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darted off with a bounding step and a look towards, piece on the mantel that he had waited longer than he both the Doctor and Miss Lavinia, which seemed to say, saw any good reason for. He rubbed his hands brisk“a fair field and no interruption."
ly, but said nothing. The company became impatient. In human life there are two things which are ter. The bride's-maids sent down to know the cause of the rible-I mean to gentlemen who have delicate nerves, delay. The bride looked amazed, and well she might. the one is the having a tooth drawn, and the other the The company became uneasy. Several gentlemen asking a pretty girl, abounding in charms and worldly began to remember engagements elsewhere for the possessions, to do you the favor of accepting you, as evening and to depart. The hours moved heavily ihe partner of ber person and her property, till death along. The folks, at length, by degrees had all disapdissolves the connection. Does the reader suppose that peared. Mr. Lint was finally left alone. He paced I mean to lay open to his inquisitive eye, the scene that the well lic rooms with a quick step, and silently. He ensued between the Doctor and Miss Lavinia ? If he walked mechanically to ihe windows, and gazed out does, he is very much mistaken; all that I shall let him upon the snow-flakes as they drove against the panes know is, that the embarrassing question, just above of glass. The carriages had all rumbled off. The alluded io, was put by the Doctor to Miss Lavinia, and darkness of the night seemed doubly cheerless. “Well, by her answered affirmatively. Her cousin says that this,” muttered Mr. L.,"is a matter which I do not, I Miss Lavinia, when the interview was over, blamed her cannot, understand.” The old lady was in terrible very much for leaving her alone with the Doctor, and agony-all her labor had been in vain-and then“ peothat when Mr. Faw departed, he seemed in very good ple would talk so." “What a pity,” said Mrs. L., humor, flushed in the cheeks, smiling, and brushing the every thing was so well arranged," as she glanced knees of his pantaloons with an elegantly bordered her eyes around upon the rare and beautiful flowers, white muslin handkerchief.
a bouquet of which was perched wherever a foundation
could be made for it. “Dear me," she continued," and SOMETHING OUT OF THE COMMON ORDER OF poor Lavinia !". "I will see this farce out,” said Mr. THINGS.
L, with clenched teeth and fist also clenched. The evening for the wedding at length arrived. How
Poor Lavinia ! to her indeed this was an awful night. the Doctor's happiness and good fortune were envied: Her bride's-maids did all they could to alleviate her The world of beauty and fashion was thenceforth to sufferings. Her temples were rubbed with all manner lose its sun of light and radiance. It was a cold wintry salts was kept continually at hand. She bore it how
of essences, and lest she should faint away, a bottle of night. The hospitable mansion of old Mr. Lint, Lavinia's uncle, seemed to rejoice on the occasion. The ever quite philosophically, and at a reasonable hour, large grates were brimful of coal, and each seemed one
“solitary and alone," she retired to rest. Early the solid mass of intense red heat. The candles were all next morning she breakfasted in her room, and her ornamented with richly cut papers-the work of the features seemed so round and pretty, that care itself fair hands of Lavinia's cousin. The whole edifice, could not find a spot upon them rude enough to answer from the garret to the kitchen under ground, was illu- for a foothold. "Dear me,” said Miss Lavinia, helpminated. Carriages rolled up after carriages and emp-ing herself to a buckwheat cake," now I come to think tied their loads of finery and beauty. The very servants of it, the man had red hair-what an escape !" bustled about and grinned and seemed unusually happy. I know that the reader is dying with anxiety to hear.
But the Doctor-what did become of the Doctor ? The bride's-maids had arrived, the company had assembled-among other things, the hour for the ceremony had I must therefore be very deliberate in telling him ; but arrived, so had the refreshments, so had the groom's patience, and a few periods, will lead him to the informen, so had the priest—the bride was dressed, and her mation desired. I think when the whole truth is fairly blooming attendants were prepared to escort her ; every told, that Mr. and Mrs, and even Miss Lint, will exthing was ready but the groom--where was he?'« The cuse the absence of our hero, “ situated as he was,” as Doctor must be a very absent man,” said Mr. Ruffles, Sir Patrick O'Plenipo would say. But where was the " to be absent on such an occasion.” Mrs. Sneezer took Doctor? I will let you know in the course of the fola large pinch of snuff, and remarked, "that it was very
lowing chapter. mysterious.” Mr. Lini was in a curious predicament, and although in his own house, felt very little at home; and
AN UNEXPECTED PATIENT. he walked to the passage door-opened it looked out Upon the evening appointed for the ceremony, the -the snow was whitening the tops of the thick array Docior repaired to his room at an early hour, to prepare of carriages, the great-coats and the hats of the coach for the interesting occasion. When completely dressed, men--the breeze was very cool; he saw no carriage in he surveyed his figure fully reflected in a psyche glass. motion, nor other indication of the expected coming of His pantaloons and vest were of white-the former of the esculapian; he looked at his watch-blew his fin- the finest cassinet, the latter of satin; his coat was black, gers—and returned to the fireside. “This is very and of the best broad-cloth, fitling without a wrinkle ; strange," said Mr. Lint. Mrs. Lint was very busy, his stock and gloves, of course, corresponded in color marshalling and drilling her servants, pouring the wine with the vest and pantaloons; white silk stockings, and out into the glasses, mixing lemonade, splitting up the well polished pumps, covering feet unusually small, conoranges, and arranging the trays and waiters of cakes cluded his adornment. Thus to himself did his faithful and fruit; and as industry and occupation are the mirror represent Dr. Faw, on the evening already re“sovereignest thing on earth” against the approach of ferred to. As the Doctor stood before the glass, a rap ennui, she hardly knew that the time appointed had was heard, and an individual obtruded himself upon him. arrived. At length she drew from her girdle a gemmed “ I am desired," said he, “Doctor, to request you to call repeater, which gave her the first intimation of the immediately upon a lady who is alarmingly ill.” The laieness of the hour. She called out, “Samuel !” intrusive character then went on to describe exactly the Samuel, all neatness and apron, immediately answered, place where the lady was to be found. “Will it not "Madam!” “Samuel,” said Mrs. L., “what are we answer to-morrow ?" said the Doctor. “I am particuwaiting for?” “The groom, madam, has not corne.” larly engaged.” In this style of expression, I think that " The groom !” said Mrs. L., “ that's very singular;" the Doctor was pretty accurate, for a wedding in which and off whisked Mrs. L. to inform Mr. L. of a truth our position is that of first performer in the ceremony of which he was already painfully aware. The worthy next the priest, might very fairly be called a particular priest had exhausted interrogation itself in inquiries engagement. “For the love of God, do come, Doctor; about the prospects of the parties about to be wed, and the woman may die. She cannot detain you more than concerning the health of every family, a member of a few minutes," was the further appeal addressed to our which happened within reach of his voice and turning hero. The heart of Mr. Faw being just then in a condi. his face towards the fire-place, observed by the time. I tion particularly propitious to the action upon it of the
finer and kindlier sympathies, and as he supposed that, him; or like Morgan, of anti-masonic memory, he was it would be a charitable way of spending an hour which abducted ; or like Elijah, he went heavenward in a chaotherwise must move on leaden wings, he concluded that riot of fire, the author of this narrative would not underhe would comply with the request. So taking his hat and take to hazard a conjecture. All that he assumes to cane, and hurrying on his gloves, he sallied forth. The speak of, is what actually did occur; and further, as the reader now finds the Doctor on the public street in his form of the affidavits in the law run, he saith noi. wedding attire, hurrying to the bedside of his patient. Arrived at the passage door, he encountered an Amazo
TIME, TROUBLE, &c. nian, on her knees, laboriously busy at that work of all detestation-scrubbing-her arms bared, and her frock dies of the heart, and frequently furnishes a specific
Time is a great physician. It cures most of the malatucked up. Her ladyship looked askance very know where nothing else medicinal could be of any avail. ingly and grinned, which the Doctor supposed to be her The affections of Miss Lint, as the reader may have rude way of wishing him joy of the coming nuptials.opined, were not very deeply engaged in the affair with She instantly abandoned her occupation, and with her the Doctor, although matrimony was intended to result mop in hand accompanied the Doctor into the cham; from it. It has happened, and probably will happen ber and presence of his patient. The room, to all
again, that women marry without any very overpowerappearance, was that of the sick: a cheerful fire was
ing sense of irresistible love. All of the sex are not blazing in the hearth, and numerous vials were ranged framed of materials of which even a Shakspeare could upon the mantel. The bed-curtains were closely drawn. make Juliets. Nature had intended Lavinia for as The patient was bolstered upright in a sitting po, much happiness as belongs to our condition here, and sition. The Doctor took his seat by the bedside, and hence she was denied the more lively emotions out of began feeling her ladyship’s pulse. The Doctor always which arise as often intense pain as the highest enjoywas a man of feeling. The sick woman immediatelyment. She was never boisterously happy, nor did her made a desperate spring, and clasped her arms around feelings ever relapse into a correspondent degree of the neck of Mr. Faw, exclaiming, “ Your wife! your gloom. The groomless wedding caused much talk in wife ! you traitor!" Immediately three red-haired suc, the village when it occurred, as did all the accompanying cessors to the features and name of the Doctor crawled circumstances, as we have narrated them; but other from under the bed, and clinging to his knees, cried out stories and other excitements succeeded it, and after a most lustily, like Maelzel's Androides, “Papa ! papa!” few years, it came to be but infrequently even alluded Doctor Johnson observes that when we are in any emer
The swarm of admirers which Lavinia's charms, gencies of danger or perplexity, the mind acts with ex, including the metallic ones, commanded, were brushed traordinary rapidity, and that an immense number and variety of ideas are compressed into an inconceivable away for a season, like insects by the breath of a frosty minute period of time. Not Laocoon, with the serpents house of Mr. Lint became as joyous and as gay as ever;
breeze. They returned, however, eventually, and the contorting around his limbs with fatal pressure, ever fele with more intensity the horror of his situation, than so true is that trite maxim, handed down to us from the did our man of medicine. He thought in an instant of ancients," ubi mel, ibi apes”—where there is good enterthe various modes of escape. The window was too tainment, there will always be sufficient guests. high from the earth, and the pavement too hard to meditale a leap. The fire was too hot and dangerous for
MRS. AND MR. RUFFLES, AND THE CONCLUSION. him to attempt the chimney. In his desperation, loaded Will the reader be kind enough to take it for granted, as he was, he turned towards the door. It was locked, that some four or five years have elapsed since Dr. Faw and the lady who had shown him up stood with her departed so abruptly from the bedside of the unmanageback against it, tall as a grenadier and twice as power- able patient, to whom we alluded in a preceding chapter. ful, with the dripping mop in her hands, uplifted like an On a dreary December morning, Mrs. Ruffles (formerly axe in the butcher's grasp. Reconciling himself to his Miss Lavinia Lint) was seated at the head of a neatly fate, the Doctor struggled back into the chair from which arranged breakfast table, busily engaged pou he had risen, and sank down upon it completely hope- coffee. The buckwheat cakes were sending up into less and unnerved.
the room wreaths of steam. On each side of Mrs. R. If ever the organ of "adhesiveness” was clearly de- was seated a curly haired young one, intent upon swalveloped upon any cranium, it must have been upon that lowing any and every thing that might come to hand. of the veritable Mrs. Faw, judging from the manner "Dear me,” said Mrs. R. looking out of a window opshe adhered to her husband. Sitting on his knees, her posite," how very like this day is to that evening on arms still around him, she continued pouring out a which it was appointed that I should be Mrs. Dr. Faw." lava flood of invective, “ You wretch! you undertake to Mr. Ruffles was sitting before the grate, drying the deceive and ruin a poor innocent and confiding woman, morning's paper and looking at the coals. Mr. Ruffles and spend her money, after having a wife-and she liv- always read the newspaper whilst he breakfasted-a ing, and you run away from her.” Such, and other commendable custom, and a combination of luxuries. like terms of reproach, was the poor Doctor doomed to When Mr. Ruffles was seated, he commenced readinghear rattled in his ears, and no means of escape. He “Drowned, in attempting to cross — river, in the was like a wretch bound to some instrument of torture State of on Monday last week, a gentleman, lateand shame, and compelled to receive and bear all that ly arrived in the neighborhood; bis name and residence might be meted out to him. Motionless he sat, unre- unknown; he was of middle size, well dressed, with sisting and mule. At length the heart of the janitor sandy hair: letters were found upon him addressed to relented. "Come,” said she of the mop, roaring with Dr. Faw. It is hoped that this account may reach his laughter," fair play is a jewel the Doctor deserved a friends.” “How strange," said Mrs. Ruilles," that I good deal, and he has got it--he came, at any rate, as he should just then have happened to have spoken of him." supposed, on an errand of mercy; let not his treatment, “Very,” said Mr. Ruffles“but these things, you know, however he may have earned it, be merciless—he has my dear, are unaccountable." "Are you ready for been under the pump long enough.”. So saying, and your coffee, my dear.” “Yes.” And so this story ends. tearing the husband from his wife's embrace, she raised him up aloft and bore him to the door. Like the hare, when the loud yelp of the pursuing hound breaks upon his ear, so leapi the Doctor forwards, and so he bounded along the stairs and the passage-way to the open Holstein on the North Wind; Heinsius on the Ass;
Pierius Valerianus wrote an Eulogium on Beards; street-ihe last that Mrs. Faw, or any body else, ever saw or knew of him with any absolute certainty, Erasmus on Folly ; Sallengre on Drunkenness; SyneWhether, like Curtius, the earth gaped and swallowed / sius on Baldness. (Greek.)
THE MECHANIC ARTS, AND EVERETT’S forgotten that, without which, popular government can
the government, Southern great men have despised or ADDRESS.*
have no hope—the increase and diffusion of knowledge In September last, the · Massachusetts Charitable among the people. Vast, splendid, imposing objects, Mechanic Association' held, in Boston, an exhibition of monopolize their regards. To thunder in the Senate, machines, implements, and fabrics, recently produced or electrify the multitude at some great national or by the mechanic arts; and at the same time held a fair, party jubilee; to meditate exploits in war; or to proat which many articles made for the occasion, were pose some grand scheme of legislation for showering sold: the profits of the exhibition and fair being applied wealth upon millions at once; or to defend, with tongue to the charitable uses for which, mainly, the Associa- and pen, the political rights of large masses of men ;tion was formed. In variety, richness, and depth of these are the only quarries dignified enough for Southinterest, no exhibition of the kind, probably, ever sur
ern ambition. It never deigns to bestow a thought passed, if any ever equalled, this one. More than upon the details of means, by which individual men fifteen thousand articles, in almost every department of and women may be made to covet, and to acquire, a art,' were displayed to the wonder-stricken eye. Spe- knowledge of their various duties and rights—of Nacimens of manufacture the most rare, of machinery the ture's wonders--and of Art's triumphs. Far less does most ingenious, courted attention on every hand. Agri- it deign, like Bacon, or (may we add) like Brougham cultural implements, the tools proper to a hundred differ- and Everett, to drudge personally (operarius et bajulus ent trades, steam engines,--all presenting some useful or fieri) in so unshowy a work. What infatuation! to curious invention or improvement—filled the most know-imagine that the edifice of state will withstand sapping ing beholder with new admiration for a fertility of mind and the storm, because its proportions are happy and and cunningness of hand, which seemed here to have the blocks which compose it are strong; when their been well nigh superhumanly creative. Foremost of won-joints are uneven and the cement which should unite ders, was the model of Davenport's electro-magnetic en
them is a crumbling sand !-Men who will devote their gine; applying the power of the loadstone to drive ma- powers to none but the vulgar aims of ambition-chinery. The model was of sufficient force to work a oratory, statesmanship, and arms—err as fatally as turner's lathe ; and judicious observers, after examining those do, (and in a manner not unlike) who reserve all its principles of action, deemed it easily susceptible of their virtue for great occasions, when it may shine as such increase in power, while it might remain so portable heroism ; slighting the lesser morals,' the daily and and cheap, as to be far superior to those hitherto match-hourly courtesies, which make so nearly the sum of less agents, water and steam.—The throng of spectators
human happiness, and form so much the largest part of was proportioned to the attractiveness of the sight. human duty. The would-be hero, unblessing and unDaily, for eight or ten days, thousands crowded the im- blessed, diffuses no joy, and receives none, in his domes. mense halls of the exhibition. The city, and the neigh- tic or social circle. The would-be orator, statesman, or boring villages and towns, poured out almost their entire warrior, leaves undone almost all that he should have population. By the fifth or sixth day, sixty thousand done for the peace, freedom, and happiness of his counpeople were supposed to have been admitted ; and the try; He speedily suffers the proper doom of all missum received for admittances alone, was reckoned at
guided seekers after Fame; twelve or fifteen thousand dollars.
In dark oblivion drown'd,
He sleeps forgot, with mighty tyrants gone ; The occasion was seized, to elicit the Address men
His statues moulder'd, and his name unknown.' tioned above. Its objects were, to swell the charity
The truest benefactors of mankind are those who, in fund (for each auditor paid an admittance fee), and to their sphere, be it high or low, wide or narrow, do what impress mechanics and all others with a just sense of they can to enlighten the minds and improve the morals the dignity and importance of the mechanic arts. But of their fellow-men. Accordingly, especial honor is there is one circumstance, especially worthy of notice. due to him, who adds this merit to the ordinary conThe author of the Address,—who, from the manner in stituents of greatness. which the title page mentions him (“Edward Everett, an
Such is the honor due to Mr. Everett. Besides Honorary member,' &c.) might be taken for merely having figured, we need not say how conspicuously, in some retired master mechanic,—is the distinguished the great arena at Washington ; besides having, in the Governor of Massachusetts; and even less distinguished ablest articles of the ablest American Review, signalized by that title, than as an enlightened member of Con- his pen in the cause not only of letters, but of human gress, an eloquent orator, and an accomplished scholar: rights and human improvement; he has, by numerous confessedly, one of the foremost men of that state, itself instructive lectures and addresses, before associations among the foremost in this confederacy.
and assemblies of different kinds, spread abroad a large We dwell with mingled pleasure and regret, upon amount of useful knowledge; and what is much better, this spectacle so frequent in the North, of genius, learn- created in many a mind, an ardent thirst for more of ing, and high official dignity, descending with cheerful that knowledge; nay, what is best of all, has set an frankness from their natural elevation, to a task of such impressive and infectious example, which will multiply humble usefulness: pleasure, to find that not every- the effect of his own work a thousand fold. where in this our country, does greatness disdain to
The misdirected or slumbering geniuses of the South, instruct common minds in lowly and homely truths; whom we would fain arouse by pointing to that examregret, to think how uiterly, in their solicitudes touching ple, may possibly suppose that the field in which Mr.
* An Address delivered before the Massachusetts Charitable E. has thus labored, is barren of what is commonly Mechanic Association, 20th September, 1837, on occasion of their deemed glory : that it yields no laurels: and that the first exhibition and fair. By Edward Everett, honorary member of the association. Boston: Dutton and Wentworth-1937. only compensation to the plodding toiler, is the con
sciousness of doing much good. So, before a trial, any These illustrations of the important aid man derives one might have supposed. So, probably, Mr. Everett from the mechanic arts, lead to the inference, that they himself thought, when, inspired by patriotism and phi- are the great instruments human civilization. Then lanthropy (we do not like to employ the much abused come the subjoined striking views of the differences word), he first girded himself for the work. But he has between civilized and savage life; closing with a graphic found it otherwise. He has found the field a full description of the work done by a weaving mill; and worthy one, for the best efforts of genius. It has fur- some wonderful results of the steam engine: nished some of the most verdant and enduring chaplets “ It is a somewhat humiliating reflection, that, in many things that entwine his brow. His powers of reasoning and dependent on the human organs and senses,--unaided by the
arts,-the savage greatly excels the most improved civilized illustration, his treasures of diversified knowledge, aye, organization of the minutest insect or plant, --marks the rise of and his eloquence, have been signalized so, as the first the sap in the capillaries of a blade of grass ---counts the pultalents in all the land might be proud of being signal. sations of the heart in an animalcule a hundred times smaller ized. The Address delivered at the late exhibition and fills the heavens with a hundred millions of stars, invisible to fair, is an instance of this. We shall quote consider the naked eye. To the savage, the wonders of the microscope able portions of it, (as we have made the foregoing elude our keenest vision, tell whether it is the foot of friend or remarks) not to please the author, to whom we are un enemy which has passed over the grass before his tent in the known, and owe nothing save our quota of the whole and tangled forest without a guide. Civilized man, with his country's gratitude; but to shew how entirely suscepti- wheels and his steam. runs a race with the winds, but, left to ble such themes and such occasions are, of being handled indefatigable savage, ignorant of artificial conveyance, ouutires, in the style of a master, and to strengthen our recommen- of civilized life faints at the delay of his periodical meal, a three dation of his example to his countrymen. The passages days' hunger makes no impression on the iron frame of the quoted, at the same time, will enrich our pages, and with enjoyments that seem to render life a hundred sold more amply reward the reader's trouble in perusing them. precious, lies drenched in sleep one-third of his precious hours, The following paragraph displays the wonderful
and may well envy the physical training wbich enables his
hardy brother of the foresi, when occasion requires, to bid defi. increase of man's power, from the use of machines, and ance, night after night, to the approach of weariness. other material agents:
“But this superiority which the savage possesses over civilized
man, in the discipline of some of the natural capacities of our " Man, with his unaided strength, can lift but one or two hun.) frame, is turned io little account of human improvement and dred weight, and that but for a moment; with his pulleys and happiness, for want of those arts which create, combine, and windlasses, he sets an obelisk upon its base,.--a shaft of solid perpetuate the powers and agents by which our wants are sup. granice a hundred feet high. The dome of St. Peter's is one plied. Even the few comforts of which his forlorn condition is hundred and twenty feet in diameter; its sides are twenty-two susceptible, are mostly derived, not from this superior training feet in thickness, and it is suspended in the air at an elevation of his natural faculties and senses, but from his possession of of three hundred and twenty feet from the ground, and it was some few imperfect arts. The savage, needy at best, without raised by hands as feeble as these. The unaided force of the his moccasins, his snow-shoes, his dressed buffalo skin, his muscles of the human hand is insufficient to break a fragment of hollowed tree or bark canoe, his bow and arrow, his tent and marble, of any size, in pieces ; but, on a recent visit to the beau: his fishing gear, would be a much more abject being. And tiful quarries in Sheffield, from which the columns of the Girard these simple inventions, and the tools and skill required by College at Philadelphia are taken, I saw masses of hundreds of them, no doubt occupied a considerable period in the early his. tons, which had been clest from the quarry by a very simple ar.tory of our race. But the great difference between savage and tificial process. Three miles an hour, for any considerable civilized life consists in the want of those more improved arts, space of time, and with ample intervals for recreation, food, the products of which we have been contemplating ,--by which and sleep, are the extreme limit of the locomotive capacity of no inconsiderable quantity of human power and skill can be the strongest frame, and this confined to the land. The arts transferred to inanimate tools and machinery, and perpetuated step in: by the application of one portion of them to the pur. in them; the arts whereby the grasp of the hand, which soon poses of navigation, man is wasted, night and day, alike waking wearies, can be transferred to ihe iron gripe of the vice, the and sleeping, at the rate of eight or ten miles an hour, over the clamp, ihe bolt, that never tire; the arts by which stone, and unfathomed ocean; and, by the combination of another portion metal, and leather, and wood, may be made to pe rform the of the arts, he flies at the rate of fifteen or twenty miles an hour, oflices of poor flesh and bone. The savage, when he has and if need be with twice that rapidity, without moving a muscle, parched his corn, puts it in a rude mortar, which with infinite from city to city. The capacity of imparting thought, by intel toil he has scooped out of a rock, and laboriously pounds it ligible signs, to the minds of other men,--the capacity which into meal. It is much, if, in this way, he can pre pare food lies at the foundation of all our social improvements,.--while enough to keep him alive while he is preparing ii. The civil. unaided by art, was confined within the limits of oral commu-ized man, when he has raised his corn, builds a mill with a nication and memory. The voice of wisdom perished, not water-wheel, and sets the indefatigable stream to grinding his merely with the sage by whom it was uttered, but with the very grain. There are now iwo or three laborers at work; one, it is breath of air on which it was borne. Art came to the aid of the rue, with forces which soon weary, and which can only be natural capacity; and, after a long series of successive im. kept up by consuming a part of the corn as sast as it can be provements, passing through the stages of pictorial and sym. made into food, but endowed with an untiring and inexhausti bolical representations of things--the different steps of hiero. ble invention ;---the other patient fellow-laborers of wood and glyphical writing, (each occupying, no doubt, long periods of iron, the stream, the wheel, and the mill-stone, without capacity time for its discovery and application, ) ---it devised a method of for head.work, are willing to grind corn all day, and noi ask a imprinting on a material substance an intelligible sign, not of mouthful back by way of sustenance.... Civilization is kept up things, but of sounds forming the names of things; in other by storing the producis of the labor thus economized, and imwords, it invented the A B C. With this simple invention,
and parting a share of it to those engaged in some other pursuit, who the mechanical contrivances with which it is carried into effect, give a portion of its products in exchange for food. the mind of man was, I had almost sajd, re-created. The day “Take another illustration in the arts employed in furnishing before it was invented, the voice of man, in its utmost stretch, the clothing of man. The savage, when he has killed a buffalo could be heard but by a few thousands, intently listening for an and dried his skin, prepares it with the manual labor of several hour or two, during which alone his strength would enable him weeks for a garment ;---a substantial and sightly garment; but to utter a succession of sounds. The day after the art of wri- it has taken him a long time, and he has made but one.
The ling was invented, he stamps his thoughts on a roll of parch. civilized man, having a world of business on his hands, has ment, and they reach every city and hamlet of the largest em. contrived a variety of machines, which perform almost all the pire.' The day before this invention, and the mind of one work required for his clothing. He cuts a mass of curled wool country was estranged from the mind of all other countries. from the sheep's back,---a confused, irregular heap of fibrous For almost all the purposes of intercourse, the families of man threads, which would seem to defy the skill and industry of the might as well not have belonged to one race. The day after it, artificer. How long will it not take the busiest pair of fingers to and Wisdom was endued with the gift of tongues, and spake by picce those fibres together, end to end, to lay them side by side, her interpreters to all the tribes of kindred men. The day be so as to give them substance, coherence, dimensions,...lo con: fore this invention, ar nothing but a fading tradition, cori vert the into a covering and delence, excluding cold and wet! Blantly becoming tainter, could be preserved by the memory, of The savage, in taking the skin, seems to have made the wiser all that was spoken or acted by the greatest and wisest of men. choice. Nature has done the spinning and weaving to his hand. The day after it, Thought was imperishable ; it spring to an But wait a moment :...there is a group of iron.fingered artificers earthly inmortality; it seized the new-found instruments of in yonder mill will show you a wonder. They will, with a record and commemoration, and, deserting the body as it sunk rapidity scarcely conceivable, convert this uncouth fibro us heap with its vocal organs into the dust, it carved on the very grave. into a uniform mass; they will draw out its short, curly fibres slone, " The mind of man shall live forever.”
into long even threads,...lay them side by side, and curiously
cross them over and under with magical dexterity, till they form modern art of bleaching. Some necessary result can be at. 2 compact tissue, covered with a soft down and a glossy lustre, tained, in half the time, by a new mechanical contrivance ;... smooth, impervious, fiexible,.--in quantity sufficient to clothe a another wheel...a ratchet...a screw will effect the object ; he family for a year, with less expeuse of human labor, than would tries a few experiments ; it will succeed ; it is done. He stamps be required io dress a single skin.
his foot, and a hundred thousand men start into being ; not, like Coosider the steam engine. It is computed that the steam those which sprang from the fabled dragon's teeth, armed with power of Great Britain, not including the labor economized by the weapons of destruction, but furnished with every implement the enginery it puts in motion, performs annually the work of a for the service and comfort of man. It is stated by James Watt, million of men. In other words, the steam engine adds to the (before whose time the steam engine was an imperfect and inhuman population of Great Britain another population, one efficient machine,) that the moment the notion of "separate million strong. Strong it may well be called. What a popula. condensation" struck him, all the other details of his improved tion! so curiously organized, that they need neither luxuries engine followed in rapid and immediate succession, so that, in nor comforts,.--that they have neither vices nor sorrows ---sub- the course of a day, his invention was so complete that he project to an absolute control without despotism,.--laboring night ceeded to submit it to experiment.* Could that day be identi. and day for their owners, without the crimes and woes of sla. fied, it would well deserve an anniversary celebration by the very: a frugal population, that wastes nothing and consumes universal tribes of civilized man." nothing unproductively; an orderly population, to which inobs
Sentimentalists have complained of “the mechanical and riots are uuknown; among which the peace is kept without police, courie, prisons, or bayonets; and annually lavishing tendency” of the present age, as having an unfavorable ihe product of one million pairs of hands, to increase the com influence upon morals and intellect. Mr. Everett vinforts of the fifteen or twenty millions of the human population. And yet the steam engine, which makes this mighty addition to dicates the mechanic arts from this imputation ; regardhave all seen il, both in miniature and on a working scale, at ing their intellectual and moral influences as among the halls. In the miniature model, (constructed by Mr. New their happiest results. We cannot abridge his obsercomb of Salem,) it can be moved by the breath of the most deli: vations without greater injustice to them and to our cale pair of lips in this assembly; and it could easily be constructed of a size and power, which would rend these walls readers, than we are willing to burthen our conscience yet it is but a machine. There is a cylinder and a piston ; there with. The manner in which, at the close of the followare tubes, valves, and pumps,...Water, and a vessel to boil it in, ing extract, he is warned back from his digression' by industry of the present age are working their wonders. This his watch, equals those happy transitions adduced by is the whole of the agency which has endowed modern art with | Dugald Stewartt from Thomson, Goldsmith, and nent and ebe ocean, with those capacities which Romance has Virgil. attributed to her unearthly beings:
“The immediate result of every improvement in these arts, Tramp, tramp, along the land they ride,
as has been already stated, often is, and always might and Splash, splash, across the sea.
should be, by making less labor and time necessary for the sup“ It is wholly impossible to calculate the quantity of labor ply of human wants, to raise the standard of confortable live economized by all the machinery which the steam engine puts ing,-increase the quantity of leisure time applicable to the cul. in motion. Mr. Baines* states, that the spinning machinery
of ture of the mind, and thus promote the intellectual and moral Great Britain, lended by one hundred and fifty thousand work progress of the mass of the community. That this is the gene. nen,“ produces as much yarn as could have been produced by ral tendency of a progress in the useful arts, no one can doubt, forty millions of men with the one-thread wheel!" Dr. Buck. who compares the present condition of the world with its condi. land remarks, ihat it has been supposed that "the amount of tion in the middle ages; and thefact is confirmed by the history work cow done by machinery in England is equivalent to that of single inventions. I have already spoken of alphabetical of between three and four hundred millions of men by direct writing, Pliny remarks of the Egyptian reed, (the first material labor.”+
of which paper was made,) that or this reed rested the immor. We dare say most of our readers will find something the expression, is just. This single art of alphabetical writing
tality of man. The thought, though savoring of heathenism in new to them in the passage we are now going to quote,
was a step absolutely essential in the moral and intellectual pro.
gress of our race. To speak of the art of printing, in its contouching the progress of certain improvements in one nection with morals and mind, would be as superfluous as it familiar art.
would be difficult to do justice to the topic. Its history is not so
much an incident as the summary of modern civilization. Vast "It is not yet, I believe, more than two or three centuries, as the influence of this art of arts has been, it may well be since the only mode of spinning known was by the rock and doubted whether improvements will not yet be made in the mespindle. The simple spinning wheel, moved by the hand, and chaniem connected with it, which will incalculably increase its which was thoughi, in the times of our grand-parents, to show a efficiency. If I mistake not, the trumpet-voice of Truth from graceful form and a well-turned arm to nearly as much advan. this machine is yet destined io reach to distances and depths of tage as a harp at the present day, and to make a music almost as society, which have hitherto remained unexplored and neglected. cheerful, is at once an obsolete and a modern invention. The
" Again, in reference to the intimate connection of the useful Greeks and Romans are said to have been unacquainted with and mechanic arts with intellectual progress, let us but advert the spinning-wheel. The monarch's heavy purple and the for a moment to the mariner's compass, the telescope, the quadnymph's airy tissue were alike manufactured by iwirling the rant. For myself, I never refleci upon their influence on the distaff, and drawing out a thread with the fingers; and no im. affairs of man, and remember that they are, after all, merely provement was made on this tedious process, in Great Britain, mechanical contrivances, without emotions of admiration bor. before the fifteenth century. It is evident that much more labor dering upon awe. This sentiment, I know, is so worn away by must have been requisite, with this rude machinery, to supply habit, that it seems almost to run into sentimentality. But let the indispensable article of clothing, than with the modern im. us not be ashamed to reproduce the emotions that spring from provemelis. The introduction of the spinning wheel produced the freshness of truth and nature. What must not have been a gréi economy of this labor; but the introduction of the spin: Galileo's feelings, when he pointed the first telescope to the heaDing and weaving machinery of the last century, bas pushed ven", and discovered the phases of Venus and ihe moons of this economy to an extent, at which it is in vain to attempt to Jupiter! When I behold the touched needle trembling to the caiculate it. This economy operates, first, to multiply the com- pole, -when I know that, beneath the utter blackness of the forts of the existing population, and then, by necessary conse- midnight storm, when every star in heaven is quenched, and the quence, to increase the population capable of subsisting in a laboring vessel, in mid-ocean, reels, like a drunken man, on the given circuit. Yes, the man who, in the infancy of the arts, in-crested top of the mighty waves, that little bar of steel will guido vested the saw or the plane, the grindstone, the vice, or the the worn and staggering helmsman on his way,- I feel that there hand-mill; and those who, in later periods, have contributed to is a holy philosophy in the arts of life, which, if I cannot comthe wonderful system of modern machinery, are entitled to rank prehend, I can reverence. high among the benefactors of mankind, the fathers of civili “ Consider the influence on the affairs of men, in all their rezacion.--.the creators, I had almost said, of nations. No, it is lations, of the invention of the little machine which I hold in my bot the fabulous wand of the enchanter, it is the weaver's beam, hands; and the other modern instruments for the measurement and instruments like it, which call thousands and tens of thou: of time, various specimens of which are on exhibition in the sards into being. Mind, acting through the useful arts, is the halis. "To say nothing of the importance of an accurate mea. Vitai principle of modern civilized society. The mechanician, surement of time in astronomical observations,-nothing of the as the magician, is now the master of life. He kindles the fires application of time-keepers to the purposes of navigation,--how of his steam engine,--the rivers, the lakes, the ocean, are co. vast must be the aggregate effect on the affairs of life, through. vered with flying vessels; mighty chain-pumps descend, clank. out the civilized world, and in the progress of ages, os a conve. ing and groaning, to the deepest abysses of the coal mine, and dient and portable apparatus for measuring the lapse of time ! riber of their deluging waters; and spindles and looms ply their task as if instinct with life. It is the necromancy of the
* Lardner's Popular Lectures on the Steam Engine, p. 61. creative machinist. In a moment a happy thought crosses his Dr. Lardner, in the context of the passage above quoteu, speaks imagination,---an improvement is conceived. Some tedious of the notion of " separate condensation" as the "happy con. process can be superseiled by a chemical application, as in the ception which formed the first step of that brilliant career which
has immortalized the name of Watt, and which has spread his • Baines' History of the Cotton Manufacture, p. 362.
fame to the very skirts of civilization.” f Buckland's Geology and Mineralogy, Vol. 1. p. 400.
In the first volume of his Philosophy of the Human Mine