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voux ! At that time Horseracing, as now practised, was unknown, and all races were Dog to Dog, the manner thus : in the paddock were two Harriers, at one end was kept a buck educated for the purpose ; he was let go from the other Harrier and to go home as fast as he could ; after a little Law given him, the Greyhounds were slipped, and the Dog first in won the prize. Hay! voux ! is Dog Language to this day with Harriers ; and in The Merry Wives of Windsor, Squire Slender alludes to this custom of running Greyhounds for a dish of stewed prunes the first cenue, i.e., the first heading the Deer or view of him."
THOS. EDLYNE TOMLINS. Islington, 14 June, 1814.
Art. XXIII.- Inigo Jones and his office under the Crown.
Inigo Jones's book about Stonehenge was a posthumous publication, put forth in 1655 by Webb, his pupil, and dedicated to Philip Herbert, Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery. Lord Pembroke's
copy of the Stonehenge was one of the treasures of the Harleian Library, described by Oldys, for Osborne's catalogue. The noble Earl, (the son of “Sydney's sister,”) in writing the scandal of his old age upon its pages, had scribbled a few strange notices of the great architect - wild and erratic, like the ravings of his death-bed, as described by Birkenhead and Sedley. “He had for 20 years together," says Pembroke, “sixteen thousand pounds a year, for keeping the King's houses in repair, and yet they lay worse than any house in Turnball Street.” This was on p. 3. On p. 34 he had written, “Hinnico Jones, alias Iniquity Jones, a justice of peace and of the Quorum, i and Custos Rotulorum, hath for keeping the King's houses in repair, deux cens mil escu per an: threescore thousand pounds sterling a year, i and well paid : He is fourscore years ould.” 1
Inigo was then dead. Lord Pembroke was better read in his Shakespeare than in the life and labours of the author of the disquisition upon Stonehenge.
Inigo Jones's first situation under the Crown was that of Surveyor of the Works to Henry, Prince of Wales. Prince Henry died on the 6th of November, 1612, and Jones was paid off in the spring of the following year. He was at Vicenza on Thursday, the 23rd September, 1613, and at Rome in
Lord Pembroke's copy of Jones's Stonehenge Restored (the copy referred to) was in a bookseller's catalogue less than a year ago for 6s. 6d !
See “Extracts from the Accounts of the Revels at Court."- In
1614. The officers of the Crown works and buildings at this time were Simon Basyl, Surreyor, Thomas Baldwin, Comptroller, and William Portinton, Clerk.
The salary of Simon Basyl was discontinued after the last day of December, 1615, and Inigo Jones was appointed Surveyor in his stead, with pay commencing from the 1st of October, 1615, at the rate of 86 per diem for his entertainment, 80li per annum for his recompence of availes, and 2s gd per diein for riding and travelling charges “to sundry of His Majesty's Hlouses."
This I learn from the Accounts of the Paymaster of the Works, preserved in the Audit Office, and am thus enabled to state with accuracy the precise period of Inigo's accession to office. The King's warrant to Lord Hay for the issue of livery from the royal wardrobe to the new surveyor is dated 16th March, 1616: “if this were his first suit,” says Mr. Cunningham, “the date of his accession to office could be fixed." ? There can be no doubt that this was the order for the first issue to Inigo, for distinct warrants were given only upon new appointments, the after-expenses being allowed from year to year by a general warrant covering the whole cost of the wardrobe. In the schedule for 1621, of sums due yearly at the feast of All Saints, by the keeper of the Great Wardrobe, for Liveries to the different officers and servants of the Crown, I find
To Inigo Jones, Surveyor of his Ma's Workes
xijli xvs xd. 3
Now this is the exact amount of the sum for livery allowed by King James's warrant to Lord Hay, before referred to.
In 1629, a grant was made to Inigo of the sum of xlvjli
1 See his Palladio in Worcester College, Oxford, and the fac-simile Sketch-Book, executed at the expense of the Duke of Devonshire, from the original in his Grace's possession.
? Lives of British Artists, vol. iv., p. 3 Audit Office Enrolments.
yearly, as an equivalent for house-rent. I have transcribed the royal authority for the payment of this sum to Inigo Jones, from the books of the Audit Office :
(Audit Office Enrolments, vol ii., p. 404.] “CHARLES by the Grace of God &c.—to the Threar and underthrear of or Excheq* now being and wch hereafter from the tyme shalbe and to all other our officers and ministers to whome it may appertaine-Greeting—Whereas the Surveyors of the Workes unto our predecessors haue formly had a dwelling house in of pallace of Westminster belonging unto them as incident to that place, untill the same was to their preiudice alienated from them: And forasmuch as we are given to understand that in the tyme of or late deare father king James of happyo memory deceased, one Symon Basill Esqr being then Surveyor of the Workes, had a dwelling house in the office of of workes called Scotland yeard weh house together wth some storehouses there being pulled downe by the sayd Symon Basill hee procured a Lease of that parte of the said yard and built severall houses thereupon for his owne private benefitt soe as of Surveyor hath paid a ffine and is answerable for a yearely rent to the value of forty sixe poundes p ann. for one of the houses. Wee doo therefore make known to you or said Threar and Underthrear that of of speciale grace and ffavor unto of trustie and welbeloved Servant Inigo Jones Esq' now Surveyor of o* Workes as well in consideracion of his good and faithfull service done both to our said late deare ffather and to us as for diverse other good consideracions us hereunto moving wee are pleased to give and graunte unto him the some of forty sixe pounds of currant money of England pr ann for the rent of his said dwelling house, and doe by these presents will and command you aswell the officers of or Workes to enter the same monethly wth other allowances and enterteynemte as alsoe the paymaster of o' said workes now being and that hereafter for the tyme shalbe out of or Treasure from tyme to tyme remayning in his
handes and custodie to pay unto the said Inigo Jones the said allowaunce of fortie sixe poundes p' ann for the rent of his sayd house, in such manner as other allowaunces and enterteyts of that office are usually paid, the first payem to begin from the ffeast of the Annunciacon of the blessed Vergine Mary last past before the date hereof and to continue during his naturall life. And theise or lres shalbe sufficient warrt and discharge aswell to the said Payemaster of or workes for the due payet of the sayd some of fortie sixe poundes pr ann as to the Auditors of os Imprests and all other of oflicers whom it may concern, for giving allowaunce thereof from tyme to tyme upon his Accomptes. Given under of signet at or pallace of Westminster the third day of Aprill (1629) in the flifth yeare of or Raigne."
Jones's annual receipts from the Crown were, nearly as I conceive, as follows :
I have been thus minute to set aside in future (if possible) the statements of Walpole and his followers. “ His fee as surveyor,” says Walpole, “ was eight shillings and four pence per day, with an allowance of forty-six pounds a year for house rent, besides a clerk and incidental expenses. What greater rewards he had are not upon record. Considering the havoc made in offices and repositories during the war, one is glad of being able to recover the smallest notices.”! This is copied by
| Anecdotes by Dallaway, ii., 341.