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ing to the same elass and species. It is SPRATT'S HARUM. destined to take high rank as a table and PARSON BROWN. dessert fruit.'”
EGG. NONPAREIL.-Size above medium, some BIJOU-DANCY'S TANGERINE. what flattened, color ordinary, grain fine, PEERLESS-Synonym, Rembert's Best.pulp melting and tender, juice sub-acid Large; round; color, light clear orange; and vinous. Quality best. Tree prolific skin smooth, fine and thin; juicy; juice and very thorny. Native soodling.
sub-acid; flavor delicious; quality best. HIGGINS.—Medium, fair; skin smooth Tree prolific, vigorous and yery thorny. and thin; pulp fine, juicy, sweet and ex-. Native seedling. -cellent. This variety was awarded twice MAGNUM BONUM.-Size large to very the first premium at the State fair, for large; flattened; color light, clear orange; quality.
skin smooth and glossy, grain fine, tonOLD VINI.-Size above medium; color, der and melting; fruit heavy and juicy; dark orange; skin rather rough, medium; juice sweet, rich and vinous; quality best. pulp rather coarse, juicy, sweet and re- Tree prolific, vigorous and very thorny. narkable for a sprightly aromatic flavor. Native seedling.
TARDIFF. – Large, dark orange; skin SOUR.-Large; color dark; grain coarse; smooth and thin; pulp rather tough; grain inner rind bitter,; juice acid. Retains its fine, juicy and sweet; an ordinary orange, perfection throughout the summer, when but valuble for its late ripening qualities. it is much prized for its refreshing acid
ARCADIA.--Size large, color deep, skin juice; used also for making marmalade smooth, medium; pulp deep rich color, and conserves. The tree bears young; coarse melting, juicy and sub-acid.
very prolific; vigorous; makes a desirable SWEET SEVILLE.-Small, color dark; and ornamental shade tree. Native wild skin thin, pulp very fine, juicy, melting orange of Florida. and very sweet and sprightly.
BITTER SWEET.-Medium size; juico Other varieties named but not requiring sweet and pleasant when separated from special description:
the inner bittor rind. Used in summer as PHILLIP'S BITTER SWEET.
a subsitute for the sweet fruit. Treo inDRUNNETT.
distinguishable from the above. Nativo Dixon.
wild orange of Florida.
PROPAGATION. When it came to planting my orange were a kind known as "peach boxes," orchard, I found the buying of young and being of a size out of use I got them trees at 75 cents apiece a severe strain up- for nine cents apiece-about one-half maron my resources. To grow my own stock ket rates. The making of 160 of these from the seed was not to be thought of, boxes required two days. They were since that would involve a delay of three fastened staunchly with four and six or four years. Time is money in fruit penny nails, the lids, of course, not growing. So I hit upon the plan of buy- placed. I followed the precaution of ing trees for my own orchard and plant- leaving cracks of a quarter of an inch ing seeds for some other man's orchard; between the bottom boards to facilitate paying tribute myself and taking letters drainage. of marque and reprisal against the next SOIL.--While the boxes were making generation of orange planters. The idea the Chinaman was engaged hauling and was by no means original, for I found an preparing the soil to fill them. In the old gentleman in Pasadena who had car- bottom of a ravine, among the oak trees, ried out the scheme before me. He had I found a sediment deposited by the winreared his nursery in the open spaces be- ter flood, which seemed to be the lighter tween his rows of orange trees, and he and finer particles washed from the soil told me that from less than an acre thus de above. It formed a compact, grayishvoted he had realized $600. His success as black mass, which cracked open as the an amateur propagator was marked, for I moisture dried out of it, and one could found in his nursery the finest and health- pull it up in cakes. Its weight was only iest trees in the market. His example, about two-thirds that of average soil. It no doubt, had much to do with confirm- crumbled readily between the fingers, ing my purpose to plant seeds.
leaving a powder almost as fine and soft After reading all the available authori. as flour. “This,” I said to myself, "is ties on propagation, and consulting all of humus, and as near the pure article as the nurserymen of my acquaintance, I Nature ever prepares it." So I had Ah did as most people do who take advice- Ngoon haul a quantity of the sediment. followed a plan of my own. As my I prepared it for use by pulverizing and method proved quite successful I venture then passing through a screen, and at the a description of it. Perhaps it will be of same time adding a third part of sifted service to some reader in forming a plan sand. This mixture made a warm, melof his own better than mine. I do not low, rich soil, free from gravel and all claim to have originated anything in the other obstructions, and one also which matter of propagation, but merely to would not pack under the repeated applihave studied the delicate requirements of cation of water. It proved to be remarkthe orange seed and plant, applying there. ably free from wild seeds, thus obviating to the most suitable and, at the same a deal of laborious weeding. In fact it. time, the most labor-saving methods was the very ne plus ultra of a propagatwhich I could devise.
ing soil, according to my notion. I would TIME.-I planted in June.
not know how to improve it in a single BOXES.-From a fruit jobbing firm I particular were I planting again. obtained a quantity of boxing material in FILLING THB BOXES.–From the pile of the "shook.” Size of boxes: Eighteen prepared soil we filled each box about inches square and five inches deep. They two-thirds full, striking off the top to a
level surface. For a striker I used a little I obtained some well-matured seedling board, notched, as shown in the accom- fruit. A quantity of cullings - thornod panying diagram, to allow the lower edge and partially rotted fruit-thrown out by to play freely inside the box an inch and a packing house, served the purpose, and a half below the top edge.
my only expense was the hauling. I have since useu seeas from imported Tahiti oranges. The foreign seeds are plumper and more fertile. These I ordered from .
San Francisco importing house, and tho THE STRIKER. .
expense, delivered, was $7 per barrel of PLACING THE BOXES. — The ground rotted oranges. A barrel yielded about where the propagating boxes were to be might thousand seeds. In my first plantLocated had previously been graded to a ing, however, the native seeds did fairly. level. As each box was in turn filled and EXTRACTING THE SEEDS.--In using fruit develed, it was placed in position where it that was sound, or nearly so, I made a was to remain through the season. Nar- latitudinal cut about the orange, taking t'ow strips of lumber were laid on the care that the knife penetrated only a part ground for the boxes to rest upon, thus of the way through the pulp. The halvės
ARRANGEMENT OF THE BOXES.
admitting a free circulation of air beneath were then torn apart, and the seeds forced for warmth and drainage. There were out by pressing down upon the pulp with four tiers of boxes, the two outside con- the ball of the thumb. In handling taining two rows each; the inner, three thoroughly rotted fruit I used a sieve with each. This made ten rows, with sixteen quarter-inch mesh. In this the pulp was boxes to the row-altogether 160 boxes. thoroughly macerated and washed with Between the tiers alley-ways, eighteen water. The finer particles passed through inches wide, gave access to every part of the sieve, and the skins and coarser parts the bed. No alleys were left around the were picked out, leaving the seeds sepaoutside. From any alley I could reach rated and clean. The seeds should not be over the first row of boxes and work in allowed to dry before planting. I kept the second row without inconvenience. mine in a bucket of water until used. I
SEEDS.-For seed, in my first planting, tried, to a certain extent, the Mediterra