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RESOURCES AND DESTINY OF CALIFORNIA.
Farralones we shot through the Golden Gate, with a northwester that thoroughly stirred the sandy depths of San Francisco. We dropped anchor in the harbor of that Queen City on the twenty-sixth day after parting with our pilot off Hilo; twice the time having been taken to run the two courses of three thousand one hundred miles on the return voyage that was needed to make the scarcely deviating stretch of two thousand two hundred miles to the Hawaiian Islands. The regular winds were light on the home passage—usually the case in August and September—and the customary triangle was traced by the outward and inward voyages.
Having again looked on this land of promise, in amazement at the proofs of progress starting up as if by enchantment, the golden portal of California was repassed homeward bound, to close a public trust in fulfilment of the terms of its acceptance.
A twice-told tale of incidents of voyage on the New York and San Francisco steamer route can add no interest to this narrative. I will merely say, in conclusion, that California, having attracted the particular attention of nations chiefly because of her deposits of gold, has commonly been regarded solely as a source of mineral wealth. But a loftier distinction will be hers; for she is destined in the progress of events, and that without compromising her own good by Quixotic efforts to reform others, to carry a higher civilization to the teeming island population of the Pacific, and to the hundreds of millions who inhabit the regions beyond. It may not be extravagant to say, that in the past "eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither hath it entered into the heart of man to conceive” of the wonderful resources and promise of greatness of this glorious land. If we regard its mineral wealth in precious and ponderous metals, its agricultural capacities, or its geographical position, fronting the most populous parts of the eastern hemisphere, and by reason of that position destined to become a chief agent in the distribution of their rich productions to other countries, through their nearest and natural gateway of foreign commerce; if we consider its constitution and laws, modelled after the wisest of older States, while avoiding their defects; its freedom from sectional jealousies, and its exemption from the dominant influence of questions
which have proved under pernicious agitation destructive of the harmony and welfare of other parts of the country; its fertile soil, and immunity from atmospheric vicissitudes detrimental to agricultural production; its remarkable adaptation to varied growths; its population, nearly all of the Caucasian race, the most elevated and best endowed of the human family: from whatever point we view the future of California, and of its great emporium, San Francisco, through which the trade of that and adjoining States, of the vast region between the Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountains, and of an extensive Pacific coast must pass, and pay tribute in its transit, we are constrained to believe that their history will be illustrated by unsurpassed grandeur, if they prove true to the mission confided in the progress of events to them, and if they adhere to the objects of all good government—the political welfare, and the moral and social elevation of the people for whom it was specially organizedwithout embarrassing its operations by schemes of transcendental humanitarianism proceeding from partial and distorted views of truth and justice; which, however plausibly presented, but resemble the prismatic colors of a sunbeam, whose adaptation to human wants comes not of the separate and showy hues in which it may be exhibited by the cunning art of man, but of the immaculate perfection with which it emanated from Him, who said, “Let there be light.