayne street, on Tuesday morning, August 31st, at 11 o'clock, to elect a Board of Arbitration, to settle all disputes arising under the above agreement, and to take such measures as will insure its efficiency.

J. B. Lipfincott & Co.,

Claxton, Remsen & Haffelfinger,

Porter & Coates.

At a meeting held in pursuance to the above call, Mr. Henry T. Coates occupied the chair, with Mr. J. P. Martin as secretary.

On motion of Mr. George Wood, it was

Resolved, That a Committee on Arbitration be appointed, which shall meet on the first Tuesday in each month, and in which shall be vested the lollowing power:

1st. To receive, investigate, and, so far as practicable, settle all complaints that may arise lrom supposed infringements of the rules governing the book trade of this city, said complaints to be made in writing.

2d. To construe the real meaning of any rule that may not be understood, and to inform each member of the interpretation placed thereon, whenever the Committee may deem such cases to be of sufficient importance.

3d. To exercise such a supervision in the interest of the trade as will serve to protect the members thereof from the evil effects of undersellers. over whom they may have no control.

Thq following members were appointed by the chair to act as the Committee on Arbitration for the ensuing year: JOHN A. Black, 1334 Chestnut street. Alexander Kirkpatrick, 1122 Chestnut street. George Wood, 715 Market street.

Adjourned.

Central Booksellers' Association.

A Special meeting of the Central Booksellers' Association was held at the St. Nicholas Hotel, Tuesday, September 7th. The main business before the meeting was to determine what action should be taken in view of the resolution of the American Book Trade Association, delegating to the Central Association the duty of request ing the publishers to take measures for the enforcement of the rules.

After considerable discussion, tending to the conclusion that active measures should at once be taken to enforce the observance of the new rules of the Association upon undersellers, the following resolution was adopted:

Whereas, A complaint has been made by Mr James Miller against R. H. Macy & Co., whom he alleges to be systematic undersellers and violators of the rules of the American Book Trade Association:

Resoh-ed, That the Secretary be instructed to present this complaint to the Arbitration Committee of the American Book Trade Association, and request them to take immediate action thereon.

A committee was appointed, consisting of Messrs. Clapp, Gushing, Ticknor, Bolles, and Coates, to induce the trade to become members of this Association.

It was resolved that the Secretary be instructed to convey to Messrs, Lee, Shepard & Dillingham the sympathy of members of this Association, in their trouble and loss, by reason of their financial difficulties.

A resolution was passed that the matter of preparing a local definition of the 20 per cent rule be referred to the Executive Committee.

On motion of Mr. Appleton, the communic* lion of Peter Paul, Secretary of New-York State Booksellers' Association, referring to trade discount on school-books, was referred to the Executive Committee.

Lancaster, Pa.

The Lancaster, Pa., Intelligencer, of September 4th, contains the following card in its advertising columns. We are indebted to the Messrs Lippincott for calling our attention to it, and gladly second their suggestion to the local trade that it is an example worth following. We doubt whether it is wise to advertise such a card without accompanying explanation to the public; but we trust to see the act itself generally patterned by the trade:

CARD FROM BOOKSELLERS.

At a meeting of the booksellers of this city, held at the store of Messrs. Edwards & Bishop, last evening, the following agreement was entered into:

Wc, the booksellers of the City of Lancaster, pledge ourselves to maintain the prices aim discounts recommended by the America!'. Book Trade Association, as agreed to by the trade of New-York, Philadelphia, etc., withfthe definition of "large buyers," as signed by the book houses of Philadelphia. J. M. Westhaeffer, John Bakr's Sons, L. M. Flynn, Frank P. Griffitts, Edwards & Bishop, Charles H. Barr.

The Booksellers' and Stationers' Board of Trade.

A Meeting of wholesale booksellers and stationers was held at the Stationers' Exchange, in this city, pursuant to the following^call:

To the Wholesale Book, Stationery, and Paper Trade: New-york, August 25, 1875. The undersigned consider it advisable and practicable to organize an association of the wholesale dealers of the book, stationery, and paper trade, for the purpose^ of protecting our common interests, without interfering with a healthy competition.

Although the three branches of the business are often separate and distinct, as far as their origin and commercial relations are concerned, still, as merchants doing business with jobbers and retailers in all sections of the country, we have such a unity of interests as to constitute one trade.

Individually we can exert but tittle influence to promote the interests of our trade ; as an association we can do much. Sometimes in helping to effect national legislation; sometimes in seeing that we are not laboring under any disadvantages as compared with Boston, Philadelphia, or Baltimore in the matter of inland freights and port usages, and other matters of prominent importance to all branches of the trade.

The adoption of some plan of gaining valuable information as to the standing of the merchants with whom we do business in all sections of the country, and for the economical and thorough examination of insolvent estates in which members may be interested.

To guard against any unnecessary extension of credit, and to encourage the highest personal and commercial integrity in and among those engaged in our line of trade.

That unjust discrimination is not made against our city by the various forwarding lines to the South and West in the classification and rates of freight.

To regulate the matter of copying trade-marks, copying each other's styles, and taking undue advantage of each other in matters of taste and design.

A meeting will take place at the Stationers' F.xchange, 74 Duane street, on Thursday, September 2d, at 3 o'clock P.M., to which you are invited. (Signed) Porter & Bainbridge,

Henry Bainbridge & Co.,

B. Sl P. Lawrence,

Willy Wallach,

S. A. Tower & Co.,

B. Illfelder & Co.,

Eberhard Faber,

Berlin & Jones Envelope Co.,

Samuel Raynok & Co.,

A. S. Barnes & Co.,

Lee, Shepard & Dillingham,

Bakhr, Pratt & Co.,

D. Appleton & Co.

The meeting was organized by the appointment of Mr. Willy Wallach as chairman, and Mr. Kent as secretary. After the reading of the call, and interchange of opinions from the members of the trade present, on motion of Mr. Chas. T. Bainbridge, it was

Resolved, That, in the opinion of the members present, it is desirable to form an association, comprising the manufacturers and wholesale dealers in books, stationery, paper, envelopes, and other articles connected with this business, for the purpose of obtaining reliable and full information about the standing of the merchants with whom we do business, and for such other purposes as may appear to be of general interest to the trade.

Willy Wallach, B. & P. Lawrence, and Chas. T. Bainbridge were appointed a special committee to ascertain if the firms not represented at the meeting entertain the same opinion, and would be willing to join such an association.

All who are interested in this movement, and desire to aid in such an organization, should address Mr. Willy Wallach, No. 4 Beekman street, this city.

BOOKS RECEIVED.

Frisk And His Flock, hy Mrs. D. P. Sanford. (E. P. Dutton &Co.) Little readers will be glad to know that the authoress of the charming " Pussy Tiptoes' Family" has another work in the market, written for their special benefit. An intelligent and well-educated young canine is the hero; his "flock" consists of a number of little ones, who attend his mistress' school, the good "Miss Agatha." While keeping a watchful eye on them, he also joins in their sports, and plays many pranks for their amusement. The volume is a companion to "Pussy Tiptoes," displaying, in its get-up, the same taste and richness which placed the former book among the most desirable juveniles in the market. The pictures, which are very beautiful, and the text, which is full of interest, seem a little advanced—that is, more suitable for children a little older than the adorers of " Pussy Tiptoes." Square 4to, cloth, $2.25.

The Haven Children, by Emilie Foster. (E. P. Dutton & Co.) The doings of the " menagerie," as Mr. Haven denominates his children, and their "frolics at the funny old house on Funny street," can not fail to give a great deal of entertainment. The children are all strongly individualized, and quite charming in their fun and quaint talk. The book is very handsomely printed, and very attractively bound. Square i2mo, cloth, $1.50.

Memorial Of Jesse Lee And The Old Elm. (James P. Magee, Boston.) An account of the exercises which were gone through in celebrating the eighty-fifth anniversary of Jesse Lee's sermon under the Old Elm, Boston Common, July 11, 1875. An historical sketch of the Old Elm is also added, by Rev. J. W. Hamilton. The photograph which accompanies the little pamphlet is a real curiosity. On a paper the size of a page of the book, some hundreds of ministers are represented, belonging to the centenary convention of Methodist ministers. i2mo, paper, 50 cents.

An Index To Harper's New Monthly Magazine, volumes i. to 1. (Harper & Bros.) This is a model of an index—every aid that could possibly be given, is given in it. It is an alphabetical index, with a double entry for each title—under author and under topic. In some cases more than two entries have been made, so that the title may be found under any one of its leading words. Where the name of the author could be ascertained, it is appended to each paper, and a full list of the names of illustrations of any article is given under the article. Each alternate page of the index is left blank, so that it may be continued for some time to come. It is clearly printed on good paper, and is altogether an exceedingly creditable piece of work. Svo, cloth, $5.50.

Hymns, by Frederick William Faber, D.D. (E. P. Dutton & Co.) This book of selections from the late Mr. Faber's hymns contains all of those in the author's latest revised edition, except hymns written for the use of Roman Catholics. This is a very dainty and elegant little volume, very richly bound, with gilt edges. i6mo, cloth, $2.

Barford Mills, by Miss M. E. Winslow. (National Temperance Society.) The main incidents of this story are true; they relate to intemperance, and show what good men and

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