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urge, in the most earnest manner, his whenever they think proper to appear in anxious hope, that these complaints may council, thereby disturbing the peace and excite a necessary degree of attention in good government of the Hospital, for which the several great and noble personages to the superior, and not the inferior officers, whom they are now addressed; that a full are responsible. court of commissioners and governors may That the two chaplains, the secretary, be held, by whom these several charges steward, and auditor, with several undermay be heard and examined, the present officers, deputies and servants, who have evils redressed, and effectual means des not been sea-faring men, and whose apvised for restoring the Hospital to the navy, pointments are therefore illegal, be disand for the proper maintenance of seamen charged the Hospital; and that navy chaptherein. When have the interests of Bri- lains, and other warrant officers, &c. be tain been deserted, or her defence neglect- appointed in their room. ed, by her navy?-It cannot be supposed, That two of the three matrons, not being the that a complaint of this magnitude, and widows of sea-officers, be removed from importance to seamen worn out and dis- the Hospital, and proper objects appointed abled in the service, can in this country be in their stead, as there are now the widows urged in vain.

of twenty-four officers of different ranks Amongst the leading measures to be adopted serving in the mean capacity of common

for the re-establishment of the Hospital, it nurses under these matrons. will be necessary,

That Greenwich Hospital be, for the future, That the sixpenny receiver from seamen's preserved, inviolably and exclusively, for

wages, the accomptant and comptroller of the navy, as an asylum for disabled seathe sixpenny-office, the several prize- men, their widows and children; and that, agents, surveyor, and chaplain, be removed for their better security, the charter (in from the direction; and a rule made, that which several essential words, and even their successors be never in future appoint- clauses of the old commissions are omitted) ed directors of Greenwich Hospital.

be surrendered to his majesty, and an humThat persons of respectable and independent ble petition presented for a new one, more

characters be appointed in their room, consonant to the old commissions. under such regulations as may be judged That the apartments of the several officers sufficient to induce and oblige them to at- who have no concern with the internal butend the important objects of their duty; siness or government of the house be reand they be made responsible for the due stored to the Hospital, they having no buexecution of the trust. With respect to siness but with the court of directors, of the present direction, the old proverb, that which the principal meetings are held in every body's business is nobody's, seems London. to be truly verified.

That the Royal Sovereign ward, in king WilThat instead of the great number of gover

liam's building, now possessed by the senors, and the twenty-four directors, if five cretary's clerk, be restored to the pencommissioners were appointed, at 500l.

1. per

sioners. annum each, for the sole care of receiving, That the office of clerk of the works, being and faithfully and frugally expending, the an useless office, be abolished, as there can ample revenues of the Ilospital, the poor be no plea of necessity for such an officer, men might be nobly provided with every whilst there is a surveyor, and no new necessary article of life, and more than the buildings carried on: that the present clerk salary of such commissioners saved out of of the works be obliged to surrender to the unnecessary works, repairs and alterations, wards the suite of apartments he possesses, in which case the Hospital would probably and to restore the posts and rails, which in a few years be restored to its proper de- out of mere caprice were lately destroyed, gree of estimation and use.

though erected, at a considerable expence, That if the present unwieldy body of gover

round all the outer walls of the Hospital, nors, commissioners and directors, should for the safety, ease, and comfort, of the not be reduced to five commissioners, two blind, lame, and infirm pensioners, who are of the captains be-restored to the direction, now frequently hemmed in between two of which their predecessors were deprived walls, to their great terror, and at the risk for being strenuous in the noble cause of of their lives from droves of horned cattle, protecting the seamen under their care. horses, &c. These walks, which were forThat the internal government of the whole merly calleil the Blind Men's Walks, are

house be restored to the governor and now become common nuisances to people council: that this council do consist of the of all ranks who visit the Hospital.* deputy governor, the four captains, and that the apartments of the lieutenants Goronly four, instead of the eight lieutenants : don and Kerr, of the clerk of the cheque, and that the secretary, steward, and chaplains, be removed therefrom, to prevent * These posts and rails extended nearly one mile, the forming of parties to embarrass and and were erected on account of a poor pensioner being out-vote the principal officers of the house, killed on the spot by a carl.—Orig, Ed.

and of two of the matrons, be restored to and festivity is a real grievance to three or the wards; and that lodgings be found for four hundred poor people. them in the apartments of the non-qualified That two lieutenants be present at the diningofficers, or in the new building now occu- halls, at dinner; and that the chaplain of pied by the governor's clerk, steward's the month say grace, instead of an old penclerk, and a person called the clerk of the sioner. works'clerk.

That the captain or lieutenant of the week do That the clerk of the cheque's clerk's apart- always see the meat delivered and weighed, ment be restored to the wards.

agreeably to a former minute of the counThat all the public passages, windows, doors, cil, in order to increase the present cheeks,

and stair-cases, which have been monopo- which have been found insufficient. This lized, be thrown open for the convenience laudable regulation has been lately overof the officers and strangers who visit th ruled. wards, and for the admission of fresh air, That the steward's clerk be never in future which is so necessary to the health of the allowed to perform the duty of the clerk numerous inhabitants. The stair-cases of the council. now in use are narrow and dangerous, and, That the secretary make all the contracts, as in case of fire, would be insufficient for the formerly, agreeable to established forms, in retreat of a crowd of people, as some of the order to avoid the great expence of attorprincipal wards are barricadoed up at both ney's bills; and that he be not permitted ends for the magnificent accommodation to make a bill for travelling charges, being of individuals, who have converted the allowed 201. a year for that purpose. grand passages into galleries for pictures, That the stewards of the Derwentwater esand the roof into lodging-rooms with tate, and the receiver of the sixpences, be chimnies, where none were originally de- obliged to remit to the treasurer and resigned

ceiver-general all such money as they may That the butler's list and chalk-off list, which receive on account of the Hospital, as soon

are so hostile to the establishment, be to- as it shall amount to the sum of 5001, in tally abolished; and that the tables in the order that there may be but one treasurer: dining-halls be filled with pensioners, and and that the board of directors be not alserved with their full allowance of provi- lowed to extend their proper powers by sions; it being intended, according to the impresting, or' advancing large sums of rules of the house, that they should dine money to contractors or tradesmen, as the in public, as a spectacle for the encourage- warrants for the payment of all monies ment of seamen. The soup-maigre now ought to be signed quarterly at the general served to the men dishonours the Hospital, court. and was publicly ridiculed in the dining- That all admeasurements of the works of the hall by his excellency the Duc de Niver- Hospital be made with the assistance of a nois.

sworn surveyor; and that all the works, That such of the pensioners and nurses, as alterations, and repairs, be sworn to before

from age, infirmities, or other reasonable the barons of the Exchequer, by the surcauses, shall be put on the money-list by veyor of the Hospital, the clerk of the the governor and council, and not by the check, and the clerk of the works, as havdirectors, may receive the full value of ing been faithfully and truly performed, their provisions; and that the late order

according to the best of their skill and procured by the secretary from the general judgment; in conformity to a minute of court, to empower the directors to dispense the board of directors in the year 1718, and with the mustering the pensioners on cer- to the custom of those times when the aftain occasions, be rescinded, as being re- fairs of the Hospital were conducted with pugnant to the charter, and infringing integrity. upon the government of the house, and the That the steward be sworn to all his accounts custom of the Hospital.

and disbursements, being near 30,0001. per That the charity stock be thrown into the

general fund of the Hospital, and such That the receiver of the sixpenny office (as boys as may be judged proper objects of well as his clerk) be sworn to his accounts this charity be better fed than at present, and disbursements. as a growing boy requires at least as much That the brewer be sworn to the faithful and sustenance as an old man.

frugal expenditure of the malt and hops; That the pensioners and nurses on the mo- and that, if any beer he condemned on a ney-list shall not be deprived of their fes

regular Survey, the value of good beer be tival dinners; which is an extra-gift to all deducted out of his wages. without distinction, in commemoration of That the houshold and other accounts of the the five great anniversaries,

Hospital be examinerl at the table where The royal founder's coronation,-king's birth- the board of directors sit, and not partially

day,-queen's birth-day,-accession, and and superficially passed by two interested the coronation.

members, at a separate table; and that The non-enjoyment of these days of mirth five of the directors, after proper examina

annum,

tion, do attest the said accounts with their tunity, but the recent overbearing conduct names at length, instead of the initial let- of the faction, so frequently alluded to in ters of two names only.

the enclosed Case, has compelled me to That all the accounts and disbursements of struggle for immediate redress.

the Hospital be sworn to, before the ba- I would not have your lordship understand Tons of the Exchequer; which is now per

that I mean to disturb government at this formed partially.

critical time, by applying to parliament. I That the auditor be obliged to audit all the scorn the imputation of making any other accounts of the Hospital.

appeal than to the body of the commisThat the pay of the lieutenants be made sioners and governors of the Hospital,

equal to the pay of the two chaplains, as whose bounden duty it is to hear and reoriginally intended.

dress the grievances complained of; and That the general courts be held four times at I most sincerely lament that an establish

least in the year, agreeably to the first ment, so truly popular and great, should be commissions, the business of this court be- so far perverted as to force me to make ing much increased: that due notice of any appeal. I am, my lord, your lordship's the several meetings be given in the Ga- most obedient and most humble servant, zette, and the business made as public as Royal Hospital, Green- Tho. BAILLIE. possible, instead of being privately passed, wich, March 7, 1778. it being a matter of public concern. That these courts be held in the Painted-hall To this Letter captain Baillie received no anin the Hospital, in order to add to the

swer, but on March 16th, it appearing that

Mr. Cooke, lord Sandwich's chaplain, had splendour of the meetings, by accommodating a sufficient number of great per

seen the printed Case several days before,

and had mentioned it in many companies, sonages, for the more effectual protection

captain Baillie then carried copies of the of seamen, their widows and children.

Case and Memorial to several of the goAll which premises are most humbly sub

vernors and cominissioners, particularly to mitted to the wisdom and humanity of the

the first lord of the treasury (lord North,) right honourable the lords and other com

the lord president of the council (earl missioners and governors of the royal Hos

Gower, afterwards marquess of Stafford,) pital for seamen at Greenwich (who are

the three secretaries of state, and four adthe guardians and guarantees of the rights

mirals.] of seamen in the said royal Hospital, and who alone are able to give the poor pen

IN THE KING's-Bench. sioners speedy and effectual relief) by their

Monday, November 23, 1778. most respectful and faithful servant, Thomas BAILLIE. The King against Thomas BAILLIE, Esquire,

Lieutenant Governor of the Royal HosOn March 7th, 1778, captain Baillie laid be- pital at Greenwich.

fore the earl of Sandwich, at that time first This cause came before the Court upon lord of the Admiralty, a copy of the said the following rule being granted on July 7,

book, together with the following Letter: To the Right Honourable the Earl of Sand- “ Tuesday next, after three weeks from

wich, addressed on his Majesty's Service. the day of the Holy Trinity, in th 18th year As your lordship has hitherto been disposed

of king George the third. to hear only one side of the affairs of

Kent.–Upon reading the several affidaGreenwich Hospital, I take the liberty to wits of James Stuart, esquire, and two others, enclose for your lordship’s consideration, a

the said James Stuart and another, Robert State of Facts, which I trust will stimulate Mylne and another, John Godby and another, your lordship to redress the grievances reverend John Cooke, clerk, and another, it

John Ibbetson, esq. and another, and of the therein complained of, and thereby restore me to my proper command in the Hospital, is ordered that the first day of next term be of which I have been deprived by a combi- given to Thomas Baillie, esq. to shew cause nation of landmen, who, if they had any why an information or informations should right to a footing in the Hospital, can have not be exhibited against him for certain misno pretence to pervert and depose the law- demeanours, in publishing certain scandalous ful government thereof.

libels, upon notice of this rule to be given to I have the honour to acquaint your lordship, him in the mean time.--On the motion of that I will not sit down contented to see

Mr. Solicitor General, the men cheated and myself insulted by

the Court."

' By priests, clerks or contractors. I think it, The joint affidavit of James Stuart, Thomas however, my duty to forewarn your lord Hicks, and the reverend John Cooke, three ship, that if you are any longer deaf to rea- of the directors, was read, and also the affisonable complaints, I shall put this effort davit of Thomas Baillie, esq. defendant, in for redress into execution, which I should answer to theirs; the separate affidavit of have deferred for a more seasonable oppor-James Stuart, as surveyor, was also read, and

1778, viz.

the affidavit of Robert Mylne, clerk of the will be necessary, in the first place, for the works, was begun. But the Court asked, If Court to know the constitution of Greenwich all the complainants went through what was Hospital, so far as it stands at present. said with respect to themselves, and being The corporation consists in general of answered, Yes, desired Mr. Bearcroft to pro- some of the first characters in point of rank ceed in shewing cause, and reserve those affi- and ability, in the nation, who are all goverdavits till they were thought necessary to be nors and commissioners, who have a power, read.

if they please to exercise it, of controuling Mr. Bearcroft :

and directing every thing, in respect to the

management of the Hospital : but as it canMy lord; this is an application for leave not be supposed, all the persons there named, to file one or more informations against cap- who are in high situations, and employed in tain Baillie, lieutenant governor of Green- matters of great importance to the state, can wich Hospital, as the author and publisher of attend to the business of the Hospital, in a printed libel, upon the gentlemen who are fact, it has happened, that but few of the gonamed in the rule; three of them as direc- vernors have attended to the affairs of Greentors of the Hospital, and upon Mr. Stuart, in wich Hospital. the separate character of surveyor of the They have power to hold general courts, Hospital, Mr. Mylne as clerk of the works, and general meetings of governors and comMr. Godby as steward of the Hospital, and missioners, in which they give absolute direcMr. Ibbetson as secretary to the directors, lions, touching any thing they think proper, together with the reverend Mr. John Cooké But the immediate business of the Hospital as chaplain of the Hospital.

has been constantly done by a body of perMy lord, this rule is for leave to file one or sons, constituted by the charter, and called more informations, and, I observed, one of the directors, and by other persons, within your lordships asked just now, why it was, the Hospital, called the governor and counthat separate affidavits were made by the cil; the departments of these two separate same persons of matter contained in the same descriptions of men, the directors, and the book ? I beg leave to answer, that it was for governor and council, are very different: it the purpose of adding to the oppression and is the business of the directors to superintend vexation, which the prosecutors meditated and direct every thing that relates to the reagainst captain Baillie, because those pur- venue, accounts, contracts, and building, and poses would be better answered by six infor- every thing, in short, that relates to money mations than one; but Mr. Solicitor General, matters, for the real internal and external with more mercy, though perhaps not a great interest, if I may so call it, of the Hospital. deal more judgment, than his clients, thought

It is the business of the governor and counthey had a better chance to succeed in one cil, who are or ought to be naval officers, to than in six informations. I remember upon protect the numerous objects of the establishhis instance, it was, that the motion for the inent, to direct and controul the internal gosix informations was consolidated into one vernment of the Hospital, and see there is rule.

good behaviour and proper subordination obMy lord, I have no difficulty to say, I served therein, and that every thing is conthought the judgment of the prosecutors very ducted agrecable to the rules of the Hospital; extraordinary, in making this motion; for by these are the two separate departments of the taking this step, it is likely to call down the directors, upon the one hand, and the goverattention of the public to the transactions in nor and council, upon the other hand. Greenwich Hospital for many years last past: My client, captain Baillie, in 1761, came however, upon the present occasion, I find it into the Hospital

, being disabled in the sermy duty to contend before your lordship, this vice of his country, and was a captain upon rule ought to be discharged, and discharged the establishment, as it is called about five with costs, otherwise the Court will not do years ago, he succeeded to the second office, justice to captain Baillie, neither will they do that of lieutenant governor ; I beg pardon that justice upon the prosecutors of this rule, for saying succeeded, I mean to take away, which they deserve, for daring to make this according to the information I have had, the kind of application. My lord, from the prin- slander which has been industriously spread ciples of justice, I apprehend, and have no against captain Baillie, as if by his proceeddoubt, the Court will soon believe this printed ings, in the course he had taken in the subbook, which is now attempted to be prose-ject before the Court, he had been suspended cuted as a libel, is so far from deserving that for ingratitude, or what is called flying in the name, that it tells a tale to the public, which face of his patrons and benefactors: it was it is fit the public should be acquainted with; certainly not so- -his character has been enthat it is a merit in the party that has stated quired into, and he is found a person as incait; that he has proceeded in all the circum- pable as any man living, of being guilty of stances that have been printed in this book, any baseness. that does him great credit and honour.

My lord, I said he succeeded, I do not My lord, in order for the Court to under-, mean that it was an absolute right, but it is stand the matter now before them at all, it so much of course, that the next senior cap

ttain, when there becomes a vacancy, should the Court will see sufficient to lead their at

succeed to the office of lieutenant governor, tention to the other affidavits, when they provided there is no objection to his charac- come to be read, and what are the charges to ter; and from the good behaviour of captain which the answers

are applied. saillie, it seems there never was the least Captain Baillie first of all says in his affix vijec tion to his character or conduct.

davit, and I trust nobody will think it imMy lord, I will first make a few observa- proper to state to your lordship, as he has a ions as to the matter whereon these affidavits proper authority for so doing, that he has itirn, upon which the application is made to served his king and country for near forty the Court. Still, I fairly confess to your lord- years; that he has risen to the rank he held ships, in this observation, and in almost when he was appointed to the Hospital, which every one I shall trouble your lordship and was considerable, in consequence of his couthe Court with, my chief object is to obtain rage and conduct shewn upon many occa

costs for my client: that this rule will be sions, which is shortly pointed out, not by E discharged, I have not the least doubt; for if any interest or influence, but by good beha

the gentlemen were likely to succeed to make viour only, recorded at the Admiralty;* thus it absolute, I do not believe any mortal he finds himself in the situation of lieutenant breathing would ever advise them to go for governor, who is in truth the first resident damages, but the circumstances are very ma- officer of Greenwich Hospital. It is his busiterial in respect to costs.

ness to look daily into the affairs of the HosNow they have picked out of this printed pital, to see what they are about, and how Case between fifty and sixty different para- | the seamen are provided for. In this situagraphs; I will not call them paragraphs, as tion he tells your lordship, for a considerable there is hardly a whole one, they are pieces time past he observed certain abuses, which of paragraphs, bits of sentences, half lines, when they come to be attended to, are of a and independent expressions ; perhaps, I am sort and size which not only justifies what incorrect in calling them so, because all these he has done upon this case, but that his duty I have spoken of, are general conclusions actually called upon him to do it. He says from particular facts and circumstances, that that very soon after his appointment he saw are precisely, clearly, and pointedly stated in a great number of the rooms and the cabins; this book.

which were appropriated for the accommoYour lordship will now see why they chose dation of the seamen, taken away for the to pick out the particular charges that are in purpose of accommodating landmen, as I see the book; though I always understood the the phrase is in the Hospital; and your lordparticular story of a man was a much greater ship may see these complaints frequently relibel than a general reflection, but they chose iterated in his printed Case, of its being nototo point out a general conclusion of those rious, that a great number of landmen have facts, to give them an opportunity of doing of late years been introduced into the several all they have done ; but they conclude, after places, as officers and servants of Greenwich three or four sentences are picked out- Hospital, who by the charter expressly ought "These deponents say” (as if every thing not, and in the nature of things, in point of else was true) “ so far as they tend to crimi- custom and usage, those offices ought to have nate us A. B. and C. they are all false.” been filled with seafaring men. There are a Then the reason is obvious, why they did not great number of facts, of the cabins of the pick out the particular charges; itis, because they thought they might shelter themselves * See the following Letter of Mr. Cleveland (late under the general expression, “So far as they secretary to the Admiralty) to captain Baillie, on the tend to criminate us, they are all false;" and, 30th March, 1757, which happened during the admiI know, they could not state, in this applica- nistration of the late right hon. earl Temple, at the tion to the Court, the particular charges, and Admiralty, to whom captain Baillie was entirely undo what was incumbent upon them to do

kgown. to swear they are false--for they know them

“ To Captain Baillie, Tartar, Spithead. to be true.

Admiralty Office, March 30, 1757. Those are the observations upon the affi- Sir; I have received and read to my Lords davits that have been real, and I call upon Commissioners of the Admiralty your letter of the my learned friends to know, whether, in all 28th instant, giving an account of your having taken they have read, this is not the course con- a French privateer of 24 guns, belonging to Havrestantly taken, and I submit no other reason

de-Grace; and I am commanded to acquaint you, can be given for it. My lord, it is extremely vessel without loss of time, and to register her in the

that the Navy-board are directed to purchase the difficult to attempt it, if I was correct enough in my instructions to do it, to attend to all list of the navy, by the name of the Tartar's Prize, the particular charges, and answer them se

and to establish the number and nature of guns she parately; it would take up an infinite deal of have appointed you to command her, as a reward for

now has, and 160 men in her; and their lordships time. It is sufficient, that two of their affi

your behaviour. davits have been read; but I will state to

I am, Sir, your most humble servant, your lordship the nature of certain charges,

“ J. CLEVELAND." and the answers to those charges, in which « Entered at the Admiralty." Orig. Ed.

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