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posed to yield from an enlightened confidence in his q is by way of interference and interruption, and such urbaniry, firmness, extraordinary knowledge, and unti- meddling is always odious. The fruit of idleness in ring devotedness to the interests of the institution, one man, it renders unproductive another's labor. Then which he and they believed to be identical with the in- you may concern yourself in your neighbor's affairs, by terests of the country. It has been even said that one way of admonition and advice, though seldom with point of policy to which Mr. Biddle has owed much of much chance of thanks, even where the favor has been his popularity as president, has been the forbearance solicited. But advice is not often asked of seeming with which he has allowed directors to be really direc- idlers : it is most common to interrupt the busy by such tors, and cashiers actually cashiers, without interfering requests; and naturally enough, since those who atat all with their appropriate functions; a policy unhap- tend most carefully to their own concerns, are generally pily not duly appreciated by his predecessor.
thought best qualified, by experience, to judge for Looking at him outside of the walls of the bank, it others. Mere gratuitous counsel is always frowned remains for us to say that he finds time still to be active upon, unless it meet a very submissive temper. It is in all useful projects of public improvement; to be hos in man's nature to despise what is given gratis. It pitable, social, literary, and beneficent. As trustee of is galling enough to most men, to think, that all they the university, commissioner for the Girard college, have is the free gift of heaven: they would not increase and member of numerous charitable and literary asso- their debt of gratitude, by the receipt of human bounty; ciations, he lends not merely his name, but his faithful and, as they cannot but receive, the mind is eased by attention to all the most elevated interests of society. undervaluing each gift. Besides, the tone of advice Some of the English papers, by some strange misap- usually asserts a superiority in him thai gives it; and, prehension, have said he is a Quaker-meaning, doubl- as we cannot brook a faror, that seems but to imply less, one of the Society of Friends ;-but, in truth, our own inferiority, in any respect, however trifling, there is as little as possible of the Quaker, in any sense much less can we bear an open claim of pre-eminence. of the word, about him. He is, in respect to religious There is another class of Busy-Bodies—the name faith, an Episcopalian, and a regular attendant upon which they have received, who, idlers in domestic con. the public worship of the church. Entirely amiable in cerns, are always ready for foreign service and a very domestic relations, no one attaches friends more warmly; clever class, that are always at hand to render assistand as the turmoil of politics into which he has been ance, when really needed. You have but to cry for thrown, has failed to affect his temper or his spirits, so Hercules, and one of these kind friends hastens to put neither has his early relish for polite letters, in which a shoulder to the wheel, and help you out of difficulty. he is an accomplished scholar, been spoiled by long Such, it is true, are the rarest kind of idlers: their very devotion to the musæ severiores of finance and commerce. virtues become, frequently, matter for ridicule ; and, While, therefore, he is at the morning council the wisest too often, they are repaid only by impositions and among the wise, he is often to be seen in the evening witticisms upon their good nature. circle the gayest of the gay. Happy in family ties, in The last class which I shall mention needs a generic the attachment of friends, the esteem of the commu- appellation, as it embraces several species. It is com. nity, and an official station which confers much power posed of those who, standing aloof from any direct of doing good; he is yet happier in the recollection of interference in other people's business, look at all man. a life, already past its meridian, spent hitherto in the kind, or that part, at least, which comes under their untiring application of a cultivated mind and ardent own notice, in the aggregate; make deductions from feelings to varied objects of utility or refinement; and every thing they see and hear, and reflections therein the reflection that if he were obliged to write a faith- upon; note down their remarks upon men's good qualiful history of his career, the record would contain ties and foibles, virtues and vices, and give them to the "No line that, dying, he would wish to blot.” public, that each one may apply them or not, use or
abuse them, as he prefers. These examples and precepts, though drawn, frequently, from particular cases, are not applied, directly to these cases, by way
of reproof or encouragement, unless, indeed, some in. THE BUSY BODY.
dividual recognise his own likeness, and himself claim the picture. Persons of this class give advice; but,
then, it comes in such a way as seldom to appear
Saturday, April 7th. obtrusive, seldom even gratuitous. Besides, advice is My lord, I am, as you see, a plain-spoken man, of rough out of place, only when it is professedly or clearly. visage, and, as some of your smooth-chinned gallants might personal. We are not very sensible of any favor res say, not breeched in the latest fashion: of the rest your lordship Ceived, when we gather, it may be, at some expense of must judge.
money, time, or labor, from a stock thrown open to There are few people who have not some sort of all: the receipt of such a benefit, therefore, is not irkemployment. Those who do nothing for themselves, some. Under this class, which, as I have already reand are, therefore, supposed to be, and called, idlers, marked, is very comprehensive, may be ranked those are generally ready to atiend to the affairs of their literary idlers, who deluge the world with moral essays, neighbors, and thus avoid that ulter, listless sleepiness, didactic poems, remarks upon men and manners, and which is a burden even to the most sluggish. Now, this other such trifles-trifles in appearance, at least; someconcern of one person in another's business, may be, times, perhaps most frequently, trifles in reality. Here after a variety of manners, and on its manner depends, may be grouped Tatlers and Spectators, Guardians together, its propriety or impropriety. Sometimes iil and Ramblers, with many humbler personages, among
whom, in the far back.ground, I would respectfully | ride, or that I prefer walking, it is not necessary to introduce myself as a Busy-Body.
mention: one thing is very certain—that this mode of It has not been without consideration that I have locomotion is most favorable to the free and satisfactory chosen the profession of an idler. I early set my heart employ of both eyes and ears. They, who hurry upon a liberal profession, and was educated for one through the world in a coach and four, at full gallop, For the pulpit I never thought myself fitted. I entered not only lose the benefit of clear observation, a lawyer's office, but soon grew weary of the rays let in the road, but, also, can make little improvement of from Sir Edward Coke's "windows of the law:" they temporary stops and sojourns, their sight having beseemed to illuminate nothing but black-letter folios, come unsteady from the rapid succession of passing digests, pandects, year-books, and commentaries. The objects, and their ears stunned by the bustle and din of “gladsome light of jurisprudence” dimmed my eyes: the way. It is true that the pedestrian's field of obser. I turned my back upon it. With sorrow I remem- vation, must, necessarily be small; but, therefore, each ber this now, for law is a noble study—“a science object in that field comes immediately under his notice: which distinguishes the criterions of right and wrong; he can regard almost the whole, at a glance, and exwhich teaches to establish the one, and prevent, punish amine, carefully, the different parts in detail. And or redress the other ; which employs in its theory the when we consider, that however extensive may be our noblest faculties of the soul, and exerts in its practice range, we meet with no features of human character, the cardinal virtues of the heart; a science universal in at least, which might not all have been found within a its use and extent, accommodated to each individual, very narrow compass; the advantages of careful obseryet comprehending the whole community.” He who vation seem to overbalance, greatly, those peculiar to toils, with patient perseverance, through its rugged an extensive sphere. course, will reach an honorable goal-will win a golden The pedestrian moves humbly along the surface of prize.
the earth, leaving the higher regions of ether to those Next, I tried medicine, and with no better success. who are elevated on wheels, or borne away sublime It seemed to me that dry, senseless, crumbling ruins in the balloon. Of course, he is chiefly conversant with of humanity were but an indifferent subject of study, things of earth, and is not subject to those airy flights compared with the form of life—the flesh and bones of the imagination, which are common with such as quick with the warm principle of being, and covered breathe a more elevated and a lighter atmosphere. with the divine drapery of their Creator. The sight of Now, though I shall not attempt to decry the brilliant bodies diseased and disfigured—corrupted in their very fancies of the latter, I must be indulged in the opinion, substance, by "wounds and bruises and putrifying that more close and practical views of sublunary things sores"-of flesh, pallid, bloated, ulcerated, mortified, are sometimes necessary; and must caution the reader gangrened, sickened me, when I remembered the bright against expecting to meet here with many beautiful eye, the full, blushing cheek, the fair skin, and the figures and highly wrought fictions. My observations, warm, tingling blood of youth, health, and beauty. and I go not beyond their limits, have been directed, Could 1 study the body, even in its prime of health and entirely, to what some might call common-place malstrength, and in its proudest symmetry, and forget the ters; that is, to such every day objects as are presented soul-the spirit of life within? I turned away in dis- to our ordinary senses. gust, and remember, that, as I hurried home from the Perhaps some invidious person, hearing me thus doctor's office, to the seclusion of my chamber, every disclaim much assistance from fancy, may, wittily, person that I met seemed to have a deathlike counte. remind me of the fable of the fox and grapes; but I nance, a bump upon his shoulder, an ulcer on his lip, can assure them, that such an allusion cannot destroy cancer, gangrene, putrefaction, in every part! Here, my equanimity, or confidence in the utility of practical again, I may have done wrong, but, now, do not feel observations. the same regret, when I hear a skeleton rattling in its That a maxim has become trite is, generally, conclubox, as when I take up old Littleton, or Coke, or their sive evidence of its truth. Instead, therefore, of making modern transcript, Blackstone, and find passages that an apology, as is frequently done, for introducing a bring back pleasant recollections.
well worn or proverbial remark, in illustration of a I became, then, from choice, "a poor devil of an subject, a writer might rather congratulate both his author,” though without that almost necessary profes- readers and himself, on having luckily met with an apt, sional appurtenance-a garret, which seems to be con- concise, and universally admitted proposition, which sidered the only true laboratory of attic salt.
does not require a long and studied demonstration, nor Having thus disclosed something of my past life, it even a reference to the original authority, since use has, may be well, or, at least, in accordance with a good in some measure, made every man a sort of second-hand example, to describe, briefy, my manner of living. I authority for its truth. Having premised this much, lounge about upon principle, visit public places, study I may remark, that I have always adopted that celebranew features, and, when they can be come at, new ted line, minds and characters. I, frequently, wander away
“The proper study of mankind in man,” from home-sometimes from the haunts of men, where I am alone with nature and her God. Then return as a motto, while taking notes of my observations. and write, partly for my own pleasure and profit: Not that I think the study of the subordinate creation, partly—at least, I am willing to think so-for the good useless or improper. In my rambles, I have frequently of my readers. The most of these excursions from stopped to admire the wondrous works of Providence, home--and some of them are far journies--I make on as seen in the uplifted mountain, the teeming valley. foot. Whether the reason be, that I cannot afford to the sweeping wave, the rushing torrent, the ge!!
gliding brook, and all that is sublime and beautiful
THE BUSY-BODY-No. II. nature. At such scenes, when no mortal eye has beheld,
Saturday, April 21sl. I have gazed in silent wonder, and my heart has swelled
He does nought with the creature's involuntary tribute of praise and
As others-always seeks an easier way; adoration to the Creator. The poet did not mean to
Nor ever fails to think, at least, his own repress our ardor in philosophical pursuits, to reprove
The best and easiest. He wonders, oft,
That the sun still its olden orbit keeps, him who would trace, in the heavens and the earth,
Nor finds a cooler track. evidence of the omnipresence and omnipotence of God. He wished to restrain only that arrogant presumption, Laziness is very frequently the mother of invention. which stretched forth a puny arm to grasp the attributes Numerous modern contrivances, which pass under the of Deity; which claimed to investigate and understand general name of labor-saving machines, may properly be the inmost mysteries of creation--even the nature and considered, as planned to save, not only the price, but, decrees of the Creator. He wished to turn man's also, the exertion and fatigue of labor. A lazy boy is ambition from things too wonderful for him--things so said to have contrived the common method of opening high that he could not attain to them, to studies suited and closing the valves of the steam-engine, by connectto his capacity, though not more grovelling than his ing them with other parts of the machinery in motion.
It had, before, been his business to turn these valves; Beings of superior intelligence regard man, as we but, by means of a few strings and some ingenuity, look at the works of creation, animate and inanimate, he managed to make the engine do his work, and to by which we are surrounded. We may be only one spend the time saved in play. A disinclination to labor of many races of rational creatures, which people is very sure to put the thoughts in operation, either to a thousand worlds, rolling through the boundless uni- discover some method of abridging the necessary toil, verse, all objects of angelic observation and wonder. or to invent a plausible excuse for idleness. Doubtless the seraph's love may be warmed by admi But often, according to the adage, "lazy folks take ration of God's skill, displayed in man's material frame the most pains.” And this, not only on account of and subtle spirit, just as the astronomer's devotion the trouble in which they are involved, by crude and receives new fire from the rays of every star which novel plans for diminishing labor, but sometimes, also, lights up the field of telescopic vision. But, to man, because of a habit of working, formed in the constant the study of his own species has a peculiar interest struggle to make work as light as possible. Give labor and importance. His success and happiness in the pur- the name of play, and boys will coil as zealously, as suits of life depend, essentially, upon a knowledge of if they were, in fact, only amusing themselves: and so himself and his fellow men-objects, which are one, in the most indolent man will take great pains which do attainment, though separate in their application ; for not result from a regular and necessary task, to avoid a he who studies his own heart, at the same time, lays job much less troublesome, but more formal in appearopen the recesses of his neighbor's breast; while the ance. And some thus acquire a habit of laboring, cheerexamination of another's motives and springs of action fully and with perseverance, in perfecting and employmay leach him, if he refuse not the lesson, the subtle ing their own labor-saving inventions, as they imagine workings of his own spirit. The observation of natu- them, however unproductive; and come to take a ral scenery--and of this we speak here rather than pleasure in contriving means to abridge even imaginary of scientific investigations--may tend to increase the tasks. To illustrate, more fully, my meaning, I shall fervor of piety; but a knowledge of human character, attempt to sketch the character of a gentleman with while it must bear witness to the truths of religion, fits whom I have been long acquainted. us, pre-eminently, for the exigences of our present situ Henry Carlisle was my classmate and chum in colation-for intercourse with our fellow men.
lege. He was noted only as "a clever fellow," and one Besides, few descriptions of natural scenery have of the worst scholars in the class. His low standing, ever conveyed a tolerable idea of the reality-none however, was not the consequence of small talent, or have ever aroused those tumultuous feelings, which an abstract contempt of scholarship. But, then, poor crowd upon the soul of the spectator. In order that fellow, he seemed constitutionally indolent, and though something more than mere listless, vacant wonder continually concocting plans for regulating his studies, should be excited, each one must look on nature, in its and making them more easy, he never arrived at any varied forms for himself. The mind may be affected by such satisfactory determination of the shortest route to bold, clear and animated description, but the heart re- learning, as would justify his commencing the journey mains unmoved, and can be touched through the me- thitherward. His pleasantest dreams and reveries dium, only, of the outward senses—the eye and ear. were about royal roads to knowledge; and he loved Niagara's angry flood of waters and deafening roar, lo speculate on the happiness that would result from may be vividly presented to the imagination, by the the Creator's endowing man with a mind fully developed pen of truth and poetry. Every reader may exclaim, at his birth. He was a constant patron of all who probeautiful! sublime! But the words scarcely warm fessed to teach any art or science “in half-a-dozen easy the lips that utter them: no fire is kindled in the soul. lessons, of an hour each, without any study at home,”
For these reasons, then, and, furthermore, doubting and had taken regular courses of instruction from six my descriptive powers, I shall not attempt to describe different writing masters of this class. Nor was his many things, in nature, which have excited deep and confidence in the validity of such pretensions at all varied emotions in my own breast; but shall be content shaken by the circumstance, that his scrawled autoto trace the progress of studies confined to man as their graph, which seemed to present the worst characterobject.
istics of all the different systems which he had attempt
ed to learn of the angular and anti-angular, the round, kept. At a loss to divine the cause of this change, I and the running, the billet-doux and the counting-house was led to observe, closely, at least the effect. On hands-was scarcely legible even by himself.
being shown into the room which he called his library, Our room presented some strange evidences of his I found him sitting in a large arm-chair, surrounded by inventive genius. Being in the habit of sitting before the greater part of his books, which were spread about the fire, with his feet somewhat more elevated than his the floor, many of them open, as if in immediate use. head and resting against the mantel, he became at length He rose to welcome me, and his frank, cordial manner too lazy to hold them in that position, and, that he was the same as always; but, then he appeared much might enjoy the pleasure, without any muscular exer- more alert and active in his movements than ever betion, nailed up an old shoe, at the proper height, by fore. I began, after a little general conversation, to which, one leg, bearing the other above it, might be rally him on having grown more brisk and youthful, supported. I can see him, even now, sitting in this but could not thus elicit anything that I wished to posture, his foot resting in the shoe, and considerably discover. higher than his head; his text-book spread open in On glancing over the books, I found that, with few his lap; his hands acting, occasionally, as a rear guard, exceptions, they were on such practical subjects as to ward off the heat of the fire; and his eyes perfectly machinery, manufactures, gardening and husbandry. vacant, or watching the smoke that curled upward A great number of little contrivances for various purfrom his cigar. Thus he would remain, after the labors poses, reminding me strongly of those that graced our of the refectory were over, until the recitation bell college chamber, met my eyes in different parts of the roused him from his reverie, and reminded him of the room. But my attention was soon particularly directed book which, before, had lain scarcely noticed. to the stove, by its anomalous structure, the coldness of
Sometimes he imagined that the reclining posture was the apartment, and its being an object of constant care most favorable to study; and, as it was tiresome to to my host. Every few minutes he left his seat, to turn hold anything before his eyes, while stretched upon the a valve, or open or shut some air-hole, or insert the bed, contrived a book-holder for this purpose, consist- poker, warily, between the bars of the grate, or to watch ing of a small wooden frame, suspended over his breast, the rise and fall of the mercury in a thermometer hangby a string from the ceiling. How often have I seen ing against the wall. The number of appliances for him prepare this apparatus for use, get everything con- regulating the draft, and for other purposes, made the veniently fixed, spread his book open at the proper stove a most complicated apparatus. I might have page, lie down upon the bed, and compose himself-puzzled my head for hours, to discover the uses of the to sleep!
various parts, with each of which he seemed perfectly faWe graduated, and parted after mutual promises to miliar. At first, I supposed that he was anxious to raise correspond. Both of us commenced the study of law; the temperature of the room for my comfort; and, really, and he, finding that so long a probation was not required I was beginning to suffer from the cold. But his frein the western states, generally, as in the eastern, quent proximity to the fire, and constant motion in set out, after spending twelve months in a lawyer's regulating it, seemed to keep his own blood quite warm, office, to seek his fortune in the former, and, finally, and, at length he left it with his face flushed, and comsettled down, to practice as an attorney, in Mississippi. plaining of the heat: I was afraid he would propose to Alas! poor Carlisle could not overcome his idle habits. throw open a window. He did not succeed in business, and returned home I made some remark about the stove's novel appeardisappointed, though, still, he had but a lazy way of ance. He was, instantly, ready to explain its construcshowing his mortification. I have since conversed with tion, and show its good points: it was his own invena gentleman, who became quite intimate with him, tion. He had been so troubled with other stoves and while spending some months at the same house in grates, had found them all so worthless, and to require Natchez, but had not discovered, in all this time, that such continual attention, that he had set about planning he was a lawyer.
an improvement; and he assured me, that the result Soon after his return he luckily married a country answered his warmest hopes, appealing to my own heiress; and, though not acquiring a very large estate observation, to bear witness, that I had never seen any. by the match, was thereby placed in easy circumstances, thing more complete and effectual. I gave a shivering and thought little more about his profession. Though assent, while my teeth were beginning to chatter, and a tin sign, with “Henry Carlisle, Attorney at Law," my ears to feel like icicles. printed upon it in large letters, still graced a front Besides this main contrivance, there were several window-shutter, all the neighbors seemed to under- others in the library, all quite as convenient and no less stand, perfectly, that it remained, as a memento of the complete. By pulling a cord, which hung within his practice which he had once pretended to, rather than reach, he could lock or unlock the door. Another might as a present attraction to clients. In fact he was too be used to throw it open; and, by similar means, he lazy to take it down.
could raise and let down the window sashes, close the It had now been some years since I had seen Car- shutters, or draw the curtains. His very boot-jack, lisle, when, not long ago, on passing through the village which lay in one corner, was a curious product of inwhere he resides, I accepted his invitation, to dine and ventive genius. spend a part of the day at his house. But a few years The dining-room, into which I was soon ushered, had made a great alteration in himself and everything exhibited very much the same appearance as the libraabout him. The dwelling had been done up, and looked ry, as to a multitude of happy contrivances. It was comfortable; the attorney's sign was gone from the furnished with a stove, the exact counterpart of that shutter, and the grounds seemed to be tolerably well ) just described, but the atmosphere was rather warmer,
perhaps, because this fire had been less meddled with the exhibition which I had just witnessed, that my My kind host, however, soon perceived, that the room friend's character for ingenuity rose several degrees in was as cold as a barn; was very much afraid I should my estimation. suffer; and declared that the servants were all too Carlisle soon proposed that I should walk out and dumb, to be made to understand the management of look at his garden, and a few acres of land, which he the stove. His wife-an amiable, submissive crea- called a farm. Anticipating a rich fund for amuseLure--said nothing; but, I thought, looked rather blank ment in his out-door arrangements, I consented, and was when he began to twist the valves, and ply the poker. not disappointed. The same whimsical genius that gove At any rate, the fire soon began visibly to decline, erned within, was evidently ruler without. The stable, though he left the table, very frequently, to watch its the pig sty, and the cow shed, all exhibited the fruits progress, and apply his restoratives.
of my host's ready invention. Even a few lugubrious Afier dinner, Mrs. Carlisle retired, while we remain- looking geese, that waddled about the barn-yard, had ed to discuss a bottle of wine. A few glasses made yolks of a new fashion, though the poor things did not my friend more communicative, and, without needing seem fully to appreciate their advantages. Carlisle menmuch encouragement, he began to explain the causes tioned a plan which he had once tried of yolking them of the change which I had noticed. For some time together by pairs, like oxen. This, he had thought, after marriage, his habits of indolence had remained would correct habits of vagrancy, and strengthen the in full force, until the house and grounds had fallen social principle. But the unlucky fate of a pair thus into a deplorable state dilapidation and waste. This connected, which were discovered one morning after mode of life had become, at last, insupportable, and, the night's rest of the whole family had been disturbed, by a vigorous effort, he had set about reform. Now he by certain unearthly sounds, so alarming that none had acquired a love for business, and everything about dared, at the time, to investigate their origin--were him was tolerably comfortable; his greatest annoyance discovered fairly hung by their yolk, and dangling on being, that the neighbors sometimes made themselves either side the top rail of a fence near the house, perfectmerry at his expense, and spoke, rather slightingly, ly lifeless, put an untimely end to his experiment. of his various “notions.” I could not but agree that Whether the poor geese had been placed in that posithere had been a very great improvement in his cir- tion by some kindly disposed neighbor, or passer-by, cumstances; but, certainly, his labor was not of the in order to exhibit the merits of the invention, under most productive kind. He did everything after a new trying circumstances; or whether, one of them having fashion ; and, though all his inventions were intended succeeded in getting over, the other remained behind, to save labor, no man ever worked harder, to so little from want of strength to follow, or, as seemed more purpose.
probable, from sheer obstinacy, had never been fully A more curious contrivance than any which I had ascertained. A coroner's jury would undoubtedly have yet seen, was exhibited after we retired to the library. returned the mysterious verdict—"Found dead." But Carlisle begged me to be seated, remarking that, with I must not detain the reader longer than to describe a my permission, he would change an article of dress, very remarkable chicken coop, to which Carlisle directwhile I might occupy myself in turning over the books. ed my attention. It was divided into a number of small Accordingly, I took up a volume, but could not avoid compartments, each of them intended for a single fowl an occasional glance at his operations. Loosening his a sort of cell for solitary confinement. The plan had waistcoat, and a few buttons of his breeches, he insert- been found to work admirably. The chickens fattened ed both hands beneath his outer garments, where they better, when not allowed to jostle each other; and any seemed busily employed, as if scratching for relief from inveterate disturbers of the public peace, among the some cutaneous disorder; which supposition the violent breeding fowls, could here be subjected to a sort of contortions of his body greatly favored. After a while, prison discipline. Chickens were not just then in sea. his uneasiness seemed to be gradually diminishing un- son; and the coop's empty cells testified to the excelder this mode of treatment, and his hands were, appa- lent state of barn-yard morals. rently, working outward, as if there was some diffi I could not yield to my host's urgent solicitations, culty in withdrawing them; but, with them, at length, that I should spend another day with him: business came out the mouse which had caused such mountain hurried me forward. My reflections on his singular labors. From an unmentionable part of his unmen character need not be written : they, doubtless, were tionables, he drew forth a flannel garment, or, rather, a such as every reader has, already, made for himself. large piece of flannel, provided with numberless strings, loops, button-holes and buttons. Then commenced an inverse system of operations, for putting on another article of the same construction; but suffice it to say,
THE MOCKINGBIRD. that, after a half hour's work, my friend rested from his exertions, and resumed his seat, when I perceived that, Come, listen-oh hark! to that soft dying strain despite the coldness of the room, a dewy perspiration of my Mockingbird, up on the house-lop again ; stood upon his forehead. He was kind enough to ex- She comes every night to these old ruined walls, plain the wonderful construction of the flannel shirts. Where, soft as the moonlight, her melody falls. By a very simple and elegant contrivance--the skilful Oh, what can the bulbul or nightingale chanh, arrangement of a few strings and buttons only—a great in the climes which they love and the groves which desideratum had been obtained : he could put on and they haunt, off these garments, without removing those above. The More thrilling and wild, than the songs I have heard, utility of his invention was so manifest, especially after. In the stillness of night, from my sweet Mockingbird ?