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PREFACE.

If my countrymen, particularly my countrymen of the South, still more particularly those of them who are non-slaveholders, shall peruse this work, they will learn that no narrow and partial doctrines of political or social economy, no prejudices of early education have induced me to write it. If, in any part of it, I have actually deflected from the tone of true patriotism and nationality, I am unable to perceive the fault. What I have committed to paper is but a fair reflex of the honest and long-settled convictions of my heart.

In writing this book, it has been no part of my purpose to cast unmerited opprobrium upon slaveholders, or to display any special friendliness or sympathy for the blacks. I have considered my subject more particularly with reference to its economic aspects as regards the whites-not with reference, except in a very slight degree, to its humanitarian or religious aspects. To the latter side of the question, Northern writers have already done full and timely justice. The genius of the North has also most ably and eloquently discussed the subject in the form of novels. Yankee wives have written the most popular anti-slavery literature of the day. Against this I have nothing to say; it is all well enough for women to give the fictions of slavery ; men should give the facts.

I trust that my friends and fellow-citizens of the South will read this book-nay, proud as any Southerner though I am, I entreat, I beg of them to do so. And as the work, considered with reference to its author's nativity, is a novelty—the South being my birth-place and my home, and my ancestry having resided there for more than a century—so I indulge the hope that its reception by my fellow-Southrons will also be novel ; that is to say, that they will receive it, as it is offered, in a reasonable and friendly spirit, and that they will read it and reflect upon it as an honest and faithful endeavor to treat a subject of enormous import, without rancor or prejudice, by one who naturally comes within the pale of their own sympathies.

An irrepressibly active desire to do something to elevate the South to an honorable and powerful position among the enlightened quarters of the globe, has been the great leading principle that has actuated me in the preparation of the present volume ; and so well convinced am I that the plan which I have proposed is the only really practical one for achieving the desired end, that I earnestly hope to see it prosecuted with energy and zeal, until the Flag of Freedom shall wave triumphantly alike over the valleys of Virginia and the mounds of Mississippi.

H. R. H. JUNE, 1857.

CONTENTS.

PAGE.

COMPARISON BETWEEN THE FREE AND THE SLAVE STATES.. 11

Progress and Prosperity of the North-Inertness and Imbe-

cility of the South- The True Cause and the Remedy--

Quantity and Value of the Agricultural Products of the

two Sections-Important Statistics—Wealth, Revenue,

and Exdenditure of the several States-Sterling Extracts

and General Remarks on Free and Slave Labor- The Im-

mediate Abolition of Slavery the True Policy of the South.

CHAPTER II.

HOW SLAVERY CAN BE ABOLISHED. ................... 123

Value of Lands in the Free and in the Slave States—A few

Plain Words addressed to Slaveholders—The Old Home-

stead- Area and Population of the several States, of the

Territories, and of the District of Columbia-Number of

Slaveholders in the United States-Abstract of the Au-

thor's Plan for the Abolition of Slavery-Official Power

and Despotism of the Oligarchy-Mal-treatment of the

Non-slave holding Whites-Liberal Slaveholders, and what

may be expected of them--Slave-driving Democrats--Class-

ification of Votes Polled at the Five Points Precinct in

1856--Parts played by the Republicans, Whigs, Democrats,

and Know-Nothings during the last Presidential Cam-

paign-How and why Slavery should be Abolished with-

out direct Compensation to the Masters-The American

Colonization Society-Emigration to Liberia-Ultimatum

of the Non-slaveholding Whites.

CHAPTER III.

SOUTHERN TESTIMONY AGAINST SLAVERY................. 188

What the Fathers of the Republic thought of Slavery-

Opinions of Washington-Jefferson-Madison-Monroe-

Henry-Randolph-Clay-Benton-Mason-McDowell--

Iredell--Pinkney-Leigh--Marshall-Bolling-Chandler

--Summers--Preston-Fremont-Blair-Maury-Birney.

Delaware-McLane. Maryland-Martin. Virginia—Bill of

PAGB
Rights. North Carolina-Mecklenburg Declaration of In-
dependence--Judge Ruffin. South Carolina-Extracts from
the Writings of some of her more Sensible Sons. Georgia
-Gen. Oglethorpe-Darien Resolutions.

CHAPTER IV.

NORTHERN TESTIMONY......

........ 235

Opinions of Franklin-Hamilton-Jay-Adams-Webster

--Clinton-Warren--Complimentary Allusions to Garrison,
Greeley, Seward, Sumner, and others.

CHAPTER V.

TESTIMONY OF THE NATIONS.........

....... 245

The Voice of England-Opinions of Mansfield--Locko-

Pitt--Fox--Shakspeare--Cowper---Milton--Johnson-
Price-Blackstone-- Coke--Hampden-Harrington--For-
tescue-Brougham--The Voice of Ireland--Opinions of
Burke--Curran--Extract from the Dublin University Mag-
azine for December, 1856--The Voice of Scotland--Opin-
ions of Beattie--Miller-Macknight-The Voice of France
-Opinions of Lafayette-Montesquieu-Louis X-Buffon
--Rousseau-Brissot--The Voice of Germany-Opinions
of Grotius--Gæthe-Luther--Extract from the Letter of
a living German writer to his Friends in this Country-
The Voice of Italy-Opinions of Cicero-Lactantius-Leo
X-The Voice of Greece-Opinions of Socrates-Aristotle
-Polybius-Plato.

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