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beauties and the benefits of literature, and that what cing, and the excess, will, whether it be by way of atthe improved taste of the nation craves, the improved taining a high accomplishment, of finding relief from talent of the nation seeks to supply? The reviews and ennui, or of earning a livelihood, devote their leisure magazines of the present day, such as the KNICKER- exclusively to literature, and thus become the Johnsons BOCKER and MIRROR of New York, or our own Life and the Goldsmiths, the Southeys and the Scotts, the RARY MESSENGER and FARMERS REGISTER, are as supe- Campbells and the Byrons of America. rior to similar publications foriy years ago as the richest It may be set down as a maxim that the more free gems of the mine are to the trumpery imitations of them and popular a government is, the stronger is the influthat please the indiscriminating eyes of the savage. ence of popular esteem and popular applause. The

We may also refer to the improved style of the de-greater power of the people gives a higher value and a bates in our Legislative assemblies with similar feelings greater dignity to its approbation. Where men acof congratulation, with this difference, however, that knowledge no sovereign but his fellow-men, in their there have always been a few public speakers who corporate capacity, they become the dispenser of public could compare with the best of the present day. But honors of all kinds, and their favor bestows the laurel the number of accomplished orators and debaters is not only on the warrior's, but also on the poet's brow, far greater now than formerly, after allowing for the Their huzzas cheer and reward the victories of a PERRY increase of our numbers. The Senate of the United or a DecaTUR-a JACKSON or a Scott-but they also States has for some years, been able to boast of orators stimulate the intellectual efforts of an IRVING or a COOPER which would compare with those of England in her -a PINCKNEY or a WEBSTER-a RANDOLPH or a CLAY. best days. Virginia, in the rear of some of her sister Fame is valued according to the number and force of the states in the successful prosecution of physical science, voices that speak through her trump, and they are never and in the exhibition of poetical talent, may here claim so numerous or so loud as where all are disposed to precedence. And it must be gratifying to those who speak, and every one is free to utler what he thinks. hear me, to be reminded that a year or two since, no less Here then we find the powerful incentive of public than seven of the eight or ten of those public speakers praise, which gives to the object of it, assurance of the whom public opinion had placed foremost in that body, esteem of his fellow men; the potent influence of were native Virginians.

| which once made a garland of oak preferred by the highAfter this comparative view of our literary advance-minded victor to a crown of gold; which is at once ment, so grateful to every liberal and patriotic mind, the cheapest and richest reward of public virtue; which let us turn our eyes to the prospect of its further im is all, next to a sense of duty, that stimulated WASHINGprovement, and consider what can be done to promote TON, the pride of America, and the admiration of the and secure its onward progress.

world. We are well warranted in expecting that the same There is moreover an unseen influence which free causes which have hitherto operated so beneficially on institutions possess, of imparting force and vigor to every our literature, will continue to produce the same effects. pursuit in which its citizens engage whether it be in These causes may be regarded to be principally our amassing wealth, or acquiring glory, whether they encivil liberty, and the federative character of our govern- gage in the pursuits of commerce or of war-of specument.

lation or of literature and science. They are likely to Civil liberty, gentlemen, if experience is a true in- be less unduly biassed by the dicta of their preceptors; structor, is favorable to a development of all the facul- to be less trammelled by the tyranny of custom-to be ties of man; for in a free government he is most sure of more bold, fearless, and adventurous-more pliant and receiving the rewards which are due to a successful accommodating to uncontrollable circumstances. We see exertion of those faculties, either in fame, power, popu. this manifested in various ways. What merchants or larity, or emolument. If he is successful as an orator navigators exhibit the same vigorous daring enterprise or writer, statesman or legislator, to what may be not as ours? What explorers of the wilderness? Where aspire? We every day see men, both in this country has sagacious industry achieved so much in the way of and occasionally in England, occupying the most ele- canals, and railroads, and bridges? All this indicates vated stations in the land, who have raised themselves extraordinary mental activity and energy of purpose, to distinction by the force of their virtues or talents which will assuredly one day produce the same salutary They have all been the artificers of their own fortune, effects in letters that it has already achieved in arts and and if chance and circumstances have concurred to arms. their elevation, they have been such circumstances as But there is another cause of improvement to be are within the reach of every one.

| found in the character of our government, the influence But in the government of one or a few, men can with of which is not yet fully felt. By reason of the sepa. difficulty emerge from the obscurity in which they are ration of the States, the spirit of emulation, that exerts born, and if now and then we see examples of extra- so propitious an influence on the character of a people, ordinary elevation from the humble ranks of life, they may be expected to be particularly active here. Need are exceptions which attract notice and excite wonder I remind you that those nations which have been most by their rarity. By far the greater number who at-conspicuous and illustrious have all felt the force of natain rank and power, and high station, owe it mainly tional emulation? France and England owe much of to the accident of birth. This difference must give a their success in letters, arts, and arms to the rivalship of powerful incentive to exertion, and it is exercise and more than two centuries. Even the division of Great exertion which are the chief sources of excellence. Britain between the English and Scotch, has had a sen

It is true that the character of our government sible effect; though ever since the union, it has been the has a tendency to give intellectual pursuits a parti- sentiment of generous emulation that has animated cular direction. They hold out especial encourage them, rather than a rivalship inflamed by anger and ment to the talents for public speaking, or for the duties hatred. It was this spirit among the little Grecian of the politician and statesman, and to the arts of states which kept their faculties ever on the stretch, winning the public favor. But the disadvantage of and goaded them on in the pursuit of excellence, not this condition of things must be regarded as temporary, only in arms, but also in literature, the fine arts, and and not likely long to impede the other influences that philosophy, until the most successful of them far trans. have hitherto had so extensive and salutary an opera- cended the other portions of the world; and in some detion. So long as the educated classes of our citizens partments of skill have never yet found their equals are not more than sufficient to fill the learned profes- among the thousands of millions that have lived after sions, and to supply the public offices, their intellectual them. culture will be directed that way which is likely best to It is partly to the greater force which this desire of qualify them for those dignified duties. But the num- superiority exercises in a large city, that it has always ber of educated and cultivated minds is rapidly advan-1 been found the most favorable theatre for genius and

talents of every kind. Here competitors in every pro-, has made them what they are, to their mothers, than session and pursuit are placed side by side, and their to their fathers. respective merits being so accurately measured and A disposition to encourage domestic literature must compared, the rival candidates are urged to redouble also have a good effect. It must be recollected that the their exertion for superiority. We know the force of American writer, laboring under the disadvantages that this principle in juvenile instruction, and while men in a have been mentioned, is placed in competition with the populous city are like children in a public school, those writers of a nation that are second to those of no other who are dispersed over the country may be compared to on the globe ; and that the consciousness of this disadthe children who are instructed at home.

vantage is calculated to repress and dispirit the efforts This principle of emulation must always exert more of the native author. influence among the American people from their being Let us constainly bear in mind, gentlemen, that, next distributed into separate States, having their govern- to a character for virtue and integrity, we should be ments, laws and institutions independent of each other; most ambitious of obtaining one for letters. This is a and the more distinct are their interests, the more con- higher glory than distinction in wealth, power, or arms. trasted their general character, the stronger is this spirit For likely to be. Hence the dissimilarity between the Nor

“ The beings of the mind, are not of clay; thern and the Southern States, if it occasionally give

Essentially immortal, they create

And multiply in us a brighter ray, rise to some illiberal and inconvenient prejudices, is also

And more beloved existence.” productive of this good effect. And though it has hitherto shownitself principally in efforts to obtain the power Let us remember too, that a taste for literature and and patronage of the general government, or in jealousy science, besides what it has done for the well-being of and disappointment at not having obtained them, it society, affords to individuals the best security against may hereafter also manifest itself in literary rivalship. vicious and immoral habits; and that it is essential to Of this we have already seen some symptoms, in the re- the preservation of civil liberty: that for a people to be views and magazines. We also occasionally see signs of capable of administering their own affairs wisely, they it between New York and Philadelphia, and between must be well instructed. They must understand the Boston and New York. The West, the ardent, gene- elementary principles of government, of legislation, and rous West, also shows its ambition to excel, and that af- political economy; must be well acquainted with the fords a sure presage of excellence. We there behold a human character, and be able to distinguish between boldness, a freedom from the dominion of habits and pre- their real and their pretended friends, through all the judices that is most auspicious to originality; and there, disguises which crafty ambition or love of gain may if any where, we may expect in time to see new modes of throw around them. We are then urged to the inteladministering pleasure or interest to the intellectual | lectual improvement of the people, whether we regard tastes of mankind.

the happiness, the safety, or the dignity of the nation. These circumstances of our political and social condi- The vetary of literature in our country has indeed tion may therefore be expected to continue their benig. much to stimulate his efforts. There are some who now nant influence on the advancement of letters and sci-hear me, who may live to see the population of these ence in the United States; and it only remains for us states amount to some 50 or 60 millions; and in 25 years now to notice the modes by which we may best encour- afterwards, they will reach 100 millions without having age and assist that influence.

as dense a population as there is at this time in MassaWe sboald, in the first place, do all in our power to chusetts. With so numerous a people, all speaking the advance the cause of education, both in its elementary, same language, and agreeing in the great fundamental and more difficult branches of knowledge. The seed principles of religion, morals and government; but that is sown in the humblest country school, if it chance having endless diversities of manners, habits, usages to fall on a fruitful soil, may shoot up into luxuriance and institutions, what a field is presented for the sucand become the lordly oak, the pride of the forest. But cessful cultivator of English literature! The writer of in general, the distinguished man of civilized society is the next generation, who is so fortunate as to win the so much the creature of artificial culture, he is like the public favor, will, besides hearing his name re-echoed same oak in a city. It has been planted there, and its from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from Hudson's Bay to size and growth have been in proportion to the care the Mexican Gulf, have a greater number of readers with which it bas been nurtured, until it could support than are now living on the habitable globe. His gains, itself by its own inherent vigor. We ought then to if gain sbould be his object, will be as much greater be upsparing in our efforts to provide adequate schools, than Byron's or Scott's, as theirs were greater than academies, and colleges : to endow them liberally; those of their predecessors. And though minds best and to improve their internal economy, regulations, qualified to delight the world by the productions of and discipline, to the utmost. The nation seems now their genius, may find their highest reward in the glory fully sensible of the importance of juvenile instruction. they acquire, yet even they will see, in the extensive The number of schools and colleges has been greatly sale and circulation of their works, the surest indications multiplied within a few years, but I fear that their of that glory. character has not advanced in the same proportion as In consequence of the great multiplication of books, their number.

all over Europe, within the last forty or fifty years, and Associations such as that it is now my pleasure to their continued further increase, it has been appreaddress, should be multiplied and be supported with hended by some that literature must eventually suffer untiring zeal. All such institutions concur to introduce a decline. They say that if books thus go on increasa literary spirit, to give it a wider diffusion and a more ing, it will be impossible for any one reader, however vigorous growth. This spirit is the more to be cher. diligent, to read them all; and that the conviction of ished, as affording the best counteraction to the love of this fact will proportionally discourage men from wrigain, if it is likely to prove stronger in a democracy, as ting, or from qualifying themselves to write ; and that has been supposed, than in those governments in which literature may thus, like the Roman vestal, be buried there are privileged orders of men.

| under the wealth she had too eagerly coveted. We should also encourage public libraries and library But the very hypothesis, in assuming that further companies, which will at once favor a taste for reading productions of intellect will be checked by the redunand afford the means of gratifying it. Nor ought we to dancy of previous productions, supposes that conseneglect female education, since it devolves on the quence of the evil which will effectually bring its mother to give the first direction to the child's remedy, which is a diminution of the supply until it is thoughts and acts. I have come to the conclusion, level with the demand. Such a redundancy, when it is from no very slight or hasty course of observation, felt, may indeed have the effect of discouraging trivial, that more distinguished men owe the impetus which or second rate productions. It may also call into exist

ence new and strange creations of a misapplied inge- , cords, will, when it has completed its circle round the nuity, by way of provocative to man's incessant craving earth, by traversing the American continent, be found for novelty, but it can do no more. The means of coin to have still increased in splendor, in its course; and municating instruction, or interest, or delight, to the as it shone more brightly in Greece and Rome, than it minds of others, are as exhaustless as is the desire to had done in Asia ; and in England and France, than in receive them, and by far the larger part of these means Rome or Greece—so, if the auguries do not prore every generation has to provide for itself. It is true deceitful, its progressive brightness will continue with that so far as concerns human passions and feelings, or us, and when it shall be setting to Europe, it will here in the beauties of scenery, or poetical imagery, there are its meridian, * beam with an effulgence that the world natural limits, and the best part of the stock may be has never yet witnessed. preoccupied, or nearly so; but even these may be served up again in a form, which when modified by the ruling * Some of our readers may not know, that when it is sunset taste of the day may not only seem to have the recom. | at London or Paris, it is noon on the Mississippi.- Editor. mendation of novelty, but give more lively pleasure than pictures of the same natural features, painted according to the taste of other times. It is with language as with dress, though the materials are the same as they were centuries ago, silk, cotton and wool, feathers and flowers, gold, diamonds and pearl, yet the diversi THE FORESTER'S SERENADE. fied modes in which they can be combined, are infinite; and though the belles of the present day may now and Awake! gentle dreamer, and hide thee with me, then seem to tread in the steps of their grandmothers,

Where the free and the fearless dwell; it will generally be found, on a closer inspection, that there is some important modification of the ancient A sylvan home is waiting for thee, prototype; and that, at all events it has, to the eyes for Deep, deep in the shade of the dark waving tree, which it was intended, the charm of novelty, so as to That hangs o'er the Forester's dell. make each succeeding generation manifest the same lively sensibility to ornament, and the same exquisite. There lineer the hours of beautiful bloom. taste in gratifying it, as when Belinda was thus exhibited at her toilet more than 120 years since :

And when the gay Summer is past,

’Neath the angry clouds of Winter's gloom, " And now, unveiled, i he toilet stands display'd,

Still smile we, my love, though our leafless home
Each silver vase in mystic order laid,
First rob'd in white, the nymph intent adores,

May shake with the terrible blast.
With head uncover'd, the cosmetic powers.
A heavenly image in the glass appeare,
To that she bends, to that her eyes she rears!

And softly, and sweetly, at Eve's silent hours,
Th'inferior priestess, at her altar's side,
Trembling, begins the sacred rites of pride.

When earth seems fading away,
Unnumbered treasures ope at once, and here

A holy calm, from heaven's fair bowers,
The various offerings of the world appear;
From each she nicely culls with curious toil,

Shall brightly shadow that sleep of our's,
And decks the goddess with the glittering spoil.

With visions too pure for day.
This casket India's glowing gems unlocks,
And all Arabia breathes from yonder box.
The tortoise here and elephant unite,

Oh come!-'tis the moment when all things are still,
Transform'd to combs, the speckled and the white;
Here files of pins extend their shining rows,

Save the leaves on the trembling trees, Puffs, powder, patches, bibles, billet-doux.

Or the plaintive wail of the lone whip-poor-will, Now awful beauty puts on all its arms,” &c.

Or the moan of the stream, as it winds round the hill, As to science, that is, and must ever be, continually Or the voice of the murmuring breeze, progressive, and every new discovery seems but the proJific parent of many more. It forms a new stem from Why linger, my love?-the glorious stars which spring numerous ramifications, each of which

Are glistening brightly for theebranches out again, and thus leads to new facts and new laws of matter. The fear then is utterly groundless,

Tho' the moon rides high, and the night slowly wears, that there can be any necessary check to intellectual Yet tarry we not till morning appears activity, either in the class of writers or readers. And In shadow and silence we flee. as to the supposed influence of the multiplicity of books, or the character of subsequent works in encouraging Thro' yonder wild mazes together we'll stray, quaintness, affectation, or licentious novelty, we must trust to the natural growth of good taste for the pre

Where the wolf and fierce panther roam, vention or correction of this evil. To resume my former | Ere the skies grow light with opening day, illustration, the same danger might seem to exist as O'er mountain and valley away-let's away to dress; and yet it has been steadily advancing for the Far, far, to the Forester's home. last fifty years towards simplicity, and losing much of the very forced and artificial character it formerly assumed.

I had intended, Mr. President, to have said something in behalf of cultivating CLASSICAL LEARNING, as the best means of forming a good taste, and as affording the most improving exercise to the mental faculties; and

LEXICOGRAPHIC ACUMEN. also to have dwelt on the advantages of SIMPLICITY in writing and speaking; but the unexpected length to In Johnson's Dictionary is this article: "Curmudgeon, which this discourse has been already extended, forbids a vicious way of pronouncing caur mechant-An un. me from further tasking your patience.

known correspondent.” By the last three words JohnOn the whole then, the prospects before us, gentle son acknowledges his obligation to an anonymous writer men, are no less brilliant and grand in our literature, than in national power and opulence, if we are only

:l in the Gentleman's Magazine-but Ash copied the word true to ourselves; and the sun of civilization, which has into his Dictionary thus: “Curmudgeon from the been travelling to the west, as far back as history re- French caur, unknown, and mechant, correspondent."

This

Arabia breat elephant unite; ond the white ;

ment arising out of the detention of the other boat, JOURNAL

Providence was filled with hordes of applicants, who,

unfortunately, had taken up all the state-rooms, berths, OF A TRIP TO THE MOUNTAINS, CAVES AND SPRINGS

settees, cots and pegs, on which a poor wight could sleep, OF VIRGINIA.

lie or hang. This was a damper. Ma'am Judy was By a New-Englander.*

weathered by your unlucky friend in a recumbent pos

ture, upon “the soft side of a pipe board,” and his To Charles E. SHERMAN, Esq., of Mobile, Ala. rheumatic bones had to suffer racking in an out of the These fragments of a Diary, kept during a tour made in his way hole, away forward, which they call the saloon. society, are respectfully and affectionately inscribed, by his cabin. friend and fellow-traveller,

THE AUTHOR. From Boston to Canton, we came along in a fine

easy car, in which we could sit or stand as we pleased,

and the seats in which were made as is usual in coaches, -Virginia! Yet I own

width-wise and very comfortable. At Canton we took I love thee still, although no son of thine !

to our feet, to go down and up a deep valley, over For I have climbed thy mountains, not alone,

which a most splendid viaduct of massy granite is in And made the wonders of thy vallies mine; Finding, from morning's dawn till day's decline,

the progress of erection, an ingenious and stupendous Some marvel yet unmarked, ---some peak, whose throne

work indeed. We then got into a long jolling omnibusWas loftier,--girt with mist, and crowned with pine : looking car, in which we rode side-wise, and although

Some deep and rugged glen, with copse o'ergrown, we went over the road rapidly, the noise of this crab. The birth of some sweet valley, or the line

like mode of progression materially marred the pleasure Traced by some silver stream that murmurs lone : Or the dark cave, where hidden crystals shine,

of the thing. However we finished our journey at last, Or the wild arch, across the blue sky thrown.

so far as rails (and I suppose you hope as far as railing

also,) are concerned, *--and here am I, at table, between Wilde.

the jingling of champagne glasses on one side, and the rattling of dice on the other, as a whist party and a

pair of backgammon players are amusing themselves CHAPTER I.

at their respective games. What a love of excitement

is suddenly contracted upon coming on board a steamLocomotive from Boston to Providence-Railroads and rail. ings-Sleepers in Steamboats--New York, New Jersey, and

boat! People in such a predicament seem to think they Philadelphia-_Judge Marshall--Baltimore---Page's~-Rip. shall die of ennui, if a source of amusement is not imRap3--Hampton Roads-James River-Steamboat Racing-- mediately opened to them, so soon as they place their Arrival at Richmond.

feet on board. Steamboat President, July 8, 1835. I have been taking a stroll round the boat, to see Your correspondent is a quiet man and hates a fuss,

d hates a fuss how the land lies, what way we are making, what the or be would hardly have composure enough to sit down

weather is, and who, if any body, had stolen my birth. so quietly and collectedly, as he is now doing, to write We are half way to New York, are going at the rato you an account of himself, considering the traveller's of thirteen miles an hour, the night is cloudy but mild, disappointment to which he has been doomed. He and the steward and I turned a big bully of a fellow thought, and experience had taught him that he was out of my narrow accommodations in “ the saloon right in the conjecture, that to take a trip to New York cabin.” I am sure they were not worth stealing. My in the good · President, Bunker," was the very reali. Hector showed fight, and now stands glowering at me zation of all that is comfortable in the way of tra

like a chained mastiff. Cannot help it, my dear felvelling; so starting from the city of notions by the

low,-take my rheumatics and you may have my berth "Whistler) locomotive, and shooting over the forty and welcome—and I'll sit up all night and scribble.

He shogs off upon this fair proposal; it must have the rate of five and twenty miles an hour, he marched been convincing of his reason, and assuaging of his up to the gentlemanly clerk of the said steamer, to

wrath. secure a good berth in which to stretch his invalid limbs

How queerly folk appear while asleep! I should not while going round that most lovely of capes, Point

like to occupy one of those settees or cots as they call Judith. But by some misunderstanding, a disappoint

them, all conglomerated as they are into a dense mass;

it is so disagreeable to have a half dozen waking stran* This Journal is made up from a series of letters, written in gers making game of your dreaming disclosures, as you 1835, for some of the northern papers, which at the time attrac

lie there on your back, talking about your most private ted some attention, not only at the north, but in other parts of the country. There had at that time been little said, and less

affairs, with as much sang froid as if you were but exFritten, in relation to the now more generally known watering changing the time of day with your hearers. And places, which these letters describe ; and to that cause, rather then how singularly people differ in their ideas of comthan to any merit discernible in their composition, was to be

fort on these occasions! One twists a yellow bandanna attributed the interest at first so generally taken in them. It is

round his head for a night cap, while another puts on at the suggestion of a friend who was induced to try the virtues of the Virginia waters, by the descriptions of their qualities

the real thing, in the shape of a red silk bag, a white

fellow met forth in these ephemeral letters, and who experienced a per- knit skull-cover, or a black velvet coupee. One 1° fect cure of his complaints by doing so, that they are now em sleeps in his clothes like “my man John,” in the nurbodied in this form. If they shall induce a single additional

sery song, who “went to bed with his trowsers on." cure of any of those numerous “ills that flesh is heir to," the Writer will not regret the coil of editing them anew.

* This road is now finished, and in all its appartments is one Washington, July 4th, 1837.

I of the very best in the United States.

Vol. IV-12

inte

and

we

Another is very particular in arranging himself to rest, | refreshed by the reception of an abundance of ripe with all the minute particularity to the little observan- cherries and other fruit from the children that surround ces of the toilet in which he is so fond of indulging at the cars at every stopping place, and earn their fips by home,-he places his watch and pocket-book under his these grateful dispensations. Fruit of all kinds is pillow, folds away his coat smoothly, and puts his abundant and good here, and we are promised a proboots orderly under his “cot" in such wise as to keep fusion of it in Philadelphia. them out of the reach of that shilling loving caitiff, The Delaware upon which I am now sailing, looks John, who brings them all shining in the morning, and lovely, in this clear summer afternoon. The beautiful looks glowering if he gets not his armous. One lies farm houses, country seats, and villages with which it on his pillow as Nero reclined on his, laughing at the is studded on each side, form a succession of picturesque woes of the good citizens around him, who, as he grows landscapes, unrivalled by any which were presented merry and boisterous in his enjoyment of the varied during yesterday's sail. At the pretty village of Brisscene before him, toss about as if on the rack to get tol, we took in and landed passengers, and among one wink of sleep under his merciless inflictions: while several laken up at Burlington, a short distance lower another sneaks off quietly to bed, and from mere habit down, were several good humored, jolly Dutchmen, drops to sleep in despite of all the noise and bustle that and their brisk buxom frouws, going to carry the prosurround him. The lucky berth-holders retire with a duce of their gardens to Philadelphia. The former kind of dignified reserve to their respective places of spoke not, but smoked their pipes in silent quietude, comparative ease,—the aristocrats of the steamer, — while the good women arranged their tidy baskets upon while the deck passengers lie about on the luggage and the deck, and sat down to watch them, and see the freight, covered with old plaid cloaks, with carpet bags fashions. But the city of Brotherly Love is in sight, for pillows. Thus the Steamboat is but a map of busy and I must break off. life-and furnishes to the contemplative mind a lesson

Philadelphia, July 10. not unworthy of its study.

After being bandied about from pillar to post, from

the United States to Head's, from Head's to the TreSteamboat Trenton, July 9. mont (for they have a “Tremont House" here too) and The warm weather is beginning to thaw people out from thence to the Congress Hall, I at length obtained from their winter quarters, and to set them in motion a room sufficiently large to hold my bed and myself, towards the North, South, East and West, for recrea- and learned to be thankful for even so much. The tration and health. The steamboats, railroads, and public velling mania has really begun to rage with a violence houses literally swarm with travellers, and all seem proportioned to its restraint hitherto. The city is filled determined to make up for the lost time which the with strangers, while its own citizens are fast deserting cruel cold weather has caused to hang so heavily on it, their hands.

| I cannot like Philadelphia. I have given it a fair Arriving at New York this morning, and finding trial, and many fair trials,—but I do not "cotton to" the city empty and hot, and the hotels full and incom- its stiffness, its preciseness, its coldness, its cold water modious, I concluded to hasten onward, and accordingly washings, its white wooden window shutters, its evertook the steamer Swan, at seven o'clock, reached lasting red brick walls, unrelieved by anything light or Amboy in the usual time, and proceeded at the leisure- lively in the shape of Venitian blinds, verandabs, porly pace of fifteen miles an hour upon the railroad, as ticoes, porches, or piazzas. It looks very well on a far as Bordentown, where we again take steamboat. printed plan, but it is a very odd city in reality. And Pray tell me if the hot weather is any excuse for such then its narrow paved streets, innocent of McAdami. tardiness in locomotive engines? Here was 1 Aying over zation and gas light,* its thousands of watch boxes for those Providence rails at the rate of five and twenty miles, people to break their heads against at every corner, and but yesterday-voila! the difference ! And now I am its toleration of that disgusting nuisance,-cigar-smokin the bragging vein, let me remark that the railroads ing, by men calling themselves gentleinen, in its streets from Boston, are incomparably superior to these Jersey at evening, --combine to render it far from delightful to ones. There is more care in the construction, the cars me. It is true, there are the United States Bank, the are far more commodious, and the whole is quite ano- Mint, the Fair Mount Water Works, and the new Exther affair, in every respect. I suppose there is no change, to relieve all this sameness and monotony: but more perfect railroad in the country than that from I am constrained to confess that I consider the constant Boston to Lowell, if indeed there be in the world. self-gratulation and boasting of the Philadelphians up

The general appearance of that part of New Jersey on the score of these attractions as almost destructive through which we journeyed this morning is by no of the pleasure to be derived from an examination of means indicative of much susceptibility of cultivation. them. I hope I am not too censorious. The soil is red and clayey,—and for the most part The melancholy news of Judge Marshall's demise barren, on the track we traversed to-day. There are met me as I came from the steamboat yesterday. It is interspersed here and there, spots of something more certainly a great event in our history. The loss of promising in the way of farming and gardening,—but John Marshall is a public incident, and viewed aright they are rare. The place of Joseph Bonaparte is the is full of public interest. As the historian of Washmost elegant of any on this part of the route-but it ington, he is the historian of America, -as the presistruck me that it appeared to less advantage, and in ding justice of the highest court in the United States worse condition than formerly. There evidently wants during a long and most interesting period of its history, the careful, tasteful and interested supervision of the proprietor. Near this, we were much gratified and!

This was in 1935, be it remembered.

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