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reconciled God and Father, and that man believeth unto righteousness, that we shall certainly be saved ; Hence I am led to remark, and if it was wrong and wicked, 2. Faith implies a new beart, even the great sin of unbelief, to and is found in those only, who call in question or to doubt the are born of God. Paul uses the truth of these propositions, how. expressions, a new creature, and, ever unholy and carnal we our faith wbich worketh by love, in the selves are, as those originally cal- fame sense, or as implying or sig. led Antimonians appear to have nifying the same thing. Gal. v. held ; it would indeed appear, that 6, and vi. 15. John tells us, that the gospel countenanced and open they who received Christ, even ed a wide door to iniquity. But they who believe on his name, there and all fuchlike notions of “ were born, not of blood, nor faith, are as opposite to the truth, of the will of the flesh, nor of the as darkness is to light, or lia to will of man, but of God ;” and holiness. Hence, in order clearly says expressly, " Whosoever bee to show how the gospel in its re. lieveth that Jesus is the Christ is quisitions, as to the principle con born of God." This leads me to dition of pardon and salvation, is remark, a do&rine according to Godliness, 3. True faith in Christ implies it will be proper to point out some and cannot exist without true reof those things, which, according pentance of lin. This is evident to the plain teror of the scriptures, from the nature of faith.-The are essential to, as being implied same is proved by all those passages in, or indissolubly connected with, of scripture, which declare the che faith required in the gospel, in necessity of repentance in order to order to forgiveness and eternal life. pardon, and call upon men to re
1. The faith required in the pent that they may be forgiven and gospel, is more than a bare convic- saved, and conne&t forgiveness and tion or belief of the truth ; it is salvation with repentance, just as receiving the love of the truth, they do with faith. A specimen and implies cordial consent to and of these may be seen in Mark i. 15. acquiescence in the character and Luke xiii. 1-5, and xxiv. 47. mediation of Jesus Christ, and in Acts ï. 38, and iii. 19, and v. 31. the import of his death and resur- and xi. 18. and xx. 21. Hence, rection ; with every correspondent 4. Faith in Christ implies a disexercise and affection. .
position to, or the principle of all Paul plainly foretold, to the holy obedience, and is expressed Thessalonians, that strong delufion and appears in good works, in would be sent upon fome, “be-conformity to the general tenor of cause they received not the love the divine law, and to the peculiar of the truth, that they might be precepts and institutions of the faved;" plainly importing that the gospel. faith necessary to falvation, implies Paul says, faith worketh by love. receiving the love of the truth. Love is the principle or life of all He accordingly said to the Gala- true obedience. « If a man love tians, “ In Jesus Christ neither cir-me," said Christ, “ he will keep cumcifion availeth any thing, nor my words.” uncircumcision ; but faith which Such, as now briefly suggested, worketh by love;" and taught the is the faith required in the gospel. Romans, that it is with the heart | And what can be plainer, than
that the gospel, by making this, become guilty before God.” All faith the grand condition of all its therefore being finners, they juftly blessings, and indispensibly necessa. deserve the curse or penalty of the sy to pardon and final falvation, divine law, which implies all the teaches a doctrine according to evils of the present life, and everGodliness, favorable to the inter- | lasting destruction in the future eft of reai piety and true holiness, world. Consequently God may, and admirably adapted to enforce in perfect justice, bring upon any and promote it ?
of mankind, whatever temporal Hence, we may well be exci | calamities he sees fit. Should he ted to examine ourselves, with res bring these evils upon them withpect to the nature and properties out any reference to the condu&t or of our faith ; and cautioned ac iniquity of their parents, he would gainst resting in any faith, short of do them no wrong. Consequently that which is stampt with the afore- it cannot be at all incongstent with mentioned characters.
justice or individual responsibility
for God to bring such calamities (To be continued.)
upon persons in consequence of the wickedness of their parents ;
since they themselves justly deAn answer to questions refpe&ting
serve these evils. God's visiting the iniquity of the
For instance, the children of fathers upon their children.
Korah, Dathan, and Abiram (Continued from page 301.) were finners. They were also HAVING in my former
creatures, whose lives were at the
divine disposal. God therefore number, suggefted fome observa
had a perfect right to take their tions to show, “ How it is to be
lives, as he pleased. He would understood that God visits the ini
have had a juit right to cause the quity of the father upon his chil. dien, down to the fourth gene
earth to open her mouth and swal. low them up, though their fathers
had been the best of men. He The second part of the question had the same right to take their is now to be considered, “ How lives in this way, as by sickness, is this consistent with individual burning of houses, or any other responsibility? By individual ref- calamity. Therefore God did ponlibility is meant, that every them no injustice, in thus destroy. individual shall answer for his own / ing them on account of the daring conduct, and shall not, for the sins wickedness of their parents, and of others, suffer any punishment, I as a token of his displeasure against which he himself does not jusly it. And this is always the case, deserve.
when children suffer eyils in con
sequence of the wickedness of TN showing the consistency of their parents. They themselves
I “ visiting the iniquity of the are finners, and fo juftly deserve father upon the children” with far more than all these temporal individual responsibility, or divine sufferings at the hand of God. justice; it is necessary to observe, l Consequently his bringing such ca. that mankind are all sinners. As I lamities upon them, on account of the apostle declares, “ All have the iniquities of their parents, is finned ; and the whole world has perfectly conlistent with the strict
el justice and personal responsi- being visited with temporal or bility.
spiritual judgments ; yet they will Nor is it less consistent for God, I never, in this life, suffer any thing in consequence of the peculiar more than they deserve. And in wickedness of parents, to suffer the future, which is to be a state of their pofterity to go on in sin, or complete retribution, their punishto fall into such vicious courses, as ment will be exactly in proportion will ruin them for time and eter to their criminality. Dity. Mankind through their na- These conGderations may vindi. tive depravity of heart, if left tocate the justice of God, in the themselves, will run into all man- eyils which mankind experience in ner of vice, and will never repent consequence of the fall of Adam. and go to Christ, unless drawn For although in consequence of his by the Father. But' God is un. lin, they are born with depraved difa der no obligation in justice to difpofitions, which lead to finful expense his grace to any by renew ercises, and on account of their ing their hearts, or to restrain own sins, originating from this detheir finful inclinations ; but may pravity, they are exposed to the leave them to impenitence and most dreadful evils in the present their own heart's lufts, whenever and future world ; yet they are he fees belt. Thus he might con not punished, either in the present fistently have left Absalom to rise or future life, any more than they up in his wicked, unnatural re. justly deserve for their own pere bellion, had David never been fonal sinfulness. Therefore God's guilty of adultery and murder. dealing with them in this manTherefore God's leaving him to ner is entirely just. fall into this wickedness in confe. Thus God, « in visiting the quence of David's heinous fin in iniquity of the fathers upon the the matter of Uriah, and as a children," is perfectly consistent punishment to him for this lin, with justice or individual responko cannot be inconsistent with justice bility ; which implies, that each and individual responsibility. For one shall be punished for his own Absalom justly deserved what he fins only, or no more than he justsuffered, although his wicked con ly deserves. duct and wretched end were also a What has been said on this subjust and grievous punishment to jedt furnishes an easy solution to the David.
last Queliion, “ How is this conSo God, in perfect rectitude, sistent with what we see in the may leave any of mankind, by world, the uninterrupted profper- . following their own sinful inclina ity of notoriously wicked perfons tions, to fall into vice, or go on for several generations together ?” in impenitence and unbelief, with As God visits the iniquities of the out any regard to the conduct or fathers upon the children by spirit. iniquities of their parents. There ual, as well as temporal judg. fore it cannot be inconsistent or ments; he may, in the instances unjust in God to leave them to now stated, visit the iniquities of these things, in consequence of the these wicked persons upon their wickedness of their parents, and | children by giving up the children as a token of the divine displeaf- to worldly pursuits and prosperity, ure against it. For whatever may I and leaving them, like their wickbe the immediate occasion of their led parents, to choose this world as
their portion, and then to bring 1 gion and yield a cordial obedience upon themselves everlasting de to all the divine commands. For struction.
by living in impenitence, vicious This is visiting the iniquities of practices, or neglect of the duties the fathers upon the children in the of religion, parents not only ex. molt awful manner, and is unspeak. I pose themselves to destruction, but ably worse than temporal judg- they are doing what tends to draw ments. And it seems as if the down the judgments of heaven children of wicked, worldly par- upon their dear children, and to ents were often visited in this way; ruin them forever. How many .as the most of them appear to be parents, by their wickedness, have Jeft to follow the evil examples of thus been the means of the eternal their fathers in making earthly ob | ruin of their beloved offspring. jects their God, or chief pursuit. For it is declared of God, by the
But should there be instances, prophet, “ Thou recompensert the where the children of notorioully iniquity of the fathers into the bowicked persons are both pious and fom of their children after them.” prosperous in this life ; it would | On the contrary, if parents are not be inconsistent with the decla- pious and obedient, there is great ration of God's " visiting the ini- encouragement, that they may be quities of the fathers upon the chil- | the means of drawing down bles. dren,” because, as already shewn, ings on their children, and of favo this is not a positive declaration, | ing them as well as themselves. that he will do it in every instance. These considerations mul have But it is a general declaration, im- | great weight with all parents, who plying, that he may, and often believe the sacred scriptures, and does thus visit children. But still have any regard for the temporal he is at liberty in his sovereign or eternal interest of the offspring goodness to dispense with this of their own bodies.-Who, that threatening, when he fees belt, is not callous to all the tender feel. without violating his truth; fince | ings of a parent, can think of ex. he has not bound himself to do it posing his dear children to ruin by in every instance.
living in finful courses? How cruFrom the observations suggested el and criminal is the conduct of in answer to these queries it may such ? Let us then keep the Itat. be remarked, that the divine con- utes and commands of the Lord, sticution in “ visiting the iniquity “ that it may go well with us, and of the fathers upon the children" with our children after us." is not only perfectly just, but is | | “ Choose life, that both thou and wisely calculated to answer yalua. thy seed may live.” H. ble and important ends. It stri. NOTE. Some of the ideas and cx« kingly manifefts God's difpleasure pressions in the preceding observations against impiety and wickedness,
are taken from a piece, which the wri.
ter published on this subject a few as in the instances of Korah and
years since in the Theological Magahis company, and of the Jewish nation, upon whose children God so remarkably visited the iniquity TO THE EDITORS OF THE Con. of their fathers. It also affords NECTICUTEVANGELICAL MAGpeculiar motives to dissuade parents AZINE. from vice and wickedness, and to Gentlemen, infuence them to engage in relig!
THE enclosed letter was not
originally intended to be presented il 'trine of Universal Salvacion," to any eye but his to whom it was Now as I conceive such an opinion addressed. I intended that God to be totally fatal to you, and pofThould be the only witness who | libly may be fo to your children, fhould ever behold it, except my I have thought it to be my duty 'correspondent. But some months to write to you on the subject. subsequent to the time when it was For, should I meet you at the bar written, a particular occasion, ren- of God, a final cast-away, I am dered it proper, (as I thought) for conscious it would be juftly exme to read it to a confidential friend acted of me why I had not given on whose judgment I place great' you a timely warning? And I reliance ; and he advised me to could not answer for the neglet. forward it to you for publication. Whether it will have any good With diffidence I complied. To effect in leading you to a renunyou, Gentlemen, it is now submit- ciation of your error, muft be left ted, and you will publish it or not, I with a holy, a sovereign, and meras you may judge best. My sina | ciful God, with whom is the resicere prayers are offered up to the due of the Spirit; to whom my Throne of Grace, for the success prayers are daily offered on your of your benevolent undertaking behalf; that he would be gracious'as, I trust, those of all good peo- | ly pleased to enlighten your mind "ple are; and you may have the in the knowledge of Christ, and pleasure to behold the work of the lead you home to himself thro' the Lord prosper in your hands. merits of a glorious Redeemer.
A LAYMAN. I frankly confess to you I have not Dec. 5th, 1800.
much hope that you will attend to
what I write ; for people, who MY DEAR FRIEND,
once adopt that error, have so ma. A N observation which I heard ny temptations to continue in it, A you make, when I last saw both from the wiles of Satan, and you, has, from that time to the their own depraved hearts that I present, dwelt upon my mind, and have rarely heard of any one who given me great anxiety on your ac- has left it. But, having quieted count. It was on the subject of themselves in a sinful course, they salvation. I think you will recol- usually go on, with that blindness le& it, on my repeating it to you, of mind, which they have volun. and noticing the place where it was tarily chofen, until death overmade. In July 1798, you and I takes them, and convinces them, were returning from a journey up when they would give worlds to Connecticut river; and, as we repair their error, that they have were passing through Hadley mead. | been fatally deceiving themselves. ow, you advanced a sentiment Such, I fear, will be your situation. which I did not perfectly compre. I presume I may, without arhend. I enquired whether you rogance, say, that I have paid pretended to Atheism ? You re much more attention to this subplied No. But you went on to ject than you. My employments; observe that “ neither you, (mean and Gituation in life, have regularly
ing myself) nor any other person, led me to do it. I have read large• would find any thing in the New. ly upon it, the ableft champions, · Teftament, but what went to both for, and against it. I have confirm, (or establish the Doc- ''endeavored to weigh all their ar