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then to draw alternately from the two sets, until a name the materials are abundant, if the public should require of the required length is constructed. This plan is a new edition of my treatise, more extended and comhighly worthy of attention. If the reader will but take plete. In the mean time I commend it to their favorathe pains to make a brief experiment, in this way, he ble notice. will be astonished at the infinite variety of new and comely names, which might be substituted thus for our existing nomenclature. It cannot be denied, however, that the names thus chosen, would generally have an

JOURNAL air somewhat exotic. For the sake of those who may prefer a more indigenous and English form, another OF A TRIP TO THE MOUNTAINS, CAVES AND SPRINGS method of invention may be here suggested. This is nothing more than to combine single syllables of dif

By a New Englander. ferent English words, so as to form a compound not significant. A large proportion of the names of minor To Charles E. SHERMAN, Esq., of Mobile, Ala. places on the map of England, would really seem to These fragments of a Diary, kept during a tour made in his have been formed in this way, or if they all were once society, are respectfully and affectionately inscribed, by his significant, the changes of the language have destroyed

friend and fellow-traveller,

THE AUTHOR. their meaning. In order to exemplify the virtues of this method, I open at random a book lying by me, and seleeting syllables from different pages, form the follow

-Virginia ! Yet I own ing compounds-Sweelledge, Dwellions, Calsament, Plan

I love thee still, although no son of thine ! dity, Oldmass. I know not what the reader may think,

For I have climbed thy mountains, not alone,-

And made the wonders of thy vallies mine; but for my single self, I should prefer the worst of these

Finding, from morning's dawn till day's decline, to almost any of our fashionable names; and if such Some marvel yet unmarked,-some peak, whose throne as these can be obtained by lottery, what admirable Was loftier,--gire with mist, and crowned with pine : ones might be contrived by skill!

Some deep and rugged glen, with copse o'ergrown,-
The birth of soine sweet valley, or the line

Traced by some silver stream that murmurs lone :
Or the dark cave, where hidden crystals shine,

Or the wild arch, across the blue sky thrown.

The four methods which have been proposed, if
applied with perseverance and discretion, will ensure a

CHAPTER III. full supply of really distinctive names for all new places in all time to come. But alas, these measures of The White Sulphur Springs of Greenbrier County.-- The place

described. reform seem scarcely to be worthy of a trial, if the existing practices must also be continued, and for every

White Sulphur, July 23, 1835. decent new name, flood the country with a dozen of the This grand central point of attraction, pre-eminent old disgraceful sort. As a supplementary suggestion, above all the other localities in the Spring region of therefore, it may be added, that the application of the Virginia, is a fairy spot lying at the foot of the Alleghasame name to two places, should be rigidly proscribed, nies in a delightful valley ; embosomed in shade and if not by law, by public sentiment. It is much to be surrounded by every charm that lavish nature could desired, indeed, that the disuse of duplicate names bestow upon the most favored retreat. The Spring should arise from an honorable sense of independence bubbles up from the earth in the lowest part of this valand becoming self-reliance, together with a due regard ley, and is covered by a tastefully constructed pavilion, to good taste and the public convenience, than from being a dome, supported by twelve Ionic columns, and penal statutes, which I should be loth to see adopted, surmounted by a graceful statue of Hygeia, the patronexcept in extreme cases. May we not hope that, by saint of healing, holding in her right hand a cup, as the same authority, the use of ville and burgh will soon filled with water, and in her left a vegetable or herb. be atterly abolished ? Nay, may we not go further and This statue was presented to the establishment, by Mr. anticipate, not only an improvement in the making of Henderson, a wealthy planter of Louisiana, who, I benew names, but a great retrospective reformation in the lieve, went from New England. The pavilion is surold? Is it extravagant to hope that, when the great rounded by the grateful shade of old oaks, locusts and discoveries developed in this work, have been reduced elms—and hither resort, as to a common focus, the conto practice, their effect upon the public taste will be so verging radii of the crowd, intent on banishing disease great as to disgust all cultivated minds with the abomi- or ennui, gaining health or admiration, displaying nable system under which most of the names now ex- personal charms, or sacrificing to fashion. The invalid, tant were imposed ? May we not expect to see thou. pale, emaciated and wretched, may be seen there at sands of old Indian names supplanting their supplant- almost every hour, waiting till the giddy dance of the ers , and innumerable other changes equally delightful, gay and volatile, who came there merely to gratify "a

a new aspect to our national geography? truant disposition,” shall leave the waters free for him This is too bright a prospect-let us drop the veil. to drink and be healed. The fervish flush, the hectic of

I have purposely abstained from any copious illus- consumption, the lottering gait of rheumatism, the tration of my different topics. For such illustration, I wasted form of the dyspeptic, may all be observed in


contrast with the ruddy glow of manly health, the free, our common country. The hour for dancing is limited elastic step of youthful vigor, the gay smile of unpained to ten o'clock, and a band of music is provided by the hearts, and the loud laugh of mirth that knows not even season, for this purpose. They sometimes give concerts, the check of another's sufferings. At about an hour which agreeably vary the amusements of the litle combefore dinner, the fashionable lounge at the fountain munity assembled here. And so passes a day at commences. Then also commences the playing of the White Sulphur. musicians in the ball-room, a fine band of performers, No analysis of this water has ever been given to the who amuse the visitants to the Springs an hour at noon, world. Dr. Rogers of this state has prepared an imper. and divide with the waters, the attention of the prome- fect one, but it is still in the possession of but few indinaders.

viduals ; of course, I am unable to be so particular as I The centre or public building of the establishment, could wish as to its chemical qualities, and must write containing the dining room, stage office, post office, bar, of its effects, by way of explaining its character. The and other public offices, is of wood, and has a long most skilful physicians advise its use in hepatic, or liver piazza running its entire length, forming the common complaints-dyspepsia, or disordered digestion—and all lounge or sitting place during the day and evening. those diseases arising from a disordered state of the This building commands a view of almost the whole stomach, or a derangement of the system by injudicious place, and makes a large part of an extensive square, modes of living, while they reject its use in all pulascending amphitheatrically, and bordered by rows of monary disorders, or in any affection of the lungs. The brick and white painted wooden cabins, with piazzas rheumatic patient is advised to drink of these waters, in front, facing inwards towards the centre of the preparatory to, or accompanying the use of the hot and square, at the lower part of which is the fountain, and warm spring baths, -and the gouty subject, if he be the walks and alleys and green plats of which are sha- not too far in for it, is recommended to abstain from ded by a profusion of fine old trees, around which are high living awhile, and try the White Sulphur Water. commodious seats for the ease and comfort of visiters. One thousand acres of land are said to be the property

July 25. of Mr. Calwell, of which the Springs are the centre, I have been taking a topographical view of this spot, and constant improvements are annually making to the and append a few statistical remarks, as the result of establishment, some of which are now in progress. my observations. Among these, the erection of a large and elegant brick Upon arrival, the traveller stops at the hotel, or pubhouse, forming the centre body of a block, the wings lic receiving house, where he is disencumbered of his of which are to consist of several commodious cabins, baggage, and obtains permission from the all-powerful is the most prominent. This house is to be for the manager of the establishment to enter his name on the especial occupation of Mr. Henderson, (the munificent register as one of its inmates. Then he goes around patron of the concern, already alluded to,) whenever and views the quarters from which his own are to be he is at the Springs. The domicil of the Calwell selected—for the choice is not left to the guest, but is family is a plain, substantial cottage of wood, embossed the grand prerogative of the stern autocrat aforesaid. by foliage, and surrounded by verdure, situated in the Proceeding due south from the landing place, you come rear of the public offices.

to a line of beautiful cabins, finely shaded by the FeneThere is the greatest difficulty experienced by visiters rable trees of the primeval forest, and facing northwest in getting in here. Much favoritism is shown by Mr. in the direction of the Water Fountain, between which Anderson, “the man of all work,” who is somewhat and itself is a verdant lawn, also covered with trees, arbitrary in the disposal of places. A family in a and laid out in walks and alleys. Happy the favored private establishment, with two or four horses and tenant of one of these tasteful abodes: the only danservants, of course has precedence-and an old ac- ger in his case is likely to be that of exciting a deal of quaintance has the advantage of a new one. This envy in this little municipality. As you pass to this is irksome to the inexperienced traveller, who comes a row of buildings, called North Carolina Row, you go by thousand miles, perhaps, at great sacrifice of time, and a neat little cabin at the foot of an old oak standing by money, and convenience, for health. Yet it is con- itself most picturesquely: it is the property of a South stantly the case that he must submit his own claims Carolinian, and is always tenanted by him, when at the (though the first on the ground,) to the wealthy fash- Springs. At other times, it is at the disposal of the ionable, who comes after him with a greater retinue. proprietor of the estate. This is a common mode of Quarantine in some of the neighboring taverns within arranging matters here,--several cabins being, in this a few miles of the Springs, must first be performed, way, private property. Having gone up North Caroliwhile at intervals the inexorable Mr. Anderson, the na Row, we come to Paradise, which runs rectangularly janitor of the Eden that all are striving to enter, must from the upper corner, directly northwest

. This is be besieged with entreaties, and propitiated by fair irregularly, but handsomely built, of brick, containing words. A great man is Mr. Anderson.

many beautiful cabins, some with and others without The breakfast hour is eight—that for dining, two-piazzas, but all much more finely shaded than the other and that for the evening meal, seven. The intermission quarters. On the northern end of this row are, in the between the two first hours is passed in lounging, calling, course of building, an elegant brick house, with several promenading, and drinking the waters. The afternoon smaller ones running out like wings from each side. is spent in reading, sleeping, riding, or lounging. After This house has already been alluded to as in the proces tea every evening the ball-room is lighted, and thither of building for the use of Mr. Llenderson of New Or whoever chooses may resort to join in the mirthful leans, whose elegant gift of a statue for the pavilion meeting of the young and the gay, from every part of has also been mentioned. Still furthur north extend

Alabama Roro, a quiet, secluded, retired spot, embo- do the agreeable to the guests,-others, conduct the deer somed in foliage, and out of the view of the spectator hunts, and fox chases,--and all live like the heirs apin any part of the great square. After some short in- parent to the perennial White Sulphur Spring. There terval, still extending to the north, are buildings appro- is a caterer for the table, whose sleekness of face, ropriated to the worshippers of Chance, both as residences tundity of person, and general air of comfortable welland temples for the performance of their secret rites. -being, do great honor to the cheer he provides. The Then come the Sulphur Baths, the Stables, which are servants are numerous,--some of them civil, some sauon a very extensive scale, and the Kennel for the cy, and all accessible to "the soft impeachment" of bounds, about sixty of which, of all ages and breeds ready change, by way of spiriting them to an interested tenant this last of the quarters at White Sulphur. Re- discharge of their duties. For all this accommodation, tarning southwesterly, we come to the The Wolf Roro, such as it is, you are charged eight dollars per week, or where gay young men and convivial parties “most do if you stay less than a week, one dollar and fifty cents congregate ;" it is pleasantly situated aloof from the per diem.. And apropos of this: the other day, on premain square, on the opposite side of the road leading senting his money to pay his bill, a gentleman was surto the stables, and makes a picturesque appearance prised to learn that he was chargeable nine dollars for from the northeast. Keeping down on the same side of six days, although he could have remained the seventh, the way, we next come to the negro quarters, and after with the deduction of one dollar for the whole time! a long interval, to the private residence of Mr. Calwell, Who shall talk of Connecticut and her Yankee tricks the proprietor of the Springs. Further yet towards after this? Yet it " is so nominated in the bond," and the south, is a new row of buildings, called Baltimore “there is no law” at White Sulphur “to alter the Rere, a fashionable and handsome, though sunny range decree.” of cabins, and facing the green lawn of the great square I had been told much to disparage the living, (I mean on the other side of the way. Still further south is a the cuisine,) at this place, and came prepared to find large carriage house for the use of the visiters to the most miserable fare, most wretchedly served up, to the Springs. I have not yet mentioned the Ball-room, stand-luckless visitant at this monopolizing watering-place. I jag midway between the Hotel and North Carolina Row, thought this would not be strange, were it to turn out - two story wooden building, with sleeping rooms so ;-for a man, who owns a property like this, in the abore, and a long hall beneath, where the band plays heart of an unsettled country, away from all markets, daily and nightly at certain hours,--where religious and fearless of all competition, in catering for the thou. services are sometimes performed on the Sabbath,– sands of people who flock yearly to such quarters and where the ladies and gentlemen are fond of lounging in such fare as he can spread before them, cannot, mechilly or in intensely hot days, and where there is a thought, be expected to perform miracles, for the gratigood piano, a constant source of attraction and pleasure fication of every sense, and the indulgence of every to the musically inclined. Behind the hotel, runs a row whim of his guests. But I find that rumor has belied of buildings, devoted to culinary purposes, connected our good host, most grossly, in this matter. Considerwith a dining hall;—and, extending northwesterly is ing the prodigious number for whom he provides, his Fly Rove, so called, because of the superabundance of table may be said to be even uncommonly fine : far too that annoying insect, and the constant desire that is good, it strikes me, for invalids, who flock hither to ever being expressed by its tenants to fly from its annoy-drink mineral waters for health. Venison is a common ances. In this delectable region (otherwise very com- dish, and the best of mutton, (and very worst of beef,) fortable) am I lodged. Beneath the dining hall are the is daily upon the board, while the pastry cook of the post office, the barber's shop, and a tailor's establish- establishment would do honor to the Tremont or ment, and there is the topography of the White Sul- Astor. pbur,“ veluti in speculum.”

The lodgings for "single gentlemen without families,” To manage and carry on this extensive concern, there are-just such as the casual visitant of a fashionable is first

, the proprietor, James Calwell, a short, stout, watering place is willing, (because he can't help himgentlemanly man, of cheerful manners, and a dash of self,) to put up with. Two small beds, in an uncarpetthe old school in the cut of his dress, his gait, and his ed room, eight feet by ten, present rather a forbidding white queue. He lives at his ease, and reaps the fruit aspect as the neophite enters his appointed domicil, after of his good fortune in being the possessor of this lucra- two days waiting for it,—nor is an over-nice examinative spot, to the tune of several thousands of dollars tion of the texture of the bed-clothing, or the cleanliness per week, during the six spring and summer months of the bedding, likely to add to his perfect contented. Next comes his prime minister, Mr. Anderson, to whose ness. But he gets used to it soon--or grows desperateantocratical endowments I have alluded already. You ly resigned to it, and comforts himself with the assurright as well be out of favor with the king as with the ance that he will enjoy the delights of what he is at keeper of the king's conscience, and the exerciser of all present deprived of, the better on his return home, from the king's prerogatives. He is the setter and keeper in being without them awhile : by suffering them patientmotion of all the complicated springs and cranks that ly, he is in the fashion, is in the way of being healthy, regulate the clock-work of this extensive concern, and and is seeing the world ! he most ably performs his allotted part, displaying a This property, the White Sulphur Springs, is said to great development of the organs of order, constructive be worth the round sum of six hundred thousand dolness, locality, verbal and individual memory, and in no lars. An act of incorporation, with a charter, has been small degreee those of combativeness and secretiveness. obtained from the Legislature of Virginia, by a company, Then come the nine sons of the proprietor,-each in his who had it in contemplation to purchase it at about that way. Some keep the accounts of the concern,--others sum, and improve it on a liberal and extended scale. But nothing was done about it beyond this preliminary step, and it is now held at a higher sum, or else abso.

THE SUMACH TREE. lutely retained, without the intention of selling, by its present proprietor. It will be a mine of wealth, properly with what a glow it meets the sun ! - with what a scent

the des:

I love the rose when I am glad, it seems so gladsome too,managed, for his children, of whom he has several, and It blushes on the brow of youth as mingling in its mirth, all of whom appear full well to appreciate the value of and decks the bride as though it bloom'd for her alone, on earth. the property, by living upon it as if it were indeed to be a never failing spring of wealth to all generations. But It makes me dream I'm young again—a free, a blessed child ;

I love the columbine that grows upon the hill-top, wild,fashion is a fickle quean, though the queen of the present But youthful days, and bridal ones, just like the roses fee, high ascendant,--and were fashion to remove her shrine and chasten'd fancy turns from these toward the sumach tree. from this favored spot, I much fear that the worshippers The sumach ?-Why?-Its leaves are fair and beautifully green, of Hygeia would be hardly numerous or important And fringe the brilliant stem that runs—a carmine thread-beenough to sustain its popularity. But of this there is tween; no immediate prospect. The Springs in this neighbor. Its clustering fruit--a velvet cone, of royal crimson huehood, though all valuable, are all without the peculiar Peers upward midst the foliage fair, in glorious splendor too. properties that render the White Sulphur a necessary And yet—and yet—the fancy turns in pensive hour to thee, resort for the invalid, -and, as the best excuse that can and twin'd with sober, sacred thoughts art thou, proud sunach be given by the world for residing half the year at a tree, watering place, is that it is salubrious, there is not much A deep-wrought spell of early days:--in melancholy state chance that my good friend Calwell's property will Rank grew a lonely sumach tree beside that grave-gard gate; depreciate very rapidly.

Kindred and friends reposed beneath, and oft has childish prayer I could wish, however, that the plan of raising a cor

Risen from my heart that I, in death, might slumber with them

there. porate company to carry on this establishment, as it That prayer, how vain! yet still I love in fancy oft to be should be, could have been effectual. Nature has done Ling'ring within that place of graves, beneath the sumach tree. every thing for the locality, and it is a source of regret


ELIZA. that Art had not followed the hints of the elder born sister a little more nearly. There is not that uniformi. ty, that regularity, and neatness of detail, in laying out the place with reference at once to the utility, symme- THE UTILITY OF LIBERAL STUDIES. try, comfort, elegance and coup d'æil, which could have been desired. A fine hill on one side the fountain, is

We have before us a masterly discourse on this submarred by being abandoned to the most common and ject, delivered on a literary anniversary in Rhode Island, disagreeable uses,—another on the east is covered with last autumn, by Professor Goddard.* We propose, by houses, whereas it should have been laid out in walks ; the extracts we are going to make, to save ourselves the and the most beautiful part of the grounds are shut out trouble of inditing aught of our own, in praise of Libefrom the view and from the use of the visitants, by be- ral Studies. Nor need we ;-as every reader, who may ing thrown entirely in the rear of the main body of the go through the extracts, will be satisfied that they can buildings, consisting of tailors' shops, stores, barbers' hardly be surpassed, in their way. The author's manestablishments, and groceries. There are many un

ner of unfolding his views, is striking and forcible. He sightly white-washed cabins on the premises, also, takes the following impressive mode of showing the coach-stands on the green lawns, and gaming houses inordinate craving for wealth, that possesses the people near the most frequented parts of the square. All these of America. Many may stare at the assumption, that things, the gradual growth of the place, coming as they Germany is so far before our country in civilization, as have, one after the other, imperceptibly, as the pro- is here supposed : and others will be equally startled at perty has increased in value, could be easily remedied seeing New England ranked higher, for cultivated innow by an enterprising company-while, if left to the tellect, than Virginia and South Carolina. But both proprietors, they can hardly be anticipated to take suppositions are true. place.

'Imagine an exile from intellectual Germany, nurThe woods in this vicinity abound in game--and tured amid a nation of scholars, and imbued with all one of the sons of Mr. Calwell has gained the name the sympathies of a man of letters, to visit these shores, of Nimrod, and a reputation almost equal to that of either for the purpose of bettering his fortunes, or of Little-John of Sherwood forest, as a huntsman, by the emotions may we suppose him to survey the actual

enjoying freedom of political opinion. With what skilful use he makes of a fine pack of hounds, and an condition of American society; and what would be his unerring rifle, by the aid of which he and his associates cool, philosophical estimate of our predominant national are wont to supply the table with good venison. Would characteristics ? Should he chance, first of all, to be that these adjuncts of Nimrod were content with this thrown amid the vortices of fashion, and politics, and

trade, which, in our vast commercial metropolis, seem, legitimate use of their several powers! But alas ! the to the eye of a stranger, to engulph all better things; hounds are baying the livelong night throughout, and how would his sensitive spirit be driven back upon murdering the innocent slumbers of those who are itself! How would it yearn for the inartificial, and "cabined, cribbed, confined" near their quarters,—and pure, and serene delights of Germany; for her ardent the rifle in its turn is the common instrument of slaught- and Learning !

and almost universal veneration for Genius, and Taste, er, with which our mutton is prepared for the board. But all pleasures have their drawbacks,—and the mut

* 'An Address to the Phi Beta Kappa Society of Rhode Island, ton is as palatable as the venison.

delivered Sept. 7, 1936, by Wm. G. Goddard, Professor of Belles Lettres in Brown University.' pp. 30.

*Penetrating into the far West, would our philosopher social character, and introduce higher and nobler interfind his exile cheered by the voice of a more responsive ests into the whole of our social life? Would it not intelligence? By the majestic physical developments of save us from an inordinate admiration of the least enthis region of our country, he would, indeed, often be viable distinctions of wealth? Would it not impart to surprised into admiration; and he would look, with some our manners more of variety, of grace, of dignity, and what of poetical enthusiasm, upon lakes, and rivers, repose ; and to our morals, a more delicate discrimination and forests, and mountains, which, though all unsung, and a loftier tone ?' are unrivalled, for sublimity, in the land from which he bad wandered. But, think you, would not his enthu- How just the following remarks, upon the too preva. siasm be limited to these mute évidences of Almighty lent misdirection of expenditure among our wealthy power? Among the adventurous and intrepid inhabi

people! tants of the West, would he find either sympathy or companionship? Would the hardy pioneer, who is pushing his way towards the very confines of civiliza- which it is in the power alone

of abundant wealth to

'In the selection of those objects of embellishment tion, care to know aught of the progress of exegesis, command, I am not singular in contending that the or of the achievements of antiquarians? Would the decisions of a simpler and better taste ought to be reland speculator, intent upon some stupendous scheme of gain, lend a patient ear to our accomplished

German, garded. Is it not a matter of just reproach, that of all as he discussed some difficult problem in moral philoso-generally the

most obscure, and often the most ill furnished;

the apartments in our mansion houses, the library is phy, or applied to a favorite author the principles of and that the fashionable upholsterer is allowed to absorb philosophical criticism ? Directing his steps towards the South, he would find for the painter and the statuary? In all this, there is mani

so much of our surplus revenue, that hardly any is left not unfrequently, among the children of the Sun, a fested a melancholy disproportion—an imperfect appregrateful response to the sympathies by which he is hension of some of the best uses to which wealth can moved ; a more deeply reflective spirit; a more culti- be applied. In the spirit of an austere philosophy, it vated laste for the beautiful; powers of more delicate is not required that we should dispense with those analysis, and more comprehensive generalization. But, costly ornaments which can boast no higher merit than even here, our traveller would perhaps complain that, their beauty; but it would be hailed as a most benig. in some circles, the talk is of cotton, and that this region nant reform, if

, in the arrangements of our domestic of social urbanity and intellectual splendor no more economy, there could be traced a more distinct recognithan adambrates his unforgotten home. *He next sojourns in New England. Adopting the lectual and moral being—as a being endowed with

tion of the capacities and destinies of man as an intelpopular estimate of this favored portion of our country: imagination and taste—with reason and with con. he anticipates that, here at least, he shall escape the science. How few among us cultivate the fine arts ! pangs of unparticipated sensibility. He perceives that How few understand the principles on which they are our territory is studded with schools, and academies, founded the sensitive part of our nature to which they and colleges; and he fondly imagines that, like kindred

are addressed! To this remark, the imperfect knowinstitutions in Germany, they exert a transforming ledge of music, which, in obedience to the authority of eren in New England, he is destined to feel the chill of fashion, is acquired at the boarding school, forms no disappointed hope. He beholds, everywhere, incontes exception. It may still be affirmed, that we have tible evidences of enterprise, and industry, and wealth; among us no class who delight in music as one of their of rare practical sagacity, and uncompromising moral

selectest pleasures; who gaze with untiring admiration rectitude. Nay, more: he witnesses many decided upon the miraculous triumphs of painting; who are proofs of reverence for science, for art, and for let- unearthly beauty of sculpture. And is not this to be

filled with tranquil enthusiasm by ihe passionless and ters; and by the whole aspect of society around him, lamented? Do we not thus estrange ourselves from the conviction is impressed upon his mind that, nowhere sources of deep and quiet happiness, to which we might else in our country is to be found a more enlightened often resort for solace, and refreshment, and repose ? subjection to law, or so general a prevalence of high To these sources of happiness there is nothing in the social refinement. Why, then, it may be asked, does nature of our political institutions, or of our domestic not our traveller feel himself at home in New England ? pursuits, which sternly forbids an approach. We have, It would not, perhaps, be easy so to answer this question it is true, no titled aristocracy; and property does not, as to exempt him from the reproach of fastidiousness. as in the land of our forefathers, accumulate in large He misses the pervading intellectual spirit of Germany; masses, and descend, undivided, through a long line of the enthusiasm, and exhilaration, and simple elegance of her literary circles. It saddens him to recognise, as expectant proprietors. But there is scarcely a city, a predominant in many a face, an expression

of seated town, or a village in this land, where some could not care, or frigid caution, or calculating sagacity. He is tion, to acquire a genuine relish for the fine arts.

be found, blessed with every requisite but the disposirepelled by the topics which well nigh engross our ordinary conversation. He is surprised to discover, that our schools, academies, and colleges exert no undivided 'Again : To few better purposes can wealth and sway over the public mind. Now, it would be most leisure be devoted, than to the acquisition of those lanunreasonable, to insist that the whole order of society guages of modern Europe which'imbody some of the in this young and free country-where all is full of profoundest researches of science, and some of the enterprise, and change, and progress, should be reversed most exquisite forms of thought. And yet, except here for the accommodation of a fastidious German scholar. and there a painstaking or an enthusiastic scholar, how It would be most unreasonable to ask, that the West few comparatively of our countrymen can unlock the should intermit her speculations in land, or her emigra- treasures of any literature save their own. To this tions into the far off wilderness ; that the South should cause may, in part, be attributed some of our most unworthy be less intent upon the production of her great staples; national prejudices, and that fondness for self-glorification or that the North should force herself away from her which is reproachfully signalized by foreigners as one of ships and her spindles. All this would be impracti- our national characteristics. Those, who are familiar cable

, and, if practicable, it would be full of evil. It with men and manners at home and abroad, soon rid may be well, however, to inquire, whether, in the midst themselves of these unenviable peculiarities; but most of such strong provocations to excess, the spirit of accu- obstinately do they cling to those who have found no mulation is not liable to become extravagant; whether a substitute for foreign travel in a liberal acquaintance more generous culture of a taste for liberal studies with the literature of Continental Europe. When this would not gratefully temper the elements of our present literature, so rich and characteristic, shall, in this coun

Vol. IV.-34




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