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THE HESPERIDES.

Where the sun goeth down in the West,
Where the spirits of earth find rest-
In the occident-land of the blest,-

There duell the Hesperides.

They are daughters of Erebus-Night,
In vestments of shadon bedight,
And they know not the day with its light-

Those Sisters Hesperides.

They are guarding the apples of gold-
Earth's gift to fond Hera of old,
And their vigils forever they hold

O'er the fruit-laden trees.

And the spirits of earth and air
Know not that the Sisters are there,
Or the trees with their fruitage so rare

In that occident-land of peace,

For darkness is over them thrown:
Vight claimelh the fruit for his own;-
Well he guardeth the Great Unknown,

With his shades, the Hesperides.

O glorious land of the West!-
( land I hold dearest and best,
Elysium is not then possessed

Of fruits so enchanting as these.

Thy groves that are ever in sight
Bear apples of gold not less bright,
And their guardians are angels of light,

Obeying the Day's decrees.

Blest mortals who there do abide!
Of the fruit that no shadows hide
They may eat and be satisfied,

Nor fear the Hesperides.

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These pages set forth my observations of the Citrus Fruit Industry during a residence of eleven years in Southern California, and my experience as a practica. horticulturist for four years. The principles of propagation and planting I have worked out with my own hands, and know them to be more than abstract theories. In matters pertaining to the gathering, packing and shipping of fruit, I have discussed established methods, advocating the most advanced. I hope this treatise may prove a pleasant reminiscence to those of its readers who are experienced orange growers, and that it may aid the novice who lays hold of the orange tree to avoid the thorns.

W. A, S,
Riverside, Ca'.

INDE X.

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PAGE Antiquity of the Citrus Family.....

Care of Budded Stock .............. Acapulco Oranges.............

Caution................................ .............. Arrangement of Nursery ................. Clearing and Preparing Land.............. After Care of Nursery. .................

Cactus Land ...................................
Age of Stock for Budding................

Check Rows-Square .......................
Arranging an Orchard................... Check Rows—Quincunx...................
Alternately Opposite............................. 47 Cultivation-Object...
Advantages of Septuple System ........... Cultivation versus Irrigation ..........
Applying Manure..... .....................

Cultivating Orchard .........
Artificial Fertilizers...............................

Cultivating after Irrigation ............. Application of Tree Washes..............

Cultivation-Too Soon .................... Advisable Crops....................................

Compost Heap.................................. Analyses of Oranges and Lemons........

Cottony Cushion Scale..................... Budded Varieties ............................

Crops Not Advisable............................ Baldwin's Favorite Orange .............

Crops Advisable Bergamot Orange .........

Citrus and Deciduous Mixed............. Boxes for Planting Seeds...............

Curing Fruit .............. Budding ...............

C'leaning Fruịt. ..........................

.................. Buds—Choosing ............................

Cost of Picking and Packing ...........

Contract Picking .............
Buds-Preparing ........

Citrons....................
Buds-Cutting...............................
Budded Stock-Care of.o.o.

Chinese Lemons..............
Boundary Lines ............

Citrus Leaf and Fruit Scale................ Balling Trees soooooo................

Du Roi Orange........................ Broken Balls................

...........

Drained-Nursery .................................. Balling, When not Desirable..............

Distances Apart for Trees.................... Backsets......oooooo

.............

Distances for Check Rows-Quincunx.. Basin Method of Irrigation ..................

Distances for ('heck Rows-Septuple ... Barrel Irrigation auoil ............................

Dormant Stage........ Black Scale ............... .................... 66-93

Damp Straw for Packing Roots........ Budded Trees-When They Yield..

Depth of Planting ..... Budded Fruit--Less Capacity ..............

Die Back ............................................... Boxes for Packing.......... ......

Diversified Planting .... Budding Old Trees............................

Dry-Frnit Gathered When................ Bonnie Brae Lemon ..........................86-87 Country-Orange Growing .................. Expense of Propagating House ........... Characteristics of the Orange............... Exposure-Orange Orchard.................. Covering the Seed ..........

29 Easiest Method or Clearing Land ......... Cold-Protection from ..................... 31 Economize in Buying Trees.................. Cold Weather-Lemons................. 81. Earth-Settling in Planting ................... Condition of Stock for Budding ............ 36 Enemies to Young Orange Plants......... Cutting Stocks and Inserting Buds ...... 37 Enemies of the Orange Tree............. 64-93 Cutting Stocks after Budding............. 38 Economy Wins.................................... 18 Cutting Stubs.............

.............. 38 Eureka Lemon..................................... 68

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PAGE

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PAGE
Topography of Nursery ........

Unnecessary Stakes, Pull up............
Time to Begin Clearing.............

Varieties of Oranges ........................... 23
" for Planting Seeds
66 66 Budding ............................

" – Designating ........................ 51
o Lost in Planting ............... 54 Wilson's Best Orange........................
" of Pruning....................

61 Wolfskill's " " ......................
Twine for Budding................. 36 Weeding Propagating Boxes ............
Tying Stocks ......................

37 Widney Transplanter........................
Tiding Over the Long Wait.............. 68 Weeds—Nursery Free From...............
Tendency to Overbear.............. 69 Word to the Wise...............
Thinning Fruit ............

69 Water for Orange Orchard...... .............
" -Short Cut ................ 70 Winds .................................................
Trees-Selecting ................................... 42 Washing Trees............................. 54-66-97

“ -Good Way to Judge .................. 43 Wrapping Stocks ................... .......
Trimming Trees Before Transplanting. 57 Water Sprouts ................. .... .................
Transplanting-Three Methods ............. White Scale............

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Thumb Pruning.................................... 61 Working, Watching and Waiting .........
Traps for Gophers .................... ...... .... When Budded Trees Yield.................
Triangular Arrangement...........

" Seedling " " ..................

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Did

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