Schizoid Phenomena, Object Relations and the Self
Karnac Books, 31/12/1992 - 440 páginas
Based on a series of clinical studies of schizoid problems, this book is a sequel to Harry Guntrip's theoretical study of the emergence of the schizoid problem, Personality Structure and Human Interaction (1961). It includes revised versions of earlier papers, and also much original material. In Part 1, a description of the schizoid position is given, in terms of relation to the external world, internal states of ego disintegration and, the core of the problem, the dissociated and lost emotional heart of the total self.Part 2 reviews the theoretical development which makes it necessary to see manic-depressive problems in the light of the deeper and more subtle schizoid condition. Part 3, on "The Nature of Basic Ego-Weakness", seeks to assess fully the importance of Winnicott's research into the earliest beginnings of ego development, as the infant slowly grows into psychic separation from the mother, a process that involves both the opportunity for individuation and also the risk of loss of relationship, as well as the risk of possibly permanent stunting of the ego development instead of growth of basic ego relatedness in the mentally healthy person.Part 4 explores the implications for psychotherapy of the study of the schizoid problem, particularly in the matter of the personal therapeutic relationship of therapist and patient. And finally, in Part 5, the review of theory is put on a broad foundation with a chapter on "The Concept of Psychodynamic Science" and another comparing the ego theories of Hartmann and the "object-relational" thinkers, Melanie Klein, Fairbairn, and Winnicott.
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active aggression analysis antilibidinal ego anxiety baby basic become capacity central ego child clinical concept conscious death instinct deep deeper defence depersonalization depression depressive position dream ego psychology ego-development ego-splitting ego-weakness emotional environment experience external fact Fairbairn fantasy fear feel felt female element flight Freud frightened fundamental guilt Hartmann hate human identification illness impulses individual infant infantile ego inner world inside intellectual internal bad objects internal objects isolation libidinal ego libido living male mature Melanie Klein mental mother nature neurosis object-relations theory object-relationships oedipal Oedipus complex outer reality outer world paranoid anxieties paranoid-schizoid position parents pathological patient personal relationship phenomena psyche psychic psychoanalytic psychoanalytic theory psychodynamic science psychology psychopathological psychotherapy reaction regressed ego relations sado-masochistic schizoid compromise schizoid person schizoid problem scientific sense session sexual situation split structure struggle superego therapeutic therapist therapy thinking treatment ultimate unconscious weak whole Winnicott womb