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When he says, “ Therefore let us eat, expresses the prohibition by a keep the feas,” he makes use of a term, which as certainly compreverb, which he evideatly appropri | hends eating together at common meals, ates to the sacramental feast; and, as, at the Lord's table ; it appears which cannot be used, with propri- cnquestionable, that, eating at a ety, to signify any other eating, but common table, with a person excomthat at a feast. When he says, in municated from a church, is as the eleventh verse, “ with such an much, as strictly, and as literally one, no not to eat,” he varies the forbidden, as eating with such an term from that of feasting, to one one at the table of the Lord. Nor which is expressive fimply of eat can the reverse be made appear, ing together; and, which conveys unless evidence can be produced, no idea whatever of keeping a feast. | (which it is presumed never can be) But, when the Apostle says, with that the term, in which the prohisuch an one, no not to eat, had hebition is expressed, exclusively fig. meant the same eating together, nifies eating together at the Lord's which he had, just before, express | table ; or, that the Apostle's arsed by keeping the feast ; it cannot gument necessarily requires fo limbe accounted for, that he should ited a conttruction. vary the expression to one, which I 2. It appears that the Apostle contains in it no idea of a feast ; is here giving some new and addinor, any thing more, than that of tional directions, beyond what two, or more persons eating togeth. | were already contained in the episer at a common table. It is true, tle, of which he here speaks. He that keeping the feast, is eating to says, “ I'wrote unto you in the gether : but it is equally true, that (it should be rendered) epistle, not the word made use of, where the to company with fornicators.” Apostle says, with such an one, no He considered himself as already not to eat, naturally conveys no having given directions, to the further idea than simply that of two, Corinthian church, to separate or more persons eating together. themselves from that social inter
When the Apostle is expressly course and familiarity with the opentreating on the subject of Christians | ly wicked and profane, which all communing together at the Lord's would suppose was proper and com. table, and makes use of a word, mendable among Christian brethren. which he appropriates to the sacra. Nevertheless, as Christians are mental action, and which neceffa- mixed and united in the fame civil sily conveys the idea of keeping a society with others, there is a cer, feaft; had his object been merely tain degree of companying with to forbid Christians to sit down at them, to which they are neceffathe Lord's table, and keep the rily compelled by their situation ; gospel feast, with a person excom- and, which cannot be avoided municated from the church, it can without going out of the world. hardly be conceived that he should This companying, therefore, with drop the term, which he had be the fornicators of the world, the fore appropriated ; and, adopt a covetous, the extortioners, &c. nother in its stead, which conveys is not forbidden to Christians. And, no idea of feasting, but lignities as this companying and intercourse fimply eating together.
cannot be avoided without going Seeing the Apostle, when he out of the world, it is manifest Says, with such an one, no not to ' that the Apostle did not mean to include, in it, communion at the | And, as this gospel 'was written Lord, table :-For he well knew many years before the epistle to that fuch companying and commun. the Corinthians, we have abundion with the openly wicked, might, | ant reason to conclude that it was well enough, be avoided, by Chris. | already in their hands. tians without their leaving the 3. It hence appears that there world.
is a certain degree of companying But he has still farther directions with the fornicators, &c. of the to give, respecting feparating from world, which is not forbidden to a brother, who is a fornicator, cov. Christians; which is nevertheless etous, &c. than were included in unadmissible with a brother, who what he had already written to becomes openly vicious. If this them against companying with oth | be not the case, it is manifest that er wicked inen. The manner of the Apostle gives no direction, reexpreffion would naturally imply fpecting the treatment to be given this. " I wrote unto you in the fuch an one, but what was contain
epistle, not to company. But ed in the direction already given not • now I have written to you not to to company with fornicators. But • keep company, if any man that that companying with the fornica. • is called a brother be a fornicator, tors of the world, which is allow * &c. with such an one, no not to able, is not eating with them at
eat.” If Christians were not to the Lord's table : For this may be company with fornicators, they avoided, by Christians, without would know, well enough, that their going out of the world. If, they were not to admit them, with then, a less degree of companying them, at the Lord's table :-A pro with a brother, who becomes openhibition of the lefs, neceffarily in- ly vicious, is permitted to Christians; cluding that of the greater. And and this difference, with respect to if the Corinthian Christians con companying, confilt in not eating sidered, even a lower degree of with the brother ; it is plain that companying with the wicked of the eating with a brother, which the world, than communing with is prohibited, must be at common them at the Lord's table, to be meals. For this reafon, we may unlawful ; they, certainly, needed naturally suppose, it was, that the no new precept, or direction, to Apostle, when he forbade eating convince them that, should one of with a brother, &c. made ufe of a their own members abjure his Chris- very different term, from that in tian profession and character, it which he had, juft before, spoken would be unsuitable for them to of Christians partaking together admit him to that highest act of of the facramental fupper; and Christian communion, fitting down this, such an one as imports nothwith them at the table of the Lord. ing more than fimply eating togethSo much as this might naturally be er. The word in the original, by concluded, without any new and which the prohibition under con. special direction. So much at least | fiderationisexpreffed, is funestbiein, might naturally be inferred, from which fignifies nothing more than our Saviour's own words, in the I eating with some one. But all will xviiith of Matthew, where he gave acknowledge that Christians may, particular directions, how an of. (funesthiein,) eat with one, who fending brother was to be treated, has made no profession of Christianif he refused to hear the church. ity : And yet (funestbiein) to eat
with a brother, who is a fornica- ; &c. One, being named a brother, tor, or covetous, or an idolater, or may yet become a person of an ima railer, or a drunkard, or an ex- moral character : And the directortioner, is priatly forbidden. tion is plain, how the brethren of And it is worthy of obfervation, a church are, in that case, to treat this construction of eating with, and him with such an one they are not this only, comports with the Apof- to eat. But to suppose the Apoftle's general argument, the object tle's object was, only to prohibit a of which is, to show that the com- Christian church, the liberty of pany of an excommunicated per- keeping the gospet feaft together, afson is to be more avoided, than ter one of its members is charged that of those wicked people, who with a fault, left they loould comnever made a profession of christi- mune with a guilty perfon, is, to anity.
say no more, a suppolition without To all this, however, it is ob- | the least solid foundation. jected, that “a person, after ex- ! 2. But if we reflect that excom. communication, does not sustain munication is a mean, divinely in
the character, or relation of a stituted, for the recovery of an • brother : And, therefore, that, offending brother, as much and as " in the passage before us, it is not really as any of the steps, which
to be supposed that the Apostle are previously to be taken with him ; • gives any direction whatever, re this will give additional strength to • fpecting the manner, in which the argument, which supposes that • Christians are to treat one, who | the Apostle is here giving direc
is oast out of the church :-And, tions, to Christians, how they are • consequently, that the brethren to.conduct themselves towards one,
of a church are only forbidden to | who is rejected from the church, keep the feast with a brother, He had, just before, informed the • who is charged with a fault, un Corinthian Christians, that a great
til they have examined the charge, object, which they were to have in
and acted upon it as the case shall view, in casting out an offender, • require."
was his recovery from his fall :To this objection it may be re-He directs to deliver such an one plied,
to Satan for the destruction of the 1. That had it, in fact, been fesh, that the spirit may be saved in the the design of the Apostle, to give day of the Lord Jesus. Nothing, directions to the church, how to therefore, can be more natural than treat one, who is now a brother, to suppose, that particular direct in cafe he should violate the laws tions should be given to the church, of his holy profession, and be cast how to treat a rejected member, in out ; it would be no more than order that this last step, which they natural to suppose, that he would could take with him, for his reco; have expressed himself in the very very, might, through the blessing
words, which he makes use of in of God, become effe&ual. the passage before us. When he And if this be the end, for speaks of one that is called a brother, which an offending brother is to be it is observable that, to express the excommunicated from a Christian idea, he makes use of a participle church ; it evidently appears to of the pasive. The phrase, lite. be a matter of very great importa rally rendered, is if any one being ance, that Christians should know named a brother, be a fornicator, in what manner they are to con
duet themselves towards him : In- | parchments might contain some docasmuch as his recovery is to de- uments, or be a deed or diploma pend, under God, upon the treat- of some consequence to the matinept which he receives from the ter in question. But as to the church, from which he is rejected. I cloke, there is something more parAnd as such an one is in another, ticular. In the original the word is and a very different predicament, Phelones or Phailones, which is unfrom one who never made a profef- doubtedly a corruption from Pbaifion of christianity ; and, his of noles, and it is so read in some anfences are much more heinous, than cient manuscripts. This word was those of the fornicators of this probably grecised from the Roman world ; reason, and the circum- word Pænula. This is no more stances of the case, all' concur to than was done frequently in other evince the propriety, of his being languages and in other countries. treated in a different manner from When the Roman state degenerate those, who always appeared to be ed into an absolute monarchy, maof the world. With the latter, ny citizens laid aside the Toga and Christians are not to company in wore the Pænula, or the Lacerna keeping the feast : but with the for- in its stead. Augustus highly dismer, they are forbidden to eat. approved of this change in their
If these be the means, which dress. As the Panula was so fpethe head of the church has instita. cifically a Roman garment, St. ted for the recovery of an offend- Paul might wish, as a flight coner ; it must be an instance of man-firmation of his point, to fhow ifelt unfaithfulness to Christ, and what was his customary dress. It also of great unkindness to one may be further remarked that the who is rejected from the church, Panula was a vestment which the for Christians to company with Romans generally wore apon a him even so much as to cat. journey ; therefore the apostle says
that he left it behind him at Troas. FOR THE CONNECTICUT Evan. This is only written as a merely
GELICAL MAGAZINE. 1 literary remark to hint, that in the 2 Timothy iv. 13. “ The cloke minutest passages of fcripture there that I left at Troas, bring with may be some meaning ; and that thee, and the books, but especially nothing can be so contemptible as the parchments.”
| a foolish and profane ridicule, on The following remarks on the any passage in the facred writings, above passage are extracted from a founded on ignorance. There is no note in The Pursuits of Literature. paffage in the Hebrew or Greek
6 THIS epistle was written scriptures which will not admit of from Rome when Paul was brought such an illustration or explanabefore Nero the second time. tion, either philologically or critic. In the 22d chapter of the Acts, ally, as may put to silence the igPaul was tenacious of the privilege norance of foolish men.” of Roman citizenship, and it proved of much advantage to him be An Account of a work of Divine fore the Centurion. It may be grace in a Revival of Religion, matter of probable conjecture, that in a number of Congregations in he might be required to prove him Nexu. England, in the years 1798 felf a citizen of Rome, when he and 1799, in a series of Letters was to make his defence. The to the Editors.
[Continued from page 223.] hood, and of equal abilities and opLETTER XI.
portunity; and it had seemed like
“ plowing on a rock ;" insomuch Second letter from the Rev. Ed. WARD D. Griffin Of New
that the hope was almost relin
quished of ever being able to introHartford.
duce discriminating ideas into GENTLEMEN,
minds so young. It would be unTN pursuance of the design sug grateful not to acknowledge that in
1 gested in the close of my last, a remarkable manner it hath pleafthe narration, which was then left|ed the Most High out of the unfinished, will now be resumed. | mouths of babes and sucklings to
The late attention of our State perfect praise.” Legislature to schools has led the It is hoped that about fifty heads way to important benefits to child of families have been the subjects dren, as well in this, as in many of this work ; a considerable part other towns. In consequence of of whom rank among the most rerthe new arragements, school-mas- pectable and influential characters ters of serious minds have been in the town. This however gives employed, who have entered in the young no just encouragement earnest upon instructing the chil. to hazard their salvation on the dren in the principles of religion, chance of being called in 6 at the and praying with them. The ef- eleventh hour.” Had they seen fect has been, that many schools the anguish of some of these for have been awakened, and as we neglecting so long the great busihave good reason to conclude, have ness of life, it might discourage such received lasting benefits. Three neglect in them. Penetrated with of the schools in this town were remorse for the waste of life, and last winter under the care of men for the lax examples by which professedly pious, and very faith- they supposed they had corrupted ful in imparting these instructions. others, they seemed to conclude it Out of these, nearly twenty chil. was probably too late for them to dren, in the course of the winter, | find mercy; yet were anxious to it is hoped, were introduced into | disburden their conscience of one 6 marvellous light.” The know- torment, by folemnly warning the ledge possessed by such as we hope youth not to follow their iteps. have been savingly enlightened by “ We are foon going, said they, to the divine spirit, is worthy of par- receive the reward of wasted life ; ticular observation. Important i- and we warn you to proceed no deas and distinctions which it has further in search of a more conven: been attempted in vain to give to nient time to prepare for death. others of their age, appear familiar We have been over the ground beto them. One lad in particular, tween you and us, and this more in a certain interview which was convenient season' does not lie behad with him, discriminated be- | fore you. Oh that we could be tween true and false affections, and placed back to your age, for then stated the grounds of his hopes and we might have hope. If you did fears in a manner very surprising but know and feel as we do the van and affecting. It was the more lue of youth, you would surely betfo, because the evening before an ter improve it.” In language of attempt had been made with chil. this import have they been fre. dren of the same age and neighbor- I quently heard to vent themselves, VOL. I. No. 7.