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PREFACE.

These pages set forth my observations of the Citrus Fruit Industry during a residence of eleven years in Southern California, and my erience as a practica. horticulturist for four years. The principles of propagation and planting I have worked out with my own hands, and know them to be more than abstract theories. In matters pertaining to the gathering, packing and shipping of fruit, I have discussed established methods, advocating the most advanced. I hope this treatise may prove a pleasant reminiscence to those of its readers who are experienced orange growers, and that it may aid the novice who lays hold of the orange tree to avoid the thorns,

W. A, S,

Riverside, Cal.

INDE X.

PAGE

3

PAGE

39

Antiquity of the Citrus Family...

Care of Budded Stock ................ Acapulco Oranges... 22 Caution.......

39 Arrangement of Nursery.

32
Clearing and Preparing Land..

41 After Care of Nursery. 34 Cactus Land ........

42 Age of Stock for Budding..

36
Check Rows-Square

45 Arranging an Orchard... 45 Check Rows-Quincunx..

47 Alternately Opposite...... 47 Cultivation-Object.........

55 Advantages of Septuple System.. 49 Cultivation versus Irrigation

55 Applying Manure...... 64 Cultivating Orchard

50 Artificial Fertilizers...

64
Cultivating after Irrigation

59 Application of Tree Washes.......... 67–97 Cultivation-Too Soon...

59 Advisable Crops......

68
Compost Heap..........

63 Analyses of Oranges and Lemons........ 47 Cottony Cushion Scale.........

66-96 Budded Varieties ...........

Crops Not Advisable.... 21

69 Baldwin's Favorite Orange 22 Crops Advisable ...

69 Bergamot Orange......

09 22

Citrus and Deciduous Mixed... Boxes for Planting Seeds.. 27 Curing Fruit .........

71 Budding........000

35
Cleaning Fruịt.

72 Buds-Choosing

36
Cost of Picking and Packing

72 Buds-Preparing. 36

73

Contract Picking... Buds Cutting......

Citrons......

89 37

89 Budded Stock-Care of............

Chinese Lemons...... 39

95 Boundary Lines

Citrus Leaf and Fruit Scale............

44 Balling Trees isotoo..ooo.

51
Du Roi Orange......

22 Broken Balls...........

52

Drained-Nursery Balling, When not Desirable.....

52 Backsets.............

45 Distances Apart for Trees. 55

Distances for Check Rows-Quincunx.. 49 Basin Method of Irrigation ......... 58

Distances for ('heck Rows-Septuple ... 50 Barrel Irrigation ........

59
Dormant Stage......

51 Black Scale

06-03

Damp Straw for Packing Roots............ 52 Budded Trees-When They Yield........ 68

54 Budded Fruit--Less Capacity

Depth of Planting 70

Die Back .....
Boxes for Packing ....

72
Diversified Planting

08 Budding Old Trees..

74

Dry-Frnit Gathered When........ 71 Bonnie Brae Lemon

..80-87 Country-Orange Growing.

9 Expense of Propagating House........... 30 Characteristics of the Orange..

18 Exposure-Orange Orchard.......... 40 Covering the Seed .............

29 Easiest Method or Clearing Land ......... 41 Cold-Protection from ........... 31 Economize in Buying Trees.......

43 Cold Weather-Lemons....

81. Earth-Settling in Planting ....... 54 Condition of Stock for Budding..

36 Enemies to Young Orange Plants......... 31 Cutting Stocks and Inserting Buds .... 37 Enemies of the Orange Tree............ 64-93 Cutting Stocks after Budding...... 38 Economy Wins....

€8 Cutting Stubs.............. 38 Eureka Lemon...........

... 69

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66

Topography of Nursery .

32 Unnecessary Stakes, Pull up...
Tiine to Begin Clearing....

12
Varieties of Oranges

23
for Planting Seeds
27

51
“ Budding ..

- Designating....

35
Lost in Planting.

51 Wilson's Best Orange......
" of Pruning....

61 Wolfskill's “
Twine for Budding.
36 Weeding Propagating Boxes

31
Tying Stocks......

37 Widney Transplanter.......
Tiding Over the Long Wait...
68 Weeds—Nursery Free From......

31
Tendency to Overbear....
69 Word to the Wise...........

39
Thinning Fruit ...
69 Water for Orange Orchard...

40
-Short Cut
70 Winds

40
Trees-Selecting ...

+2 Washing Trees....

54-66-97
-Good Way to Judge
43 Wrapping Stocks

51
Trimming Trees Before Transplanting. 57 Water Sprouts.....

54
Transplanting-Three Methods ....... 57 White Scale...............
Thumb Pruning....

61 Working, Watching and Waiting..... 67
Traps for Gophers
65 When Budded Trees Yield....

68
Triangular Arrangement........

50
Seedling

68

66

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