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well met,” and in which the features of the antique world are made smiling and amiable enough. Jenkin, George a Green's servant, is a notorious wag. Here is one of his preten led pranks :

Jenkin. This fellow comes to me,
And takes me by the bosom: you slave,
Said he, hold my horse, and look
He takes no cold in his feet.
No, marry shall he, sir, quoth I.
I'll lay my cloak underneath him.
I took my cloak, spread it all along,
And his horse on the midst of it.

Gcorge. Thou clown, did'st thou set his horse upon thy cloak ?

Jenk. Aye, but mark how I served him.
Madge and he was no sooner gone down into the ditch
But I plucked out my knife, cut four holes in my cloak, and made his horse

stand on the hare ground.”

The first part of 'Jeronymo' is an indifferent piece of work, 1and the second, or · The Spanish Tragedy,' by Kyd, is like unto it, except the interpolations idly said to have been added by Ben .. Jonson, relating to Jeronymo's phrensy, “ which have all the melancholy madness of poetry, if not the inspiration."

LECTURE VI.

On Miscellaneous Poems; F. Beaumont, P. Fletcher, Drayton, Daniel, etc.;

Sir P. Sidney's ‘Arcadia,' and other works.

I SHALL, in the present Lecture, attempt to give some idea of the lighter productions of the Muse in the period before us, in order to show that grace and elegance are not confined entirely to

elegance are period before. idea of the

Sidney's' Arcadia.'

I have already made mention of the lyrical pieces of Beaumont and Fletcher. It appears from his poems, that many of these were composed by Francis Beaumont, particularly the very beautiful ones in the tragedy of · The False One,' the · Praise of Love' in that of · Valentinian,' and another in "The Nice Valour, or Passionate Madman,' an “ Address to Melancholy," which is the perfection of this kind of writing.

“Hence, all you vain delights,
As short as are the nights
Wherein you spend your folly
There's nought in this life sweet,
If man were wise to see't,
But only melancholy,
Oh, sweetest melancholy,
Welcome folded arms and fixed eyes,
A sight that piercing mortifies;

A tongue chain'd up without a sound;
Fountain heads, and pathless groves,
Places which pale passion loves:
Moon-light walks, where all the fowls
Are warmly hous'd, save bats and owls;
A midnight bell, a passing groan,
These are the sounds we feed upon:
Then stretch our bones in a still, gloomy valley;
Nothing so dainty sweet as lovely melancholy."

It has been supposed (and not without every appearance of good reason) that this pensive strain, “ most musical, most me. lancholy,” gave the first suggestion of the spirited introduction to Milton's 'Il Penseroso.'

“ Hence, vain deluding joys,
The brood of folly without father bred!
But hail, thou Goddess, sage and holy,
Hail, divinest melancholy,
Whose saintly visage is too bright
To hit the sense of human sight,” &c.

The same writer thus moralises on the life of man, in a set of similes, as apposite as they are light and elegant :

“ Like to the falling of a star,
Or as the flights of eagles are,
Or like the fresh spring's gaudy hue,
Or silver drops of morning dew,
Or like a wind that chafes the flood,
Or bubbles which on water stood :
E'en such is man, whose borrow'd light
Is straight call'd in and paid to-night:-
The wind blows out, the bubble dies:
The spring entomb'd in autumn lies;
The dew's dried up, the star is shot,
The flight is past, and man forgot.”

“ The silver foam which the wind severs from the parted wave” is not more light or sparkling than this: the dove's downy pinion is not softer and smoother than the verse. We are too ready to conceive of the poetry of that day, as altogether oldfashioned, meagre, squalid, deformed, withered and wild in its ! attire, or as a sort of uncouth monster, like “grim-visaged, comfortless despair,” mounted on a lumbering, unmanageable Pe.! gasus, dragon-winged and leaden-hoofed; but it as often wore a sylph-like form with Attic vest, with fairy feet, and the but. · terfly's gaudy wings. The bees were said to have come, and built their hive in the mouth of Plato when a child ; and the fable might be transferred to the sweeter accents of Beaumont and Fletcher! Beaumont died at the age of five-and-twenty. One of these writers makes Bellario the Page say to Philaster, who threatens to take his life

4 'Tis not a life;
'Tis but a piece of childhood thrown away."

But here was youth, genius, aspiring hope, growing reputation, cut off like a flower in its summer-pride, or like “the lily on its stalk green,” which makes us repine at fortune and almost at nature, that seems to set so little store by their greatest favour. ites. The life of poets is, or ought to be (judging of it from the light it lends to ours,) a golden dream, full of brightness and sweetness, “ lapt in Elysium;" and it gives one a reluctant pang to see the splendid vision, by which they are attended in their path of glory, fade like a vapour, and their sacred heads said low in ashes, before the sand of common mortals has run out. Fletcher too was prematurely cut off by the plague. Raphael died at four-and-thirty, and Correggio at forty. Who can help wishing that they had lived to the age of Michael Angelo and Titian ? Shakspeare might have lived another half century, enjoying fame and repose, “now that his task was smoothly done,” listening to the music of his name, and better still, of his own thoughts, without minding Rymer's abuse of “the tragedies of. the last age.” His native stream of Avon would then have flowed with softer murmurs to the ear, and his pleasant birth. place, Stratford, would in that case have worn even a more gladsome smile than it does, to the eye of fancy !—Poets, however, have a sort of privileged after-life, which does not fall to the common lot; the rich and mighty are nothing but while they are living ; their power ceases with them : but “the sons of memory, the great heirs of fame," leave the best part of what way theirs, their thoughts, their verse, what they most delighted and prided themselves in, behind them—imperishable, incorruptible, immortal —Sir John Beaumont (the brother of our dramatist), whose loyal and religious effusions are not worth much, very feelingly laments his brother's untimely death in an epitaph upon him :

“ Thou shouldst have followed me, but Death (to blame)
Miscounted years, and measured age by fame;
So dearly hast thou bought thy precious lines,
Their praise grew swiftly; so thy life declines,

Thy Muse, the hearer's Queen, the readers Love,
All ears, all hearts (but Death's) could please and move."

Beaumont's verses addressed to Ben Jonson at the Mermaid . are a pleasing record of their friendship, and of the way in which they “fleeted the time carelessly” as well as studiously “in the golden age” of our poetry : [Lines sent from the country with two unfinished Comedies, which deferred their

merry meetings at the Mermaid.)
· The sun which doth the greatest comfort bring
To absent friends, because the self-same thing
They know they see, however absent, is
Here our best hay-maker, (forgive me this,
It is our country style) in this warm shine
I lie and dream of your full Mermaid wine:
Oh, we have water mixt with claret lees,
Drink apt to bring in drier heresies
Than here, good only for the sonnet's strain,
With fustian metaphors to stuff the brain :
Think with one draught a man's invention fades,
Two cups had quite spoil'd Homer's Iliads.
'Tis liquor that will find out Sutcliffe's wit,
Like where he will, and make him write worse yet:
Fill’d with such moisture, in most grievous qualms*
Did Robert Wisdom write his singing psalms:
And so must I do this : and yet I think
It is a potion sent us down to drink
By special providence, keep us from fights,
Make us not laugh when we make legs to knights;
'Tis this that keeps our minds fit for our states,
A medicine to obey our magistrates.

Methinks the little wit I had is lost
Since I saw you, for wit is like a rest
Held up at tennis, which men do the best
With the best gamesters. What things have we seen
Done at the Mermaid! Hard words that have been
So nimble, and so full of subtile flame,
As if that every one from whence they camo
Had meant to put his whole wit in a jest,
And had resolved to live a fool the rest

* So in Rochester's epigram :

“Siernhold and Hopkins had great qualms,
When they translated David's Psalms.”

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