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the errors of mathematical or philosophical works, which trying crisis. His speech in favor of a renewal of the occasionally met his eye. The arcana of nature, and the charter of the first bank of the United States, was a mysteries of astronomy, constantly exercised his strong masterly combination of sound argument and concluand fertile genius. His more discerning friends saw that sive facts: for three hours profound silence prevailed; he would one day be ranked among the distinguished and the most experienced statesmen were astonished at men of his country; yet none were so generous and this exhibition of his talents. He was opposed to the disinterested as to assist his efforts with their pecuniary declaration of war in 1812. Ever on the side of his resources, or to polish the unsightly diamond with the country, he felt indignant at the injuries which our fostering hand of education. His time was chiefly commerce had sustained on the high seas : the impressspent at his trade. Arrived at manhood, he left his ment of our seamen, and the murder of our citizens father's house, with no other property than his tools, within our own waters: yet he thought that these diffiand travelled on foot to Winchester, Virginia, where culties might be adjusted by negotiation, and that the he worked as a journeyman for some months, in the last resort of nations might be avoided. He painted in shop of a respectable mechanic. Having thus raised glowing colors the horrors of war and the blessings of funds sufficient to supply his present wants, he sat out peace, and spoke of the treasure which must be wasted, again in pursuit of employment, halting at the different and the blood which would be shed; the danger to villages through which he passed, on his route along our civil institutions amidst the clangor of arms and the valley, in order to raise his expenses by his labor, the shout of victory, and implored his fellow citizens to until he arrived at Abbeville, Wythe county, as poor as pause ere the country was plunged into the dangers ever. He knew no one: bore no letters of introduction; which he foreboded. It was in vain. Mr. Sheffey, was friendless and destitute: a stranger in a strange however, always rejoiced in the success of our arms. land. Here he commenced at his trade once more. The Sometimes in the ardor of debate, he was attacked novelty and originality of his character, and the flashes rather uncourteously by some of his political opponents, of genius which enlivened his conversation, often com- but they never escaped the severity of his retort, and pelled his newly acquired friends to look on the eccen were often entirely overwhelmed. The celebrated and tric youth with wonder and amazement. He became eccentric John Randolph of Roanoke, was for many popular, and was finally received as a student into the years the Ajax Telamon of the House of Representaoffice of Alexander Smyth, Esq. an eminent lawyer in Lives, whose bitterness of satire no man could withthat part of the state, and afterwards commander of stand. He once look occasion, in commenting on a our northern army in the war of 1812.
speech of Mr. Sheffey, to say that “the shoemaker Sheffey was now in his long desired situation. Dispo- ought not to go beyond his last.” Quick as the lightsing of his tools, he toiled incessantly in his new vocation, ning's flash, he replied, “if that gentleman had ever been and improved rapidly. Here, with his own hand did he on the bench, he would never have left it.” The Virlay the basis of his future fame, and resolved to avoid ginia orator never renewed the attack. the application to himself of the verse of Gray:
Having served for several years in the councils of his
country, he withdrew to the practice of his profession “Full many a gem of purest ray serene
at Staunton. A numerous family now reminded him, The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear;
that intense diligence would be requisite, not only to Full many a flower is born to blush unseen
supply their wants, but to sustain his fame. For a long And waste its sweetness on the desert air.”
time he toiled incessantly in the courts of Virginia, and
occasionally was engaged in the supreme court of the Who supplied his wants during his residence with United States. In December, 1830, he had been attendMr. Smyth, I have not been able to learn. Soon after ing court, in Nelson county, and started for home in his admission to the bar of Wythe county, he was perfect health. He travelled about (welve miles, and called on to enter the lists with his old friend and stopped at a tavern for the night. Hardly had he taken patron, whom he handled with so much dexterity and his seat, when an apoplectic fit numbered him with the adroitness, that it was generally said among the mass dead. of the community, the apprentice will soon surpass the Thus died an extraordinary man, who by the native master. So it happened. Mr. Sheffey was employed vigor of his intellect, and the force of industry, occupied in all the important causes of that court, and soon ex. a conspicuous station among the patriotic and distintended his practice to several adjoining counties. His guished men of America. professional brethren, however eminent, admired his There was nothing dignified in the person of Mr. powers, and treated him on all occasions with respect Sheffey: he was low of stature; his manners by no means and kindness. In the county and superior courts of polished; all was plain, energetic, original. His pronunlaw and chancery, he was uniformly heard with unaf- ciation was not agreeable: his German accent sounded fected pleasure, both by court and jury. His humble heavy on the ear; yet the most refined audience origin, meager education, and the singular incidents of always paid to him the most profound attention. In his life, awakened the feelings and curiosity of his the argument of his causes, he seized on the strong audience, while they were at once delighted and enlight-points of the law and evidence, and maintained his poened by the efforts of his powerful and original intel- sitions with a courage and zeal which no difficulties lect. After some years, he settled in Staunton, where could subdue. Like atrick Henry, he was the artificer he soon commanded an extensive and lucrative practice. of his own fortunes, and like him, in after life, lamented He often represented the county of Augusta in the that in his early days the lamp of science had shed but House of Delegates, and in 1811 we find him in Con- a feeble ray over the path along which it was his desgress, busily engaged in the important events of that Itiny to travel.
place to the smile of joy, and happiness shed her divine ROGER BROOKE TANEY.
ray over all classes of society.
The result of this new condition was, that after the
revolution, Mr. Taney's father was repeatedly elected to Non vultus instantis tyranni
represent his native county in the House of Delegates. Mente quatet solida.
His eldest son, Roger, was born in Calvert county,
on the 17th March, 1777. The late Chief Justice of the United States has descended to the tomb, and left a nation in tears. His inson college, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, then under the
In the spring of 1792, he became a student at Dick. lofty virtue, fertile genius, and profound erudition, combined with the most patient assiduity and unsullied superintendence of the Rev. Dr. Nesbitt, a Scotch Presintegrity, have embalmed his memory in the hearts of byterian divine, celebrated for his wit and extensive his countrymen, and constituted him one of the lights of duated in 1795. I have not been able to ascertain whe
acquirements in classical literature. Here he was gra. the world. His mantle fell on Roger BROOKE Taner, a favorite
ther during his collegiate course, the first efforts of his in. son of Maryland, whose fame is identified with the tellect glowed with the light of that genius which was history of America. I design, in the ensuing sketch, to
so strongly developed in after years; or whether he delineate the professional and public character of this then manifested that ever-growing ambition in the acamiable and upright citizen, who unites to the various quisition of knowledge, which has placed him among acquirements of a profound jurist all the urbanity of
the ablest lawyers of his country. a refined gentleman.
In the spring of 1796, he commenced the study of Soon after the usurpation of Cromwell, in 1656, the
law at Annapolis, in the office of Jeremiah T. Chase, paternal and maternal ancestors of Mr. Taney were
then judge of the general court of Maryland, and driven from their native land, because of their adhe- came to the bar in 1799. Soon after, he began the pracrence to the Catholic church. They sacrificed all the lice in Calvert, and in the fall of this year was electtenderest ties which bound them to their birth place,
ed to the House of Delegates. This was an all-imporencountered the dangers of the sea, and the hardships
tant era in the political history of the United States. incident to every new settlement in a howling wilder
Great and violent was the struggle between the conness, to enjoy peace of conscience, and the liberty of tending parties : popular feeling was aroused to an unworshipping God after the faith of their fathers. Well precedented height, ere the first office in the gift of the might these inoffensive people have said to the gloomy nation passed into the hands of Mr. Jefferson. The tyrant, as their native island gradually disappeared legislature of Maryland partook of its portion of this from their view,
excitement, and amid the stormy debates which some
times occurred, young Taney displayed an intrepidity of " Man's inhumanity to man
character and an uprightness of motive, which gained for
him the admiration of his contemporaries. He declined They however submitted to their fate without a mur
a re-election, and in March, 1801, settled himself in the mur, and settled themselves on the banks of the Pa. practice of law in Frederick. A new scene now opened tuxet. On the accession of Charles the Second to the to his view. He was a stranger in the county where he throne of his father, the disabilities of the Catholics was about to commence his career. But the wary and were greatly mitigated; and even during the brief but reflecting yeomanry of Frederick, Washington, Alleturbulent reign of his brother James, they enjoyed com- ghany, and Montgomery counties, soon discovered that parative repose, when they looked back to their former
his industry had no bounds: that he possessed a mind sufferings under the dark and gloomy usurpation of the of the highest order: that judgment, acuteness, peneProtector. Hope once more dawned on the troubled tration, capacious memory, accurate learning, steady bosoms of the Catholics, but it was soon changed into perseverance in the discharge of duty, a lofty integ. sorrow and anguish of spirit. For when William and rity, united with a grave and winning elocution, were Mary assumed the reins of government, their former developed. These qualifications were soon rewarded disfranchisements were revived, and they were again with an extensive and lucrative practice. As his powers enduring all the penalties of legislative proscription were unfolded with experience, they saw that in the arThe ancestors of Mr. Taney felt the tyranny of the gument of important causes, he disentangled what was English monarch even in their secluded retreat in Cal. intricate, confirmed what was doubtful, embellished vert county, where they tilled the soil in peace and what was dry, and illustrated what was obscure. charity with all men: they seemed studiously to have In 1806, he is engaged at the court of appeals, enretired from the turmoils of the world, and sought hap-countering some of the most distinguished men of the piness in their own humble dwellings. Such was their state, and the reports of Harris and Johnson show that condition, until the convention of Maryland, in August, he was always well prepared for argument, and was 1776, proclaimed to the world that the bill of rights and deservedly ranked with the most talented of his comthe constitution which then came from their hands, petitors. Martin, Harper, Shaofe, and Philip B. Key, should be the sovereign rule of action to the once en were the monarchs of the bar. But Mr. Taney feared slaved, but now emancipated colonists. To the Catho- no one: relying on his own resources, he never allowed lics it was the bow of promise, betokening the cessation of either the weakness or the power of an adversary to the storm: tyrants no more trampled down their rights: change his purpose or alter his views. Notwithstandall civil disabilities were abolished : the spirit of tolera. ing the unrivalled fame of his opponents, his reputation tion for the first time shed its heavenly influence equally was now in the ascendant. Virgil tells us that his hero over all religious sects: the heaviness of sorrow gave' was borne through the regions of the nether realms by
Makes countless thousands mourn."
the splendor of the golden bough: the genius of Mr. / was restored. His faithful counsel received no other Taney was his guide. It spread itself over the tree of reward than the gratitude of the veteran's heart. knowledge, and gilded with a new light every leaf on From this time until 1823, Mr. Taney was engaged which it shone. He would argue no case in the higher in extensive practice in various courts of the state. courts until he had minutely examined all its relations He removed, in the spring of this year, to Baltimore. and bearings; and for this end he would explore the Pinckney was now no more. His renown as a law. vast and boundless regions of the common and statute yer had been wafted to the distant regions of the law, and bring home their richest treasures, to instruct earth : he fell almost on the field of his greatest fame, and enlighten all who heard him. His manner was after arguing an important cause in the supreme court strikingly impressive. When his slow and solemn form of the United States. Mr. Taney now aimed to occupy was seen rising in court, every ear was open, and all the place occasioned by his death. For this purpose, he eyes were fixed on the speaker--the audience insensi- had left the theatre of his long and laborious life, and bly taken captive, and borne away by the weight of his separated himself from the friendships of twenty-two arguments and the tones of his eloquence. He moved years. He was soon ranked among the foremost at the along like the majestic Mississippi, full, clear and mag. Baltimore bar, and extended his practice to the supreme nificent. Whenever the late Mr. Wirt was opposed to court, where he was always admired by the court and Mr. Taney, he would faceliously say, that he dreaded lawyers of that high tribunal. In 1827, he was apnothing so much as his “apostolic simplicity.” So soft pointed attorney general of Maryland, which office and amiable was his deportment, that even amidst the he resigned in 1831, when, as attorney general of the heat and turmoil of nisi prius litigation, he was never United States, he was chosen a member of president known to offend the feelings of any of his brethren: his Jackson's cabinet. No man ever discharged the duties conversation was never roughened by austerity or pe- of this station more faithfully than Mr. Taney. dantry, and when his gallant bearing extorted from all On the 24th Sept. 1933, he was appointed secretary the most unfeigned praise, he would almost hide him of the treasury, which not being confirmed by the self from public admiration, with the unaffected mo- senate, this modest and amiable citizen once more redesty of his native character. Whatever the political turned to the toils of his profession in Baltimore. His principles of his clients might be, you could not discern arrival was welcomed by thousands, and his society the slightest difference in the discharge of his duty. A courted by all. memorable instance occurred in 1811. Gen. Wilkin In March, 1836, he was appointed to the exalted son, was then commander-in-chief of the United States situation which he now fills. army, and was brought before a court composed of thir The political life of Mr. Taney, has been marked teen general officers, assembled in Frederick, to answer with honor to his country. In 1816 he was chosen a accusations of very high and serious import. During the senator of Maryland, and served for five years in that war of independence, he had acted a conspicuous part at body. He was married to a daughter of John Ross Saratoga, when the ill-fated Burgoyne surrendered his Key, and is the father of a numerous family. In his army to Gates, and after the peace, was one of the person he is full six feet high: spare, but yet so dignified pioneers of the west, where he acquired new laurels in in deportment, that you are at once impressed with an subduing the Indians, and assisting the frontier inhabi- instinctive reverence and awe: his eye is full of genius, tants to meet and vanquish the obstacles which allend and indicative of the powerful mind that dwells within ; the settlement of a new country. But in 1806 he had his features marked with the deepest thought, and his aroused the jealousies of the people, when he suspended manner so dignified, that he sheds around him in whatthe habeas corpus, and imprisoned Bollman and Swart- ever circle he may move, a moral influence of the wout; and when he appeared at Richmond in August, highest order. 1807, as a prominent witness on the trial of Col. Burr The constitution of the United States, and the welfor high treason, many believed that he was deeply fare of our union are now confided in an eminent degree concerned in the plot of that distinguished and talented into the hands of this distinguished jurist. Pursuing man. The papers of that day teemed with incessant the brilliant and useful career of Mansfield and Marshall
, vituperation, and impugned in the strongest terms the he will erect for himself a monument to fame, which molives of the General. He was naturally haughty, time itself can neither impair nor destroy. and the number of his personal enemies was constantly increasing. He had especially awakened the indig. nation of a large portion of the community in Frederick, because he had in 1803 successfully prosecuted
NICHOLAS BIDDLE.* before a court martial in that town, Col. Butler, a revolutionary veteran, of undaunted bravery, who had
This gentleman has been brought very prominently served his country in the most distinguished manner,
into public view of late. The embarrassments of combut who was now old and poor. Although Mr. Taney merce and the confusion of currency under which our participated in these feelings so common with men of country has so keenly suffered, have turned all eyes
toward the man who fills a station of great financial imhigh honor, yet did the accused, with full knowledge of that faci, seleet him and the lamented John Hanson portance; and fills it with acknowledged ability and Thomas, (the star of whose glory sat too soon for his manifest uprightness of purpose. His name has therecountry,) as his counsel on this important trial. He fore obtained—perhaps unexpectedly to himself—a Euplaced his destiny in their hands. For several months ropean as well as an American celebrity ; yet his porthey labored with unabated zeal in behalf of their trait has not been seen, except in clumsy caricatures, at client. He was pronounced innocent, and his sword Copied from the "American Monthly,” for May, 1938.
print-shop windows; nor has his biography yet graced has very felicitously adverted in the beautiful oration the pages of a review or literary magazine.
delivered by him two years since, to the students and Mr. Biddle is a native of Philadelphia, and now some alumni of Princeton college. what over fifty years of age. He is one of a family re After some years passed in the refined society of markable for eminent talent, and also for the better Paris, he quitted that brilliant capital to travel in Italy qualities that render men acceptable in social inter- and the countries of the Levant, then seldom visited by course, and endear them to familiar acquaintance. His Americans. He made some stay at Delphi and at brother, the commodore, is certainly one of the most intel Athens, to indulge or cultivate his classic taste, and ligent and accomplished officers of our navy, if not the then returned to Paris, whence he soon after passed first in both these particulars. In his boyhood he was over to England, and again entered the diplomatic ser. a fellow-sufferer with the gallant Bainbridge in the cap-vice as secretary to Mr. Monroe, at that time our ministivity at Tripoli, endured by the crew of the unfortu. ter at the court of London. nate frigate which fell into the hands of the barbarians. His residence in the British metropolis was not a In the war with the British he was gloriously distin-long one, as he preferred returning to the home from guished ; first at the capture of the Frolic by the Wasp, which he had so long been separated; but the friendin which ship he was serving as a volunteer lieutenant; ship formed with Mr. Monroe continued through the and then in the capture of the Penguin by the Hornet, life-time of that statesman, and perhaps materially inwhich he commanded. In this last action, where, as fluenced the after-life of both; for it was the remote well as in that of the Frolic, the enemy was of superior cause of bringing Mr. Biddle into his present office, at force, captain Biddle received a dangerous wound after the head of the most important financial institution of the Penguin's colors had been struck. Since that period our country; and is believed to have been productive he has been in command in the Pacific, the Mediterra- to Mr. Monroe of certain advantages, the details of nean, and elsewhere ; always with honor to himself and which belong to private history alone. It was a friend. his country; and it is well known to his many acquaint- ship honorable to both ; and if Mr. Biddle could have ances in various parts of the world, that his qualities as yielded the independence of his judgment so far as to a companion and a friend are not less estimable than act with the political party which supported his friend his character as an officer.
as a candidate for the presidency, it would almost Another brother is major John Biddle, now of the certainly have brought him forward into office in the state of Michigan, formerly a meritorious officer of the general government, for which his talents undoubtedly army; and a third is the honorable Richard Biddle, a qualified him. member of Congress from the city of Pittsburgh, who But several years elapsed between his return and Mr. has already distinguished himself by his eloquence, and Monroe's election to the chief magistracy, during which whose constituents hold him in high estimation for his interval Mr. Biddle was admitted to the bar, and commenforensic and literary abilities, as well as for the great ced the practice of the profession of law in his native city. amiability of his character in social life. This gentle. There is yet sometimes to be met with in collections man last named, is the youngest of the four brothers; of the less valuable pamphlets of that period, a printed and the eldest is Mr. Charles Biddle, now or lately in report of the trial and execution of two very guilty neGuatemala, where he has been engaged in forming a groes for murder, on which occasion Mr. Biddle and company to cut the long-talked-of canal across the Mr. Rush were the prisoners' counsel ; and it seems Isthmus of Panama. The eminent merchant or broker, rather curious that those two gentlemen, whose mutual of the same name, is of another family, which is like attitudes, or at least that of Mr. Rush towards the other, wise remarkable for personal merit of no common order. has been so unfriendly, should have been associated in
The subject of our present sketch, being the son of a perhaps their earliest forensic appearance. Tempora gentleman of independent property, had every early mutantur, says Horace, et nos mutamur cum illis. advantage of education, and was sent to Princeton col. Soon after his admission to the bar, he married a lege, where he was graduated with the highest honors lady of considerable fortune and most amiable char. of his class at the age of only sixteen years. After acter; and being tired of the "forum contentiosum,” completing his college course, he was placed in the office or finding it uncongenial to his taste, he withdrew from of a lawyer ; but before he had passed his minority, he the legal profession, and devoted his attention to literawas invited by general Armstrong, who had just been ture and politics, and that very costly amusement called appointed envoy to the court of France, to accompany sometimes “gentleman farming,” and by those who him to that country as his private secretary, or secretary follow it, dignified with the name of experimental agriof legation. Mr. Biddle accepted this offer, and went culture. Andalusia, a beautiful country-seat on the accordingly to Paris, where he remained several years banks of the Delaware, was the scene of these reas a member of the American embassy, during a period searches into the qualities of seeds and the power of when its duties were rendered uncommonly arduous by manures ; and though we do not know that any im. the obligation to remonstrate incessantly against the portant discoveries crowned the labor, we have seen a repeated aggressions upon our neutral rights. The case discourse delivered to an agricultural society by the of the ship New Jersey is recollected as one in which farmer Biddle, which seems to be a learned dissertation, Mr. Biddle's name appeared, as in some manner con- (but on subjects of tillage, we confess ourselves unread, nected with the controversy. During his residence beyond the Georgics of Virgil,)--and is certainly near the French court, the first consulate was exchanged marked with the eloquence which has appeared in for the imperial crown, and he was present as one of the everything proceeding from his pen. diplomatic corps, at the splendid ceremony of Napo His zeal in the cause of letters induced him to asleon's coronation ; an incident in his life to which hel sume, as a labor of love, the editorship of the Porte
Folio, then the only literary journal of any repute in
After the bank of the United States was chartered the country. It attained its most palmy state under by Congress, he was named by president Monroe as his management; but soon passed into other hands, one of the directors on the part of the government; and and began to decline.
attending regularly at the meetings of the Board, he For several successive winters he was a member of entered upon a new and hitherto untried employment of the legislature of Pennsylvania, and was in the senate, his abilities. Though not a commercial man, but at that a very youthful member of the patres conscripti of the time merely a gentleman of literary taste and leisure, state-during the exciting period of the war with he became so efficient a member of the direction, that, Great Britain. He was an able and ready debater, on the resignation of Mr. Cheves, he was designated, at attentive to the business of legislation, and on two a convention of stockholders, as the most suitable peroccasions at least was particularly distinguished. The son to fill the arduous office of president. It is known legislature of one of the eastern states,' had adopted that he was continued in that very important station, by resolutions condemning, in very severe terms, the con successive re-elections, until the expiration of the charduct of the general administration and the policy of ter; and that whatever may have been the extent of the war. These resolves being in due course commu- hostile feeling generated among politicians by the annicated to the several states, it happened that Mr. grily vexed question of the re-charter, there has been but Biddle was chairman, or the most active member, of one sentiment manifested toward him by the stockholdthe committee of senators to whom they were referred.ers, namely, a grateful and constantly augmented apHe considered it no time for showing a divided front probation. This has been testified by a repeated vote to the enemy; and possibly his own war-spirit was of thanks; and at the time of the last one, when the quickened by syınpathy with two gallant brothers in new charter was accepted from the state of Pennsylthe army and one in the navy, all of whom had been vania, it was accompanied with a magnificent present earning fame and honor by distinguished bravery. of a memorial service of plate. The report which he wrote upon that occasion embo
Nothing could be more characteristic of Mr. Biddle died with signal ability the sentiments which all would than his public appearance on the occasion just alluded now agree to have been entirely appropriate to the to, nor could anything be more honorable to the head peculiar circumstances of the juncture. About the and heart of any man than the clear, plain, perspicusame period, very near the close of the war, Congress ous, and satisfactory statement that he made of the adwas about to adopt a very energetic war-measure, vantages to be derived from the new charter, and the which was strongly opposed as unconstitutional. This reasons for accepting it; and afterwards the acknow. was, to raise an army of fifty thousand men by means ledgment which he made on behalf of the officers of the of militia drafts. The details of the plan would be bank, as well as himself, in return for the vote of approtedious and uninteresting here; it is enough to say val just adopted by the meeting of stockholders. The that Mr. Biddle advocated with zeal and eloquence the first address was an unadorned display of financial passage of resolutions in the Pennsylvania legislature knowledge and sagacity, betraying, perhaps, some meafavorable to the execution of the plan by the federal sure of that liberal confidence in his country and his government; and it was, in fact, we believe, prevented countrymen, the indulgence of which too far is possibly only by the peace.
his most ensnaring propensity ; while the second was a It was a period of much party exacerbation; and, spontaneous and eloquent effusion of cordial attachment as always must happen in such times, both parties, or to the friends and associates with whom and for whom leading men in them, said and did much that cannot he had labored. on retrospection be entirely approved by men of any It is not for us to pass a judgment upon the financial party now:
management of the board of directors of that institu
tion from its commencement, or from Mr. Biddle's ac“Simul insanavimus omnes ;"
cession to the presidency, till its close; nor of the but it is not our desire to revive any of the unpleasant management of the bank under its state charter, of questions of that day. The federalists had elected which he is now at the head. Such an inquiry would Mr. Biddle to the senate, and they were now somewhat involve questions that have become too much mingled divided upon both the subjects just referred to. His with feelings of party strife to admit of any decision conduct therefore gave some dissatisfaction to a portion that can be universally satisfactory, before the case is of his constituents, and he relinquished his seat in the carried within the jurisdiction of that high court of errors legislature. At the next Congressional election he was and appeals that men call POSTERITY; and, however one of the four candidates nominated by the demo- desirable a financial history of the institution may be, cratic party in the district that included Philadelphia ; both for entertainment and instruction, it is plain that to but they did not receive a majority of the votes, and write it would require opportunities of information such Mr. Biddle returned to the amusements of his country as we cannot, and few do possess. But we may sugseat during the summer, and his city residence during gest, in the meantime, that perhaps a greater share of winter; and possibly it was more at this period than the responsibility, whether for praise or blame, has been at the earlier one, which we have named above, that imputed to the president of the board of directors than his attention was particularly given to theoretic agri- was equitably his due. That board has always conculture. Writing now, without attempting to correct tained men of first rate abilities and intelligence ;-actour reminiscences by any inquiries or reference to him- ing harmoniously with the president, but never interself or his immediate friends, it is obviously not impos-mitting the free exercise of their judgments in aid of his, sible that, as to some of these less important particulars, while he has been nowise accustomed or desirous to we may transpose the dates.
assume more of the government than they were dis