Imagens das páginas

invasion thereof." The cessation of hostilities is an.

SHE WAS NOT THERE. nounced to the army by the Commander-in-Chief: “ The glorious task for which we flew to arms being I sat, where often I had known, accomplished-the liberties of our country being fully

In other days, her kindly care;

Her smiles no longer on me shone: acknowledged, and firmly secured, by the smiles of

She was not there! heaven on the purity of our cause, and the honest exertions of a feeble people determined to be free,

Her heart is still, her cheek is cold;

That heart so warm, that cheek so fair! against a powerful nation disposed to oppress them;

Unseen that form of fairest mould: and the character of those, who, having persevered

She was not there! through every extremity of hardship, suffering and danger, being immortalized by the illustrious appella

No more her silver voice I heard

Breathe sounds of sweetness to the air, tion of the patriot army, nothing now remains but for

In every soft and gentle word: the actors of this mighty scene to preserve a perfect,

She was not there! unvarying consistency of character, through the very last act, to close the drama with applause, and to retire

I missed those eyes that once could shed from the military theatre with the same approbation of

The light of joy on hearts that wear

Her image yet. That light hath filed : angels and men which has crowned all their former

She was not there! victories." And was indeed the acknowledgment and security

I heard the songs she loved. To me of our country's liberties the true purpose for which

This seemed too much for grief to bear :

They made me feel, those sounds of glee, resort was had to arms; or was this but a sham, lo

She was not there! plant upon their ruins the sceptre of imperial power ? Did the actors in that mighty scene indeed deserve the

No more her step, the free, the light, countenance and support of heaven for honest exertions

Nor hers the laugh, that met my ear;

On that whole scene bad fallen a blight: in a cause of purity, or was the lust of power and do

She was not there! minion their actual motive of action ? Are they to be immortalized for their fidelity and patriotism ; or should

How dark are scenes, when those are not they be execrated and condemned as ready violators

Who hallowed them--the good the fair!

How shadowed seem'd that well-known spot: of their word and honoras men prepared, in face of

She was not there! all engagements to the contrary, to make an unwarranted attempt at the exercise of arbitrary power?

But few remember long the dead; Observe the terms in which the resignation itself is

No sorrow can the worldly share ;

Yet some can ne'er forget, tho' fled, couched-weigh the expressions which Washington

She once was there! there makes of his sense of the assistance he received

August, 1538.

L. A S. from his countrymen throughout the contest, and the spirit which he considered to animate the army. “The great events upon which my resignation depended,

SONNET. having at length taken place,” &c.-"Happy in the confirmation of our independence and sovereignty,” &c. TO THE HONEYSUCKLE. “The assistance I have received from my countrymen, increases with every review of the momentous contest.” Sweet household flower! whose clambering fines festoon Does he insinuate, here or elsewhere, that that army The little porch before my cottage door; regarded him in any other light than as their comman- How dear to me when daylight's toils are o'er, der, or for any other purpose than the establishment of By the broad shining of the summer moon, liberty and the defence of right ? No, no-and could To feel thy fragrance on the breath of June he now respond to us from his hallowed tomb, he would Afloat-or when the rosy twilight falls, indignantly repel such a suggestion, as an imputation / Ere the first night-bird to his fellow calls, upon the fair fame of his fellow patriots. And the Ere the first star is out, and the low tune feeling which filled the breast of his great ally, the im Of nature pauses, and the humming-birds mortal La Fayette, when a similar assertion to that Come wooing thce with swift and silent kisses, which I here condemn was made in his presence, in an Ere hovering through the garden's wildernesses, address delivered in honor of his visit to the place Emblem of that calm love that needs no words; where the last great act of the revolution was perform- Let me, like thee, sweet, silent clinging rine, ed, and upon the very spot where it was consummated, Clasp my own home awhile, ere stranger homes be affords full and conclusive proof in what view he him

mine. self would regard it. In reply to that address, he took Washington City, June, 1938.

C.P.C. occasion to assert his belief that such an idea was never indulged for a single moment; while he denied the possibility, if it had been, of its successful execution.

IRPA review of “Burton, or the Sieges; a Ro He regarded the assertion as an undeserved disparage- / West

mance-by J. H. Ingraham, Esq., author of South

West,''Lafitte,' &c.” received too late for this No. of ment of his companions in arms, incapable of reflecting the Messenger, will appear in the next. the intended honor upon Washington, while it in fact

ISP CORRECTION.-On page 435, July No. of the sullied the fame of the whole army of the revolution. Messenger, in the article “Memory, Fancy and Love,

THE OLD MARYLAND LINE. twenty-fourth line from the bottom, for “So prudent Annapolis, July, 1836.

their nusery," &c. read “so prudent their NURSING."

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ing their own upon the character of a whole people ? POLITICAL RELIGIONISM.

Intelligence is progressive and cumulative, however BY A SOUTHRON.

nations may relapse into barbarism; and each departing

age pours its increasing treasures into the lap of its 1. A Letter to the Hon. Henry Clay, on the Annexation of successor. The link of mind is never broken. In

Texas; by William E. Channing, D.D. Boston. 1837. every age and clime, however stormy and tempestu2. “Texas.” Quarterly Review, June, 1838.

ous, the divine intellect, like the electric flame spring.

ing into life from the dark bosom of the clouds, rolls It is unfortunate for mankind, that the literary cha-l its voice over the chasms of darkened ages, and lights racter is not associated in glory with other professional | up every summit which lifts its head from amid the classes of society. The latter pressing more immedi

surrounding gloom. ately upon the attention of men, are stimulated by personal interests and remunerated by early honors; while

Far along, the former, habituated to seclusion, produces its rich

From peak to peak, the rattling crags among

Leaps the live thunder! Not from one lone cloud, fruits in concealment, which are neither appreciated

But every mountain now hath found a tongue, nor gathered until a late period of life. Indeed the

And Jura answers through her misty shroud, utility of their labors is not always capable of imme Back to the joyous Alps, who call to her aloud. diate application, and is not unfrequently undervalued

Every father spirit in the intellectual world has his by the passing generation. Thus Milton and Shak

gifted sons; and it is wonderful with what rapidity the speare felt springing within them the germs of immor

germs of intellect expand in fruitful soils. How often tality, and overlooking the opinions of the age in which

is the creative spark struck forth in a moment, and after they lived, wrote for posterity. It was when the mind

the lapse of ages caught and kindled into a living of Kepler, awake to celestial harmony, was filled with

blaze. There is a singleness and unity in the pursuits the enthusiasm of genius, and when he felt that the

of genius through all time, which produce a species of age in which he lived would not appreciate the value of

consanguinity in the characters of authors. Men of his discoveries, that he exclaimed: "I have stolen the genius, flourishing in distant periods or in remote and golden vessels of the Egyptians, and I will build of

inhospitable countries, seem to be the same persons them a tabernacle to my God. If you pardon me I re-l with another name, whose minds have in the intervenjoice, if you reproach me I can endure it; the die is

ing time been constantly improving, and thus the lite. tblown. I can wait one century for a reader, if God rary character long since departed, appears only to have himself waited six thousand years for an observer of transmigrated. In the great march of the human inhis works." Genius is immortal, and not unlike the tellect, each still occupies the same place, and is still actors in the Grecian games, the torch of science has carrying on with the same powers his great work been passed from hand to hand, in all ages, by the through a line of centuries. Sometimes indeed it hap"great lights of the world.” Genius creates an intel-pens that some useful labor is lost for a season, some lectual nobility which is conferred on literary charac-l one of the greater lights is apparently struck from the ters by the involuntary feelings of the public; and it is system; but another Kepler arises to point out the disthe poble prerogative of genius to elevate obscure men cord in the celestial harmony, and some future observer to the bigher classes of society. But this fame is not discovers in the vast fields of space, the fragments of unfrequently posthumous, and the Grecian virgins the lost planet, and restores the broken chord. In the scattered garlands throughout the seven islands of history of genius there is no chronology; the whole Greece, upon the turf beneath which were supposed to book is open before us; every thing is present, and the lie the remains of the blind old bard, who wandered in earliest discovery is connected by a thousand links with penury and obscurity through life, or only sung passa- the most recent. Many men of genius must arise before ges of his divine poem at the festive board of his con- a particular man of genius can appear. Aristophanes, in temporaries.

his comic scenes, ridiculed the Grecian mythology, The small cities of Athens and of Florence attest the and Epicurus, following in his footsteps, shook the pil. influence of the literary character over nations; for, the lars of Olympus. The skeptic mind of Wickliffe overone received the tribute of the mistress of the world, shadowed the genius of John Huss-and Luther, girdwhen the Roman youth crowded the walks of her phi-ling himself with their armor, caused the institutions of losophy, and the other, after the revival of letters, dis- Europe to tremble to their foundations. Cicero, in his pensed all the treasures of literature to the admiring sublime morality, startled the warriors of Rome with nations of Europe. Those who govern mankind can- a lesson of unwonted mercy. He wished them to spare not at the same time enlighten them; they merely regu- their enemies even after the battering ram had smitlate their manners and their morals: but the literary ten the walls." And Beccaria, catching this amiable class, standing between the governors and the govern spirit, opposed the voice of humanity to the rooted preed, light up with the divine ray of intellect, and give judices of ages. We might extend our illustrations of shape, and character, and beauty and utility to the this sublime truth indefinitely, and we could with whole framework of society. And to descend from equal facility trace the immense, we had almost said the classes to individuals, how often do we behold gifted frightful influence of men of genius over the destinies men, master spirits, springing up, and with pregnant of mankind, since the invention of printing and the reinspiration, from the depths of their solitude, impress-vival and cultivation of polite letters. We might in

Vol. IV.-69

dicate trivial and remote causes, sleeping for ages, and writer,* in his review of Miss Martincau on slavery, in suddenly springing, by a happy combination, into stu- the November number of the Messenger, "public opipendous results. The same law obtains in the intellec- nion is of very slow, very temperate, and very judicious tual and in the animal kingdoms. The submarine la- | formation. It is the aggregate of small truths, and the bors of the coral animalculæ, and the sceds floating on experience of successive days and years, which, bcaped the bosom of the deep, have planted in the depths of the together, form a general principle, which is of instant ocean large and fertile islands. How extensive then, conviction in every bosom. It only requires to receive and how incalculable are the consequences of human a name in order to become a law; and a law, which is action, and how resistlessly and absolutely is it swayed precipitately imposed upon a people, in advance of the by men of genius?

formation of this sort of public opinion, will soon be Although not a genius of the first order, nor one of openly abolished, or become obsolete in the progress of those great lights which seem destined to shed perpe- events. For my own part, I am satisfied with the extual lustre over the history of man, the author of the isling laws, until the convictions of the majority and letter to Mr. Clay, on the subject of thc annexation of the progress of experience shall call for their improveTexas, William E. Channing, fills no little space in the ment. I have no respect for those who set themselves public view, and is not without distinction in the repub- up for makers of public opinion; and as for the 'bell lic of letters. His enlarged intellect has borrowed broth,' so compounded, I know not any draught which easy and graceful proportions from his moral virtues. would not be more wholesome, than that which makes He is a consecrated vessel, set apart for the service of the body politic a body plethoric, and leaves no reme. the Deity, and for the propagation of wholesome truths dy to the physician but the cautery and the knife." to crring man. His is a ministry of peace and good It is a subject of deep regret, that we so frequently will. And he has brought to the service of his master find schemes and associations, calculated to create this a talent, which has not been unimproved, neither has it spurious kind of public opinion, promoted by some of been buried; he is a shining light, and in ready obe- the distinguished members of the clerical order. Overdience to the heavenly prohibition, he has not hid it zealous in the service of their master, they prepare for under a bushel. In the prominent power of his intel- the fanatic and enthusiast perilous employment; and lect, he strikingly though distantly resembles that cha- unrestrained by the stern rebuke of the Redeemer, they racteristic of Milton's mind, which he has so beautifully seem prone to imitate the chief of the apostles in their illustrated, and that is the faculty of impregnation. His readiness to smite with the sword those who, in their excursive and active genius travels over the whole

excited imaginings, are the enemies of religion. The field of literature; he gathers every choice plant in the

great evil of the present day, and that which threatens gardens of wisdom, and they flourish with unusual the existence of the Union, as well as the peace and sevigor in the fertile soil into which they are translated.

curity of the southern states, is "POLITICAL RELIGIONA graceful purity of style adorns the solid structure of

ISM." And it is on account of the infusion of this fa. his reasoning; and he has richly earned the distin natical and destructive spirit into the strictures of the guished title of the American Atticus.

American divine, upon the character and morals of our It is to be lamented, that powers such as this instruc-people, and upon the domestic institutions of the south; tive writer possesses, should, from the general neg- it is because the British reviewer, misled by these inlect of literary merit in this age of utilitarianisın, be vectives, has assailed the character of our government, forced from their appropriate and legitimate sphere, and proclaimed the licentious tendency of republican and directed to questionable, perhaps unhappy results. establishments, that we feel impelled to notice the pubFew minds in this age, and more particularly in this lications placed at the head of this article. country, where the labors of intellect are so little ap- | The “ Letter of Dr. Channing to Mr. Clay" contains preciated, and so slowly rewarded, possess the moral grave charges, upon which the British reviewer, in the firmness and the persevering steadiness which lead to article “Texas,' frames a specious argument to prove a solid, but slow and distant, reputation through a life of the perishable nature of our free institutions. But we toil. Few such can resist the seducements of those can neither admit the truth of the charges made by the instant but fleeting and precarious honors, which are divine, nor the solidity of the argument labored by snatched amid the hazards, and struggles, and excite- the monarchist. The letter states in substance: ments of political discussion. In a government like 1. That the revolt in Texas was sustained by the ours, in which each individual is constantly reminded southern states, and the admission of Texas into the of the deep stake he has in its welfare, and of his imme-Union was demanded in order to create a new market for diate agency and influence in its administration, the slaves, a new field for slave labor, and the accession of tendency to descend from loftier stations to mingle in political power in those states, which subsist by slave. the conflicts of the arena, is irresistible to the many, and breeding and slave-selling, and furthermore 10 perpeseldom checked by those who have the sagacity to per-tuate in the old and to spread over the new states the ceive the moment when their interposition may decide horrors of slavery. the controversy. Such is the resistless operation of 2. He appeals in behalf of the slave to the interpostthis spirit of interposition, such is the longing of the tion of the British government; declares that England impatient mind for early distinction, that all classes has a moral as well as a political interest in this question, yield to this petty ambition. It invades the holy pre- and pronounces "an English minister unworthy of cincts of the sanctuary, and the priest not unfrequently his office who would not strive by all just means to becomes the agitator.

avert the danger." A sound and healthy state of public opinion is of slow and cautious growth, and we should accurately distin

* Not a few of our reflections upon the pature and condition

of the Indian on our frontier, and upon slavery in general, guish between this salutary agent and that feverish and show that we have read and remembered the Review of Nis artificial excitement which is produced by associations

Martineau on Slavery." We could not receive light from a pure

source, for that publication is universally regarded as one of and combinations. "Public opinion," says an able | ablest productions of the American press.

3. He charges his countrymen with a lawlessness and some picture, and is startled to learn that it has been corruption of public morals, which is well calculated to sketched by the hand of a countryman. From the disgrace them in the estimation of mankind; and tenor of the whole letter of Dr. Channing, it is manifest paints with so gloomy a pencil, that his British review that he designs to attribute this national depravity in a er, the avowed enemy of all republican institutions, ex- great measure to the slaveholder and the frontier-man. poses the picture in triumph to the friends of legitima- We will confine our remarks therefore to these two cy in Europe, as the impartial testimony of a ripe scho- points, and endeavor to prove that the border-men of lar, a native citizen, and an anointed priest.

the south-western states are no worse than those of The discussion of these subjects, in the articles un- other nations, and that the other evils of which he so der consideration, is so intimately interwoven with the loudly complains, have been produced mainly by the whole subject of slavery in the south, of southern crime northern fanatics, and are the first fruits of political reand southern policy, that we will confine our attention ligionism. principally to that theme. With the Texian controversy Man is a frail and rebellious creature, and the sternest we have no concern. But before proceeding to discuss sanctions of the law have in all ages been required for this agitating topic, we will make a few remarks upon the maintenance of peace and order. But all the force the loose morality and lawlessness of those hardy pio- of the laws has, under every frame of government, been neers of the wilderness, for whose excesses the nation found insufficient to repress the spirit of insubordinais held responsible, and by the standard of whose mo- tion. The stormy impulse of the passions, and the rals the whole American people is judged. Under the hope of impunity, still impel daring and wicked men to imposing title of a citizen possessing high talents and violate the law of the land, and to commit the most destill higher moral character, the British reviewer intro- testable and atrocious crimes. But, that either in our duces Dr. Channing to the world holding the follow- cities or upon our frontier, there is a greater degree of ing extravagant language:

crime or more profligacy than is to be found in similar "We are corrupt enough already. In one respect classes in other countries, or that our people are more our institutions have disappointed us all. They have demoralised than those of other nations, has no founnot wrought for us that elevation of character which is dation in fact. We are the descendants of the Eurothe only substantial blessing of liberty. Government pean, we are the children of sin, and we have brought is regarded more as a means of enriching the country,

with us into this country the frailties and the passions than of securing private rights. We have become wed- of our nature and of our forefathers. But our great ded to gain as our chief good. That under the predo cause of complaint is, that we are falsely charged with minance of this degrading passion, the higher virtues, surpassing profligacy by the friends of a stronger and the moral independence, the simplicity of manners, more artificial frame of gove

more artificial frame of government, upon the testithe stern uprightness, the self reverence, the respect mony of our own writers, who libel their kindred; and for man as man, which are the ornaments and safe this unusual depravity is attributed to the licentiousguards of a republic, should wither, and give place to ness promoted and inculcated by free institutions. And selfish calculation and indulgence, to show and extra- it is to be deeply regretted that there are to be found Vagance, to caxious, envious, discontented strivings, among us those, who in their fanatic zeal to extirpate to wild adventure, and to the gambling spirit of specu- slavery in the south, exaggerate the failings and the lation, will surprise no one who has studied human na-vices of their countrymen, and thus furnish with perture. A spirit of lawlessness perrades the community. petual argument the enemies of republican institutions. which, if not repressed, threatens the dissolution of our The heart has been made sick with details of crime and present forms of society. Even in the old slates mobs violence on our southern and western borders; and they are taking the government into their hands, and a have been diligently dressed and served up, as precious profligate newspaper finds little difficulty in stirring morsels, as a rich feast for our European friends. The up multitudes to violence. When we look at the parts outrages of the pioneers, the border morals, lynchof the country nearest Texas, we see the arm of the law ing, and frontier regulations, are the same in all new paralyzed by the passions of the individual. The sub-countries. And the classic and well stored mind of Dr. stitution of self-constituted tribunals, for the regular Channing treasures many a salutary lesson drawn from course of justice, and the infliction of immediate pun- the fligbt of the Roman eagle, sweeping onward in his ishment in the moment of popular phrenzy, are symp-resistless flight from point to point in a constantly adtoms of a people half reclaimed from barbarism. Ivancing frontier, to the uttermost boundaries of the know not that any civilized country on earth has exhi. haunts of men, until he had looked down upon a subbited, during the last year, a spectacle so atrocious as missive world, and folded his unwearied wing beneath the burning of a colored man by a slow fire in the neigh-the shadow of universal dominion. borhood of St. Louis! And this infernal sacrifice was the fields of Northumberland, and the cruel inroads offered, not by a few fiends selected from the whole of the Percies, live in Scottish minstrelsy, and the obcountry, but by a crowd gathered from a single spot. servant eye of so ripe a scholar has traced the destrucAdd to all whis, the invasions of the rights of speech tive progress of the freebooters of the border, by the and of the press by lawless force, the extent and tolera- light of the torch, and the red stain of the brand, that tion of which oblige us to believe that a considerable have marked the progress of rapine on the frontier of portion of our citizens have no comprehension of the civilization. We can readily appreciate the sympathies first principles of liberty. It is an undeniable fact, that of a good man, we can excuse the complaints of an in consequence of these and other symptoms, the confi- apostle of peace, when the melancholy lessons of history dence of many reflecting mon in our free institutions are repeated in his own age and in his own clime; but is very much impaired. Some despair. That we we must be cautious to consult the lessons of experimust seek security for property and life in a 'STRONG ence, and take counsel of the ripe understanding, before ER GOVEDXMENT,' is a spreading conviction."

we proclaim to the world, in the fervor of a heated imaThe reader shrinks with abhorrence from this loath-I gination, the enormities of border license. Let us lament the stern necessity, but restrain the current of ruthless rapine and sacrilege, which would have disindignant feeling, lest we exaggerate the extent of evils graced the darkest age of feudal barbarism. If an which loom up in deceptive magnitude through the enthusiast and agitator pluck down ruin on his press, mists of prejudice, and seem the more formidable be- and perish by a bloody death, himself red with the cause of their propinquity.

blood of his brother, in the town of Allon, fanaticism The annals of England and Scotland will furnish to burns and plunders the living, desecrates the altar, and the learned divine, as well as to his British reviewer, a violates the dead on the heights of Charlestown. And tale of blood and license far surpassing the sad but un- if it were the populace which projected the crime and frequent excesses on our frontier. When civilization hoodwinked justice, it was the legislature of Massagends forth her pioneers to open and tame the wilder- chusetts which sanctioned, aye, and still sanctions the ness, the quiet, peaceable and orderly, remain at home; I act by withholding retribution. Crime prevails wherethe frontier-man is the bold, and hardy, and reckless ad- lever man is a dweller. It is by no means extraordinary, venturer, who alone is fit to contend with the stubborn that as man recedes from the centre of civilization, forests and the savage tribes who tread them in soli

and reaches the uttermost limit of the social circle, the tude. Is it to be a matter of wonder or of regret, that

salutary restraints of the law should be more feebly society purges off and throws among them the dissolute

felt, and deeds of violence and disorder should more outcast or the exile of crime? The pilgrim fathers were a different race, not thrown upon the frontiers of

frequently occur than in the bosom of society. We an ancient or established people, to push the march of

are not of the number of those who form our estimate civilization, but stern men, whom the profligate tyranny

of the morals or character of a people, by the conduct of the Stuarts, and the intolerant ravings of fanaticism,

of those who scarcely feel the bonds of society. Such sent forth to people the inhospitable shores of the new

as they are, were those, two generations ago, who now world with the sturdy and unbending spirits of the

dwell in peace and concord, revelling in all the luxuold. With no love but for freedom--with no hope but

rious refinements of polished and humane association. in God! their lonely barque was freighted with the con

| To the west, to the successors of these border-men, secrated emblems of liberty, and turning to the setting who carry with them the germ of civilization, do we sun, they sped onward, to throw the illimitable waste of confidently look for the security of the republic. They the ocean a barrier between themselves and their op-throw open the wilderness; the fastnesses of the forest pressors. Stern and indomitable spirits-pious and retreat before them, and the valleys which now ring practical professors of the doctrines of the meek and with the yell of the savage, will soon teem with abanmerciful Redeemer-incapable of submission to oppres-dance. The landed proprietors have always sion, and too few to shake the foundations of a throne and still are, the bulwark of established institutions. laid deep in the recesses of time; they gathered up the Upon them, in the hour of danger, falls the burden of fragments of their broken fortunes, and “wandered defence. Their staid habits and steady virtue tend from their fathers' houses into these ends of the earth, to check the march of corruption and commercial and laid their labors and estates therein."

wealth, that mortal foe to the only sentiment which Such were the Pilgrim Fathers; and but that their sustains republics. We look to the wilderness for prograves are voiceless, they would teach to their descend-tection from the cities. In our happy country, and ants salutary lessons of patience and forbearance; they | under those excellent institutions which breathe a spirit would point lo their own protracted sufferings in the old of equality, this commercial spirit may be counteracted; world for melancholy examples of intolerance and fana- for, the main pillars which sustain it in other countries ticism. They planted in this country the germ of civi. I have been thrown down by our sagacious forefathers. lization, which in our day has burst forth in wild luxu- Entail and primogeniture have ceased to create and to riance, and stretched its branches to the four winds | perpetuate a privileged class. In every age, from the of heaven. There have gone forth from among their palmy days of Rome and Athens to the stormy revoludescendants a host of turbulent spirits. These pio- tions of Paris, centralism has been fatal to the best neers are the links which bind civilization with interests of a people. As our empire expands over the barbarism, the city with the wilderness. They are great western frontier, the large commercial cities of a rude and unpolished generation, carrying with the Union will cease to overshadow, to corrupt, and to them the elements of order, disarranged by their conti control the Union. Our north-eastern brethren, bardy guity to savage and lawless multitudes. Crimes pecu- l and intelligent, are consumed with this commercial liar to the situation and character of a people are com. I cancer. If, with Franklin, they have diligently invesmitted everywhere; and if these unsettled classes tigated the practical truths of material philosophy, they perpetrate enormities which curdle the blood of a more recognise him as the founder of a trading people, they refined people, these latter indulge in excesses appro- | adhere with the religious observance of the Spartan to priate to themselves, which, although less shocking, his mercenary precepts, and have superadded to them are no less destructive to the morals and happiness of parsimonious habits and wary cunning. A prying mankind. And if the “negro perish by a slow fire" curiosity into the concerns of their neighbors, is on the plains of Missouri, the flames of a sacked con- another leading trait in their character, sketched by the vent, in the midst of the cities of Massachusetts, at- same hand; and to this bias in their nature, we may tract attention to the cries of unprotected woman and attribute, in a great degree, their blindness to their own helpless infancy. If Texas be the field of blood, Bos. Vandalism, in the sacking of a convent, and their deep ton has sent forth and protected the midnight incen- solicitude to deliver their southern brethren from the diary. If the laurels of San Jacinto be stained with horrors of slavery, even with the aid of foreign inter purple, the monument of Bunker Hill has disclosed its position. Let us not be understood to undervalue the pallid form by the lurid glare of the torch in a night of enterprising activity, the love of freedom, the moral

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