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On the Divinity of Carist. I of the only true and living God. ARIUS and Socinus, and Who can read, with any due at.

A many of their disciples eventention, the old testament, but at this day, do in effect renew the must see that it was the great de. attack which EBION and Cerin-1 sign of the commandments, warnTHUS of old made against the | ings, reprehensions and counsels truth of the real and proper divin therein given to God's people that, ity of Christ. This doctrine ap- | forsaking all idolatry, they should pears to me so fundamental a truth acknowledge and worship Jehovah in Christianity, that if it be set a only as their God? Who can, side and given up, I can see no with any due attention, read the good foundation for the Christian new testament, but must see that a Church, or indeed for the Chris great and main design of it was to tian hope of salvation ; for if he recover persons from the acknowbe but a mere man, a mere crea- ledgement and worship of dumb ture, though of the most exalted idols, and to bring them to acand excellent order and capacities knowledge, worship and love the conceivable, yet all his obedience only living and true God ? . must be due to him who is the au The other thing which I think thor of it all ; and so nothing ought to have a prevailing influence which Christ did or suffered can, upon our minds, while attending as I fee, be of any avail to the fal- | to this subject, is that we and vation of finners. There are some mankind, to whom the scriptures who interpret fome scripture ex-l are granted, will unavoidably be pressions, ascribing to Christ his led into the groffest idolatry, if knowledge, power, &c. to mean | Christ be not truly, really and that God communicated them to properly God; forasmuch as there. him as a creature of a most dignifi. in such titles, attributes, works ed and exalted order and capacity. and worship are ascribed to him as But (with humility be it spoken) can be due only to God. That God could not lend or impart to | God is the only adequate and suithim, if a creature, his eternity, able object of religious worship, omnipotence, omniscience, &c. must be acknowledged by all, who There are many scripture expres profess to believe natural or revealfions of and concerning Christ, in ed religion. But as the divinity his mediatorial character, which | of Christ is a truth specially of diare to be understood in that re- / vine revelation, it will be incum. stricted sense and view, and are not bent on me to mention proof of it to be considered as spoken of him from scripture. in his highest character or divine In John v. 23, we are expressly nati*e ; confounding of which is | assured by our Saviour, that all one great cause of that fundamen- men should honor the Son even as sal mistake.

they honor the Father. And what In considering of the divinity of less than divine honor, religious Christ, there are two things, I worship and obedience can be tho't think, ought to prevail in our | due to the Father and according minds. One is, that it is a great to this text, what less can be due design of fcripture revelation, both to Christ ? Baptizing in his name in the old and new testament, to as well as that of the Father and bring persons off from idolatry to the Holy Ghost, Matthew xxviii. the acknowledgment and worship '19, must be an act of religious

worship ascribed to him. St. Paul RighTEOUSNESS;' and Hebrews prayed to him, (whose words are i. 10. “ And thou, Lord, in the commonly used in public blessings) beginning hast laid the foundation 2 Corinthians xiii. 14. “ The of the earth ; and the heavens grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and are the works of thine hands." the love of God, and the com- That the title Jehovah is there, by munion of the Holy Ghost, be the apostle, applied to Christ, is with you all. Amen.” And how very evident from what he says in often do we fynd, in the epistles, the two next foregoing verses, in that expression, 6 The grace of which he afcribes to Christ works our Lord Jesus Christ be with you ; wrought and done by him which

-be with thy spirit, &c.” Thom- are possible to God only to effe&t. asreligiously worshipped him, when | In John i. 3. we read, “ All he said, John Xx. 28. “My things were made by him ; and Lord and my God ;” and Christ without him was not any thing received that worship without chi. made that was made ;" not made ding him in the least for it. The by him as an instrument, but as an martyr Stephen, with his dying agent. What short of Almighty breath, worshipped him, when he power could create out of nothing said, Acts vii. 59. “Lord Jesus, the heavens, earth and fea and all receive my spirit.” And how of things therein ? And can we fupten in the epistles, and among the pose that God would impart Alprimitive Christians, is mention mighty power to any creature ? made of calling on the name of Je- | What the apostle says, Colossians i. sus Christ, both their Lord and | 16, 17, concerning Christ, takes ours ? Now, would not this be away that and all such like cavils, gross idolatry, if Christ were not against the divine nature or real di. truly and essentially God? vinity of Christ : “ For by him

The title JEHOVAH is not to be | were all things created, that are attributed to any creature ; it is to in heaven, and that are in earth, be ascribed to God only. Psalm visible and invisible, whether they lxxxiii. .18. “ That men may be thrones, or dominions, or prinknow that thou, whose name alone cipalities, or powers : all things is JEHOVAH, art the Most High were created by him and for him : over all the earth.” Indeed we And he is before all things, and find, Judges vi. 24, that “ Gid- by him all things confift.” Ineon built an altar there unto the deed in the verse before, he is said Lord, and called it Jehovah-Sha- to be, “ the image of the invisible lom.” But we cannot consistently God, the firft born of every crea. fuppose that the altar itself was Je- ture.” By what the Apostle im- • hovah.Shalom, but that it was mediately subjoins, he would not built to the honor of him who was ac have us think as tho’ Christ was a knowledged to be Jehovah-Shalom. | mere creature when he fays, he Now, we often find that title (in was the first born of every creacommunicable to any creature) ap ture ; but that he is the efficient plied to Christ. Instead of men origin of all created existence, tioning the many particular places | He can be no creature who is bewhere it is fo, it must suffice to men- fore all things ;-he is no creature tion that in Jeremiah xxiii. 6. by whom all things were made, " And this is his name whereby visible and invisible. Al why we he shall be called, THE LORD OUR belieye the existence of God ?

Shall we not fay, that the works we are allured there are three ; of creation and providence witness not three and one in the same fenfe. to the certainty of it? And have Reason and revelation affure us, we not the like evidence of the di- | that there can be but one true God; vinity of Christ, “who hath made but in this one God are three per. all things, and by whom all things fons, expressly named to us, the do confift?” la fcripture, divine Father, the Word, and the Holy attributes, proper to God only, are Ghost. Now if the Word (meanafcribed to Christ. He is stiled, ing Christ) and the Holy Ghost Jude 25, “The only wise God.” | be not the same in effence with the It is the prerogative of God only Father, how can they be faid to to search and infallibly to know the be one ; meaning not only that heart. Jeremiah xvii. 10. This is they are one in will and confent, ascribed to Christ, John xxi. 17. but in essence ;--one, as our Sav. “ Lord, thou knowest all things : iour said, John x. 30. “ I and thou knowelt that I love thee." | my Father are one." All the per. He testifieth from heaven, con fons jointly harmonize as one in cerning himself, Revelation ii, 23, the work of man's redemption, “ I am he which searcheth the nevertheless they all have their par. reins and hearts.” Who but an ticular offices in it. ompiscien: Godknoweth all things ; ! As to the divinity of Christ, let searcheth the laeart, and will finals us hear and regard his glorious tesly judge the world and every thing timony from heaven concerning mort lecret and retired from human himself, Revelation i. &. “ I am and all created knowledge and Alpha and Omega, the beginning view? Who but he that is almighty and the ending, saith the Lord, in power can raise the dead, com- which is, and which was, and pel all the nations of men (as well which is to come, the Almighty." as the devils) to appear before his This is the Saviour revealed and exalted throne of judgment ; and offered to thee, O finner, in the oblige all, both high and low, to gospel ; but despised and rejected abide the decision of the last judg- by thee, and how great is thy fia ment, and to take up their ever- and danger in so doing ! O belierlasting abodes in the other world, ing Christian, this is that Saviour according to the sentence he will in whom thou believest, and to then pronounce ? He will then ap. whom thou dost commit thyself pear to be the mighty God him in the way of gospel faith and obea felf, who, we are told in the 50th dience ; and how great is thy safePfalm, will judge the world. Ity and happiness in so doing ! To

I might instance in other divine this only wise God, our Saviour, perfections and attributes afcribed | be glory and majesty, dominion to Christ. Indeed if there be any and power, both now and ever. one, there must be all the divine | Amen. perfections and infinite attributes

PHILALETHES. in him. The beloved Apostle faith, 1 John v. 7. “ There are

On Prayer, three that bear record in heaven, TXTHAT is the scripthe Father, the Word, and the

V ture representation Holy Ghost ; and these three are of answers to prayer ? one.” It will not do for us or Ans. To investigate this subject any to say there is only one ; for I properly, we must take a view of

the nature, design, and different er required in the holy scriptures, kinds of prayer : consider when and to which the gospel promises and in what respects prayer may | are made. be said to be answered : and con- It is further to be observed, that sult the scripture accounts of an- in treating of answers to prayer, swers to prayer.

we have only to consider that part .. I. We are to take a view of the of prayer which consists in petinature, design, and different kinds tion, supplication, and intercellion ; of prayer.

in other words seeking from God In general this important duty a favor or blessing on ourselves or and privilege is well defined by others. All acceptable prayer is the Westminster Divines ; “ Pray- the expression of true and genuine er, say they, is the offering up of piety ; it is an appeal to God as our desires to God for things agreea- the searcher of hearts. An apble to his will, in the name of | plication to him as the independChrist, with confeffion of our ent, all-powerful proprietor of all fins, and thankful acknowledge things, the disposer of all events, ment of his mercies." This def. and the bountiful giver of every nition would appear to be agreea- blessing. It implies that spirit of ble to the scripture representations true piety, which, as it respects of prayer by an induction of many the divine character and governparticular passages were it needful. ment, is reverential love and corIt is, in a great measure supported dial submission ; in reference to by the words of the Apostle to our own guilty character it is reTimothy, i Tim. ii. 1. " I ex- pentance and humility; as it rehort therefore, that first of all, spects Christ and the gospel it is disupplications, prayers, intercesfi- vine faith, and is involved and exens, and giving of thanks be pressed in all truly gracious exermade for all men.” To this may cises both towards God and man. be added, those passages of holy The subject matter of prayer, scripture which represent the con- as it respects the present question, felion of fin as a part of prayer, is two fold ; that in which we afis tempor and those which teach us to pray for things agreeable to the revealed . in the name of Christ.

will of God, and which, for that An important distinction how- reason we know to be best on the ever, remains to be noted between whole ; as that God will glorify the prayers of the Godly, and the his own great name that he will ungodly ; or those prayers in cause the Redeemer to see of the which the disposition of the heart travail of his soul till he is fatisfiis really expressed in proper ad- ed-give him the Heathen for his dresses to God, and those in which inheritance and accomplish his there is only the service of the gracious promises in favor of his lips, or if the heart be at all con. church. These, in connection with cerned, it is for wrong and im- many other particulars which might proper ends ; for the gratification be mentioned, are declared, in the of some lust, and not for the glo holy scriptures, to be the will ry of God ; as in the case men- of God, and are therefore known tioned, James iv. 3: “Ye ask and to be best on the whole. For receive not, because ye ask amiss, these we ought to pray without co consume it on your lusts.”— condition, or uncertainty, with a This la{t is by no means, the pray. 'heart truly devoted to God, and

VOL. I. No. 5.

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resting with unwavering faith, op with this, may take place, but not the gracious promises for the be- otherwise. stowment of the good asked.

Such must be the prayer of a 2. Some things are the proper heart truly devoted to God and his subjects of prayer, which are not kingdom, and submissive to his contained in any divine promise. will. In this light we are to conSuch are all events, which, in our sider the prayer of our blessed Review, are good and desirable in deemer, in the time of his extreme themselves, and so far as we can agony, the night before his crucidiscover, may be for the general fixion, “ O my Father, if it be interest, or best on the whole, and possible, let this cup pass from me. so are not, apparently, contrary to Nevertheless not as I will but as the revealed will of God, but a thou wilt ;'* and “ If this cup greeable to it. Among which are, may not pass away from me exa competency for the body and the cept I drink it, thy will be done." present life ;-a healthy body, and It is not the design of prayer, sound mind ;the temporal prof- in any instance, either to inform perity of the nations of men ; the Divine Being of what he knew the immediate revival and progress not, or induce him to change his of-true religion, and numberless mind, and bestow favors contrary particular events of daily concern to his previous intention. All acto individuals, families, nations, ceptable prayer flows from a heart and the church of God.

conscious of the immutability and These are, indeed, the proper omniscience of God ;--that his fubjects of prayer, but of that on- counsel shall stand and he will do Jy which is conditional, or in which all his pleasure : and a heart propwe ask for them only on condition erly disposed to prayer is far from that it be the will of God to be withing it to be otherwise. But it ftow them as being, in his all per- is the design of prayer to express fect view, for the general good, or a becoming sense of the divine perbelt on the whole.

fections, of our own dependence, In prayers of this kind, the true and that of the whole creation, on Christian expresses his sense of the the all-powerful, good pleasure of worth and value of the divine glo- God--that we love to have it fom ry, and the good of his kingdom ; that we are unworthy of his favor,

his defire that it may be promo- and can hope or wish for it only ted ;--his view of the particular through the Divine Mediator event which is the subject of pray that we are senfible of our wants er as being good and desirable in it and are well pleased with his grafelf, and, as far as he can discov cious command to ask that we may er, coincident with the general | receive,and accept it with the most good ;--his sense of the universal. grateful humility ; as being the inity of divine government, or that | ftitution of divine wisdom and all events depend on the will of mercy, connecting the means with God, and his well-pleasedness in the end in this, as in other branchdivine fupremacy and fubiniffion to es of his wife adminiftration, so that it.-And he prefers his request to a conscioufness of the omniscience the God of all grace, that he and immutability of God, is so far will accomplish that which is best from discouraging the pious heart on the whole, and that the event under confideration if confiftent . * Matth. xvii. 39-4201

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